tài liệu ôn thi tốt nghiệp tiếng Anh

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tài liệu word ôn thi tốt nghiệp tiếng Anh tham khảo TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - Ph lc Pronunciation Page Tenses Verb form ( Gerund and infinitive) Subject Verb agreement 12 Reportsd speech 16 Passive voice 20 Relative clause 24 condition sentences 27 Prepositions and Articles 32 10 Word forms 40 11 Clause and phrases of causes and effects 43 12 Clause of purpose 47 13 Clause of concession 50 14 Com parisons 53 15 Phrasal verbs 16 PRONOUNS (I T TRONG TING ANH) 17 (irregular verbs) 56 59 62 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - Pronunciation ( phỏt õm) I Lý thuyt A Cỏc õm hu v vụ ting Anh: * Hu /b, d, g, v, , z,,, m,n, ,l,r,,j,w/ + ton b nguyờn õm a,e,o,u,i * Vụ /p,t,k,f,,s,,t,h/ Quy tc c bn ca vic phỏt õm cỏc t tn cựng vi s: - s c phỏt õm l /z/ theo sau cỏc õm hu thanh( tr õm /z, ,/) - s c phỏt õm l /s/ theo sau cỏc õm vụ tr õm/ s,,t / - s c phỏt õm l / iz/ i sau cỏc õm / z, ,, s,,t / Quy tc c bn ca vic phỏt õm cỏc t tn cựng vi ed: - ng t tn cựng bng ed c phỏt õm l /d/ theo sau cỏc õm hu ( tr õm /d/ ) - ng t tn cựng bng ed c phỏt õm l /t/ theo sau cỏc õm vụ ( tr õm /t/ ) - ng t tn cựng bng ed c phỏt õm l /id/ theo sau cỏc õm /t, d/ PHT M (PRONUNCIATION) : CCH PHT M S / ES V -ED T tn cựng l -p, -pe -t, -te Thng phỏt õm l /p/ /t/ Thờm S/ES c l /s/ Vớ d Stops, hopes, develops, copes Bats , hats, hates, writes -k, -ke -gh, -ph /k/ /f/ Books, looks, breaks, makes Laughs, photographs -th -x, -s, -ce, -se -se // /s/ /z/ Lengths, deaths Boxes, kisses, pieces, houses Uses (v), browses -sh -ge // / dz / -ch / t / iz / Washes, smashes Languages, bridges, ranges / /z/ Trng hp cũn li T tn cựng l -d, -de -t, -te -k, -ke -gh, -ph -x, -s, -ce, -se -p, -pe -sh -ch Watches, matches, catches Thng phỏt õm l /d/ /t/ /k/ /f/ /s/ /p/ // / t / Thờm ED c l / id / /t/ Pens, tables, disappears Vớ d Decided, needed Wanted, dedicated Looked, caked, Laughed, paragraphed Mixed, missed, pronounced Dropped, developed, roped Established, finished Scratched, stretched Trng hp cũn li v cỏc nguyờn Used (v), prepared, cleaned, / d / õm stayed B Stress T cú hai õm tit( Two-syllable words) - i vi t cú hai õm tit, trng õm cú th ri vo õm tit u hoc õm tit th hai i vi ng t, tớnh t, trng t, v gii t cú quy lut c bn sau: nu õm tit th hai cú cha nguyờn õm di hoc nguyờn õm kộp ( tr ) thỡ trng õm ri vo õm tit th hai Vd: arrive(v), attract(v), correct(a), perfect(a), alone(adv), inside(pre) TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - Nguc li nu õm tit th hai cú cha nguyờn õm ngn hoc nguyờn õm kộp , hoc c kt thỳc bng mt ph õm thỡ trng õm ri vo õm tit u Vd: open(v), borrow(v), lovely( a), sorry(a), rather(adv) i vi danh t, nu õm tit th hai cú cha nguyờn õm ngn thỡ trng õm ri vo õm tit u Vd: money, product Ngc li, nu õm tit th hai cú cha nguyờn õm di hoc nguyờn õm kộp thỡ trng õm ri vo õm tit th hai Vd: balloon, design, estate T cú ba õm tit( three -syllable words) i vi ng t , nu õm tit cui l õm tit mnh, nú s cú trng õm Vd: entertain, resurrect Nu õm tit cui l õm tit yu, trng õm ri vo õm tit ng trc nú,vd: encounter, determine Nu c õm tit th hai v th ba l õm tit yu thỡ trng õm s ri vo õm tit u tiờn Vd: advertise, speculate i vi danh t, nu õm tit cui cựng yu hoc tn cựng bng /u/, v õm tit th hai mnh, trng õm s ri vo õm tit th hai ú Vd: statistics, potato, diaster ; Nu õm tit th hai v th ba cựng l õm tit yu,thỡ õm tit u tiờn s mang trng õm Vd: quantity, cinema, emperor II Bi Tp I Different sound A heat A prepared A thrilling A idea A face A around A teacher A Germany A scholarship 10 A house 11 A sing 12 A hundred 13 A head 14 A choir 15 A charge 16 A reason 17 A motion 18 A gather 19 A change 20 A hand 21 A cooks 22 A share 23 A clothes 24 A naked 25 A laughed 26 A apply 27 A choice 28 A final 29 A average 30 A course 31 A worker 32 A honest 33 A character 34 A interview 35 A explained 36 A economy 37 A right 38 A measure B scream B particular B other B going B place B sound B other B garden B Christ B harm B morning B exhausted B ready B cheap B child B clear B question B good B children B bank B loves B rare B cloths B looked B weighed B university B achieve B applicant B indicate B four B whom B holiday B teacher B minute B disappointed B industry B private B subsidies C meat C pagoda C through C will C prepared C only C together C gate C school C hour C any C however C mean C child C teacher C mean C mention C large C machine C sand C joins C are C roofs C booked C helped C identity C each C high C application C our C interview C home C chemist C question C prepared C qualify C communist C domestic D dead D attract D something D trip D days D mouse D term D gas D chicken D husband D hang D heat D weather D chair D champagne D each D fiction D again D church D band D spends D declare D books D hooked D missed D early D chemistry D decide D grade D yours D answer D happiness D technical D suitable D interviewed D priority D minority D hospital TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - 39 A though 40 A improve 41 A future 42 A chore 43 A threaten 44 A wipe 45 A service 46 A grasses 47 A lie 48 A compound 49 A dune 50 A west II Stress A comprise A Aborigines A corridor A remain A territory A eject A canoeing A participant A interfere 10 A award 11 A social 12 A marvelous 13 A verbal 14 A attract 15 A solution 16 A conical 17 A physical 18 A ancestor 19 A commitment 20 A dissolve 21 A technology 22 A between 23 A waving 24 A student 25 A traditional 26 A economics 27 A secondary 28 A education 29 A because 30 A ashtray 31 A farewell 32 A mischievous B encourage B introduce B mature B technology B earth B allow B practice B stretches B wide B route B hummock B between C enough C move C pasture C much C healthy C powerful C office C comprises C circle C house C shrub C growth D country D lose D nature D exchange D breathe D answer D device D potatoes D comprise D south D buffalo D which B sandy B expedition B enormous B hummock B Australia B crossbar B opponent B publicity B memory B defeat B conduct B attention B whistle B decide B suitable B determine B mischievous B measurement B inflation B observe B psychology B result B teaching B listen B professional B interfere B primary B curriculum B method B music B thoughtful B family C circle C kilometer C mystery C explore C geography C except C windsurfing C competitive C personal C refer C survey C consider C precede C reject C confidence C contractual C suitable C counterpart C collection C publish C reconstruction C ago C pointing C blackboard C impossible C philosophy C fantastic C technology C standard C severe C toward C supportive D northern D scientific D separate D between D society D commit D defensive D individual