8H the rock cycle

20 5 0
  • Loading ...
1/20 trang

Thông tin tài liệu

Ngày đăng: 30/11/2016, 16:19

8H The Rock Cycle 8H The Rock Cycle Rock types Changing rocks The rock cycle © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H The Rock Cycle Rock types © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H Name that rock ? Believe it or not, rocks can be classified into groups – just like living organisms The three main groups are: igneous sedimentary What are the clues to help classify rocks? © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college metamorphic 8H Sedimentary Sedimentary rocks Often look like flat plates stuck together Grains often visible, these can crumble apart Fossils can be present Rocks come from flat beds Often porous (let water pass through easily) © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H Rock factory A volcano is a giant rock factory Magma (molten rock) from below the ground is pushed to the surface and cools The rock that forms is called igneous rock © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H Igneous rocks Igneous rocks Tough rocks with no plates visible The crystals (if you can see them) often interlock and run in different directions No fossils present – EVER! Rocks not form in flat beds Non-porous (will not let water through) © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H Metamorphic rock Metamorphic rocks Often ‘sugary’ with particles that can be arranged in sheets or randomly Remains of fossils sometimes present – but not often Beds often have wavy bands Often less porous than sedimentary rocks – but metamorphic rocks show a wide range of porosity © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H Your first specimen ? Clues: Crystals visible Very tough rock Water cannot pass through (not porous) Is it sedimentary, igneous or metamorphic? Igneous! © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H How about this one ? Clues: Fossils present Very porous Layers visible Is it sedimentary, igneous or metamorphic? Sedimentary! © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H And this one ? Clues: Grains very small Clear layers Not porous No fossils Is it sedimentary, igneous or metamorphic? Metamorphic! © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H Last chance ? Clues: Grains very small No layers Not porous No fossils Is it sedimentary, igneous or metamorphic? Metamorphic! © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H True or false? True or false? Igneous rocks form from cooling magma produced by volcanoes TRUE Sedimentary rocks never contain fossils FALSE Igneous rocks are usually very porous FALSE Sedimentary rocks often have layers TRUE Granite is a metamorphic rock FALSE © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H The rock cycle Changing rocks © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H All change! Reminder: Rocks may last a long time but they change Even tough igneous rocks may be broken down to smaller particles We call this process weathering Small particles may be moved to new areas We call this transportation The two processes together (weathering and transportation) are called erosion © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H Squeezing rocks What happens to particles from eroded rock? Sediments may be laid down by water Over many years the sediments build up and stick together to form a new sort of rock Sometimes earthquakes and volcanoes bury old rocks underground Very high temperatures and pressures change these rocks into new ones called metamorphic rocks © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H The rock cycle The rock cycle © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H The rock cycle © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H Rock cycle quiz Metamorphic rocks are made by… a) heat and pressure acting on other rocks b) particles dropping out of suspension in streams and rivers c) a small factory outside Manchester Which of these would you NOT find in sedimentary rocks… a) fossils b) layered structure c) interlocking crystals of minerals © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H Rock cycle quiz The rock cycle is… a) a way to explain how types of rocks are converted to other forms b) an explanation of how heating and cooling can break down rocks c) a musical by Andrew Lloyd Webber You could find the density of a rock sample by… a) dividing its mass by its volume b) dividing its volume by its mass c) multiplying its volume by its mass © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H Rock cycle quiz Slow cooling of magma produces rocks with… a) large crystals b) small crystals c) no crystals You can dissolve the carbonate in a limestone sample using a) hydrochloric acid b) cold water c) boiling water © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college [...]... and pressures change these rocks into new ones called metamorphic rocks © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H The rock cycle The rock cycle © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H The rock cycle © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H Rock cycle quiz 1 Metamorphic rocks are made by… a) heat and pressure acting on other rocks b) particles... metamorphic rock FALSE © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H The rock cycle Changing rocks © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H All change! Reminder: Rocks may last a long time but they do change Even tough igneous rocks may be broken down to smaller particles We call this process weathering Small particles may be moved to new areas We call this transportation The. .. outside Manchester 2 Which of these would you NOT find in sedimentary rocks… a) fossils b) layered structure c) interlocking crystals of minerals © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H Rock cycle quiz 3 The rock cycle is… a) a way to explain how types of rocks are converted to other forms b) an explanation of how heating and cooling can break down rocks c) a musical by Andrew Lloyd... transportation The two processes together (weathering and transportation) are called erosion © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H Squeezing rocks What happens to particles from eroded rock? Sediments may be laid down by water Over many years the sediments build up and stick together to form a new sort of rock Sometimes earthquakes and volcanoes bury old rocks underground Very high temperatures... Andrew Lloyd Webber 4 You could find the density of a rock sample by… a) dividing its mass by its volume b) dividing its volume by its mass c) multiplying its volume by its mass © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H Rock cycle quiz 5 Slow cooling of magma produces rocks with… a) large crystals b) small crystals c) no crystals 6 You can dissolve the carbonate in a limestone sample.. .8H Last chance ? Clues: Grains very small No layers Not porous No fossils Is it sedimentary, igneous or metamorphic? Metamorphic! © OUP: To be used solely in purchaser’s school or college 8H True or false? True or false? 1 Igneous rocks form from cooling magma produced by volcanoes TRUE 2 Sedimentary rocks never contain fossils FALSE 3 Igneous rocks are usually very porous FALSE 4 Sedimentary rocks
- Xem thêm -

Xem thêm: 8H the rock cycle , 8H the rock cycle , 8H the rock cycle

Gợi ý tài liệu liên quan cho bạn

Nạp tiền Tải lên
Đăng ký
Đăng nhập