Prototype lessons on developing textual skills of first year college students of thai nguyen university system

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i BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam PROTOTYPE LESSONS ON DEVELOPING TEXTUAL SKILLS OF FIRST YEAR COLLEGE STUDENTS OF THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY SYSTEM A Dissertation Presented to The Faculty of Graduate School Batangas State University Batangas City, Philippines In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Degree Of Doctor of Philosophy Major in English By: HOANG HUONG LY June 2015 Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn ii THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines APPROVAL SHEET This dissertation entitled “PROTOTYPE LESSONS ON DEVELOPING TEXTUAL SKILLS OF FIRST YEAR COLLEGE STUDENTS OF THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY SYSTEM” prepared and submitted by HOANG HUONG LY in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy major in English has been examined and is recommended for Oral Examination MATILDA H DIMAANO, Ph.D Adviser PANEL OF EXAMINERS Approved by the committee on Oral Examination with a grade of _ DR AMADA G BANAAG Chairman DR MARIA LUISA A VALDEZ Member DR FELIX M PANOPIO Member DR MYRNA G SULIT External Representative Accepted and approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy major in English Comprehensive Examination: PASSED _ Date Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN MATILDA H DIMAANO, Ph.D Dean, Graduate Studies http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn iii BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam ABSTRACT Title : Prototype Lessons on Developing Textual Skill of First Year College Students of Thai Nguyen University System Author : Hoang Huong Ly Course : Doctor of Philosophy Major : English Year : 2015 Adviser : Dr Matilda H Dimaano Summary This study aimed to assess the textual skill of first year college students of Thai Nguyen System with prototype lessons as output of the study to develop students‟ textual performance This study made use of the descriptive method of research using survey questionnaire and teacher-made test Respondents of the study were the 326 first year Basic English language students from selected Universities in Thai Nguyen and 66 English teachers The students answered the teacher –made test on textual performance relative to combining sentences, constructing sentences, connecting ideas, using words effectively, and developing paragraph which served as the source of the quantitative data that were Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn iv THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines analyzed statistically The students‟ demographic profiles in terms of gender; parents‟ educational attainment; students‟ exposure to English media; place of origin; and school graduated from were included in the study Further, the hypothesis that there are no significant differences between the students' textual performance in English and the teachers' assessment scores is tested The data gathered were analyzed using the following statistics: frequency distribution, percentage, weighted mean, standard deviation, and independent t-test Findings of the study revealed that in the student respondents‟ demographic profiles in relation to gender, there were 55.83 percent males and 44.17 percent females in the group with the males exceeding the females by 11.66 percent This means that the population under study has an almost equal gender distribution and can be considered as gender-balanced As to parents‟ educational attainment, out of 326 respondents there are 303 or 92.94 percent whose parents have tertiary education, which means that majority of the student respondents have well-educated parents With regards to exposure to English media more than half or 51.23 percent of the students had the least exposure to the English media, which means that majority of the students are not well exposed to the English media Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn v THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines and are therefore foreign to it For place of origin, results showed that 188 out of 326 student respondents or 57.67 percent originated from urban areas in Vietnam which means that most of the respondents came from urban areas where they grew up and obtained their early education in areas close to cities where advanced learning technologies are available Relative to school graduated majority of the student respondents or 98.77 percent had their high school education in public schools which means that most of the students pursued their secondary education in public schools availing of the standardized education program In students‟ textual skills performance relative to combining sentences findings showed that the percent correct items of the students for combining sentences is 69.8 percent with a verbal equivalent of average which means that the student respondents have achieved a certain degree of skill in sentence combining For constructing sentences, the percent correct items of the students are 53.3 percent with a verbal equivalent of average which means that the student respondents find sentence construction as the most difficult component of textual performance and further implies that it doesn‟t mean that if the skill is more basic, it would be easier for the students In connecting ideas, the percent correct items obtained by the students for connecting Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn vi THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines sentences are 62.0 percent with a verbal equivalent of average which means that the student respondents find combining sentences as one of the less difficult components of the textual skills Moreover, in using words effectively the percent correct items of the students for using words effectively is 54.3 percent with a verbal equivalent of average which means that it is one of the more difficult components of the textual skills for the student respondents In relation to developing paragraph, the percent correct items of the students for using developing paragraphs is 59.5 percent with a verbal equivalent of average which means that in general the students not find this skill to be very difficult nor too easy and further means that the students have developed a certain degree of paragraph construction skills although not fully mature but enough to support their continuing growth in their tertiary years In relationships between the students‟ textual skills performance and their profile variables results