Critical approaches to literature2

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Ngày đăng: 01/12/2016, 22:42

Critical Approaches to Literature Critical Approaches -used to analyze, question, interpret, synthesize and evaluate literary works, with a specific mindset or “lenses” New Criticism -contend that literature needs little or no connection with the author’s intentions, life, or social/historical situation -everything needed to analyze the work is contained within the text -examines language and literary conventions; plot, rhyme, meter, dialect, setting, point of view, etc Reader-Response Criticism -studies the interaction of the reader with the text; holds the text incomplete until it is read -examines the readers reactions and thoughts to a piece of work Biographical Criticism -relates the author’s life and thoughts to their work -allows one to better understand the elements within a work as well as relate works to authorial intention and audience Narratological Criticism -concerns itself with the structure of narrative; how events are constructed and through what point of view -considers the narrator not necessarily as a person, but more as a window through which one sees a constructed reality Historical Criticism -perspectives tend to reflect a concern with the period in which a text is produced and/or read Social Criticism -recognizes literature as a reflection of the environment through analysis of social structure, power, politics, and agency Gender/Feminist Criticism -addresses issues of masculinity and femininity as binaries, sexual orientation, heterosexism, and differences in sexes Anthropological Criticism -focuses on aspects of everyday life in various cultures; using ideas of folklore, ritual, celebrations, traditions, etc Psychoanalytical Criticism -aims at uncovering the workings of the human mind especially that expression of the unconscious -analyzing a text like a dream, looking for symbolism and repressed meaning, the dominance of unconscious mine of the conscious -can be applied to either the author/text relationship or the reader/text relationship [...]... human mind especially that expression of the unconscious -analyzing a text like a dream, looking for symbolism and repressed meaning, the dominance of unconscious mine of the conscious -can be applied to either the author/text relationship or the reader/text relationship
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