D vertical D scuba D value D excited D marriage D beauty D family D supportive D romantic D appearance D enterprise D appraise D apology D coffee D divide D between D decoration D punctuality D national D integrity D wooden D temper D approach D suitable 34 A measure 35 A attitude B pressure B partnership C unwise C actually D sacrifice D Vietnamese 33 A desert 36 A survey 37 A diversity 38 A European 39 A America 40 A confide 41 A expedition 42 A appropriate 43 A culture 44 A romantic 45 A bridegroom 46 A supernatural 47 A gymnastics 48 A financial 49 A confess 50 A possibility B parallel B enormous B marriage B Victorian B equal B reject B exploration B interesting B engage B counterpart B bamboo B explanation B criminal B ambitious B function B manufacture C hummock C remained C engagement C Brazilian C maintain C precede C Australian C different C majority C discussion C wedding C redundancy C investment C refusal C jealous C instrument D aerial D mystery D importance D Korean D attractive D conical D Geographical D cultural D determine D appearance D survey D electronic D excitement D evidence D patient D disappointed TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - TENSES ( Cỏc thỡ ) SIMPLE PRESENT: (HT) Affir : S+V1 /Vs, es Ex : Water boils at 100o c Neg: S+ do/ does + not+ V1 Ex : Tom doesnt feel hungry Inter: Do/ does+ S + V1 ? Ex : How often you go to school? *(Be):am, is, are not ; (have):has/ have not +got = / does + not + have Din t : Tỡnh cm, cm giỏc, nhn thc hng Thúi quen, phong tc, quỏn Chõn lớ, s tht hin nhiờn Vi : EVERY (day, year), ALWAYS, OFTEN, USUALLY, SOMETIME, SELDOM, RARELY, NEVER, EVER, ONCE / TWICE / THREE TIMES + ( a day/ week/ month), all the time, now and then Notes : Qui tc thờm es i vi ng t cú S s ớt : - Cỏc ng t tn cựng l : o, sh, ch, x, s, v z - Cỏc ng t tn cựng l y m ng trc y l mt ph õm ta i y i + es ( She studies, Tom tries, He plays ) PRESENT CONTINUOUS ( HTTD) S + am/ is/ are + Ving Ex: We are studying English now S + am/ is/ are + not + Ving Ex: She isnt writing when he comes Am/ Is/ Are + S + Ving ? Ex: What are you doing while I am doing? Din t : Hng ang xy Hti vo lỳc núi vit hng ang kộo di // Hti (while: khi) hng ang kộo di Hti thỡ cú hng ngn t ngt xy ra(S+ V1/ Vs, es) Vi : AT PRESENT , AT THE MOMENT , NOW, RIGHT NOW, JUST NOW, !, PRESENT PERFECT: (HTHT) S + has/ have + V3ed S + has/ have + not + V3ed Has/ Have + S + V3ed? Din t: Ex: Ive just opened the door Ex: We have studied English for many years Ex: Jack hasnt come recently Ex: How long have you studied English? Hng Qk ko rừ tg Hng va mi xy Hng bt u Qk, cũn tip tc Hti & cú th tip tc Tlai Vi: BEFORE, ALREADY, RECENTLY= LATELY, EVER, NEVER, YET , JUST, TWICE, SEVERAL TIMES, SINCE + mc TG, FOR + khong TG, UP TO NOW=UP TILL NOW=SO FAR PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS: (HTHTTD) S + has/ have + been + Ving Ex: We have been studying English for many years S + has/ have + not + been + Ving Has/ Have + S + been + Ving? Din t: - Hng bt u Qkh, tip tc Hti & cú th n Tlai ( nhn mnh tớnh liờn tc) - since + mc TG ; for + khong TG SIMPLE PAST (QK) S + V2ed Ex: I saw him yesterday TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - S + did + not + V1 Ex: She didnt come last week Did + S + V1 ? Ex: Did Mr Lee phone an hour ago? *(Be) : was / were wasnt, werent Din t: - Hng ó xy & chm dt hon ton Qk ( xỏc nh rừ TG) Vi: - YESTERDAY, AGO ,LAST (night, week, year) PAST CONTINUOUS (QKTD) S + was/ were + Ving Ex: We were watching TV at pm yesterday S + was/ were + not + Ving Ex:I was writing while my father was reading Was / were + S + Ving ? Ex: She was sleeping as the telephone rang Din t: Hng xy gi / khong gi Qk xỏc nh ( at 7pm, from to 7, ) hng din // Qk (while: khi) hng Qk ang kộo di thỡ h ngn ngt xy (S + V2ed) Vi: AT THAT TIME, AT THAT MOMENT PAST PERFECT (QKTD) S + had + V3ed Ex: Last night I went to bed after I dad done my homework ed S + had + not + V3 Had + S + V3ed ? Din t: - Hng xy trc mc TG Qk hoc trc h Qk Vi : ( trc: S+ had +V3ed ; sau: S + V2) SIMPLE FUTURE (TL) S + will / shall + V1 Ex: Ill buy it tomorrow S + will / shall + not + V1 Will / Shall + S + V1? *Note: will not =wont ; shall not =shant Din t: H s xy tlai Li yờu cu (Will you + V1? ); ngh ( Shall I / we + V1 ?) Vi: TOMORROW, SOON, NEXT (week, month,) FUTURE PERFECT (TLHT) S + will / shall + have + V3ed Ex: Well have already finished the work by the time you get back tomorrow Din t: Hng s hon tt tlai * Notes: 1) Near future: (Tlai gn) S + am/ is / are + going to + V1 : s, sp sa, d nh Ex: Im going to buy it tomorrow 2)Mt s ng t sau õy thng khụng dựng vi thỡ tip din - Be : Ex: I am a student now - Nhng ng t ch v giỏc quan: see, hear, feel, look (trụng cú v), smell, taste, recognize - Nhng ng t ch v cm xỳc: like, dislike love, hate, want wish, desire, refuse, forgive Nhng ng t ch v lớ trớ: understand, know, think, realize, suppose, believe, remember, forget, mind, expect, recollect - Nhng ng t ch s bt u, tip tc, kt thỳc: begin, continue, finish Exercise: When I got home I found that water .down the kitchen walls A ran B was running C has run D had been running After he .his English course, he went to England to continue his study A has finish B had finished C was finished D would finish How .since we .college? A are you- left B were you- left C have you been- have left D have you been- left I much of you lately We three months ago A havent seen- last meet B didnt see- met C havent seen- have meet D didnt see- have met The Chinese .spaghetti dishes for a long time before Marco Polo .back to Italy A made- brought B have made- brought C made- had brought D had been making- brought TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - When I arrived at the meeting the first speaker .speaking and the audience A just finished- were clapping B had just finished- had clapped C had just finished- were clapping D just finished- had clapped He his job last month and then he out of work A lost- was B was lost- had been C has lost- was D lost- has been In the last hundred years, travelling .much easier and more comfortable A become B has become C became D will became th In the 19 century, it two or three months to across North America by covered wagon A took B had taken C had been taken D was taking 10 In the past, the trip very rough and often dangerous, but things a great deal in the last hundred and fifty years A was- have changed B is- change C had been- will change D has beenchanged 11 She Hanoi last year A went B go C goes D is going 12 Now you from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours A are flying B would fly C will fly D can fly 13 When Carol last night, I my favorite show on television A was calling- watched B called- have watched C called- was watching D had calledwatched 14 By the