Subjunctive mood theory exercises

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******* REVISION FOR THE NATIONAL EXAM /SUMMER – 2015 ******* THE COMMON STRUCTURES FOR GCSE Part 2- SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD THE THEORY OF SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD A Dùng số câu thành ngữ/ câu cảm thán để thể ao ước, hy vọng hay lời cầu chúc ( thường có liên quan đến sức mạnh siêu nhiên) Ex: (God) bless you ! Heaven help us ! God save the queen ! Long live Vietnam ! Heaven forbid! (Lạy trời!) Long live the Communist Party of Vietnam! Success attend you! * “May” thường dùng để diễn tả lời cầu chúc : May you be happy all your life May the friendship between us last forever B Dùng sau số động từ để thể ý muốn, yêu cầu, đề nghị: Với cấu trúc sau: S + V ( any tense) + that + S + (not) + V0  V1 số động từ sau: Advise Insist Recommend Request demand propose suggest Urge prefer stipulate decree ask require command order Ex: The university requires that all its students take this course The doctor suggested that his patient stop smoking Congress had decreed that the gasoline tax be abolished We proposed that he take a vacation C Dùng sau số tính từ :  Với cấu trúc: It + be (any tense) + Adj + that + S + (not) + V0  Các tính từ phổ biến như: Important necessary urgent obligatory essential Advised recommended required mandatory proposed Ex: It is necessary that he find the book It was urgent that she leave at once It has been proposed that we (not) change the topic It is important that you remember this question It is important that they be told the truth Nếu bỏ that chủ ngữ biến thành tân ngữ sau giới từ for, động từ trở dạng nguyên thể có to câu tính chất giả định trở thành dạng mệnh lệnh thức gián tiếp  công thức: It + be (any tense) + Adj + for + O + (not) +to V0 Ex: It is necessary for him (not) to find the books It has been proprosed for us (not) to change the topic D Tất danh từ xuất phát từ động từ tính từ buộc mệnh đề sau phải dạng giả định, diễn đạt yếu tố Page NOTHING ÍS IMPOSSIBLE ******* REVISION FOR THE NATIONAL EXAM /SUMMER – 2015 ******* demand request preference recommendation proposal insistence suggestion Ex: There is suggestion from the doctor that the patient stop smoking It is recommendation that the vehicle owner be present at the court Dùng cấu trúc với would rather có chủ ngữ: E S1 + would rather that + S2 + (not) + V ( present subjunctive)  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1) Ex: (2) I would rather that you call me tomorrow He would rather that I not take this train S1 + would rather that + S2 + Vqkđ/didn’t +Vqkđ ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Ex: I’d rather you came with us Henry would rather that his girlfriend worked in the same department as he does (His girlfriend does not work in the same department) Jane would rather that it were winter now (Infact, it is not winter now) Henry would rather that his girlfriend didn’t work in the same department as he does Jane would rather that it were not winter now (3) S1 + would rather that + S2 + had(n’t) + VII  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Ex: Bob would rather that Jill had gone to class yesterday (Jill did not go to class yesterday) Bill would rather that his wife hadn’t divorced him CHÚ Ý: Phân biệt với cấu trúc với would rather sau: F Mệnh đề wish/ If only Ex: G I wish I (can) …………… speak Chinese ( but I can’t) If only my son (tobe)…………… good at Math (but he ín’t) I wish that I (not/ spend)………………… so much money yeaterday If only she (ask) ……………… someone’s advice when she had some problems Được sử dụng sau as if / as though để ám điều ko có thật ko thể xảy ( ko có khác as if as though) S1 + VHTĐ + VQKĐ Ex: as if + S2 + as though He talks as if he were my father He behaves as though he owned the place Page NOTHING ÍS IMPOSSIBLE ******* REVISION FOR THE NATIONAL EXAM /SUMMER – 2015 ******* Dùng sau as if , as though để giả định ko có thật khứ S1 + V + VQKHT as if + S2 + as though Ex: He looked as if he had seen ghosts H Dùng cấu trúc : It’s (high/ about ) time sb did sth = It’s time for sb to sth …………………………………………………………………………………………… EX: It’s high time we went home Note: Nếu sau: “ It’s time + I/ he/ she/ it “ động từ to be ta dùng was PRACTICE EXERCISES Exercise 1: Choose the best answer: It's about time you .harder for the next exam A work B are working C worked D have worked The ceiling in this room doesn't look very safe It looks as if it down A would fall B falls C is falling D.is going to fall I wish they change their minds so often! A shouldn't B wouldn't C mightn't D couldn't I wish I the direction closely A.be followed B will follow C would follow D had followed I wished I .on another diet A could live B can live C will live D.am living Team rules require that each player …………… responsible for memorizing one rule and then for teaching that rule to all of the players A.is B was C.be D were To avoid unnecessary injury, the coach insisted that the players' tackling