ÔN tập TIẾNG ANH đọc HIỂU THI CÔNG CHỨC TỈNH QUẢNG NAM năm 2016

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VietnamAnswer.com C1 All spiders spin webs That's because webs help spiders Webs help spiders three things Webs help spiders hold eggs Webs help spiders hide And webs help spiders catch food Webs help spiders hold eggs Many spiders like to lay their eggs in their webs The webs help keep the eggs together Webs help spiders keep their eggs safe Webs help spiders hide Most spiders are dark They are brown, grey, or black But spider webs are light They are white and cloudy When spiders hide in their webs, they are harder to see Webs help spiders catch food Spider webs are sticky When a bug flies into the web, it gets stuck It moves around It tries to get out But it can't It is trapped! Spiders can tell that the bug is trapped That's because spiders feel the web move And the spider is hungry The spider goes to get the bug As you can see, webs help spiders hold eggs Webs help spiders hide And webs help spiders catch food Without webs, spiders would not be able to live like they Spiders need their webs to survive 1) This passage is mostly about A spider colors B spider webs C spider eggs 2) Spider webs help spiders I hold eggs II catch food III find water A I only B I and II only C I, II, and III 3) As used in paragraph 4, the word trapped most nearly means VietnamAnswer.com A stuck B hidden C eaten 4) How can spiders tell when something is trapped in their web? A They hear it B They smell it C They feel it 5) As used in the last sentence of the passage, the word survive means to stay A alive B hidden C caught C2 Most human beings are awake during the day and sleep all night Owls live the opposite way Owls are nocturnal This means that they sleep all day and stay awake at night Because owls are nocturnal, this means they must eat at night But finding food in the dark is difficult To help them, they have special eyes and ears Owls have very large eyes These eyes absorb more light than normal Since there is little light during the night, it is helpful to be able to absorb more of it This helps owls find food in the dark Owls also have very good hearing Even when owls are in the trees, they can hear small animals moving in the grass below This helps owls catch their prey even when it is very dark Like owls, mice are also nocturnal animals Mice have an excellent sense of smell This helps them find food in the dark Being nocturnal helps mice to hide from the many different animals that want to eat them Most of the birds, snakes, and lizards that like to eat mice sleep at night—except, of course, owls! Some animals are nocturnal This means they are active at night The owl and the mouse are good examples of nocturnal VietnamAnswer.com animals that use their senses to find food in the dark 1) In paragraph 1, we learn that "Owls are nocturnal." The word diurnal is the opposite of the word nocturnal Using information in the passage as a guide, we can understand that an animal that is diurnal A sleeps at night and is awake during the day B hunts during the day and is awake at night C sleeps every other night and is awake during the day D hunts during the day and night 2) Based on information in paragraph 2, it can be understood that an animal with small eyes A must be diurnal B has trouble seeing in the dark C can see very well at night D is likely to be eaten by an owl 3) According to the passage, owls can find food in the dark using their sense of I sight II sound III smell A l only B I and II only C II and III only D I, II, and III 4) In paragraph the author writes, "This helps owls catch their prey even when it is very dark." Based on its use in the passage, we can understand that prey is A a noise that an animal makes during the night VietnamAnswer.com B a small animal such as a pet dog or cat C an animal that is hunted by other animals D an animals that hunts other animals 5) Based on information in the final paragraph, it can be understood that mice sleep during the day in order to A find food that other animals can not B keep themselves safe C store energy for night time activities D release stress 6) Based on information in the final paragraph, it can be understood that A owls hunt mice B mice can hide from owls C mice and owls both hide from birds, snakes, and lizards D birds and snakes often hunt lizards 7) If added to the end of this passage, which of the following conclusions would fit best? A The owl is a nocturnal animal This means it is active at night The owl's excellent sense of sight and sound enable it to find food in the dark B Mice are nocturnal animals This means they are active at night Similar to the owl, mice use their excellent sense of smell to find food in the dark C Both mice and owls are nocturnal This means they are active at night Because these animals are active at night, they must sleep during the day This makes them especially vulnerable to attack from diurnal animals D Some animals are nocturnal This means they are active at night The owl and the mouse are good examples of nocturnal animals that use their senses to find food in the dark VietnamAnswer.com C3 When we are young, we learn that tigers and sharks are dangerous animals We might be scared of them because they are big and powerful As we get older; however, we learn that sometimes the most dangerous animals are also the smallest animals In fact, the animal that kills the most people every year is one that you have probably killed yourself many times: the mosquito While it may seem that all mosquitoes are biters, this is not actually the case Male mosquitoes eat plant nectar On the other hand, female mosquitoes feed on animal blood They need this blood to live and produce eggs When a female mosquito bites a human being, it transmits a small amount of saliva into the blood This saliva may or may not contain a deadly disease The result of the bite can be as minor as an itchy bump or as serious as death Because a mosquito can bite many people in the course of its life, it can carry diseases from one person to another very easily Two of the most deadly diseases carried by mosquitoes are malaria and yellow fever Mosquitoes have many natural enemies like bats, birds, dragonflies, and certain kinds of fish Bringing more of these animals into places where mosquitoes live might help to cut down