time next summer, you your studies A completes B will complete C are completing D will have completed 15 Right now, Jim .the newspaper and Kathy .dinner A reads- has cooked B is reading- is cooking C has read- was cooking D read- will be cooking 16 Last night at this time, they the same thing She .and he the newspaper A are doing- is cooking- is reading B were doing- was cooking- was reading C was doing- has cooked- is reading D had done- was cooking- read 17 Sam to change a light bulb when he and A was trying-slipped- fell B tried- was slipping- falling C had been trying- slipped- was falling D has tried- slips- falls 18 Every day I up at oclock, breakfast at seven oclock and _for work at oclock A get- eat- leave B have got- eating- leaving C got- ate- left D will get- have eaten- left 19 I _ for this company for more then thirty years, and I intend to stay here until I _next year A am working- will retire B am going to work- am retiring C work- am going to retire D have been working- retire 20 My mother is the first .up and the last to bed A getting- going B to get- going C getting- to go D to get- to go 21 I must have a bath I all the afternoon A was gardening B have gardened C have been gardening D had been gardening 22 The team .a single match so far this season A doesnt win B didnt win C hasnt won D hadnt won 23 By the time you receive this letter, I for the USA A have left B will leave C will have left D am leaving 24 Up to now, the manager a lot of information about his secretary A learned B has learned C had learned D learns 25 Where is Mary? _ She her homework in her room A is performing B is making C is doing D is learning 26 While I .along the road, I saw a friend of mine A was cycling B have cycled C cycled D am cycling 27 By the time I this report, I will give you a ring A type B will type C have typed D will have typed TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - 28 While my mother a film on TV, my father was cooking dinner It was March 8th yesterday A watched B was watching C had watched D watches 29 The plane from Dallas two hours late, so I missed my connecting flight from Frankfurt to London A took on B took in C took over D took off 30 When we came, a party _ in the hall A is being held B had being held C will be held D was being held 31 He in the same house since 1975 A has lived B is living C lived D had lived 32 When I came to visit her last night, she a bath A is having B was having C has D had 33.When we arrived at the restaurant, the others A left B have left C had left D are leaving 34 By the end of 2010 we _ in Ho Chi Minh City for 30 years A work B will work C have worked D will have worked 35 I learned that the college in 1900 A found B was founded C founded D had been founded 36 If I 10 years younger, I _ the job A am/ will take B were/ would take C would be/ took D had been / would take 37 By the time he _ to the meeting, it had begun for 15 minutes A had gone B has gone C went D was going 38 He began to feel ill while _ A he is doing the exam B he did the exam C he would the exam D he was doing the exam 39 Since 1980, scientists the world over _ a lot of things to fight against AIDS A have done B are doing C did D had done 40 Now my sister _ a bicycle of her own A is having B are having C has D had 41 Last week, my professor promised that he _ today A would come B will come C comes D coming 42 My girl friend arrived after I _ for her about half an hour A was waiting B had been waiting C have been waiting D have waited 43 I _ in Quang Ngai before I moved to Binh Thuan A have been living B have lived C had lived D had been living 44 There are many ways _ to Rome A is leading B are leading C leading D led 45 While I T.V last night, a mouse ran across the floor A watch B watched C am watching D was watching 46 I still cant believe it! My bicycle _ last night A was stolen B had been stolen C stole D was being stolen 47 While they were tables, he was _ the radio A arranging - listening to B arranging hearing C laying -listening to D making- hearing 48 I suddenly remembered that I to bring my keys A having forgotten B have forgotten C had forgotten D forgot 49 By the year 2010 many people currently employed their jobs A will have lost B will be losing C have lost D are losing 50 By September next year I _ here for ten years A will be working B work C will have been working D have been working (VERB FORM) - GERUNGS AND INFINITIVES (lý thuyt) I) VERB + GERUNDS go+Ving mind ngi, n h TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - advise khuyờn miss nh, nh (tu,xe) anticipate giỏ cao, trõn trg postpone hoón li avoid trỏnh practice luyn be/get used to quen vi quit/give up b cant help ko th ko object to ghột,ko thớch cant stand ko chu c recall nh cease chm dt recollect hi tng complete hon thnh resent ganh t consider xem xột resist cng li delay hoón li risk mo him deny t chi suggest ngh dread kinh s tolerate dung th discuss bn bc understand hiu dislike ko thớch theres no point in vụ ớch endure chu ng sit/stand/lie + t/ng ch ni chn enjoy thớch, tn hng Its no use ko ớch gỡ escape trn thoỏt Its no good ko tt excuse bo cha Its (not) worth chng xng ỏng face i mt spend/waste(time/$ )(on) tri qua,tiờu tn (tg/$) finish xong lool forward to trụng i forgive tha th with a view to cú quan im imagine/fancy tng tng have (difficult/trouble/fun) gp khú khn involve ũi hi a waste of $/time lóng phớ tin bc/tg keep c, liờn tc mention cp * Cỏc t theo sau gi i t u chia V_ING II) VERB + TO INFINITIVES afford kh ng ($,tg) agree ng ý aim cú mc ớch appear dng nh arrange sp xp ask hi xin attempt n lc be about sp,nh lm j beg van xin care quan tõm claim núi, tuyờn b consent bng lũng choose chn dare dỏm decide quyt nh demand ũi deserve xng ỏng determine quyt tõm ones best c ht sc expect mong i fail khụng guarantee bo m hesitate ngn ngi hope hy vng learn hc manage xoay x offer sn lũng, mi plan hoch nh pretend gi v promise require refuse t chi seem dng nh struggle phn u swear th set out lp tend cú khuynh hng threaten e da trouble cú volunteer tỡnh nguyn wait ch want mun would like mun wish mong c used to ó tng Its + adj tht adj lm j III) VERB + INFINITIVES let:, cho phộp help: giỳp get: thuyt phc would rather: thớch hn make: buc have: nh, yờu cu had better: tt hn nờn modal verbs IV) VERB(GIC QUAN) + OBJECT + V_TO/V_ING see notice watch look at observe hear listen to feel smell catch find * V_INF : nu nghe/thy ton b hnh ng t u n cui TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - -> I saw my friend run down the street * V_ING: nu nghe/thy phn hnh ng ang xy -> I saw my friend running down the street V) VERB + V_TO/V_ING (KO KHC NHAU V NGHA) intend advise encourage allow forbid permit admit recomment * Nu sau nhng t trờn ko cú tõn ng thỡ cú th dựng V_ing/ V_to * Nu