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PART  2:  SENTENCE  COMPLETION  –  Questions  41-­‐50   Direction:  In  this  part  of  the  test,  you  will  notice  that  there  is  a  word  or  phrase  missing  in  each   sentence  Study  the  four  answer  choices  and  select  the  one  answer:  A,  B,  C  or  D  that  best   completes  the  sentence     41  Don’t  …  to  any  conclusion  before  you  know  the  full  facts   A  rush     B  dive         C  leap       D  fly       42  A  few  animals  sometimes  fool  their  enemies   _  to  be  dead   A  have  been  appearing           B  to  be  appearing   C  to  appear               D  by  appearing         43  On  no  account    in  the  office  be  used  for  personal  materials   A  the  photocopy  machines         B  the  photocopy  machines  should     C  should  the  photocopy  machines       D  does  the  photocopy  machines   44  The    of  the  bank  where  he  worked  was  not  in  the  center  of  the  city   A  branch       B  seat       C  house       D  piece   45    from  Bill,  all  the  students  said  they  would  go   A  Exept       B  Only     C  Apart       D  Separate   46  The  detective’s  resourcefulness  helped  him  solve  the  mystery   A  assistance       B  skill       C  family       D  money   47  When  I  bought  the  shoes,  they   _  me  well  but  later  they  were  too  tight  at  home   A  matched       B  fitted       C  suited       D  went  with   48  The  purpose  of  phonetics  is    an  inventory  and  a  description  of  the  sounds  found  in  speech   A  provide       B  provided       C  to  provide       D  being  provided   49:  They  received  a  ten-­‐year  sentence  for   _armed  robbery     A  making       B  doing       C  committing     D  practicing   50    the  hijacker  plane  landed,  it  was  surrounded  by  police   A  As  soon  as     B  While       C  Just       D  Until     PART  3:  TEXT  COMPLETION  –  Questions  51-­‐60   Direction:  In  this  part  of  the  test,  you  will  read  the  text  and  decide  which  answer:  A,  B,  C  or  D   fits  each  space  There  is  an  example  at  the  beginning  (0)    A  instruction       B  information   C  opinion     D  advice   If   you   want   your   daughter   to   succeed,   buy   her   a   toy   construction   set   That   is   the   (0)   advice   from   Britain’s   (51)   …   female   engineers   and   scientists   Marie-­‐Noelle   Barton,   who   heads   an   Engineering   Council   campaign   to   encourage   girls   into   science   and   engineering,   maintains   that   some   of   Britain’s   most  successful  women  have  had  their  careers  (52)  …  by  the  toys  they  played  with  as  children  Even   girls  who  end  (53)  …  nowhere  near  a  microchip  or  microscope  could  benefit  from  a  better  (54)  …   of  science  and  technology   ‘It’s  a  matter  of  giving  them  experience  and  confidence  with  technology  so  that  when  they  are  (55)   …   with   a   situation   requiring   some   technical   know-­‐how,   they   feel   they   can   handle   it   and   don’t   just   (56)   …   defeat   immediately’,   say   Mrs   Barton   ‘I   believe   that   lots   of   girls   feel   unsure   of   themselves   when  it  comes  (57)  …  technology  and  therefore  they  might  be  losing  out  on  jobs  because  they  are   reluctant  even  to  apply  for  them.’   Research   recently   carried   out   suggests   that   scientific   and   constructional   toys   should   be   (58)   …   to   girls   from   an   early   age,   otherwise   the   results   is   ‘socialisation’   into   stereotypically   female   (59)   … ,   which   may   explain   why   relative   few   girls   study   science   and   engineering   at   university   in   Britain   Only   14%   of   those   who   have   gone   for   engineering   (60)   …   at   university   this   year   are   women,   although   this  figure  does  represent  an  improvement  on  the  7%  recorded  some  years  ago     51   52   53   54   55   56   57   58   59   60   A  foremost   A  styled   A  in   A  hold   A  approached   A  admit   A  for   A  accessible   A  characters   A  options   B  uppermost   B  shaped   B  by   B  grasp   B  encountered   B  allow   B  to   B  feasible   B  parts     B  alternatives   C  predominant   C  built   C  on   C  insight   C  presented   C  receive   C  receive   C  reachable   C  states   C  selections   D  surpassing   D  modelled   D  up   D  realisation   D  offered   D  permit   D  permit   D  obtainable   D  roles   D  preferences     PART  4:  READING  COMPREHENSION   Direction:  In  this  part  of  the  test,  you  will  read  THREE  different  passages  For  questions  21-­‐40,   you  are  to  choose  the  best  answer  A,  B,  C  or  D  to  each  question  Answer  all  questions  following   a  passage  on  the  basis  of  what  is  stated  or  implied  in  that  