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NEW INTERCHANGE NEW INTERCHANGE STUDENT’S & WORKBOOK English for International Communication Jack C Richards With Jonathan Hull and Susan Proctor LỜI NÓI ĐẦU New Interchange (Interchange mới) sách sửa chữa, bổ sung cho hoàn thiện từ Interchange Jack C Richards biên soạn phận xuất Trường Đại Học Cambridge ấn hành Đây giáo trình tiếng Anh thông dụng coi thành công giới nhờ hợp nhiều cải tiến từ gợi ý giáo viên học viên khắp toàn cầu New Interchange giáo trình có nhiều cấp để dạy môn ngoại ngữ tiếng Anh dành cho trẻ em người lớn, bao gồm bốn kỹ nghe, nói, đọc, viết trau dồi phát âm xây dựng số vốn từ vựng bản, đặc biệt nhấn mạnh khía cạnh nghe nói Mục tiêu giáo trình dạy nói để tạo khả giao dịch tiếng Anh tình huống, mục đích vai trò người tham dự Ngôn ngữ sử dụng New Interchange tiếng Anh người Mỹ, nhiên phản ảnh thực tế loại tiếng Anh dùng ngôn ngữ chủ yếu giao dịch quốc tế không bị giới hạn quốc gia, khu vực hay văn hóa Do có đặc điểm ưu điểm nêu trên, sách New Interchange chắn giáo trình tốt thích hợp cho bạn học sinh, sinh viên cho quan tâm đến việc học tập trao dồi Anh ngữ Để tiện cho việc sử dụng, cho xuất lúc tập có nội dung hình ảnh sách gốc, dùng kèm với băng cassette, có phụ thêm số giải kèm theo đề mục chính, số từ vựng cần thiết cuối trang, cho in gộp phần sách tập vào phía sau Ở đoạn phải học kết hợp với việc nghe băng, cho ghi lại đoạn băng thành văn cho in vào vị trí tương ứng với đoạn cần nghe để người học tiện theo dõi nắm vấn đề nhanh Rất mong bạn đạt thông công mỹ mãn sau có giáo trình tay Quang Huy I STUDENT’S BOOK UNIT PLEASE CALL ME CHUCK CONVERSATION: Introducing yourself Listen and practice Elizabeth: Hello, I’m Elizabeth Mandel Chuck: Hi! My name is Charles Chang But please call me chuck Elizabeth: Nice to meet you, Chuck You can call me Liz Chuck: OK And what’s your last name again? Elizabeth: Mandel CHECKING INFORMATION A Match the questions in column A with the responses in column B Listen and check Then practice with a partner Give your own information A B How you pronounce your last name? a C-H-A-N-G Excuse me, what s your first name b It’s Mandel, with the accent again? on "del." How you spell your last name? c Well, everyone calls me Chuck What people call you? d Oh, it’s Amy B Group work: Make a list of names and nicknames for your group Introduce yourself with your full name Use the expressions above A: Hi! I'm Joseph Block Please call me Joe B: OK, Joe And what s your last name again? A: It’s Block NAMES AND TITLES A Use a title with a last name to address someone formally Title Single Married Males: Mr X X Females: Ms X X Miss Mrs X X Amy, this is my father Hello, Mr Mandel Use a first name or nickname without a title to address someone informally This is Chuck Hi, Chuck B Listen to people talk to Chuck Chang, Elizabeth Mandel, and Amy Kim Do they address them formally (F) or informally (I)? CONVERSATION: Introducing someone A Listen and practice Tom: Paulo, who is that over there? Paulo: Oh, that's my father! And that's my mother with him Tom: I'd like to meet them Paulo: Mom and Dad, this is Tom Hayes Tom, these are my parents Tom: Pleased to meet you, Mr and Mrs Tavares Mrs Tavares: Nice to meet you, Tom Paulo: My parents are here from Brazil They're on vacation Tom: Oh, where are you from in Brazil? Mr Tavares: We're from Rio B Group work Take turns introducing a partner to others A: Juan, this is Maria She's from Argentina B: Hi, Maria GRAMMAR FOCUS Wh-questions and statements with be What your name? My name is Chuck Where are you from? I’m from Taiwan Who is that? His name is Tom What’s her name? Her name is Amy