the amount of mosquitoes in that area This is a natural solution, but it does not always work very well Mosquitoes can also be killed with poisons or sprays Even though these sprays kill mosquitoes, they may also harm other plants or animals Questions 1) According to the author, some people are more afraid of tigers and sharks than mosquitoes because tigers and sharks A kill more people than mosquitoes B are big and powerful C are found all over the world D have no natural enemies VietnamAnswer.com 2) Based on the information in paragraph 2, we can understand that I male mosquitoes and female mosquitoes have different eating habits II male mosquitoes are harmless to humans III female mosquitoes are responsible for transmitting diseases to humans A I only B I and II only C II and III only D I, II, and III 3) In paragraph the author writes, "This saliva may or may not contain a deadly disease." The purpose of this statement is to A oppose a previous argument B question an upcoming conclusion C confirm a hypothesis D support a later statement 4) As used in paragraph 2, minor most nearly means A insignificant B deadly C frustrating D dangerous 5) Based on information in paragraph 3, it can be understood that if you get sick with malaria or yellow fever, your chances of survival are A terrible B mediocre C good D excellent VietnamAnswer.com 6) It can be understood that the introduction of dragonflies might reduce the number of flies in a given area because dragonflies A work together with mosquitoes B kill mosquitoes C cannot be killed by poisons or sprays D attract bats 7) Which of the following best summarizes the information in paragraph 4? A Mosquito nets provide adequate protection from deadly mosquitoes B Poisons and sprays provide adequate protection from deadly mosquitoes C The introduction of the mosquito's natural enemies provides adequate protection from deadly mosquitoes D There is no perfect solution to the mosquito problem 8) Which of the following words best describes the author's overall attitude towards the prospect of solving the mosquito problem? A despondent, meaning hopeless or dejected B exasperated, meaning extremely irritated or annoyed C equivocal, meaning doubtful or uncertain D optimistic, meaning hopeful or taking a favorable view C4 Rainforests circle the globe for twenty degrees of latitude on both sides of the equator In that relatively narrow band of the planet, more than half of all the species of plants and animals in the world make their home Several hundred different varieties of trees may grow in a single acre, and just one of those trees may be the habitat for more than ten thousand kinds of spiders, ants, and other insects More species of amphibians, birds, insects, mammals, and reptiles live in rainforests than anywhere else on earth VietnamAnswer.com Unfortunately, half of the world’s rainforests have already been destroyed, and at the current rate, another 25 percent will be lost by the year 2030 Scientists estimate that as many as fifty million acres are destroyed annually In other words, every sixty seconds, one hundred acres of rainforest is being cleared By the time you finish reading this passage, two hundred acres will have been destroyed! When this happens, constant rains erode the former forest floor, the thin layer of soil no longer supports plant life, and the ecology of the region is altered forever Thousands of species of plants and animals are condemned to extinction and since we aren’t able to predict the ramifications of this loss to a delicate global ecology, we don’t know what we may be doing to the future of the human species as well C5 Should women find their happiness inside or outside the home? In the United States people used to believe the saying, “A woman’s place is in the home.” But now both women and society are changing More than fifty percent of American women continue their work even after they are married What has brought about these changes? What is happening to the American family today? Up until the 1950’s a typical American woman got married in her early 20’s In those days she quit her job and became a mother “A woman’s place is in the home” was a popular saying Most women felt that taking care of their home and family was their full-time job But times have changed Women are getting married later these days and more have chosen to stay single Others get married but decide not to have any children Today more than fifty percent of all married women work full-time Many others run businesses in their homes What has caused these major changes? One reason is economic necessity It may be that the husband has lost his job and the wife must support the family Or even if the husband is working, some families say they can’t survive on only one paycheck But probably a more important VietnamAnswer.com influence has been the “women’s liberation movement.” Women are being told in many magazines and TV programs: “You can be successful on your own Don’t be satisfied with just being a wife and mother Use your intelligence and talents to something bigger And you should be paid as much as a man.” No doubt this movement has accomplished much good But it has also contributed to a selfish “me first” attitude that is breaking up many families Sometimes women who are happy staying at home feel that working women look down on them There are no easy answers to these problems But certainly women’s influence will continue to grow in business, education and politics C6 When John Mills was going to fly in an aeroplane for the first time, he was frightened He did not like the idea of being thousands of feet up in the air “ ‘I also didn’t like the fact that I wouldn’t be in control,” says John “I’m a terrible passenger in the car When somebody else is driving, I tell them what to so It drives everybody crazy.”However John couldn’t avoid flying any longer It was the only way he could visit his grandchildren in Canada “I had made up my mind that I was going to it, I couldn’t let my son, his wife and their three children travel all the way here to visit me It would be so expensive for them and I know Tom’s business isn’t doing so well at the moment – it would also be tiring for the children – it’s a nine-hour flight!” he says.To get ready for the flight John did lots of reading about aeroplanes When he booked his seat, he was told that he would