passage   PASSAGE  1-­‐  Questions  61-­‐67   Southwell   in   Nottinghamshire   is   full   of   surprises   The   first   is   Britain’s   least-­‐known   ancient   cathedral,   Southwell   Minster,   celebrated   by   writers   of   an   environmental   disposition   for   the   pagan   figures   of   ‘green’  men  which  medieval  craftsmen  carved  into  the  decorations  in  its  thirteenth-­‐century  chapter   house   The   second,   appropriately   enough,   is   Britain’s   greenest   dwelling,   the   ‘autonomous   house’,   designed  and  built  by  Robert  and  Brenda  Vale   The   Vales   use   rainwater   for   washing   and   drinking,   recycle   their   sewage   into   garden   compost   and   heat   their   house   with   waste   heat   from   elctrical   appliances   and   their   own   body   heat,   together   with   that  of  their  three  teenage  children  and  their  two  cats,  Edison  and  Faraday  You  could  easily    miss  the   traditional-­‐looking   house,   roofed   with   clay   pantiles,   on   a   verdant   corner   plot   300   yards   rom   the   Minister  It  was  designed  to  echo  the  burnt  –  orange  brick  of  the  town’s  nineteenth-­‐century  buildings   and  won  approval  from  planners  even  though  it  is  in  a  conservation  area   Ring   the   solar-­‐powered   doorbell   and   there   is   total   silence   The   house   is   super-­‐insultated,   with   krypton-­‐   filled   triple   –   glazed   windows,   which   means   that   you     not   hear   a   sound   inside   Once   inside   and   with   your   shoes   off   (at   Robert’s   insistence),   there   is   a   monastic   stillness   It   is   a   sunny   summer’s  day,  the  windows  are  closed  and  the  conservatory  is  doing  its  normal  job  of  warming  the   air  before  it  ventilates  the  house  Vale  apologises  and  moves  through  the  house,  opening  ingenious   ventilation   shafts   and   windows   You   need   to   create   draughts   because   draught-­‐proofing   is   everywhere:  even  Edison  and  Faraday  have  their  own  air-­‐locked  miniature  door   The   Vales,   who   teach   architecture   at   Nottingham   University,   were   serious   about   the   environment   long   before   it   hit   the   political   agenda   They   wrote   a   book   on   green   architecture   back   in   the   1970s,   The  Autonomous  House  They  began  by  designing  a  building  which  emitted  no  carbon  dioxide  Then   they   got   carried   away   and   decided   to     without   mains   water   as   well   They   designed   composting   earth   closets,   lowered   rainwater   tanks   into   the   cellar,   and   specified   copper   gutters   to   protect   the   drinking   water,   which   they   pass   through   two   filters   before   use   Water   from   washing   runs   into   the   garden   (the   Vales   don’t   have   a   dishwasher   because   they   believe   it   is   morally   unacceptable   to   use   strong  detergents)  Most  details  have  similar  statement  in  mind   ‘We  wanted  people  to  see  that  it  was  possible  to  design  a  house  which  would  be  far  less  detrimental   to  the  environment,  without  having  to  live  in  the  dark,’  says  Robert  ‘It  would  not  be  medieval.’  The   house’s  only  medieval  aspect  is  aesthetic:  the  hall,  which  includes  the  hearth  and  the  staircase,  rises   the  full  height  of  the  building   The   Vales   pay   no   water   bills   And   last   winter   the   house   used   only   nine   units   of   electricity   a   day   costing   about   70p   –   which   is   roughly   what   other   four   bedroomed   houses   use   on   top   of   heating   Soon   it   wil   use   even   less,   when   £20,000   worth   of   solar   water   heating   panels   and   generating   equipment   arrive   and   are   erected   in   the   garden   The   house   will   draw   electricity   from   the   mains   supply   for   cooking   and   running   the   appliances,   but   will   generate   a   surplus   of   electricity   There   will   even   be   enough,   one   day,   to   charge   an   electric   car   The   only   heaing   is   a   small   wood-­‐burning   stove   in   the   hall,   which  the  Vales  claim  not  to  use  except  in  the  very  coldest  weather   So  is  it  warm  in  winter?  