Literary devices (1)

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Literary Devices Melanie Goings Woodruff Middle School Elements of Literature • Plot • Conflict • Setting • Character • Point of View • Theme What is Plot? • Plot is the sequence of events within a literary work • The plot of a literary work can be divided into five distinct sections that can even be graphed on a diagram A Closer Look at Plot: What are the Five Divisions of Plot? • • • • • Exposition Rising Action Climax Falling Action Resolution What Drive the Plot Within a Literary Work? • Conflict – The struggle between opposing forces • • • • Man Man Man Man vs vs vs vs Man Himself Society Nature What Type of Conflict Does this Picture Represent? Answer… • Man vs Society… This picture depicts racial discrimination It was law that African Americans use separate facilities because of their race Therefore, this is an example of man vs a rule of society What type of Conflict does this picture represent? Answer… • Man vs Man This 1942 picture illustrates two men in a boxing match What is Setting? • Setting is the time and place of the action • Setting include all details of a place and time—the year, the time of day, even the weather • Details such as dialect, clothing, customs, and modes of transportation are often used to establish setting within a literary work Describe the Setting Here within the next picture… What is the setting here? What is Character? • Character is a person or an animal that takes part in the action of a literary work • Characters can be classified into several groups: • Major or Minor • Flat or Round • Dynamic or Static Major Characters vs Minor Character Major Characters  Most important character in the entire literary work Minor Characters  Characters will a lesser role but whose role is necessary for the story to develop Flat Characters vs Round Characters Flat Characters Round Characters  Characters who are  Characters that often one-sided are fully developed and often and exhibit many stereotypical traits Dynamic Characters vs Static Characters Dynamic Characters  A character that grows and changes as the literary work develops Static Characters  A character who does not change throughout the literary work What is Point of View? • The perspective or vantage point from which a story is told – 1st person POV – 3rd person limited – 3rd person omniscient What is Theme? • The central message, concern, or purpose of a literary work • The theme can be expressed as a generalization, or general statement, about people or life • The theme is often revealed indirectly and the reader may have to look carefully at what the work reveals about people or about life What are some themes to literary works you have already read? [...]...  A character that grows and changes as the literary work develops Static Characters  A character who does not change throughout the literary work What is Point of View? • The perspective or vantage point from which a story is told – 1st person POV – 3rd person limited – 3rd person omniscient What is Theme? • The central message, concern, or purpose of a literary work • The theme can be expressed as... here? What is Character? • Character is a person or an animal that takes part in the action of a literary work • Characters can be classified into several groups: • Major or Minor • Flat or Round • Dynamic or Static Major Characters vs Minor Character Major Characters  Most important character in the entire literary work Minor Characters  Characters will a lesser role but whose role is necessary for... general statement, about people or life • The theme is often revealed indirectly and the reader may have to look carefully at what the work reveals about people or about life What are some themes to literary works you have already read?
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