Where is she from? She’s from Korea Where are you from? We’re from the United States Who are they? They’re Amy's parents What are their names? Their names are Mr and Mrs Kim Where are they from? They’re from Korea Contractions I am = I’m You are = You’re He is = He’s She is = She’s It is = It’s We are = We're They are= They’re What is = What’s Subject pronouns Possessive adjective I my you yours he his she her it its we our you yours they their A Complete this conversation Then compare with a partner Yoko: Rich, who are the two women over there? Rich: Oh, names are Lisa and Kate Rich: Hi, Kate This Yoko from Japan Yoko: Hello Nice to meet you Kate: Good to meet you, Yoko Lisa: And name Lisa Yoko: Hi, Lisa Rich: Lisa and Kate from Canada Yoko: Oh? Where you from in Canada? Kate: from Toronto B Complete these questions Then practice with a partner A: Who is that? B: That's Rich A: he from? B: He's from Los Angeles A: his last name? B: It's Brown A: the two students over there? B: Their names are Lisa and Kate A: they from? B: They're from Canada C Group work: Write five questions about your classmates Then take turns asking and answering your question Who is she? Where is Su Hee from? SNAPSHOT Greeting from Around the World a handshake a bow a kiss on the cheek a hug a pat on the back Talk about these questions Which greetings are typical in your country? Can you name a country for each greeting? Source: Brigham Young University, Center for International Studies CONVERSATION: Asking about someone A Listen and practice Sarah: Hi, Tom How's everything? Tom: Not bad How are you? Sarah: Prettỵ good, thanks Tom: Sarah, this is Paulo He's from Brazil Sarah: Hello, Paulo Are you on vacation? Paulo: No, I'm not I'm a student here Sarah: Oh, are you studying English? Paulo: Well, yes, I am And engineering, too Sarah: Are you and Tom in the same class? Paulo: No, we aren’t But we're on the same volleyball team B Listen to the rest of the conversation Where is Sarah from? GRAMMAR FOCUS Yes / No questions and short answers with be Are you on vacation? No I’m not I’m a student Are you a student? Yes, I am Is Sarah from the United States? No, she isn’t (No she’s not.) She’s from Australia Is Sarah from Australia? Yes, she is Are you and Tom in the some class? No, we aren't (No we're not.) We’re on the some volleyball team Are you and Tom on the volleyball team? Yes, we are Are Mr and Mrs Tavares American? No, they aren’t (No they’re not.) They’re Brazilian Are Mr and Mrs Tavares Brazilian? Yes, they are A Complete these conversations Then practice with a partner A: you from the United States? B: Yes, I from Chicago A: Rosa in English, 101? B: No, she in English 102 A: you and Monique from France? B: Yes, we from Paris B Pair work Read the conversations in Exercises and again Then answer these questions For questions you answering give the correct information Are Ton and Paulo on the baseball team? Are Mr and Mrs Tavares on vacation? Are Mr and Mrs Tavares from Mexico? Is Paulo from Brazil? Is Paulo on vacation? C Group work: write five questions about your classmates Then take turns asking and answering your questions Are Maria and Su Hee friends? LISTENING False True False False False Exercise How far is New Zealand from Autralia? a It’s about 2,000 kilometers (1,200 miles) How long is the Amazon River? a It’s 6,437 kilometers (4,000 miles) long How cold is Antarctica? b It gets down to minus 88.3 degrees Celsius How big is the Amazon Rain Forest? a It’s million square kilometers (2+1/2 million miles) How deep is the Grand Canyon? b It’s about 1.6 kilometers deep Exercise UNIT 15 I’M GOING TO SEE A MUSICAL Exercise