One  night  in  February  when  I  happened  to  call  on  him,  Robert  was  sitting   reading  It  was  too  warm  to  light  the  fire,  he  said  The  room  temperature  on  the  first  floor  was  18°C,   less   than   the   generally   expected   temperature   of   living   areas,   but   entirely   comfortable,   he   claimed,   because   there   are   no   draughts,   no   radiant   heat   loss,   since   everything   you   touch   is   at   the   same   temperature   Perceived   temperature   depends   on   these   factors   An   Edwardian   lady   in   the   early   years   of   the   twentieth   century   was   entirely   comfortable   at   12.5°C,   he   says,   because   of   the   insulation   provided  by  her  clothing  Those  people  who  live  in  pre-­‐1900  housing,  he  suggests,  should  simply  go   back  to  living  as  people  did  then  Somehow,  it  is  difficult  to  think  of  this  idea  catching  on   The   house’s   secret   is   that   it   is   low-­‐tech   and   there   is   little   to   go   wrong   Almost   everything   was   obtained  from  a  builder’s  merchant  and  installed  by  local  craftsmen  This  made  the  house  cheap  to   build   –   it   cost   the   same   price   per   square   metre   as   low-­‐cost   housing   for   rent   Not   surprisingly,   the   commercial  building  companies  are  determinedly  resisting  this  idea   61  According  to  the  writer,  the  exterior  of  the  Vales’  house  is   A  unique     B  unattractive  C  controversial   D  unremarkable   62  Why  did  Robert  Vale  apologise  to  the  writer  on  his  arrival?   A  The  ventilation  system  had  failed   B  The  temperature  was  uncomfortable   C  The  conservatory  was  not  functioning  properly   D  The  draughts  were  unwelcome   63  What  does  the  writer  suggest  about  environmental  issues  in  the  fourth  paragraph?   A  They  have  always  been  a  difficult  topic   B  They  have  become  a  subject  of  political  debate   C  The  Vales  have  changed  their  views  in  recent  years   D  The  Vales  have  begun  to  take  a  political  interest  in  the  subject   64  What  does  the  writer  imply  about  the  decision  not  to  use  mains  water  in  the  Vales’  house?   A  It  was  impractical           B  It  was  later  regretted   C  It  was  an  extreme  choice         D  It  caused  unexpected  problems   65   In   Robert   Vale’s   opinion,   his   home   challenges   the   idea   that   houses   designed   with   the   environment  in  mind  must  be   A  draughty  B  primitive     C  small     D  ugly   66  The  planned  changes  to  the  house’s  electrical  system  will  mean  that   A  the  house  will  produce  more  electricity  than  it  uses   B  the  Vales  will  not  use  electricity  from  the  mains  supply   C  the  house  will  use  more  electricity  than  it  does  now   D  the  Vales’  electricity  bills  will  remain  at  their  current  level   67  According  to  Robert  Vale,  the  house  was  comfortable  in  February  because   A  no  variations  in  temperature  could  be  noticed   B  18°C  was  acceptable  for  ordinary  houses   C  it  was  not  a  particular  cold  winter   D  he  had  got  used  to  the  temperature     PASSAGE  2-­‐  Questions  68-­‐73   Less   than   40   years   ago,   tourism   was   encouraged   as   an   unquestionable   good   With   the   arrival   of   package  holidays  and  charter  flights,  tourism  could  at  last  be  enjoyed  by  the  masses  Yet  one  day,  it   seems  feasible  that  there  will  be  no  more  tourists  There  will  be  ‘adventurers’,  ‘fieldwork  assisstants’,   ‘volunteers’   and,   of   course,   ‘travellers’   But   the   term   ‘tourist’   will   be   extinct   There   might   be   those   who   quietly   slip   away   to   foreign   lands   for   nothing   other   than   pure   pleasure,   but   it   will   be   a   secretive   and  frowned  upon  activity  No  one  will  want  to  own  up  to  being  one  of  those  In  fact,  there  are  already   a   few   countries   prohibiting   tourists   from   entering   certain   areas   where   the   adverse   effects   of   tourism   have   already   struck   Tourists   have   been   charged   with   bringing   nothing   with   them   but   their   money   and  wreaking  havoc  with  the  local  environment   It  won’t  be  easy  to  wipe  out  this  massive,  ever  growing    tribe  Today  there  are  more  than  700  million   ‘tourist   arrivals’   each   year   The   World   Tourism   Organization   forecasts   that   by   2020,   there   will   be   1.56  billion  tourists  travelling  at  any  one  time  The  challenge  to  forcibly  curtail  more  than  a  billion   tourists   from   going   where   they   want   is   immense   It   is   so   immense   as   tobe   futile   You   cannot   make   so   many  economically  empowered  people  stop  doing  something  they  want  to  do  unless  you  argue  that   it  is  of  extreme  damage  to  the  welfare  of  the  world  that  only  the  truly  malicious,  utterly  selfish  and   totally  irresponsible  would  ever  even  consider  doing  it  This  is  clearly  absurd  Whatever  benefits  or   otherwise  accrue  from  tourism,  it  is  not,  despite  what  a  tiny  minority  say,  evil  I  can  cause  harm  It   can  be  morally  neutral  And  it  can  occasionally,  be  a  force    for  great  good   So   tourism   is   being   attacked   by   more   subtle   methods,   