sau nhng t trờn cú tõn ng thỡ buc phi dựng V_to begin start continue like love hate cant stand cant bear * Phi dựng START/BEGIN vi V_TO trng hp sau: Khi t START/BEGIN c dựng hỡnh thc tip din When I got off the train, it was beginning/starting to rain Theo sau t START/BEGIN l t UNDERSTAND, REALIZE She began to understand/ to realize what he wanted VI) VERB + V_TO/V_ING (KHC NHAU V NGHA) Stop V_to : dng li lm gỡ Try V_to : c gng lm iu gỡ V_ing : chm dt vic gỡ V_ing : th lm j xem kq Prefer V_to : thớch lm vic gỡ ú V_ing : thớch vic gỡ ú Like Need V_to : cn fi lm j(ch ng) V_ing : cn fi c lm j(b g) Agree V_to : ng ý lm j ú V_ing : ng ý chuyn j ú Mean V_to : cú ý nh/k hoch V_ing : yờu cu Remember/regret/forget V_to V_ing VII) VERB + OBJECT + V_TO advise khuyờn allow cho phộp ask yờu cu beg van xin cause gõy, lm cho chanllenge thỏch thc convince thuyt phc dare thỏch encourage khuyn khớch expect mong forbid cm force buc hire thuờ V_to : mun, quen lm iu gỡ V_ing : thớch lm iu gỡ Propose V_to : cú ý nh/k hoch V_ing : gi ý/ ngh : nh, tic, quờn lm nhim v,trỏch nhim gỡ : nh, tic, quờn ó lm gỡ quỏ kh instruct invite need order permit persuade remind require teach tell urge want warn dy, ch th mi cn lnh cho phộp thuyt phc nhc nh ũi hi dy bo, núi thỳc gic mun cnh bỏo VIII) CC DNG CA V_TO V V_ING * V_TO: V + NOT + TO INF V + TO BE + V_ING V + TO HAVE + PP V + TO BE + PP V + TO HAVE BEEN + PP * V_ING: V + NOT + V_ING V + HAVING + PP -> We decided not to buy a car -> We prertended to be sleeping -> You seem to have lost weight -> We expect to be invited to the party -> Jane is lucky now to have been given a scholarship last month by her govern -> I enjoy not being at home -> I appreciate now having had opportunity to meet the king yesterday 10 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - A so B such C too D very 43 She was a _ girl that everybody loves her A so kind B kind a such C such a kind D too kind 44 We are not rich enough everywhere by taxi A not travel B to travel C for traveling D cant travel 45 Most of the students are to pass the examination A good enough B enough good C too good D so good 46 It was a boring speech that I fell asleep A such B so C much D too 47 They spoke _ for us to understand A quick enough B so quickly C quickly so D quickly enough 48 It was _ we spent the whole day at the beach A such nice a weather that B such nice weather that C so nice weather that D so nice a weather that 49 He was _ the job A experienced enough to B enough experienced to C experienced enough doing D experienced to enough 50 I have _, but I dont have time A a vacation for a enough money B money enough for vacation C enough money vacation for D enough money for vacation CLAUSES OF PURPOSE (Mnh Ch Mc ớch) S + V + SO THAT _ + S + IN ORDER THAT m can/could will/ would shall/ should may/ might + V1 Ex: a) We study hard We want to pass the exam We study hard so that we can pass the exam b) I helped Nam I wanted him to finish the work on time I helped Nam in order that he could finish the work on time Notes: Phrase of Purpose to S +V + in order to + V1 so as to in order for + O +TO e Ex: We study hard to pass the exam I helped Nam in order for him to finish the work on time Exercise: The schoolboys are in a hurry they will not be late for school A so as to B to C for I gave him my e-mail address he could keep in touch with me D in order that 50 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - A that B so that C such that D so as to We decided to join the English speaking club improve our English A so that B so to C in order D to learn how to use a computer, he decides to take lessons A To B In order to C So as D.A & B are correct He walked silently wake the other people A to not B to avoid C so as to not D in order not to She wore glasses and a wig we couldnt recognise her A so that B so as to C in order to D.B & C are correct He locked the door be disturbed A in order not B in order not to C in order to not D.inorder that he not 8. English fluently, we should practise speaking it whenever possible A In order to speak B To speaking C In order speak D In order for speaking The boy always does his homework before class be punished by his teacher A so as not to B so as to C so that not toD in order that not to 10 Seat belt laws were introduced traffic fatalities would be reduced A in order that B so as to C such that D provided that 11 She phoned me A so that she invites me to her party C to invite me to her party B that she invited me to her party D for she wanted to invite me to her party 12 Mary took a taxi she could arrive at the conference on time A in order B that C so that D.A & B are correct 13 Mary put on her scarf she not get cold A so that / will B to / would C so as to / will D so that / would 14 Ill give you my telephone number phone me A so that you can B to C want to D.A & B are correct 15 She worked hard everything would be ready by oclock A that B for C in order that D so as to 16 Im going to make an early start get stuck in the traffic A so that not B not to C so as to not D in order not 17 I work hard help my family A so as to B in order to C in order that D.A & B are correct 18 My parents got up early this morning park the car for our journey A so that B in order to C because D in case 19 They got up early in the morning that no one saw them leave the house A too B so C in order to D such 20 She employed a secretary type her letters and answer the phone A in order that B so that C to D for 21 He gave me his address me to visit A so that B in order for C in order to D in case 22 They whispered no one to hear their conversation A so that B in order to C because D in order for 23.The piano was too heavy A for nobody to move B for nobody to moving C for anyone to move 24 _ to go to the cinema A it was late so that B that it was late C it was too late 25 It is such an important matter _ I cant decide anything about it myself A so B because C that 26 Mary jogs everyday lose weight A so she can B so that she can C because she can 27 She got up early _ miss the bus A in order that B so that C not to 28 Mr Thompson is learning Vietnamese to read Kim Van Kieu D.for anyone to moving D such too late D so that to D so that to D for 51 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - A so that not B so as to C in order not to D so as not to 29 They hurried _ catch the train A to not B as not to C in order that not D to 30 Tom is saving up he can buy a new car A so that B as not to C in order that not D so as that 31 Alice prepares her lesson carefully _ she will get high marks in class A so that not B as not to C in order that not D in other that 32 I went to see him find out what had happened A so that not B so as not to C in order that D so as to 33 He does morning