Have A beach party A barbecue See a play a rock concert Visit An amusement park A museum Watch a ballgame on TV a video Exercise Possible answers: On Monday, she's working overtime to finish the report On Tuesday evening at 7:00, she's seeing a play with Tony On Wednesday night, she's watching the hockey game with Kate and Sam One Thursday, she's having a barbecue at noon On Friday, she's staying home and watching the late show on TV On Saturday afternoon, she's going to an arts festival Exercise MARK: I’m going to an art gallery on Saturday MARTA: That sounds interesting MARK: Yeah There's a new exhibit at the Modern And how about you, Marta? MARTA: Well, Brian and I are going to see a ballgame in the afternoon MARK: And what are you going to in the evening? MARTA: Brian's going to visit his mother in the hospital But I’m not going to anything really MARK: Well, I’m going to have some friends over for a barbecue Would you like to come? MARTA: Thanks I'd love to Exercise A: Do you want to visit the street fair with us tomorrow? B: Sure I'd love to A: We're having friends over for dinner tonight Would you like to come? B: I'm working late tonight I’m sorry A: How about dinner at the Mexican restaurant tonight? B: Great! But it’s my turn to pay Exercise Answers will vary Exercise Answers will vary Exercise A Answers will vary B Answers will vary C True False: It is possible to send letters and reports by faxing them over telephone lines True False: You can carry a cellular phone in your pocket False: Now you can take your calls with you every where Exercise Possible answers: Please ask her to bring the last fax from New York Could you tell Mr Alvarez that we need the report by noon? Please ask him to call Ms James as soon as possible Would you tell Dr James that the new fax machine is ready? Could you tell her to pick it up this afternoon? Exercise Possible answers: Please ask Micheal not to meet me at the airport until midnight Would you tell him that the plane is going to be late? Please tell Lucy that we're meeting at Dino's house before the concert Could you ask her not to forget the tickets? Could you tell Christopher that the beach party starts at noon Please ask him not to be late Exercise 10 SECRETARY: I’m sorry She's not in Can I take a message? MS CURTIS: Yes, please This is Ms Curtis Would you tell her that I'm staying at the Plaza Hotel? The number is 735-9001 Room 605 Could you tell her to call me? SECRETARY: OK, Ms Curtis I’ll give her the message MS CURTIS: Thank you very much Good bye Exercise 11 - Could I ask her to call you back? - Yes My number is 669-3241 - Who's calling? - My name's Graham Graham Lock - Can I take a message? - Yes, please Could you tell him Ros Called? - Could I speak to Paul, please? - Let me see if he's in - I’m sorry She's busy at the moment - That's OK I’ll call back UNIT 16 A CHANGE FOR THE BETTER! Exercise A: I haven't seen you for ages B: I know How have you been? A: You know, I have three kids now B: That's terrific! A: How are you? B I'm doing really well Exercise 2 Kim and Anna have stopped eating out in restaurants Now they cook dinner at home every evening It's much cheaper Alex's started going to the gym He looks healthier and he has more energy Jerry's spent a lot of money on clothes He needs to dress up for his new job Exercise Answers will vary Possible answers: Susan doesn't smoke anymore or Susan smoked a lot Elena doesn't wear glasses now She looks better than before, or Elena wore glasses before Exercise Possible answers James was heavier before Mary has changed schools Tess is divorced My hair is longer We quit smoking Exercise Answers will vary