by   being   re-­‐branded   in   the   hope   we   won’t     recognise  it  as  the  unattractive  entity  it  once  was  The  word  ‘tourist’  is  being  removed  from  anything   that  was  once  called  a  holiday  in  the  pamphlet  that  was  once  called  a  holiday  brochure  Adventurers,   fieldwork   assisstants   and   volunteers   don’t   go   on   holidays   ‘Un-­‐tourists’   (as   I   will   call   them)   go   on   things   called   ‘cultural   experiences’,   ‘expeditions’,   ‘projects’   and   most   tellingly,   ‘missions’   The   word   ‘mission’   is   perhaps   unintentionally,   fitting   While   this   re-­‐branding   is   supposed   to   present   a   progressive   approach   to   travel,   it   is   firmly   rooted   in   the   viewpoint   of   the   Victorian   era   Like   nineteenth-­‐century   Victorian   travellers,   the   modern   day   un-­‐tourists   insists   that   the   main   motive   behind   their   adventure   is   to   help   others   Whereass   the   mass   tourist   and   the   area   they   visit   are   condemned  as  anti-­‐ethical  and  at  loggerheads,  the  ethos  of  the  un-­‐tourist  and  the  needs  of  the  area   they  wander  into  are  presumed  to  be  in  tune  with  each  other   The  re-­‐packaging  of  tourism  as  meaningful,  self-­‐sacrificing  travel  is  liberating  It  allows  you  to  go  to   all   sorts   of   places   that   would   be   ethically   out   of   bounds   to   a   regular   tourist   under   the   guise   of   mission  Indeed,  the  theory  behind  un-­‐tourism  relies  upon  exclusivity;  it  is  all  about  preventing  other   people  travelling  in  order  that  you  might  legitimise  your  own  travels  Mass  tourists  are,  by  definition,   excluded   from   parttaking   of   this   new   kind   of   un-­‐tourism   Pretending   you   are   not   doing   something   that  you  actually  are  –  i.e  going  on  holiday  –  is  at  the  heart  of  the  un-­‐tourist  endeavour  Every  aspect   of   the   experience   has   to   be   disguised   So,   gone   are   the   glossy   brochures   Instead   the   expeditions,   projects   and   adventures   are   advertised   in   publications   more   likely   to   resemble   magazines   with   a   concern  in  ecological  or  cultural  issues  The  price  is  usually  well  hidde  as  if  there  is  a  reluctance  to   admit   that   this   is,   in   essence,   a   commercial   transaction   There   is   something   disturbing   in   having   to   pay  to  do  good   Meaningful  contact  with  and  respect  for  local  culture  also  concerns  the  un-­‐tourist  In  the  third  world,   respect  for  the  local  culture  is  based  on  a  presumed  innate  inability  within  that  culture  to  understand   that  there  are  other  ways  of  living  to  their  own  They  are  portrayed,  in  effect,    as  being  perplexed  by   our   newness,   and   their   culture   is   presented   as   so   vulnerable   that   a   handful   of   western   tourists   poses   a  huge  threat  This  is  despite  the  fact  that  many  of  these  cultures  are  more  rooted,  ancient  and  have   survived   far   longer   than   any   culture   in   the   first   world   None   of   this   ought   to   matter   as   un-­‐tourism   makes   up   less   than   4%   of   the   total   tourism   industry   But   un-­‐tourists   have   been   so   successfully   re-­‐ branded  that  they  have  come  to  define  what  it  means  to  be  a  good  tourist   All   tourism   should   be   responsible   towards   and   respectful   of   environmental   and   human   resources   Some  tourist  developments,  as  well  as,  inevitably,  individual  tourists,  have  not  been    so  and  should   be   challenged   But   instead,   a   divide   is   being   driven   between   those   few   privileged,   high-­‐paying   tourists   and   the   masses   There   is   no   difference   between   them   –   they   are   just   being   packaged   as   something   different   Our   concern   should   not   be   with   this   small   number   but   with   the   majority   of   travellers   But   why   should   we   bother?   We   who   concern   ourselves   with   this   debate   are   potentially   or   probably  un-­‐tourists  We  aren’t  interested  in  saving  leisure  time  abroad  for  the  majority  of  people:   we’re   interested   in   making   ourselves   feel   good   That’s   why   we’ve   succumbed   to   the   re-­‐branding   of   our   enjoyment,   and   refuse   to   take   up   a   term   we   believe   to   be   tainted   How   many   times   have   you   owned  up  to  being  a  tourist?     68  The  writer  suggests  that  in  the  future,     A  there  will  be  a  limited  choice  of  destinations  available  to  tourists     B  tourists  will  be  required  to  pay  more  for  any  holidays  they  take     C  holidays  will  not  exist  in  the  same  form  as  we  know  them  now     D  people  going  on  holiday  to  relax  will  feel  obliged  to  feel  ashamed   69  What  does  the  writer  say  about  stopping  tourism?     