exercises regularly improve his health A so as to B and C to D so as not to 34 We learn English _ we will have better communication with other people A so that B in order for C in order to D in case 35 He lighted the candle he might read the note A so that B and C because D as a result 36 He turned off the lights before going out _ waste electricity A so that not B as not to C in order that not D so as not to 37 The teacher explained the lesson twice _ the students could understand it clearly A as long as B so that C because D as if 38 He practises speaking English every day _ he can speak it fluently A so that B in order for C in order to D in case 39 They are learning English _ them to study in Singapore A so as not to B in order for C in order to D in case 40 He was tired _ he could not continue his work A so that B in order not to C in order to D in case 41 Those students are trying their best get the scholarship A so that B in order for C in order to D in case 42 Sound is carried from the eardrum to the nerves _ we can hear it A so as to B in order that C to D so as not to 43 In order to help human beings live longer and healthier, many scientists are working hard they can invent new drugs A so that B as not to C in order that not D in other to 44 Many bridges in London are covered with wooden roofs _ it can be protected from rain and snow A so that not B so as to C in order that not D in other that 45 Please arrive on time us to be able to start the meeting punctually A so that not B as not to C in order for D in other that 46 The laser beam can attack directly and accurately the diseased cells _ the healthy neighbors are left unharmed A so that B as not to C in order that not D in other to 47 My father and I morning exercises every day _ improve our health A to not B as not to C in order that not D to 48 We learn English we can communicate with other people A so that B because C that D so that to 49.He studies very hard so that _ pass his final exam next month A not to B in order to C so as not to D so that to 50 _ waste electricity, we turn out the lights when there is enough light A so B so as not to C that D so that to -52 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - CLAUSE OF CONCESSSION I Clauses and phrases of concession: Although/ Though/ Even though + Clause ( S+V ) In spite of/ Despite + Phrase ( N phrase/ V-ing phrase ) II SO & THEREFORE (vỡ th, cho nờn, vỡ l ú) - SO & THEREFORE u c dựng gii thiu kt qu ca mt vic SO ph bin hn núi, cũn THEREFORE ph bin hn vit - SO l liờn t thng ng gia cõu, ni mnh ch nguyờn nhõn v mnh ch kt qu Trong nhng trng hp ny, mnh ch nguyờn nhõn phi ng trc They may need a new goalkeeper so I want to be ready / The food was cold, so he was angry - THEREFORE l trng t cú th ng u cõu mi ch kt qu They may need a new goalkeeper Therefore, I want to be ready The food was cold Therefore, he was angry - THEREFORE cng cú ng gia mnh / cõu ch kt qu The new trains have more powerful engines and therefore faster The food was cold He was therefore angry - So sỏnh hai cõu cú cựng ngha sau: I hadnt done my homework so I didnt understand the lesson I hadnt done my homework Therefore, I didnt understand the lesson As / Since / Because I hadnt done my homework, I didnt understand the lesson III BUT & HOWEVER (nhng, nhiờn) - BUT & HOWEVER u c dựng din t ý i lp mt cõu hoc mt ng on ngn I dont like him, but I agree that hes a good manager I dont like him However, I agree that hes a good manager Its a bit late, but Id like to go out / Its a bit late; however, Id like to go out - BUT dựng ni hai mnh v thng ng u mnh th hai - HOWEVER l mt trng t, nú cú th ng cỏc v trớ khỏc cõu Trc however, ta dựng du chm cõu (.), du phy (,) hoc du chm phy (;) However, the police did not believe him / The police, however, didnt believe him The police didnot believe him, however Exercise: _ some German and British management styles are similar, there are many differences between them A In spite B In spite of C Despite the fact that D Despite I could not eat _ I was very hungry A even though B in spite C despite D in spite the fact that In spite _, the baseball game was not cancelled A the rain B of the rain C it was raining D there was a rain 4. _ he had enough money, he refused to buy a new car A In spite B In spite of C Despite D Although 5. _, he walked to the station A Despite being tired B Although to be tired C In spite being tired D Despite tired The children slept well, despite _ A it was noise B the noise C of the noise D noisy She left him _ she still loved him A even if B even though C in spite of D despite 8. _ her lack of hard work, she was promoted A In spite B Even though C In spite of D Despite of 9. _ they are brothers, they not look like A Although B Even C Despite D In spite of 10 We are concerned with the problem of energy resources _ we must also think of our environment A despite B though C as though D but 11 _ some Japanese women are successful in business, the majority of Japanese companies are run by men 53 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - A But B Even if C If D As though 12 _ who you are, I still love you A No matter B However C whomever D If 13 others may say, you are certainly right A However B whomever C If D Whatever 14 They decided to go the danger A because B in spite of C although D so 15 they lost, their fans gave them a big cheer A However B In spite of C Although D if 16 Everyone thought she would accept a new job it was difficult A despite B even though C Too D Moreover 17 the bad weather, the plan landed safely A in spite B in spite of C despite the fact that D though 18 _ it was raining hard, he went out without a raincoat A Despite B In spite of C However D Although 19 I meet her, she always wears a blue dress A Whatever B However C Whoever D Whenever 20 Our new neighbors are quite nice _ they are sometimes talkative A despite B in spite of the fact C though D as though 21. _ of the difficulty, they managed to climb to the top of the mountain A In spite B Despite C But D Although 22 Despite _, we knew that he was guilty A denied B denying C he denied D his denial 23 Despite the fact that _, we enjoyed our trip A the weather is bad B it is a bad weather C the bad weather D the weather was bad 24 Julie failed the exam _ of working very hard A despite B in spite C even if D though 25 Tom went to work despite _ A that he did not feel very well B of the fact not feeling well C he did not feel very well D not feeling very well 26 _ his exhaustion, he won the marathon by nearly three minutes A In spite B Despite C Although D However 27 the bad weather, the plan landed safely A In spite B In spite of C Despite the fact that D Though 28 _ it was raining hard, he went out without a raincoat A Despite B In spite of C However D