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WEEK: 1-2 PERIOD: 1-2 PD: ___________TD: _________ PRESENT & PAST SIMPLE I/FORMS: AFFIRMATIVE [S+V (S/ES) +O](present simple) [S+V II/ED +O](past simple) EX: STATEMENTS I You We They Teach Taught English in vietnam He She It Teaches II/ FORMS:NEGATIVE [S+DO/DOES +NOT+V (BARE) +O](present simple) [S+DID +NOT+V( BARE) +O](past simple) EX: He does notlike cats / they don’t like dogs Ex: I didn’t have breakfast this morning. III/ FORMS: INTERROGATIVE [DO/DOES+S+V (BARE) +O?](present simple) [DID+S+V+ (BARE) +O?](past simple) EX: Do you have free time now? Ex: Did tom prepare his homework? EXERCISES: The simple present tense . Put the verbs in brackets into the correct present tense. 1. Ann sees Paul putting on his coat and says: Where you (go), Paul? Paul: I (go) to buy some cigarettes. You (want) an evening paper? 2. Ann: No, thanks. Are you always buying cigarettes, Paul? How many you (smoke) a day? Paul: I (not smoke) very many – perhaps 20. Jack (smoke) far more than I (do). He (spend) 10$ a week on cigarettes. 3. Mary (see) Peter standing at the bus stop. Mary: Hello, Peter. What bus you (wait) for? Peter: Hello, Mary. I (wait) for a 9 or a 14. 4. Mary: You usually (go) to work by car, don’t you? Peter: Yes, but the car (belong) to my mother and she sometimes (want) it. She (use) it today to take Tom to the dentist. 5. Mary: I usually (go) by car too. Jack (take) me because he (pass) my office on his way to the factory. But this week he (work) in a factory in the opposite direction: so I ( queue) like you. 6. Peter: Here’s a 9 now. You (come) on it or you (wait) for a 14? Mary: I (think) I’ll take the 9. if I (wait) for a 14 I may be late, and if you (be) late at my office everyone (look) at you. 7. Mary and Ann (wait) out side the telephone box. Inside the box a boy (dial) a number. Mary: You (know) the boy? Ann: Yes, he’s a friend of my brother’s. He (phone) his girl friend every day from this box. 8. Mary: Where he (Come) from? Ann: He (come) from Japan. He’s very clever boy; he (speak) four languages. 9. Mary: I (wonder) what he (speak) now. Ann: Well, his girl friend (come) from Japan too; so I (suppose) he (speak) Japanese. 10. It is 8.30. Tom and Ann (have) breakfast. They both (open) their letters. Tom: no one ever (write) to me. All I (get) is bills! You (have) anything interesting? 11. Ann: I've got a letter from Hugh. He (say) he (come) to London next week and (want) us to meet him for lunch. 12. Peter: you (have) traffic wardens in your country? Pedro: No, I (not think) so. You (not see) them in my town anyway. What exactly a traffic warden (do)? 13. Peter: He (walk) up and down the street and if the car (stay) to long at a parking place or (park) in a no-parking area he (stick) a parking ticket to the windscreen. 14. Look! He (put) a ticket on Tom’s car. Tom will be furious when he (see) it. He (hate) getting parking tickets. 15. Customer: I (want) to buy a fur coat. Have you any nice coats for about 500$? Assistant: I'm afraid we just (lose), madam. It’s 4.55$, and we always (lose) at 5.00$ sharp on Fridays as Mr Jones the manager (not want) to miss his favourite television pragramme. 16. It is Friday evening and the Brown family is at home. Mrs Brown sometimes (listen) to a concert on the radio; Mr Brown (read) a paper, George Brown (do) his homework and Ann Brown (write) a letter. 17. Mr Brown always (read) his newspaper in the evening. Mrs Brown sometimes (knit) but she (not knit) tonight. 18. Mr Black often (go) to theatre but his wife (not go) very often. He (like) all sorts of plays. She (prefer) comedies. 19. Tonight they (watch) a very modern comedy. They (enjoy) it, but they (not understand) some of the jokes. 20. What (happen) in your class? The teacher (give) lectures every day? No. He (give) one lecture a week, and on the other days he (show) films or (discuss) books with us. 21. A bus conductor (get) more exercises than a bus driver. The driver just (sit) in his cab but the conductor (stand) and (walk) about and (run) up and down the stairs. 22. What the man (stand) in the middle of the road? He (try) to get across. He (wait) for a gap in the traffic. Why he (not use) the subway? Lost of people (not bother) to use the subway. They (prefer) to risk their lives crossing here. 23. You (wear) a new coat, aren’t you? Yes, you (like) it? The colour (suit) you but it (not fit) you very well. It’s much too big. 24. All the guides here (speak) at the least three foreign languages, because a lot of foreign visitors (come) every summer. 