A  The  expansion  of  the  tourism  industry  will  continue   B  Countries  economically  dependent  on  tourism  would  suffer  from  any  restrictions   C  The  industry  will  not  be  able  to  cope  once  tourist  numbers  reach  a  certain  limit   D  Tourists  must  be  persuaded  that  having  a  holiday  is  ethically  wrong   70  According  to  the  writer,  the  aim  of  re-­‐branding  tourism  is  to     A  ensure  the  skills    of  travellers  match  the  needs  of  the  area  they  go  to     B  deceive  travellers  about  the  purpose  of  their  trip  to  foreign  countries     C  make  travellers  aware  of  the  harmful  effects  of  trational  tourism     D  offers  types  of  holidays  that  bring  benefits  to  poor  communities   71  In  paragraph  four,  the  writer  suggests  that  ‘un-­‐tourists’  are     A  more  concerned  with  the  environmental  issues  than  other  tourists     B  unwilling  to  pay  for  the  experience  of  helping  people     C  able  to  take  holiday  without  a  sense  of  guilt     D  pressing  for  the  introduction  of  laws  to  ban  mass  tourism   72  The  writer  states  that  third  world  cultures     A  are  unlikely  to  be  disturbed  by  the  presence  of  foreigners     B  cannot  always  comprehend  other  cultural  traditions     C  risk  losing  their  identity  by  exposure  to  tourism     D  can  only  be  encountered  through  careful  integration   73  According  to  the  writer,  the  belief  that  mass  tourism  is  bad  has  resulted  in     A  more  tourists  deciding  to  take  holidays  in  their  own  country  instead     B  the  increasing  construction  of  environmentally  friendly  tourist  resorts     C  certain  people  being  hypocritical  about  their  reasons  for  travelling     D  the  possibilty  of  charging  different  prices  for  identical  holidays     PASSAGE  3-­‐  Questions  74-­‐80   One  minute  into  the  annual  inspection  and  things  are  already  going  wrong  for  the  Globe  Hotel  Not   that  they  know  it  yet  The  receptionist  reciting  room  rates  over  the  pone  to  a  potential  guest  is  still   blissfully   unaware   of   the   identity   of   the   real   guest   she   is   doggedly   ignoring   ‘Hasn’t   even   acknowledged  us,’  Sue  Brown  says  out  of  the  corner  of  her  mouth  ‘Very  poor.’  It  is  a  classic  arrival-­‐ phrase  error,  and  one  that  Sue  has  encountered  scores  of  times  in  her  11  years  as  an  inspector  ‘But   this  isn’t  an  ordinary  three-­‐star  place,’  she  protests  ‘It  has  three  red  stars,  and  I  would  expect  better.’   To  be  the  possessor  of  red  stars  means  that  the  Globe  is  rated  among  the  top  130  of  the  4,000  listed   in   the   hotel   guide   published   by   the   organisation   she   works   for   However,   even   before   our   frosty   welcome,   a   chill   has   entered   the   air   Access   from   the   car   park   has   been   via   an   unmanned   door,   operated  by  an  impersonal  buzzer,  followed  by  a  long,  twisting,  deserted  corridor  leading  to  the  hotel   entrance  ‘Again,  not  what  I  had  expected,’  says  Sue   Could   things   get   worse?   They   could   ‘We   seem   to   have   no   record   of   your   booking,’   announces   the   receptionist,  in  her  best  sing-­‐song  how-­‐may-­‐I-­‐help-­‐you  voice   It   turns   out   that   a   dozen   of   the   hotel’s   15   rooms   are   unoccupied   that   night   One   is   on   the   top   floor   It   is   not   to   the   inspector’s   taste:   suffiness   is   one   criticism,   the   other   is   a   gaping   panel   at   the   back   of   the   wardrobe,  behind  which  is  a  large  hole  in  the  wall   When  she  began  her  inspecting  career,  she  earned  an  early  reputation  for  toughness  ‘The  Woman  in   Black,  I  was  known  as,’  she  recalls,  ‘which  was  funny,  because  I  never  used  to  wear  black  And  I’ve   never  been  too  tough.’  Not  that  you  would  know  it  the  next  morning  when,  after  paying  her  bill,  she   suddenly  reveaals  her  identity  to  the  Globe’s  general  manager,  Robin  Greaves  From  the  look  on  his   face,  her  arrival  has  caused  terror   Even   before   she   says   anything   else,   he   expresses   abject   apologies   for   the   unpleasant   smell   in   the   main  lounge  ‘We  think  there’s  a  blocked  drain  there,’  he  sighs  ‘The  whole  floor  will  probably  have  to   come  up.’  