indicated that for gender, the p-value for three out of five component skills is below 0.05 indicating that the performance of the male and the female students are significantly different which means that male students‟ performance in combining sentences, connecting ideas and developing paragraphs is different from the female students‟ performance Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn vii THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines Meanwhile, for the other two component skills pertaining to constructing sentences and using words effectively, the p-values are above 0.05 which means they are not significantly different For Parents‟ Education, it can be noted that in three out of five component skills were the p-value is below 0.05 or significantly different, specifically in secondary vs tertiary educated parents For the degree of exposure to the English media, a p-value less than 0.05 was obtained only in connecting ideas for means involving least and moderate exposure and least vs high exposure This indicates that it was only in connecting ideas did the media exposure significantly affect the students‟ performance For place of origin, all the five component skills, the p-values were below 0.05 and are significantly different for urban and rural origin which means that demographic factor is important in the learning performance of the students In the case of the type of High School, only in using words effectively that the pvalue was below 0.05 indicating that performance of the students in this area is significantly different which means that education in the public schools is generally not different from private schools As for the teachers‟ assessment of the students‟ textual skills performance in English, findings revealed that all of the 11 items obtained an Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn viii THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines “agree” score of >50 percent which means that the teacher respondents unanimously consider all the listed items as pertinent items to assess the performance skills of the freshman students According to frequency of use by the students, results showed that seven out of the 11 items got ratings of 3.5 to 3.9 or equivalent to Often and five items out of 11 had a rating of 2.8 to 3.3 or equivalent to Sometimes which means that in general, the teachers perceived that the students are performing their textual skills often As regards degree of importance results showed 10 out of the 11 items had mean scores close to 4.0 or equivalent to moderately important, and one item had a score close to 5.0 or very important which indicates that the teacher respondents had a very high assessment of the degree of importance of the different items under the textual skills In the relationship of teacher‟s assessment and the students‟ textual performance in English findings revealed that the textual performance of the students in three out of five areas is significantly different from the frequency ratings of the teachers which implies that the students‟ performance in the areas of combining sentence, constructing sentences and connecting ideas are not related to the teachers‟ assessment In contrast, the students‟ performance score in using words effectively and developing paragraphs are not significantly different from the teachers‟ assessment and are thus, related to each other Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn ix THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines The t-test results on the component skills pertaining to using words effectively and developing paragraphs demonstrate a linkage between the student‟s performance and the teacher assessment and thus could be predictable of each other Hence, interventions pertinent to these areas that would be done by the teachers can be expected to influence the students‟ performance along these areas For the preparation of the proposed prototype lessons to develop students‟ textual skills performance, there are some elements considered for this particular group of Vietnamese teachers and students which include the following low performance score of the students in the component areas of the textual skills, meaningful relationship of the performance scores with the profile variables, and meaningful relationship of the performance scores with the teachers‟ assessment From the findings and conclusions, the study recommended that the prototype lessons may be presented to school administrators for their review and suggestions; that improvement of the designed prototype lessons should be made; and further studies may be conducted along this line in private universities Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn x THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines ACKNOWLEDGMENT The researcher expresses her profound gratitude to the valuable contributions of the following persons: Dr Matilda H Dimaano, Dissertation Adviser, for her guidance, critical comments, suggestions and recommendations to improve this dissertation Her research expertise and sound advice make this academic work a reality; Dr Corazon C Cabrera, Dr Myrna G Sulit, Dr Amada G Banaag, Dr Maria Luisa A Valdez, and Dr Felix M Panopio, Panel Members, for their insights and valuable inputs; Dr Remedios P Magnaye, Recording Secretary, for her dedication in encoding the minutes during the oral defense; All the personnel of the International Training Center (ITC), Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry, for their assistance; The English teachers and students from the four selected universities of Thai Nguyen University System, who were the respondents of the study for their cooperation; and Pham Hong Thai, her husband and Pham Hoang Minh, her son, her parents and her parents in-law for all the support, love and encouragement Hoang Huong Ly Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 173 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 174 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 175 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 176 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 177 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 178 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines Appendix C Documentations (1) Photographs of the signing of approval letter Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry Thai Nguyen University of Information and Communication Số hóa Trung tâmTechnology Học liệu – ĐHTN Thai Nguyen University of Education Thai Nguyen University of Technology http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 179 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines (2) Photographs of the Study Sites Thai Nguyen University of Technology Thai Nguyen University of Số hóa bởiInformation Trung tâm Họcand liệu – ĐHTN Communication Technology Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry Thai Nguyen University of Education http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 180 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines (3) Photographs of Students Respondents Thai Nguyen University of Information and Communication Technology Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 181 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines Thai Nguyen University of Technology Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 182 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry Thai Nguyen University of Education (4) Photographs of Teacher Respondents Thai Nguyen University of Technology Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 183 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry Thai Nguyen University of Information and Communication Technology Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN Thai Nguyen University of Education http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 184 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines Appendix D Psychrometric Conversion Table Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 185 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 186 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines Source:http://faculty.pepperdine.edu/shimels/Courses/Files/ConvTable.pdf Accessed 05/08/2014 CURRICULUM VITAE Name: Hoang Huong Ly THAI NGUYEN, VIET NAM Mobile phone: 0983687775 Email: lyhoanghuong1982@yahoo.com PERSONAL INFORMATION Date of birth: 13/ 09/ 1982 Birth place: Thai Nguyen, Viet Nam Age: 32 Nationality: Vietnamese Religion: None Sex: Female Spouse: Pham Hong Thai Children‟s name: Pham Hoang Minh EDUCATION BACKGROUND 2000 - 2004: Bachelor of Arts (Major in English) Thai Nguyen University of Education 2005 - 2009: Master of Arts Major in English (Applied Linguistics) La Trobe University, Australia Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 187 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines WORK EXPERIENCE 2004 - 2006: Lecturer of Department of Foreign Languages Thai Nguyen University of Education 2006 – present: Lecturer of Department of Foreign Languages Thai Nguyen University of Technology Số hóa Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn [...]... http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 8 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines This study determined the textual skills of first year college students of Thai Nguyen System, Vietnam This study was limited to the responses of 379 first year Basic English language students from selected Universities in Thai Nguyen and their respective English teachers The students. .. the students' textual skills performance and their profile variables? 4 How do teachers assess the textual skills performance of students in English? 5 Are there significant differences on students textual skills performance and teachers‟ assessment on the same areas? 6 What prototype lessons may be proposed to develop students skills textual skills performance? Scope, Delimitation and Limitation of. .. NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam LIST OF TABLES Table Title Page 1 Distribution of the Population and Sample 68 2 Gender Profile of the Student Respondents…… ………… 76 3 Parents‟ Education Profile of the Student Respondents 77 4 Profile of Students Exposure to English Media 79 5 Types of English Media Exposure 80 6 7 Place of Origin of the Student Respondents 81 Type of. .. High School of the Student Respondents 82 8 Students Performance in the Different Textual Skills 85 9 T-test Comparison of the Students Performance in the Textual Skills Tests Stratified According to the Students Profile Variables 94 10 Textual Skills Performance of the Students as Assessed by the Teachers 98 11 Students English Language Textual Skills and their Frequency of Use ... Statement of the Problem This study assessed textual skill of first year college students of Thai Nguyen University System, Vietnam Specifically, it sought answers to the following questions: 1 What is the demographic profile of students in terms of: 1.1 gender; 1.2 parents‟ educational attainment; 1.3 students exposure to English media; Số hóa bởi Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 7 THAI. .. 12 Students English Language Textual Skills and their Degree of Importance 101 13 Students Performance and Teachers‟ Assessment on the Students Textual Skills 102 14 Bases in the Design of Prototype Lessons to Develop Students Textual Skills Performance 104 Số hóa bởi Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn xvi BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines THAI. .. STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of the Philippines THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam presented as graphical figures The study was limited only to first year college students enrolled in the four Thai Nguyen University Systems Those students who were not enrolled in the Basic English Course as well as those who were in the upper year levels were excluded in the study Significance of the... intervention and the prototype lessons which are the output of this study would suffice to supplement the deficiency needs of the students Policy-Makers Results of the study will provide them with the latest textual performance of the first year college English students which will serve Số hóa bởi Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 10 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam... research Conceptual Literature The following concepts which focus on Basic College English, grammatical and textual skills performance of students, and writing English composition and prototype lessons in English are reviewed to substantiate the study Số hóa bởi Trung tâm Học liệu – ĐHTN http://www.lrc.tnu.edu.vn 12 THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY Socialist Republic of Vietnam BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY Republic of. .. profound significance to the administrators, teachers of English and first year college students in Thai Nguyen University, and future researchers Administrators Results of the study will provide them information regarding the textual performance of their students for them to make the decision to establish an English language remedial program for the affected student population or make an evaluation
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