25. Paul (take) a party of French tourists round now and tomorrow an American party (come). 26. Englishmen very seldom (talk) to the Underground. They (prefer) to read their newspaper. Those two men in the corner (talk). But they (not talk) English. 27. Jones and CO. (have) a sale at the moment. Shall we look in on our way home? I'd love to but I'm afraid I won't have time. I (meet) Tom at 5.30. You (go) out with Tom often? 28. I usually (go) by train, but this weekend I (go) buy bus. It (take) longer but it (cost) less. 29. Ann (no telephone): You (do) anything at the moment, Sally? Sally: Yes. I (pack); I (catch) a plane to New York in three hours’ time. Ann: Lucky girl! How long you (stay) in New York? 30. Peter: You (go) out tonight, Paul? Paul: No, I (stay) at home. The neighbours (come) in to watch TV. You (invite) the neighbours often? Paul: No, but they (invite) themselves whenever there is a good progarmme. WEEK 3-4 PERIOD: 3-4 PD:_________TD:_________ GERUND and TO INFINITIVE VERBS THAT CAN HAVE INFINITIVE OR GERUND OBJECTS, BUT WITH A DIFFERENCE IN MEANING: Verb Gerund To-infinitive 1. to remember Do it, then be aware of it Think about it, and then do it 2. to forget Not remember doing sth Not remember to do sth 3. to regret Do it, then feel bad Feel bad, but then do it. 4. to try Do sth as an experiment or test Make an effort to do sth 5. to stop To give up an action To end an action to begin another Exercises: Supply the correct form of the word in brackets. 1. My brother stopped (go) _________ to the youth club because he is very busy. 2. She was late because she stopped (help) _________ some children cross the street. 3. Where are the keys? I remember (lay) _________ them on this table this morning. 4. Remember (visit) __________ me when you come here. 5. I am sorry I have forgotten (do) _________ what you said to me this morning. 6. I will never forget (work) _________ with you. You have helped me a lot. 7. I regret (go) _________ out last night. 8. I regret (inform) _________ you that your application hasn’t been accepted. 9. When I arrived, he was trying (start) _________ his new car, there was something wrong with the machine. He even tried (work) _________ it downhill twice, but that didn’t work either. 10. I’ve lost my keys. Have you remember ( see)----------- them today? II. The gerund: 1. He gave up (gamble). 2. Try to avoid (make) him angry. 3. Stop (argue) and start (work). 4. The children prefer (watch) TV to (read). 5. I am against (make) any complaints. 6. It’s no use (cry) over spilt milk. (Proverb) 7. I suggest (hold) another meeting next week. 8. He finished (speak) and sat down. 9. He was fined for (drive) without lights. 10. It is difficult to get used to (eat) with chopsticks. 11. If you can’t turn the key try (out) some oil in the clock. 12. He lost no time in (get) down to work. 13. You can’t make an omelets without (break) eggs. 14. We are looking forward to (read) your new book. 15. They escaped by (slide) down ropes made of blankets. 16. They don’t allow (smoke) in here. 17. He is thinking of (leave) his job and (go) to America. 18. After (read) his article you will give up (smoke). 19. If you put your money into that business you risk (lose) every penny. 20. Imagine (live) with someone who never stops (talk). III/. Gerund and infinitive. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form (gerund or infinitive) 1. He hates (answer) the phone, and very often just lets it (ring). 2. If you go on (let) your dog (chase) cars he’ll end by (be) run over. 3. I prefer (drive) to (be driven). 4. I advised you (start) (look) for a flat at once. 5. Would you mind (lend) me 5$? I forgot (cash) a cheque. 6. (Lie) on this beach is much more pleasant than (sit) in the office. 7. She likes her children (go) to the dentist every six months. 8. By (neglect) (take) ordinary precautions he endangered the life of his crew. 9. An instructor is coming (show) us how (use) the aqualung. 10. I have no intention of (go) to that film; I couldn’t bear (see) my favourite actress in such a dreadful part. 11. I suggest (telephone) the hospital before (ask) the police (look) for him. 12. After (hear) the conditions I decide (not enter) for the competition. 13. Some people seem (have) a passion for (write) the newspaper. 