Sue  gently  suggests  that  as  well  as  sorting  out  the  plumbing,  he  might  also  prevail  upon  his   staff  not  to  usher  guests  into  the  room  so  readily  ‘Best,  perhaps,  to  steer  them  to  the  other  lounge,’   she  says  Greaves  nods  with  glum  enthusiasm  and  gamely  takes  notes  He  has  been  at  the  Globe  for   onlu   five   months,   and   you   can   see   him   struggling   to   believe   Sue   when   she   says   that   this   dissection   of   the  hotel  can  only  be  for  the  good  of  the  place  in  the  long  run   Not  that  it’s  all  on  the  negative  side  Singled  out  for  commendation  are  Emma,  the  assistant  manager,   and  Trudy,  the  young  waitress,  who  dished  out  a  sheaf  of  notes  about  the  building’s  400-­‐year  history   Dinner,   too,   has   done   enough   to   maintain   the   hotel’s   two-­‐rosette   food   rating,   thereby   encouraging   Greaves   to   push   his   luck   a   bit   ‘So   what     we   have   to     to   get   three   rosettes?’   he   enquires   Sue’s   suggestions   include:   ‘Not   serve   a   pudding   that   collapses.’   The   brief   flicker   of   light   in   Greaves’   eyes   goes  out   It  is  Sue  Brown’s  uneviable  job  to  voice  the  complaints  the  rest  of  us  more  cowardly  consumers  do   not   have   the   courage   to   articulate   ‘Sometimes   one   can   be   treading   on   very   delicate   ground   I   remember,   in   one   case,   a   woman   rang   to  complain  I’d  got  her  son  the  sack  All  I  could  say  was  the   truth,  which  was  that  he’d  served  me  apple  pie  with  his  fingers.’  Comeback  letters  involve  spurious   allegations  of  everything,  from  a  superior  attitude  to  demanding  bribes  ‘You  come  to  expect  it  after  a   while,  but  it  hurts  everytime,’  she  says   Sue   is   required   not   just   to   relate   her   findings   to   the   hotelier   verbally,   but   also   to   send   them   a   full   written  report  They  are,  after  all,  paying  for  the  privilege  of  her  putting  them  straight  (There  is  an   annual  fee  for  inclusion  in  the  guide.)  Nevertheless,  being  singled  out  for  red-­‐star  treatment  makes  it   more   than   worthwhile   So   it   is   reassuring   for   Greaves   to   hear   that   Sue   is   not   going   to   recommend   that  the  Globe  be  stripped  of  its  red  stars  That  is  the  good  news  The  bad  is  that  another  inspector   will  be  back  in  the  course  of  the  next  two  months  to  make  sure  that  everything  has  been  put  right   ‘Good,’  smiles  Greaves  unconvincingly  ‘We’ll  look  forward  to  that.’   74  When  Sue  Brown  arrived  at  the  hotel  reception  desk,   A  the  receptionist  pretended  not  to  notice  she  was  there   B  she  was  not  surprised  by  what  happened  there   C  she  decided  not  to  form  any  judgements  immediately   D  the  receptionist  was  being  impolite  on  the  phone   75  On  her  arrival  at  the  hotel,  Sue  was  dissatisfied  with   A  the  temperature  in  the  hotel   B  the  sound  of  the  receptionist’s  voice   C  the  position  of  the  room  she  was  given   D  the  distance  from  the  car  park  to  the  hotel   76  What  does  the  writer  say  about  Sue’s  reputation?   A  It  has  changed   B  It  frightens  people   C  It  is  thoroughly  undeserved   D  It  causes  Sue  considerable  concern   77  When  talking  about  the  problem  in  the  main  lounge,  Robin  Greaves   A  assumes  that  Sue  is  unaware  of  it   B  blames  the  problem  on  other  people   C  doubts  that  Sue’s  comments  will  be  of  benefit  to  the  hotel   D  agrees  that  his  lack  of  experience  has  contributed  to  the  problem   78  When  Sue  makes  positive  comments  about  the  hotel,  Robin  Greaves   A  agrees  with  her  views  on  certain  members  of  his  staff   B  becomes  hopeful  that  she  will  increase  its  food  rating   C  finds  it  impossible  to  believe  that  she  means  them   D  reminds  her  that  they  outweigh  her  criticisms  of  it   79  Angry  reactions  to  Sue’s  comments  on  hotels   A  are  something  she  always  finds  upsetting   B  sometimes  make  her  regret  what  she  has  said   C  are  often  caused  by  the  fact  that  the  hotels  have  to  pay  for  them   D  sometimes  indicate  that  people  have  not  really  understood  them   80  When  Sue  leaves  the  hotel,  Robin  Greaves   A  is  confident  that  next  inspection  will  be  better   B  feels  he  has  succeeded  in  giving  her  a  good  impression   C  decides  to  ignore  what  she  has  told  him  about  the  hotel   D  tries  to  look  pleased  that  there  will  be  another  inspection     PART  5:  WRITING   Sentence   combining   -­‐   Mark   the   letter   A,   B,   C,   or   D   on   your   answer   sheet   to   indicate   the   sentence   that   best   joins   each   o f   the   following   pairs   o f   sentences   in   each   o f   the   following   questions   81  Many  insects  have  no  vocal  apparatus  in  their  throats  However,  they  make  sounds   A  Many  insects  make  sounds  so  that  they  have  no  vocal  apparatus  in  their  throats   B  The  reason  why  many  insects  make  sounds  is  that  they  have  no  vocal  apparatus  in  their  throats   C  Since  many  insects  can  make  sounds,  they  have  no  vocal  apparatus  in  their  throats   D  Many  insects  make  sounds  despite  having  no  vocal  apparatus  in  their  throats   82  This  spot  seems  quiet  now  Nevertheless,  you  ought  to  see  it  when  the  tourists  are  here  in  May!   