Literary devices powerpoint

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Literary Terms We will be using these literary terms throughout the school year There WILL be literary terms used on your FINAL EXAMS in May!! You need to keep up with your notes Don’t lose your terms! You might be able to use them – be RESPONSIBLE!! We will use the following terms: Character Diction Imagery Exposition Falling Action Flashback Point of View Theme Metaphor Personification Antagonist Denotation Mood Rising Action Resolution Foreshadowing Setting Tone Simile Alliteration Protagonist Connotation Plot Climax Conflict Suspense Style Figures of Speech Oxymoron Character A character is a person or an animal that takes part in the action of a literary work Antagonist •The Antagonist is a character or force in conflict with a main character, or protagonist Do you know your Antagonists??? • On your paper take a few minutes to write down some Antagonists that you can recall from movies, television shows, and video games • Remember the Antagonist is in conflict with the Protagonist or, main character! • Helpful hint – you should now know why people use the saying “Don’t antagonize me!” Protagonist • The Protagonist is the main character in a literary work • Can you name some famous Protagonists that are found in literature? Diction • Diction is the manner in which • • we express words; the wording used Diction = enunciation Some easy examples are: Don’t say ‘goin’ – say ‘going’, Don’t say ‘wanna’ – say ‘want to’ Denotation The denotation of a word is its dictionary meaning, independent of other associations that the word may have Connotation The connotation of a word is the set of ideas associated with it in addition to its explicit meaning The connotation of a word can be personal, based on individual experiences More often, cultural connotations – those recognizable by most people in a group – determine a writer’s word choices Denotation versus Connotation Some examples – Cheap is “low in cost” (denotation) but “stingy” or “poorly made” are the connotations of cheap Flashback continued… The movie Titanic is told almost entirely in a flashback What are some other films that contain flashback to help tell stories? Holes Willy Wonka Think of some more… Foreshadowing Foreshadowing is the author’s use of clues to hint at what might happen later in the story Writers use foreshadowing to build their readers’ expectations and to create suspense This is used to help readers prepare for what is to come Can you think of an element of foreshadowing? Suspense Suspense is the growing interest and excitement readers experience while awaiting a climax or resolution in a work of literature It is a feeling of anxious uncertainty about the outcome of events Writers create suspense by raising questions in the minds of their readers Point of View Point of View is the perspective, or vantage point, from which a story is told It is the relationship of the narrator to the story First-person is told by a character who uses the first-person pronoun “I” Third-person limited point of view is the point of view where the narrator uses third-person pronouns such as “he” and “she” to refer to the characters Setting The setting of a literary work is the time and place of the action The setting includes all the details of a place and time – the year, the time of day, even the weather The place may be a specific country, state, region, community, neighborhood, building, institution, or home Details such as dialect, clothing, customs, and modes of transportation are often used to establish setting In most stories, the setting serves as a backdrop – a context in which the characters interact The setting of a story often helps to create a particular mood, or feeling Style Style is the distinctive way in which an author uses language Word choice, phrasing, sentence length, tone, dialogue, purpose, and attitude toward the audience and subject can all contribute to an author’s writing style Theme The theme of a literary work is its central message, concern, or purpose A theme can usually be expressed as a generalization, or general statement, about people or life The theme may be stated directly by the writer although it is more often presented indirectly When the theme is stated indirectly, the reader must figure out the theme by looking carefully at what the work reveals about the people or about life Tone Tone is a reflection of a writer’s or speaker’s attitude toward a subject of a poem, story, or other literary work Tone may be communicated through words and details that express particular emotions and that evoke and emotional response from the reader For example, word choice or phrasing may seem to convey respect, anger, lightheartedness, or sarcasm Figures of Speech A figure of speech is a specific device or kind of figurative language, such as hyperbole, metaphor, personification, simile, or understatement Figurative language is used for descriptive effect, often to imply ideas indirectly It is not meant to be taken literally Figurative language is used to state ideas in vivid and imaginative ways Metaphor A Metaphor is a type of speech that compares or equates two or more things that have something in common A metaphor does NOT use like or as Example: Life is a bowl of cherries Simile A Simile is another figure of speech that compares seemingly unlike things Simile’s DO use the words like or as Example: Her voice was like nails on a chalkboard Oxymoron An Oxymoron is a figure of speech that is a combination of seemingly contradictory words Examples: Same difference Pretty ugly Roaring silence Personification Personification is a figure of speech in which an animal, object, force of nature, or idea is given human qualities or characteristics Example: Tears began to fall from the dark clouds Alliteration Alliteration is the repetition of sounds, most often consonant sounds, at the beginning of words Alliteration gives emphasis to words Example: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers [...]... more of the five senses Writers use imagery to describe how their subjects look, sound, feel, taste, and smell MOOD Mood, or atmosphere, is the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage Writer’s use many devices to create mood, including images, dialogue, setting, and plot Often, a writer creates a mood at the beginning of a work and then sustains the mood throughout Sometimes, however,... society, or fate Man vs Man Man vs Nature Internal Conflict Internal conflict exists within the mind of a character who is torn between different courses of action Man vs Himself Flashback A flashback is a literary device in which an earlier episode, conversation, or event is inserted into the sequence of events Often flashbacks are presented as a memory of the narrator or of another character Flashback... first-person pronoun “I” Third-person limited point of view is the point of view where the narrator uses third-person pronouns such as “he” and “she” to refer to the characters Setting The setting of a literary work is the time and place of the action The setting includes all the details of a place and time – the year, the time of day, even the weather The place may be a specific country, state, region,... author uses language Word choice, phrasing, sentence length, tone, dialogue, purpose, and attitude toward the audience and subject can all contribute to an author’s writing style Theme The theme of a literary work is its central message, concern, or purpose A theme can usually be expressed as a generalization, or general statement, about people or life The theme may be stated directly by the writer... figure out the theme by looking carefully at what the work reveals about the people or about life Tone Tone is a reflection of a writer’s or speaker’s attitude toward a subject of a poem, story, or other literary work Tone may be communicated through words and details that express particular emotions and that evoke and emotional response from the reader For example, word choice or phrasing may seem to
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