14. He expects me (answer) by return but I have no intentions of (reply) at all. 15. I tried (explain) to him but he refused (listen) and went on (grumble). 16. By (offer) enormous wages he is persuading men (leave) their present jobs and (work) for him. 17. He postponed (make) a decision till it was too late (do) anything. 18. Image (have) (get) up at five a.m. everyday. 19. Try (forget) it; it isn’t worth (worry) about. 20. There is no point in (remain) in a dangerous place if you can’t do anything (help) the people who (stay) there. 21. The horse won’t be well enough (run) in tomorrow’s race. He doesn’t seem (have recovered) from his long journey. 22. At first I enjoyed (listen) to him but after a while I got tired of (hear) the same story again and again. 23. It is usually easier (learn) a subject by (read) books than by (listen) to the lectures. 24. It wouldn’t be safe (start) down now; we’ll have (wait) till the mist clears. 25. After (discuss) the matter for an hour the committee adjourned without (have reached) any decision. 26. It’s not much use (have) a bicycle if you don’t know how (ride) it. 27. He didn’t dare (leave) the house because he was afraid of (meet) someone who might (recognize) him. 28. I distinctly remember (pay) him. I gave him 2 $. 29. Did you remember (give) him the key of the safe. - No, I didn’t. I’ll go and do it now. 30. Please forgive me for (interrupt) you but would you mind (repeat) that last sentences? WEEK: 5 -6PERIOD: 5-6 PD:_________TD:______ WH-QUESTION FORM: QUESTIN WORDS + BE + SUJECT + COMPLEMENT? ( WHAT/ WHEN ) MODALVERBS DO Ex: where do you live? Ex: when will you come back? Questions. Make questions for which the following would be reasonable answers. 1. They went to New York. 2. It takes four hours to get there. 3. I didn’t think much of it. 4. He earns a hundred pounds a week. 5. He (Tom) was fined ten pounds. 6. It (my room) is twice as big as yours. 7. They left the country ten years ago. 8. They came by bus. 9. I've been here for two months. 10.They (the students) went to the museum yesterday. 11.It (the car) does fifty to the gallon. 12.He met her in a coffee bar. 13.They (the neighbours) complained about the smell. 14.He (the clerk) made him fill up a form. 15.The pigs ate them (the apples). 16.He got in by climbing over the wall. 17.John bought them (the tickets). 18.They (the road) very crowded. 19.I smoke forty (cigarettes) a day. 20.It (the hotel) was awful. 21.It (the market) is a stone’s through from there. 22.I've had it (this cough) since the beginning of October. 23.He (Guy Fawkes) tried to blow Parliament. 24.I'd like to speak to Mr Jones please. 25.This is Tom’s. 26.He stopped it (the train) by pulling the communication cord. 27.I've been waiting for half an hour. 28.She (Mary) put it in the dustbin. 29.I threw it away because I was tired of it. 30.There are four (hotel in then town.) WEEK: 7-8 PERIOD: 7-8 PD:__________TD:___________ PAST PERFECT vs PAST SIMPLE • Review the past perfect tense. - Asks some good Ss to give the form and the use of the past perfect tense. • Form S + had + pp. • Use 1. The past perfect tense can be used to describe an action before a point of time in the past. 2. The past perfect tense can be used to describe an action that had happened before another past action. EXERCISE: The simple past and the past perfect, simple and continuous. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense. 1. He (give) me back the book, (thank) me for lending it to him and (say) that he (enjoy) it very much; but I (know) that he (not read) it because most of the pages (be) still uncut. 2. When he (see) his wife off the station, he (return) home as he (not have) to be at the airport till 9.30. 3. He (not have) to pack, for his wife already (do) that for him and his case (be) ready in the hall. 4. He (not have) to check the doors and the windows either, for his wife always (do) that before she (leave) the house. 5. All he (have) to do (be) to decide whether or not to take his overcoat with him. In the end he (decide) not to. 6. At 8.30 he (pick) up his case, (go) out of the house and (slam) the door behind him. 7. Then he (feel) in his pockets for the key, for his wife (remind) him to double- clock the front door. 8. When he (search) all his pockets and (find) no key he (remember) where it (be). 9. He (leave) it in his overcoat pockets. 10. Then he (remember) something else; his passport and tickets (be) in his overcoat pockets as well. 11. I (arrive) in England in the middle of July. I (be told) that England (be) shrouded in fog all year round, so I (be) quite surprised to find that it was merely raining. 