Although 29 They were sacked _ their carelessness A because B because of C although D despite 30 Some workers are so poor that they dont want to quit their job _ they are ill- treated A as though B since C although D if 31 Though _, they are good friends A their sometimes quarrel B to have a quarrel sometimes C they sometimes have a quarrel D of having a quarrel sometimes 32 Despite _, we arrived on time A the traffic B of the traffic C there was heavy traffic D of there was heavy traffic 33 John rarely sees Paul _ they live in the same town A notwithstanding B despite C in spite of D although 34 It was very cold _ she did not put on her coat A in case B but C even if D even though 35 Gannon was a high-performing midfield linkman in spite _ A of he was at his age B he was at his old age C of his age D his age 36 _ the increase in their salaries, many French employees spend Saturday at work A Despite B Even if C Even though D In spite 37 _ he is the boss, he does not find solutions to problems very easily A Although B In spite of C Notwithstanding D Despite 38 Even if _, they had to continue practicing A the players' soreness B the players were sore 54 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - C the fact that the players were sore D it was the players' soreness 39 _ what I said last night, I still love you A In spite B Despite C Even though D Even if 40 jobs you do, you should it devotedly A However B Whoever C Whenever D Whatever 41 you are, I still love you A Whatever B However C Whoever D Whenever 42 _ we have worked overtime for weeks, we have not completed the project A In spite of B Even though the fact that C Despite D Despite the fact that 43 In spite _ his did not get the highest grade in the final exam A of his intelligence B he was intelligent C his intelligence D of he was intelligent 44 _ the plane took off late, we still reached our destination on time A Though B In spite C Despite D As though 45 He had a terrible cold _ he insisted on going swimming A despite B although C in spite of D but 46 _ I became a millionaire, I would carryon working A Even though B Despite of C In spite D Although that 47 In spite _, we understood most of what he was saying A of he was lisping B his lisp C of his lisp D he was lisping 48 he is nice, I cant love him A though B in spite C despite D in spite the fact that 49 He is not happy he is very rich A Despite B Even if C Even though D In spite 50 _ he does, he always careful A Whatever B However C Whoever D Whenever COMPARISONS ( So Sỏnh) I COMPARITION Types Models AS 1/ Equal Degree (So sỏnh bng) NOT 2/Comparitive Degree (So sỏnh hn) 3/ Superlative Degree (So sỏnh nht) + adj / adv + (bng, nh) AS AS/SO + adj / adv (khụng bng, khụng nh) adj / adv(ngn) + ER + MORE + adj / adv(di) + THE + + THE MOST adj / adv(ngn) + adj + AS THAN THAN EST / adv(di) Examples: 55 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - 1/ a) You are as tall as I am (=me) b) John doesnt work as/so effectively as Tom (does) 2/ a) The letter will probably arrive sooner than you expect 3/ b) Mr Smith can drive more carefully than his wife (can) a) She works (the) hardest of anyone in the class b) Thats the most beautiful girl Ive ever seen Notes: 1/ Short Adj / Adv (ngn): - Ex: tall, soon Small big thin , cold , - tn cựng = -y,-er, -le,-ow, -et, Ex: happy, clever, simple, early 2/ Long Adj /Adv (di): - tr lờn, tr cỏc trng hp trờn Ex: modern, careful, comfortable, beautiful, dagerous, Beautilully, dangeruosly, gracefully, - tn cựng = -ly Ex: quickly, loudly 3/ So Sỏnh Nht : Dựng cho i tng tr lờn 4/ Khi thờm -er ; -est large larger largest big bigger biggest dry drier driest 5/ So Sỏnh Bt Qui Tc: good / well better best bad / badly worse worst many/much more most little less least far farther/further farthest/furthest II SOME STRUCTURES OF DOUBLE COMPARITION A/ COMPARATIVE + AND + COMPARATIVE ( Cng lỳc / ngy cng + Adj ) S + V Short Adj / Long Adj / When she grows up she is she studies When she grows up she is she plays the piano Comparative + and + comparative nicer and nicer harder and harder more and more beautiful more and more beautifully B/ COMPARATIVE + AND + COMPARATIVE + NOUN Comparative + and + comparative + Noun (S) More and more people S + V The philanthropist has helped + V are using comparative + and + comparative + more and more the Internet Noun (Obj.) poor people C/ THE + COMPARATIVE + S + V , THE + COMPARATIVE + S + V +, 1/ The comparative of long and short adjectives ( Cng cng ) The S + V comma The comparative S + V 56 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - comparative , , the thinner the more beautiful 2/ The comparative of long and short adverbs faster she does the test The harder / more she studies , the , the more quickly she speaks English Ex: When she grows up, she becomes nicer and nicer The more ( adv) she grows up, the nicer ( adj) she becomes 3/ The comparative + Noun + S + V , the comparative + S + V The comparative + Noun S + V , The comparative + S +V The more + electricity your bill will be you use , the higher The comparative + S +V , The comparative + Noun The more you study , the more + knowledge Ex: + When you read a lot of books, you will get much knowledge The more books you read, the more knowledge you get + When has little time, he works more effectively The less time he has , the more effectively he works (the comparative + noun ) (the comparative of adv.) D/ REDUCED FORMS OF THE DOUBLE COMPARISON The comparative + Noun , The comparative + Noun The more expensive + the hotel , the better + the service The comparative , The comparative The older , the wiser The more expensive the better S + V You will get I Choose the word or phrase (A, B, C or D) which best completes each sentence Of the four dresses, which is .expensive? A the best B the most C the more D the greater The larger the apartment, the the rent is A expensive B more expensive C expensivelyD most expensive The faster we walk, we will get there A the soonest B the soon C the more soon D the sooner Why did you buy these oranges? They were I could find A cheapest B cheapest ones C the cheapest ones D the most cheapest She plays the piano as she sings A as beautifully B more beautifully C as beautiful D the most beautifully The streets are getting more and these days A crowded B less crowded C more crowded D most crowded The larger the city, the crime rate A highest B higher C the highest D the higher You must explain your problems A as clear as you can B as clearly as you can C as clear than you are D as clearly as you are Nobody in this team plays Tom A as good as B so well as C as best as D as well as 10 Which woman are you going to vote for? Im not sure Everyone says that Joan is A smarter B the smarter C more smarter D more smart 