A  Quiet  though  this  spot  seems  now,  you  ought  to  see  it  when  the  tourists  are  here  in  May!   B  Quiet  this  spot  seems  now  though,  you  ought  to  see  it  when  the  tourists  are  here  in  May!   C  You  ought  to  see  this  spot  when  the  tourists  are  here  in  May  even  though  seeming  quiet  now!   D  Though  this  spot  seems  quiet  now,  but  you  ought  to  see  it  when  the  tourists  are  here  in  May!   83  Flora  was  alone  in  her  tiny  room  again  She  couldn't  help  crying  a  little   A  Flora  couldn't  help  crying  a  little  as  to  be  alone  again  in  her  tiny  room   B  Flora  couldn't  help  crying  a  little  during  being  alone  in  her  tiny  room  again   C  Alone  again  in  her  tiny  room,  Flora  couldn't  help  crying  a  little   D  Being  alone  again  in  her  tiny  room,  and  then  Flora  couldn't  help  crying  a  little   84  Kathy  knew  that  she  might  have  embarrassed  me  Therefore,  she  blushed   A  Kathy  blushed,  for  knowing  that  she  might  have  embarrassed  me   B  Kathy  blushed,  aware  that  she  might  have  embarrassed  me   C  Kathy,  to  have  blushed,  was  aware  that  she  might  have  embarrassed  me   D  Kathy  knew  while  blushing  that  she  might  have  embarrassed  me   85  I  do  my  homework  and  school  work  in  separate  books  I  don’t  get  muddled  up   A  I  do  not  get  muddled  up  due  to  the  separation  between  homework  and  school  work   B  I  would  get  muddled  up  if  I  did  not  separate  homework  from  school  work   C  I  do  my  homework  and  schoolwork  in  separate  books  so  that  I  don't  get  muddled  up   D  Having  two  separate  books  at  home  and  at  work  helps  me  avoid  getting  muddled  up   86   Overeating   is   a   cause   of   several   deadly   diseases   Physical   inactivity   is   another   cause   of   several   deadly  diseases   A  Not  only  overeating  but  also  physical  inactivity  may  lead  to  several  deadly  diseases   B  Apart  from  physical  activities,  eating  too  much  also  contributes  to  several  deadly  diseases   C  Both  overeating  and  physical  inactivity  result  from  several  deadly  diseases   D  Overeating  and  physical  inactivity  are  caused  by  several  deadly  diseases   87  Most  scientists  know  him  well  However,  very  few  ordinary  people  have  heard  of  him   A  Many  ordinary  people  know  him  better  than  most  scientists  do   B  Although  he  is  well  known  to  scientists,  he  is  little  known  to  the  general  public   C  He  is  the  only  scientist  that  is  not  known  to  the  general  public   D  Not  only  scientists  but  also  the  general  public  know  him  as  a  big  name   88   Nam   defeated   the   former   champion   in   three   sets   He   finally   won   the   inter-­‐school   table   tennis   championship   A   Being   defeated   by   the   former   champion,   Nam   lost   the   chance   to   play   the   final   game   of   inter-­‐ school  table  tennis  championship   B  Having  defeated  the  former  champion  in  the  inter-­‐school  table  tennis,  Nam  did  not  hold  the  title   of  champion   C   Having   defeated   the   former   champion   in   three   sets,   Nam   won   the   inter-­‐school   table   tennis   championship,   D   Although   Nam   defeated   the   former   champion   in   three   sets,   he   did   not   win   the   title   of   inter-­‐ school  table  tennis  champion     Sentence   builiding   -­‐   Mark   the   letter   A,   B,   C,   or   D   to   indicate   the   best   way   to   make   meaning   sentences  with  the  words  provided     89  They/  partially/  damage/  cause/  lack/  technical  knowledge/   A   They  partially  have  repaired  the  damage  causing  the  lack  of  technical  knowledge   B   They  partially  repaired  the  damage  caused  by  the  lack  of  technical  knowledge   C   They  have  partially  repaired  the  damage  caused  the  lack  of  technical  knowledge   D  They  have  partially  repaired  the  damage  caused  by  the  lack  of  technical  knowledge   90  beach/  go/  first  day/  holiday/  cover/  seaweed/  smell/  a  lot   A   The   beach   which   we   went   to   on   the   first   day   of   our   holiday   covered   by   seaweed   smelled  a  lot   B   The   beach   we   went   on   the   first   day   of   