12. I (ask) another passengers, an Englishmen, about the fog and he (say) that there (not be) any since the previous February. 13. If I (want) fog, he said, I (come) a quite the wrong time. 14. However, he (tell) me that I could buy tinned fog at a shop in Shaftsbury Avenue. 15. He (admit) that he never (buy) fog there himself but (assure) me that they (sell) good quality fog and that it (not be) expensive. I suppose he was joking. 16. When the old lady (return) to her flat she (see) at once that burglars (break) in during her absence, because the front door (be) open and every thing in the flat (be) upside down. 17. The burglars themselves (be) no longer there, but they probably only just (leave) because a cigarette was still burning on an ornamental table. 18. Probably they (hear) the lift coming up and (run) down the fire escape. 19. They (help) themselves to her whisky too but there (be) a little left, so she (pour) herself out a drink. 20. She (wonder) if they (find) her jewelry and rather (hope) that they had. 21. The jewelry (be give) her by her husband, who (die) some years before. 22. Since his death, she (not have) the heart to wear it, yet she (not like) to sell it. 23. Now it (seem) that fate (take) the matter out of her hands; and certainly the insurance money would come in handy. 24. I (put) the 5$ note into the one of my books; but next day it (take) me ages to find it because I (forget) which book I (put) it into. 25. A woman (come) in with a baby, who she (say) just (swallow) a safety pin. 26. I (think) my train (leave) at 14.33, and (be) very disappointed when I (arrive) at 14.30 and (learn) that it just (leave). 27. I (find) letter that I (use) an out-of-date timetable. 28. He (park) his car under a No Parking sign and (rush) into the shop. When he (come) back out of the shop ten minutes later the car (be) no longer there. 29. He (wonder) if someone (steal) it or if the police (drive) it away. 30. It (be) now 6 p.m.; and Jack (be) tired because he (work) hard all day. WEEK: 9-10 PERIOD: 9-10 PD: _______TD:_________ PRESENT PERFECT Reviews the form and use of the present perfect. + structure: +uses: The present expresses an action which began in the past and still continues. + Notice the time expressions that are common with this use. We use for with a period of time, and since with a point in time. two years a month a few minutes * For half an hour Ages 1970 * Since the end of the lesson August Christmas +example: &I have learnt English for 5 years. &She has seen several times. EXERCISE: The present perfect with for or since. Part 1: Answer these following questions as shown in the examples: 1. Can you play chess? (ten years) 2. Can you sing? (I came to England) 3. Could you milk a cow? (I left my father’s farm) 4. Can you put up a tent? (I went camping two years ago.) 5. Can you make Yorkshire pudding? (over a year) 6. Can you read Latin? (I left school) 7. Could you bath a baby? (fifteen years) 8. Could you repair the radio? (I left the army) 9. Can you ski? (my last holiday) 10.Can you read a map? (quite a long time) 11.Could you make a basket? (I was in hospital) 12.Can you sew on buttons? (I got married) 13.Can you drive a car? (over six months) S+ have/has +pp S+ have/ has +not +pp Have/ has +S + pp? 14.Could you take someone’s temperature? (years) 15.Can you ride a motorcycle? (I was at the university) 16.Can you row a boat? (1977) 17.Can you paint in oils? (some time) 18.Can you type? (years and years) Part 2: Rephrase the following sentences, using the present perfect tense with for or since. 19.It’s two years since I had a puncture. 20.It’s two months since he earned any money. 21.He last shaved the day before yesterday. 22.I last drank champagne at my brother’s wedding. 23.It’s two years since I was last in Rome. 24.I saw Tom last on his wedding day. 25.I last ate raw fish when I was in Japan. 26.It’s years since Mary last spoken French. 27.It’s ten week since I last had a good night’s sleep. 28.He last paid taxes in 1970. 29.I last ate meat five years ago. (omit ago) 30.It’s three months since the windows were cleaned. 31.It’s years since I took any photographs. 32.I last watched TV on New Year’s Day. 33.It’s three months since he wrote to me. 34.I was last paid six months ago. (my pay is six months in arrears) 35.The last time I was aboard was in the summer of 1978. It’s ten years since that house was lived in. [...]