Metamorphism, metamorphic rocks

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Lecture Metamorphism, Metamorphic Rocks and Hydrothermal Rocks Physical Geology Lecture Outline I II A) B) C) Definitions Controls on Metamorphic Characteristics Composition of Parent Rock Temperature Pressure i ii Differential Stress Foliation D) E) Fluids Time A) B) Contact Metamorphism Regional Metamorphism III IV Types of Metamorphism Plate Tectonics and Metamorphism Physical Geology Definitions metamorphism - the mineralogical, chemical, and structural adjustment of solid rocks to physical and chemical conditions imposed at depth below the surface zones of weathering and cementation, which differ from the conditions under which the rock originated metamorphic rock - any rock derived from pre-existing rocks by mineralogical, chemical, and/or structural changes, essentially in the solid state, in response to marked changes in temperature, pressure, shearing stress, and chemical environment, generally at depth in the Earth's crust parent rock - the original rock from which a metamorphic rock was formed Parent rocks may be igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic metamorphic grade - the intensity of metamorphism, measured by the degree of difference between the parent rock and the metamorphic rock Physical Geology Metamorphic Rocks Foliated Metamorphic Rocks Non-foliated Metamorphic Rocks Slate Anthracite Coal Phyllite Hornfels Schist Marble Gneiss Quartzite Serpentinite Soapstone Physical Geology Controls on Metamorphic Characteristics Composition of Parent Rock Temperature Pressure Fluids Time Tectonic Setting Physical Geology Controls on Metamorphic Characteristics Parent Rock Physical Geology Controls on Metamorphic Characteristics Temperature Physical Geology Controls on Metamorphic Characteristics Pressure Physical Geology Controls on Metamorphic Characteristics Pressure - Foliation foliation - the planar structure that results from the flattening of the constituent grains of a metamorphic rock Physical Geology Controls on Metamorphic Characteristics T-P Diagram Physical Geology Controls on Metamorphic Characteristics Temperature and Pressure Physical Geology Controls on Metamorphic Characteristics Fluids water and carbon dioxide most common metamorphic fluids present along grain boundaries or in pore spaces of rocks Fluids derived from several sources: trapped in pore spaces when parent rock formed exuded from magmas dehydration of water bearing minerals (e.g gypsum, clays) metamorphic reactions themselves may liberate fluids: often contain ions in solution, increasing the rate of chemical reactions Physical Geology Types of Metamorphism Contact Metamorphism Regional Metamorphism Hydrothermal Metamorphism Burial Metamorphism Blueschist Metamorphism Eclogite Metamorphism Physical Geology Types of Metamorphism Contact Metamorphism Physical Geology Types of Metamorphism Regional Metamorphism Physical Geology Types of Metamorphism Progressive Metamorphism Physical Geology Types of Metamorphism Hydrothermal Processes Physical Geology Types of Metamorphism Hydrothermal Processes Physical Geology Types of Metamorphism Hydrothermal Processes - Metasomatism Physical Geology Types of Metamorphism Hydrothermal Processes - Veins Physical Geology Metamorphism and Plate Tectonics Physical Geology Metamorphism and Plate Tectonics Metamorphic Facies [...]... Controls on Metamorphic Characteristics Temperature and Pressure Physical Geology Controls on Metamorphic Characteristics Fluids water and carbon dioxide most common metamorphic fluids present along grain boundaries or in pore spaces of rocks Fluids derived from several sources: trapped in pore spaces when parent rock formed exuded from magmas dehydration of water bearing minerals (e.g gypsum, clays) metamorphic. .. Hydrothermal Processes - Metasomatism Physical Geology Types of Metamorphism Hydrothermal Processes - Veins Physical Geology Metamorphism and Plate Tectonics Physical Geology Metamorphism and Plate Tectonics Metamorphic Facies
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