drills …………… on the proper way to fall down A focused B focus C were focused D to focus I wish I to retake my exams a not have b will not have c am about d did not have The spacemen felt as if he in a paradise a had been b falls c fall d has fallen 10 He afflicted mother felt as though she on the verge of dying a has been b had been c were d was 11 I wish another more effective teaching method used a is b was c were d has been 12 She wishes she a fairy now a was b were c is d were 13 She spent money as if she always plenty of it a have b had c had had d should have 14 They will drink wine but I wish they a didn't b don't c won't d wouldn't 15 Yesterday he missed the lesson He wishes he it a didn't miss b hadn't miss c hasn't missed d hadn't missed 16 I suggest that the doctor _ up his mind without delay a makes b make c made d is to make 17 This poor old man wishes he _ a wasn't born b has never been born Page NOTHING ÍS IMPOSSIBLE ******* REVISION FOR THE NATIONAL EXAM /SUMMER – 2015 ******* c had never been born 18 I am not a teacher of English, but suppose I _, then I _ ser up language centre a am/ can 19 21 c was could d were/could b makes c made d making I wish you _ quiet a moment, I can't hear what _ a would keep/ the compere is saying b kept/ the compere said c will keep/ the compere saying d had kept / had the compere said It is our wish that she _ in her life a succeeds 22 b were/ can It is essential that the sponsor _ the file early a make 20 d would never be born b succeed c succeeded d will succeed c for me dieting d for me to diet My doctor insisted _ a that I diet b me to diet II Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form I’d rather you (not/drive) so fast, Pat Sue went to France this year, but she says she would rather (go) to Spain It’s a shame you missed the party; I would rather you (be) there John had better (not/speak) to me like that again He says he’d rather (cook) his own food than eat in restaurants I’d rather you (not/mention) this to anyone until next week Tim’s mother would rather he (work) closer to home than he does Greg says he would rather ( not/leave) things as they are She would prefer to meet you personally rather than (talk) to you over the phone 10 Sean prefers playing football to (watch) it 11 Would you rather (write) in ink or in pencil? 12 Sheila prefers (get up) early in the morning rather than (oversleep) 13 Would he prefer (drive) to work tomorrow rather than cycle? 14 I would rather (speak) directly to the manager than (deal) with his rude secretary as I did 15 My father prefers to have a beard rather than (have) a shave every day 16 Tom prefers (ski) to (skate) 17 Wouldn’t you prefer to sit on this seat rather than (stand) for the whole journey? 18 We’d better (take) some money for a taxy in case we (miss) the bus home 19 We would rather (stay) at home tonight 20 Mr Jones would rather (stay) at home last night 21 The policeman would rather (work) on Saturday than on Sunday 22 Maria would rather that we (study) more than we 23 George would rather (not study) tonight 24 The photographer would rather (have) more light 25 The photographer would rather that we (stand) closer together than we are standing 26 Carmen would rather (not cook) for the entire family 27 She would rather that you (not arrive) last night 28 John would rather (sleep) than worked last night III Transformation Please don’t tell anyone about it - I’d rather you _ I would prefer you deliver the sofa this afternoon - I’d rather you Why don’t you ask her yourself ? - My friend suggests that She urged her husband to apply for the post in the government - She urged that her husband They insisted on my coming early - They insisted that _ An accountant needs to master computer science - It is necessary that _ It’s time for us to leave now - It’s time we What a pity ! Your sister can’t come with us Page NOTHING ÍS IMPOSSIBLE ******* REVISION FOR THE NATIONAL EXAM /SUMMER – 2015 ******* - If only Everyone find it important for us to something save the environment - It is important that we 10 Michael lost his job last month, so he cannot buy a car - If Michael _ 11 He regrets applying for the job in that company - He wishes 12 The headmaster insists on every schoolgirl’s wearing ao dai every Monday - The headmaster insists that 13 They advise her to eat less meat and fat to keep herself healthy - It is advisable that she 14 Naturally, a child had better respect his parents - It is natural that _ 15 He needs to come to the interview early - It is necessary that 16 She must find it important to take two medicines every day - It is important that _ 17 It’s too late He must go home - It’s high time he _ 18 Every student must wear uniform It is obligatory - It is obligatory that 19 They recommended her to go to the best doctor in town - They recommended that she _ 20 The man demanded to be told everything about the accident - The man demanded that everything _ Page NOTHING ÍS IMPOSSIBLE
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