our   holiday   was   covered   by   seaweed   which   smelled  a  lot   C   The   beach   we   went   to   on   the   first   day   of   our   holiday   was   covered   by   seaweed   which  smelled  a  lot   D   The   beach   we   went   to   on   the   first   day   of   our   holiday   was   covered   by   seaweed   smelled  a  lot   91  committee/  member/  resent/  treat/  that/   A   The  committee  members  resented  to  treat  as  that   B   The  committee  members  resented  to  be  treat  as  that   C   The  committee  members  resented  to  be  treat  like  that   D  The  committee  members  resented  being  treated  like  that   92  It/  time/  people/  build/  permission   A   It's  high  time  we  prevented  people  from  building  houses  without  permission   B   It's  time  for  people  stop  building  their  houses  without  permission     C   It's  time  we  prevented  people  to  build  their  houses  without  permission   D   It's  about  time  we  should  stop  people  building  houses  without  permission   93   have/  succeed/  interview/  hope/  work/  soon   A   She's  succeeded  in  the  interview  so  as  to  hope  working  soon   B   She's  succeeded  in  the  interview  so  that  she  hopes  working  soon   C   Had  succeeded  in  the  interview,  she  hopes  that  she  works  soon            D  Having  succeeded  in  the  interview,  she  hopes  to  start  work  soon   94  What/hate/most/answer/call/midnight   A  What  do  you  hate  when  you  answering  call  at  midnight?   B  What  I  hate  the  most  is  answering  a  phone  call  at  midnight   C  What  make  me  hate  most  to  answer  a  phone  call  at  midnight   D  What  is  hated  by  most  of  people  is  answering  a  phone  call  at  midnight     Sentence  transformation  -­‐  Mark  the  letter  A,  B,  C,  or  D  to  indicate  the  sentence  that  is  CLOSEST   in  meaning  to  the  sentence  in  bold     95  Everyone  in  our  class  is  doing  something  at  the  end-­‐of-­‐term  concert,  but  Mary  alone  is  staying  away   A  Mary  is  the  only  one  in  our  class  who  isn't  taking  part  in  the  end-­‐of-­‐term  concert   B  No  one  in  our  class  but  Mary  is  taking  part  in  the  end-­‐of-­‐term  concert   C  Everyone  in  Mary's  class  hopes  to  do  something  at  the  end-­‐of-­‐term  concert   D  The  class  wants  Mary  to  play  in  the  concert  at  the  end-­‐of-­‐term,  but  she  won't   96  I  have  read  nearly  all  of  Dickens's  novels  and  A  Tale  of  Two  Cities  is  my  favourite   A  In  my  opinion,  A  Tale  of  Two  Cities  is  quite  the  best  of  all  the  novels  by  Dickens   B   Of   all   the   novels   by   Dickens   that   I   have   read,   and   that's   most   of   them,   A   Tale   of   Two   Cities   remains  my  favourite   C  I've  read  a  lot  more  novels  by  Dickens  and  still  think  A  Tale  of  Two  Cities  is  the  best   D   I've   read   a   great   many   novels   but   haven't   enjoyed   any   as   much   as   Dickens's   A   Tale   of   Two   Cities   97   I  wasn't  early  enough  to  find  anyone  at  home  awake   A  I  didn't  expect  to  find  anyone  awake  when  I  got  home   B  When  I  got  home,  I  found  everyone  awake,  waiting  for  me   C  When  I  got  home  late,  I  used  to  find  my  family  sleeping   D  By  the  time  I  arrived  home,  everyone  had  gone  to  sleep   98  I'd  have  worn  the  right  shoes  if  I'd  known  we  were  going  to  do  all  this  climbing   A  I'd  have  gone  on  the  climb  if  I'd  been  wearing  the  right  shoes   B  If  only  I'd  been  wearing  suitable  shoes,  I  would  have  enjoyed  the  climb   C  As  I  didn't  realize  there  was  going  to  be  so  much  climbing,  I  didn't  come  in  suitable  shoes   D  I  didn't  realize  that  these  shoes  weren't  right  for  climbing  in   99  By  modern  standards,  the  first  supermarkets  were  really  quite  small   A  Compared  with  what  we  have  now,  the  early  supermarkets  weren't  actually  very  large  at  all   B  The  early  supermarkets  and  the  present-­‐day  ones  are  quite  different  from  each  other,  even  in   size   C  Present-­‐day  supermarkets  are  on  the  whole  larger  than  the  early  ones   D  Supermarkets  have  grown  in  size  since  they  were  first  introduced,  but  their  standards  remain   the  same   100  I  just  can't  understand  why  so  few  people  are  interested  in  this  camping  holiday   A  I  find  it  surprising  that  there  aren't  fewer  people  interested  in  such  a  camping  holiday   B  Hardly  anyone  wants  to  go  on  this  camping  holiday,  which  I  find  strange   C  It's  hardly  surprising  that  so  few  people  are  interested  in  this  camping  holiday   D  To  my  surprise  almost  no  one  was  interested  in  such  a  camping  holiday         10
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