57 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - 11 Bill is A lazier and lazier B more and more lazy C lazier and more lazy D more lazy and lazier 12 Its too noisy here Can we go somewhere .? A noisier B more quiet C more noisy D quieter 13 the time passes, I feel! The deadline of my thesis is coming, but I have just finished half of it A The faster / the nervous B The more fast / the nervous C The fast / the more nervous D The faster / the more nervous 14 China is the country with population A the larger B the more large C the largest D the most large 15 She sat there quietly, but during all that time she was getting Finally she exploded A more and more angry B the more angry C angrier and angrier D the most angry 16 For it is certain that in the future some things will be very different A the better or the worse B the good or the bad C good or bad D better or worse 17 Her grandfathers illness was we thought at first A more seriously as B as seriously as C more serious than D as serious than 18 My brother was feeling tired last night, so he went to bed usual A more early than B as early as C more earlier as D earlier than 19 you study for these exams, you will A The harder / the better B The more / the much C The hardest / the best D The more hard / the more good 20 His house is mine A twice as big as B as twice big as C as two times big as D as big as twice 21 Today English is . international of languages A more B most C the most D the more 22 Is this book more interesting the one you read last week? A that B as C than D of 23 The teacher speaks English we A fluently B more fluently C most fluently D more fluently than 24 John is much I thought A strong B more strong C stronger than D more strong than 25 Thank you! Thats gift I have ever received A the nicer B a nice C nicest D the nicest 26 The little boy spoke English his brother A more fast B fast than C the fastest D faster than 27 Sorry were late Your house is much than we thought A far B the farthest C the farther D farther 28 China is the country with the population A larger B large C most large D largest 29 My sister is much than me A pretty B prettier C the prettiest D more prettier 30 Do you feel today than yesterday? A well B good C best D better 31/ Many students think that they graduate from university, chance they have to find a good job A the soon / the good B sooner / the better C the sooner / the better D sooner better/ 32/ _ veterans are coming back to Vietnam after the war A Much B Less C More and more D Many and many 33/ _ the writer is, _ his works are A More famous / popular B The more famous / more popular C Famous / more popular D The more famous / the more popular 58 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - 34/ It is necessary for parents these days to be in dealing with their children A patient and patient B more and more patient C more patient and more D more patient and more patient 35/ Women's employment rate is getting _ A high and high B higher and the highest C high and higher D higher and higher 36/ There are people listen to songs on radio They just like to listen to the ones in their MP3 players A fewer and fewer B more and more C many and many D few and few 37/ _ you study, you can get A Harder / higher B The harder / the highest grade C Harder / the high grade D The harder / the higher grade 38/ _ scientists have discovered mummies, _ they appear to be A More / mysterious B The more / more mysterious C The more / mysterious D The more / the more mysterious 39/ _ my younger brother becomes, A the elder / the more intelligent than me B/ the older / the more intelligent to me C/ the elder / the more intelligent than me I am D/ the older / the more intelligent than me he is 40/ _ you work , _ you earn A More hard / more and more B The harder / more and more C The harder / the more D The more / but less PRONOUNS (I T TRONG TING ANH) PERSONAL PRONOUNS, POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES, OBJECTS AND REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS Personal pronouns I We You They She He It Functions Possessive Possessive adjectives My Our Your Their Her His its pronouns Mine Ours Yours Theirs Hers His its Objects Reflexive Me Us You Them Her Him it pronouns Myself Ourselves Yourself Themselves Herself Himself itself - Personal pronouns: S Ex: He comes from England S - Possessive adjectives: show the possession, something belongs to somebody Ex: This is my house - Possessive pronouns : replace possessive adjectives + N to avoid repeatation - Object : after V, Pre - Reflexive pronouns: when the S and O is the same person I Choose the best answer (He, I, They) .is a student (Him, He, His) .likes football 59 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - (We, Our, Us) books are red We go to (her, hers she) house to learn English She gives (him, he, his) a book My bike is blue, but (their, they, theirs) are red I like fish but (her, hers, she). sister likes chicken (Our, Their, His) daughter is a student She loves him very much Lan bought a lot of things She gave (him, her, them) one of those things 10 (He,She,They, I) love (their, her, his, my) children and they love me, too 11 We are doctors but (his, him, he). daughters are farmers 12 (I, My, Me, Mine) play tennis with (her, she, hers) everyday 13 Everyone loves (his, her, they, their) 14 She learns English but (his, him, he) learns Maths 15 Lan likes her dog because it is beautiful but (my, me,mine, I) is more beautiful 16 Mr John teaches (her, she, they, their) .English three times a week 17 (She Her, We, Our). mother does everything for (we, her, you, him) 18 Mai buys (I, him, my, he) a beautiful shirt 19 Mrs Mary teaches (his, him, he) English They teach .(our, ours, us, we), too 20 Your cat is big but (me, I, my, mine) is bigger II Choose the best answer (This, these, that, those) is my book (This, these ,that, those) is hers (That, This, These) are more interesting than (those, this, these) . ones Are (that, these, those, this) the books you mean? I like the shirt over there (This, That, These) is red I see the picture here, (this, that, those) is the best (These, Those, That, This)children are beautiful.Why dont we come there? Why you like house (that, this, these). is near the river? There are five dogs in the yard (These, that, this). ones are good (This, That, These, Those) students are coming here 10 I talked to (these, those, that). man He is very intelligent III Fill in the gap with a suitable reflexive pronoun You must exercises by They give me money Mary ought to be ashamed of Do it by Li and Hoa are learning English by He fell over and hurt Hedoes this work Ha came and she.told me this news She cut.with a knife 10 This dog beat her 60 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - IV