... catch him.6. If he (read) in bad light he will ruin his eyes.7. Someone (steal) your car if you leave it unlocked.8. What will happen if my parachute (not open)?9. If he (wash) my car I’ll give him 10$ . 10. If she (need) a radio she can borrow mine.11. If you (not go) away I’ll send for the police.12. I’ll be very angry if he (make) any more mistakes.13. She will be absolutely furious if she (hear0... She (buy) a dresswhich (cost) $100 4. As we (cross) the street, the policeman (shout) at us.5. The light (go) out while I (have) dinner.6. The children (do) their homework when the father (come)back from the office7. Bill (have) breakfast when I (stop) at his house this morning.8. While I (walk) around the park, I (see) Mr. One.9. When I (go) out the sun (shine). 10. Tom (burn) his hand while... She likes her children (go) to the dentist every six months.8. By (neglect) (take) ordinary precautions he endangered the life of his crew.9. An instructor is coming (show) us how (use) the aqualung. 10. I have no intention of (go) to that film; I couldn’t bear (see) my favourite actress in such a dreadful part.11. I suggest (telephone) the hospital before (ask) the police (look) for him.12. After... wine if I (be) you.7. More tourist would come to this country if it (have) a better climate.8. If I were sent to prison you (visit) me?9. If someone (give) you a helicopter what would you do with it? 10. I (buy) shares in that company if I had some money.11. If he (clean) his windscreen he’d be able to see where he going.12. If you drove your car into the river you (be able) to get out.13. If you... pockets for the key, for his wife (remind) him to double-clock the front door.8. When he (search) all his pockets and (find) no key he (remember) where it (be).9. He (leave) it in his overcoat pockets. 10. Then he (remember) something else; his passport and tickets (be) in his overcoat pockets as well.11. I (arrive) in England in the middle of July. I (be told) that England (be) shrouded in fog all... from?Ann: He (come) from Japan. He’s very clever boy; he (speak) four languages.9. Mary: I (wonder) what he (speak) now.Ann: Well, his girl friend (come) from Japan too; so I (suppose) he (speak) Japanese. 10. It is 8.30. Tom and Ann (have) breakfast. They both (open) their letters.Tom: no one ever (write) to me. All I (get) is bills! You (have) anything interesting?11. Ann: I've got a letter from... throw away their tickets as inspectors may check these during the journey.8. They invited Jack but they didn’t invite Tom.9. The guest ate all the sandwiches and drank all the beer. They left nothing. 10. Has someone posted my parcel?11. Why did one inform me of the change of plan?12. Tom Smith wrote the book and Brown and Co. published it.13. We shall all to tow the car to the garage.14. I'm... al his meals up to him.26. Someone left this purse in a classroom yesterday; the cleaner found it.27. We build well over 1.000 new houses a year. Last year we built 1.500.28. We serve hot meals till 10. 30, and guests can order coffee and sandwiches up to 11.30.29. Passengers leave all sorts of thing in buses. The conductors collect them and sendthem to the Lost Property Office.II/Active to passive.Put... have widened this street the roar of the traffic will keep residents awake all night.7. They threw away the rubbish.8. A Japanese firm makes these television sets.9. An earthquake destroyed the town. 10. A machine could do this much more easily.11. Visitors must leave umbrellas and sticks in the cloakroom.12. We ask tenants not to play their radios loudly after midnight.13. We can't repair... soon to say. He only (be) there three weeks. 9. I (not know) you (be) left-handed.I'm not left-handed; but my oil-heater (explode) yesterday and I (burn) my right hand, so I have to use my left. 10. This bicycle (be) in our family for fourteen years. My father (use) it for the first five years, my brother (ride) it for the next five, and I (have) it for the last four.11. I (hear) that your MP, . 6 p.m.; and Jack (be) tired because he (work) hard all day. WEEK: 9 -10 PERIOD: 9 -10 PD: _______TD:_________ PRESENT PERFECT Reviews the form and use of. his girl friend (come) from Japan too; so I (suppose) he (speak) Japanese. 10. It is 8.30. Tom and Ann (have) breakfast. They both (open) their letters.
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