Slide semantic meeting 5

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Semantics Meeting REVIEW FIGURES OF SPEECH Match the figures of speech with their examples Simile a We now live under the same roof Metonymy b Life is a dream Synecdoche c He is the best pen of the day Personification d The river ate the bank away Metaphor e My dormitory room is like a cave cook grill toast boil stir-fry fry saute deep fry smoke Section1: Word Meaning 2.9 Hyponymy cook  superordinate (higher word ) What are referents of the word “cook”? grill toast boil fry roast bake smoke What are referents of the word “fry”? stir-fry sauté deep-fry  hyponym (lower word) Are the referents of “fry” included in the referent of “cook”?  Hyponymy is a relation in which the referent of a word is totally included in the referent of another In other words, hyponymy is the relationship between each of the hyponyms (the “lower” word) and its superordinate (the “higher” word) Section1: Word Meaning How to distinguish between a hyponym and a superordinate? Colour = superordinate Superordinate =blue red yellow green black hyponyms turquoise aquamarine royal blue hyponyms Does the word “ colour” cover “blue, red, yellow, etc”? Does the word “blue” cover “turquoise, aquamarine and royal blue” ?  “colour” is a superordinate and “blue” is a hyponym and also a superordinate Section1: Word Meaning How to distinguish between a hyponym and a superordinate? A superordinate is a word “ whose referent covers all the referents of its hyponyms Hyponyms often exist at more than one level, resulting in multiple layers of hyponymic relationships Section1: Word Meaning How to distinguish between a hyponym and a superordinate? flower rose sunflower apricot tulip white rose red rose yellow rose lotus 1/ What are hyponyms of “ flower” They are “ rose, sunflower, apricot, tulip, lotus etc.” 2/ What are hyponyms of “ rose” They are “ white rose, red rose, yellow rose etc.” 3/ What are superordinates? They are “ flower & rose.” Section1: Word Meaning * Hyponymy and inclusion flower rose tulip Superordinate  animal hyponyms lion Are “ rose & tulip” included in “flower”? Are “ lion & elephant” included in “animal”?  HYPONYMY involves us in the notion INCLUSION  INCLUSION is a matter of class membership  The ‘ super’ term is the SUPERORDINATE and the ‘lower’ term is the HYPONYM elephant Exercise9,p.60 Each of the following sentences presents a pair of words Which of them is a superordinate and which, a hyponym? She reads books all day-mostly novels  book = superordinate ; novel = hyponym A crocodile is a reptile  reptile = superordinate ; crocodile = hyponym There’s no flower more beautiful than a tulip  flower = superordinate ; tulip = hyponym He likes all vegetables except carrots  vegetable = superordinate ; carrot = hyponym Draw a chart to show the relationship among the following words fowl, rooster, turkey, chicken, goose, duck, hen, chick vehicle, hardtop, bus, truck, train,convertible, car, sports car, bicycle, lorry fowl, rooster, turkey, chicken, goose, duck, hen, chick Fowl turkey rooster chicken hen goose chick What are superordinates? What are hyponyms? duck 2 vehicle, hardtop, bus, truck, train, convertible, car, sports car, bicycle, lorry Vehicle bus hardtop truck car lorry bicycle convertible What are superordinates? What are hyponyms? train sports car EXERCISES 10,p.60 luggage and suitcase suit case brief case handbag backpack green vegetable and bean cabbage lettuce brussels-sprout bean brocolli EXERCISES 10,p.61 animal and foal fish bird insect mammal bug human dog horse stallion mare sheep foal reptile Animal (beast) EXERCISES 10,p.61 animal and child fish bird insect mammal bug human man woman child reptile animal (beast) EXERCISES 10,p.61 Fowl and rooster turkey rooster chicken hen goose chick duck EXERCISES 10,p.61 plant and coconut flowering plants bush tree pine coconut palm bell nut grass moss gum sago EXERCISES 10,p.61 plant and rose tree bush flowering plant lily daisy grass moss violet tulip rose EXERCISES 10,p.62 Vocal organ and tongue tip lip tongue nose tongue tip tongue blade tongue front larynx lower jaw tongue back tongue root EXERCISES 10,p.62 head and eyelash face hair mouth nose eye eyeball skull cheek eyehole brain forehead eyelash eyelid chin pupil EXERCISES 10,p.62 10 furniture and dressing table seat table bed storage wardrobe dressing table chest of drawers writing desk Welsh dresser EXERCISES 10,p.62 11 Vehicle and convertible bus hardtop truck car lorry convertible bicycle train sports car EXERCISES 10,p.62 12 vocalize and croon speak read aloud sing croon hum yodel articulate [...]... horse stallion mare sheep foal reptile Animal (beast) EXERCISES 10,p.61 4 animal and child fish bird insect mammal bug human man woman child reptile animal (beast) EXERCISES 10,p.61 5 Fowl and rooster turkey rooster chicken hen goose chick duck EXERCISES 10,p.61 6 plant and coconut flowering plants bush tree pine coconut palm bell nut grass moss gum sago EXERCISES 10,p.61
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