Fill in the gap with a suitable word I love parents, they love, too He likes everyone in family but he doesnt likemy family 3. help their daughter everyday because they love very much My English is good but is better because she speaks it everyday We should homework everyday but he never does homework I understand this lesson so I .do this exercise Infinitive Be Become Begin Blow Break Bring Build Buy Catch Choose Come Cost Cut Do Draw Drink Drive Eat Fall Feed Feel Fight Find Fly Forget Forgive Get Give Go Grow Have Hear Hold Keep Know Lay Learn Leave Lend Lie -(Bảng động từ bất quy tắc (irregular verbs) Past simple Past participle Meaning Was/ were Been thì, là, Became Become trở nên, trở thành Began Begun bắt đầu Blew Blown thổi Broke Broken làm gãy, làm hỏng Brought Brought mang đến Built Built xây dựng Bought Bought mua Caught Caught bắt, chụp lấy Chose Chosen chọn lựa Came Come đến Cost Cost đáng giá Cut Cut cắt, chặt Did Done làm Drew Drawn vẽ Drank Drunk uống Drove Driven lái xe Ate Eaten ăn Fell Fallen ngã, đổ fed fed cho ăn, nuôi Felt Felt cảm thấy Fought Fought đánh Found Found tìm thấy Flew Flown bay Forgot Forgotten quên Forgave Forgiven tha thứ Got Gotten/ got đợc Gave Given cho, tặng Went Gone Grew Grown mọc, trồng Had Had có Heard Heard nghe Held Held cầm, tổ chức Kept Kept giữ, trì Knew Known biết Laid Laid đặt, để Learnt/ learned Learnt/ learned học Left Left dời, bỏ Lent Lent cho mợn Lay Lain nằm xuống 61 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 Lose Make Meet Pay Put Read /i:/ Ride Ring Rise Run Say See Sell Send Shoot Show Shut Sing Sit Sleep Smell Speak Spend Stand Steal Swim Take Teach Tell Think Throw Understand Wake Wear Win Withdraw Write Lost Made Met Paid Put Read /e/ Rode Rang Rose Ran Said Saw Sold Sent Shot Showed Shut Sang Sat Slept Smelled/smelt Spoke Spent Stood Stole Swam Took Taught Told Thought Threw Understood Woke Wore Won Withdrew wrote - Lost Made Met Paid Put Read /e/ Ridden Rung Risen Run Said Seen Sold Sent Shot Shown/ showed Shut Sung Sat Slept Smelled/smelt Spoken Spent Stood Stolen Swum Taken Taught Told Thought Thrown Understood Woke/ woken Worn Won Withdrawn written làm mất, đánh làm, chế tạo gặp trả tiền đặt, để đọc cỡi, xe đạp rung (chuông) mọc lên, tăng lên chạy nói they, nhìn thấy bán gửi bắn ra/ trng bày đóng hát ngồi ngủ ngửi nói tiêu dùng, sử dụng đứng ăn cắp bơi lấy dạy kể, bảo nghĩ ném hiểu đánh thức đeo, mặc thắng, chiến thắng rút lui viết Good luck to all of you ! 62 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - 63 TI LIU ễN THI TT NGHIấP TING ANH 12 - Nguyn Thanh Phng Nguyn Cụng Tr - Lu hnh ni b 64 [...]... Responsible for something:có trách nhiệm về việc gì Sorry for someone: hối tiếc cho ai Useful for someone/ something:có ích cho ai/ về việc gì -OF: -FOR: -AT: 1 amzed at something:ngạc nhiên về điều gì 2 angry at something:tức giận về điều gì 3 bad at something: xấu dở về điều gì 34 TÀI LIỆU ƠN THI TỐT NGHIÊP TIẾNG ANH 12 - 4 brilliant at something: giỏi, xuất sắc về điều gì 5 good at something :tốt giỏi về... sống bằng rely on someone/ something: tin vào ai/ cái gì 35 TÀI LIỆU ƠN THI TỐT NGHIÊP TIẾNG ANH 12 - -OF: 1 approved of something: ủng hộ về điều gì 2 consist of something: bao gồm cái gì 3 die of an illness: chết vì căn bệnh gì 4 dream of being something/ doing something: tưởng tượng điều gì 5 hear of someone/ something: biết về ai/ về điều gì 6 think of someone/ something: nhớ đến ai/ điều gì -FOR:... something: tự hào về ai/ về điều gì tired of someone/ doing something: chán nản/ chán làm điều gì 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) Available for someone/ something: sẵn sàng cho việc gì/ cho ai Difficult for someone: khó khăn cho ai Famous for something: nổi tiếng về cái gì Good for something :tốt, có lợi cho việc gì Late for something: trễ việc gì Perfect for something: hồn hào việc gì Ready for something:... việc gì protect someone/something from someone/something: giữ cho khỏi provide someone/ with something: cung cấp cho ai cái gì regard someone/ something as something: xem ai / xem vật gì remind someone of someone/ something: làm cho ai nhớ lại remind someone about something: nhắc nhở ai điều gì spend(money) on something: tiêu khoản tiền về việc gì throw something at someone/something: ném vật gì cho ai... different from something:khác với điều gì 3 safe from something: an tồn với điều gì -ABOUT: 1 angry about something: tức giận về điều gì 2 anxious about something: lo âu về điều gì 3 concerned about something/ someone:lo lắng về việc gì/ cho ai 4 confused about something:lúng túng về việc gì 5 pleased about something: hài lòng với việc gì 6 sad about something: buồn về việc gì 7 serious about something:nghiêm... Afraid of someone/ something: sợ ai/ sợ điều gì ahead of someone/ something: dằng trước ai/ cái gì ashamed of something: xấu hổ về việc gì aware of something:biết, hiểu biết về điều gì capable of something: có khả năng về việc gì confident of something: tin tưởng điều gì fond of something: thích điều gì full of someone/ something: đầy vớiai/ cái gí independent of someone/ something: độc lập với ai/... something: nhanh trí về điều gì 8 skillful at something:khéo léo về điều gì 9 surprised at something: ngạc nhiên về điều gì -WITH: 1 accquainted with someone: quen với ai 2 angry with someone for doing something: giận ai làm điều gì 3 bored with something: chán nản về việc gì 4 busy with something: bận cơng việc gì 5 concerned with something: có liên quan đên cơng việc gì 6 contrasted with something:... talk about someone/ something: nói với ai / điều gì 15 wonder about something: tự hỏi về điều gì -IN: 1 believe in something: tin tưởng vào điều gì 2 participate in something: tham gia vào điều gì 3 succeed in something: thành cơng về việc gì -ON: 1 2 3 4 5 concentrate on something : tập trung, chú ý về điều gì depend on someone/ something: tùy thuộc vào ai / điều gì insist on something: quả quết về điều... đại từ ấy 13 TÀI LIỆU ƠN THI TỐT NGHIÊP TIẾNG ANH 12 - - He works for the factory which makes cars - The man who is living near my house teaches us English [11]: Mợt sớ từ nhue paints, trousers, pliers, scissors, shears (kéo lớn), tóng (caí kẹp), shoes, glasses, gloves là danh từ sớ nhiều và cần đợng từ sớ nhiều đi cùng Tuy nhiên, khi có từ pair (of) đi trước các danh từ này... apologize someone for something: xin lỗi ai về điều gì blame someone/something for something: khiển trách ai về điều gì blame something on someone/something: đỗ lỗi cho ai/ cho cái gì borrow something from someone: mượn cài gì của ai/ ở đâu charge someone with(an offence/ a crime): buộc ai về tội congratulate someone on (doing)something: khen ngợi ai về việc gì Divided/ cut something into(two or more
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