Formation of sedimentary rock powerpoint

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SEDIMENTARY ROCKS There are ways sedimentary rocks are formed Clastic are made from sediments glued together Non-clastic: not glued together -include chemical & biochemical/organic EDIMENTARY ROCKS WILL CONTAIN FOSSILS SEDIMENTARY ROCKS FORM IN LAYERS CALLED STRATA Oldest rocks are on the bottom….youngest on top This is a good example of Stratification THE CLASSES OF SEDIMENTARY ROCKS CLASTIC Sedimentary Rocks are made from sediments that come from pre-existing rocks that have been weathered (breaking down into smaller pieces) and eroded (transported away) then glued together The types of weathering include physical (only size changes) and chemical (a new substance is formed) Sediments range in size from tiny pieces of clay to sand, to pebbles, and to stuff as big as boulders Clastic rocks form in a process called lithificaton which means compaction and cementation are occurring Here’s How They Form: •Layers of sediment are deposited at the bottom of oceans and lakes •As the layers build one on top of another, the pressure on the bottom layers COMPACTS the sediments together •In the empty spaces between sediments, natural glues, like calcite, CEMENT the sediments together Demo of Sedimentator Look at the processes that are occurring in this animation Clastic Process Examples of clastic sedimentary rocks include CONGLOMERATE SHALE BRECCIA SANDSTONE Non-Clastic contain types: chemical and biochemical CHEMICAL Sedimentary Rocks are made from mineral crystals that formed from chemicals dissolved in water Here’s How They Form: •The water in the oceans, lakes, and underground is often full of dissolved minerals like halite and calcite •Water evaporates leaving the solids behind: rock salt is formed when salt is left after evaporation and limestone is formed when calcite is left behind Chemical Sedimentary Rocks are also formed in caves where mineral-rich water drips from the ceiling, creating stalactites and stalagmites made out of limestone Limestone Limestone Cave Examples of chemical sedimentary rocks include limestone and rock salt BIOCHEMICAL OR ORGANIC Sedimentary Rocks are made from remains of once-living plants or animals (organic matter) •will be found near areas of lots of biological activity •this is the sedimentary rock type with the most fossils Biochemical sedimentary rocks include: coquina, chalk, coal and limestone COQUINA Made from shells CHALK Made from dead animals COAL Made from dead plants LIMESTONE with fossils in it AMAZING EARTH SCIENCE FACTS Sedimentary rocks form ways: 1.Clastic _ compacted & cemented Chemical Biochemical _ layers or strata Sedimentary rocks are found in flat _ _ Fossils are found in Sedimentary Rocks Limestone is formed both chemically and organically 5 Clastic rocks are made of _, sediments examples are conglomerates, sandstone and shale Chemically formed sedimentary rocks form from evaporating _ ocean water, which leaves behind rock salt evaporates like _ [...]...Chemical Sedimentary Rocks are also formed in caves where mineral-rich water drips from the ceiling, creating stalactites and stalagmites made out of limestone Limestone Limestone Cave Examples of chemical sedimentary rocks include limestone and rock salt BIOCHEMICAL OR ORGANIC Sedimentary Rocks are made from remains of once-living plants or animals (organic matter) •will be found near areas of lots of biological... is the sedimentary rock type with the most fossils Biochemical sedimentary rocks include: coquina, chalk, coal and limestone COQUINA Made from shells CHALK Made from dead animals COAL Made from dead plants LIMESTONE with fossils in it AMAZING EARTH SCIENCE FACTS 1 Sedimentary rocks form 3 ways: 1.Clastic _ compacted & cemented 2 Chemical 3 Biochemical _ layers or strata 2 Sedimentary rocks... Sedimentary rocks are found in flat _ 3 _ Fossils are found in Sedimentary Rocks Limestone 4 is formed both chemically and organically 5 Clastic rocks are made of _, sediments examples are conglomerates, sandstone and shale 6 Chemically formed sedimentary rocks form from evaporating _ ocean water, which leaves behind rock salt evaporates like _
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