Aki - c Now I actually look forward to getting up early I dress up now My hair is shorter Luis - a I got married! My wife and I often have friends for dinner We're taking evening classes Rosie – b Now I work as a computer programmer I've gained several kilos I feel much happier and healthier Exercise Marie lost her job Now she's broke, and she can't pay her rent Now that I'm going to college, I want to be more responsible about doing my class work Lucy wants to pay off her student loan before she buys a car Philip plans to retire at an early age He’s almost 55 now I'd like to be successful in my first job Then I can get a better job and a raise Exercise LEO: I want to get a summer job I'd like to save money for a vacation MELISSA: Really? Where would you like to go? LEO: Well, I'd love to travel to Latin America What about you Melissa? MELISSA: I’m not going to get a job right away I want to go to Spain and Portugal LEO: Sounds great, but how are you going to pay for it? MELISSA: I hope to borrow some money from my brother I have a good excuse I plan to take courses in Spanish and Portuguese LEO: Oh I’m tired of studying! MELISSA: So am I But I also hope to take people on tours to Latin America Why don't you come on my first tour? Exercise Answers will vary Possible answers: I hope to find a new job I want to make more money I plan to take a computer class I'm going to go to a gym I'd like to stop to smoking I'd love to find a new job I'm going to join a singles club I want to meet new people I plan to move into town Exercise Heather's salary is much lower than before She had to take a pay cut I dress up for my new job, and I'm always on time now I'm more responsible these days After graduation, Jack plans to work for an international company This job is more stressful than my last job Mel hopes to move to a small town Exercise 10 Answers will vary VI APPENDIX COUNTRIES AND NATIONALITIES This is a partial list of countries, many of which are presented in this book Argentina Argentine Australia Australian Austria Austrian Brazil Brazilian Bolivia Bolivian Canada Canadian Chile Chilean China Chinese Colombia Colombian Costa Rica Costa Rican Ecuador Ecuadorian Egypt Egyptian England English France French Germany German Greece Greek Hungary Hungarian India Indian Indonesia Indonesian Ireland Irish Italy Italian Japan Japanese Korea Korean Lebanon Lebanese Malaysia Malaysian Mexico Mexican Morocco Moroccan New Zealand New The Philippines Zealander Poland Filipino Russia Polish Singapore Russian Spain Singaporean Switzerland Spanish Thailand Swiss Turkey Thai Peru Turkish the United Kingdom Peruvian the United States British Uruguay American Uruguayan NUMBERS – zero 17 - seventeen – one 18 - eighteen – two 19 - nineteen – three 20 - twenty – four 21 – twenty-one – five 22 - twenty-two – six 23 – twenty-three – seven 30 – thirty – eight 40 – forty - nine 50 – fifty 10 - ten 60 – sixty 11 – eleven 70 - seventy 12 – twelve 80 - eighty 13 – thirteen 90 – ninety 14 - fourteen 100 – one hundred (a hundred) 15 - fifteen 1000 – one thousand (a thousand) 16 – sixteen COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES Adjective with -er and -est Big, dirty, high, old, busy, dry, hot, pretty, cheap, easy, large, quiet, clean, fas, light, safe, close, friendly, long, scary, cold, funny, mild, short, cool, great, new, slow, deep, heavy, nice, small, tall, ugly, young Adjectives with more and most Attractive, exciting, beautiful, expensive, boring, famous, crowded, important, dangerous, interesting, delicious, outgoing, popular, relaxing, stressful, difficult Irregular adjectives good -> better -> best bad -> worse -> the worst PRONUNCIATION OF REGULAR PAST FORMS - studied, stayed - with /d/ - worked, watched - with /t/ - invited, visited – with /id/ IRREGULAR VESBS Present Past Participle (be) am/is, are was, were Been bring brought brought buy bought bought cut came come come cut cut did done drink drank drunk drive drove driven eat ate eaten fly flew flown fall fell fallen feel felt felt get got gotten give gave given go gone gone grow grew grown have had had hear heard heard keep kept kept lose lost lost make made made meet met met put put put quit quit quit read read read ride rode ridden run ran run see saw seen sell sold sold set set set sit sat sat sleep slept slept speak spoke spoken spend spent spent take took taken teach taught taught tell told told think thought thought wear wore worn write wrote written ANSWER KEY Unit 14, Exercise 3, page 87 Vatican City (44 square kilometers/.17 square miles) Angel Falls (979 meters/ 3,212 feet) Hong Kong (247,501 people per square mile) the Caspian Sea (378,400 square kilometers/ 146,101 square miles) Mount Everest (8,848 meters/ 29,028 feet) the Nile (6,670 kilometers/ 4,146 miles) France (60 million tourists) the Pacific Ocean (average depth of 4,028 meters/ 13,215 feet) ANSWER KEY Interchange 14, page IC-19 gold Pluto (temperature = -230oC/ -382oF) Jupiter (diameter =142,984 km/ 88,846 miles) a tortoise (maximum age = 150 years) a giraffe (height = 5.5 meters/ 18 feet) the liver (weight = 1,560 grams/ 55 ounces) liter of wine Egypt (rainfall = 100-200 mm/4-8 inches) Colombia (The equator runs through Colombia.) 10 an octagon (An octagon has sides.) 11 a mile (1 mile = 1,760 yards = 1.6 kilometers) 12 the Dark Ages (from around 500-1,000 A.D.) -// Published by The Press Syndicate of The University of Cambridge The Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge, United Kingdom First published: 1997 Tenth printing: 1999 New Interchange Student’s Book has been developed from Interchange Student’s Book 1, first published by Cambridge University Press in 1990 ... salary of $ 31, 105 a year Clothing: 5% Entertainment: 5% Housing: 31% Taxes and savings: 19 % Transportation: 18 % Food: 15 % Health/ personal care: 7% Yearly expenses for Rebecca Burns, 16 , with wages... partner A: you from the United States? B: Yes, I from Chicago A: Rosa in English, 10 1? B: No, she in English 10 2 A: you and Monique from France? B: Yes, we from Paris B Pair work Read the... 16 , with wages and an allowance of $2,620 a year Clothing: 15 % Entertainment: 55% Room decor: 4% Personal care: 7% Savings: 8% Music: 11 % Portraits based on information from the Statistical Abstract
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Xem thêm: New interchange 1 , New interchange 1 , New interchange 1 , UNIT 1. PLEASE CALL ME CHUCK., UNIT 2. HOW DO YOU SPEND YOUR DAY?, UNIT 3. HOW MUCH IS IT?, UNIT 4. DO YOU LIKE JAZZ?, UNIT 5. TELL ME ABOUT YOUR FAMILY, UNIT 6. HOW OFTEN DO YOU EXERCISE?, UNIT 7. WE HAD A GREAT TIME!, UNIT 8. HOW DO YOU LIKE THE NEIGHBORHOOD?, UNIT 9. WHAT DOES HE LOOK LIKE?, UNIT 10. HAVE YOU EVER RIDDEN A CAMEL?, UNIT 11. IT’S A VERY EXCITING CITY!, UNIT 13. MAY I TAKE YOUR ORDER, PEASE?, UNIT 14. THE BIGGEST AND THE BEST!, UNIT 15. I’M GOING TO SEE A MUSICAL, UNIT 16. A CHANGE FOR THE BETTER!, UNIT 1. PLEASE CALL ME CHUCK, UNIT 13. MAY I TAKE YOUR ORDER, PLEASE!, UNIT 15. I’M GOING TO SEE A MUSICAL., UNIT 13. MAY I TAKE YOUR ORDER PLEASE?, UNIT 5. TELL ME ABOUT YOUR FAMILY?, UNIT 8. HOW DO YOU LIKE THE NEIGHBOR-HOOD?, UNIT 10. HAVE YOU EVER RIDDEN A CAMEL!, UNIT 13. MAY I TAKE YOUR ORDER, PLEASE?, UNIT 15. I’M GOING TO SEE MUSICAL., UNIT 5. TELL ME ABOUT YOUR FAMILY.