be flying on a Boeing 747, which is better known as a jumbo jet “I needed to know as much as possible before getting in that plane I suppose it was a way of making myself feel better The Boeing 747 is the largest passenger aircraft in the world at the moment The first one flew on February 9th 1969 in the USA It can carry up to 524 passengers and 3.400 pieces of luggage The fuel for aeroplanes is kept in the wings and the 747’s VietnamAnswer.com wings are so big that they can carry enough fuel for an average car to be able to travel 16,000 kilometres a year for 70 years Isn’t that unbelievable? Even though I had discovered all this very interesting information about the jumbo, when I saw it for the first time, just before I was going to travel to Canada, I still couldn’t believe that something so enormous was going to get up in the air and fly I was even more impressed when I saw how big it was inside with hundreds of people!”The biggest surprise of all for John was the flight itself “The take-off itself was much smoother than I expected although I was still quite scared until we were in the air In the end, I managed to relax, enjoy the food and watch one of the movies and the view from the window was spectacular I even managed to sleep for a while! Of course,” continues John, “the best reward of all was when I arrived in Canada and saw my son and his family, particularly my beautiful grandchildren Suddenly, I felt so silly about all the years when I couldn’t even think of getting on a plane I had let my fear of living stop me from seeing the people I love most in the world I can visit my son and family as often as I like now!” 70 Why did John Mills fly in an aeroplane? A He wanted to go on holiday B He wanted to try it C He wanted to see his family D He had to travel on business 71 Why did John read about aeroplane? A He wanted to know how they work B It was his hobby C It made him feel safer D He had found a book on them 72 What happened when he saw the jumbo jet for the first time? VietnamAnswer.com Which is the least active part of a hurricane? A die eye wall B the eye C the storm surge D the winds At which point is the hurricane most dangerous? A when it has an eye B when it moves out to sea C when it knocks down trees D when it moves onto the land What does the Saffir-Simpson Scale measure? A which way a hurricane is moving B how big the waves are C how powerful a hurricane is D the number of hurricanes expected Being able to forecast hurricanes has A reduced damage to property B saved governments money C reduced the number of people killed D helped protect trees and bushes C10 To be successful, a business traveler must be able to maintain contact with the office, no matter what the time or place Negotiations often involve decisions based on the latest figures New telecommunications products and services now on the market make staying in touch easier than ever before The most widespread device is the cellular VietnamAnswer.com telephone, the price of which has dropped from several thousand dollars to a few hundred, including installation There are over two million mobile cellular phones in use today, including both car phones and cordless transportable units Car phones have proven indispensable for road emergencies as well as routine business transactions Phone service is also available on airplanes and on the rails Recently introduced pocketsize organizers help business travelers with heavy schedules keep track of clients These are tiny computers that can store all kinds of information They can serve as phone and address directories, calendars, electronic memo pads, and calculators, among other uses Another invaluable telecommunications tool is smaller, lighter fax machines that plug into any standard electrical outlet and phone line The devices allow instantaneous transmission of hard copy to any location having a compatible fax machine It is expected that faxing will soon become the primary means of sending and receiving short documents requiring prompt action 46 What is the best title for the passage? A New Telecommunications Products and Services B The Business Travelers C Office Communications D Computers and Businessmen 47 According to the passage, why business travelers need to keep in touch with the office? A They may not know where they are B Company guidelines require frequent contact C They must have the latest information for negotiations D So many new products and services are on the market 48 According to the passage, mobile phone service A is very useful in the case of road accidents VietnamAnswer.com B still costs several thousands of dollars C is not yet available on trains and airplanes D does not come in transportable form 49 It can be inferred from the passage that fax machines probably A will eventually replace mail delivery of short documents B are still far from becoming a standard business tool C cannot be used in conjunction with phone service D are now as small and light as they can ever be 50 What does the paragraph following the passage most probably discuss? A Types of hard copy B Compatibility among fax machines C Handling documents in a timely fashion D Another practical telecommunications device C11 During the nineteenth century, women in the United States organized and participated in a large number of reform movements, including movements to reorganize the prison system, improve education, ban the sale of alcohol, grant rights to people who were denied them, and, most importantly, free slaves Some women saw similarities in the social status of women and slaves Women like Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucy Stone were not only feminists who fought for the rights of women but also fervent abolitionists who fought to away with slavery These brave people were social leaders who supported the rights of both women and blacks They were fighting against a belief that voting should be tied to land ownership, and because land was owned by men, and in some cases by their widows, only those who held the greatest stake in government, that is the male landowners, were considered worthy of the vote Women did not VietnamAnswer.com conform to the requirements A number of male abolitionists, including William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips, also supported the rights of women to speak and to participate equally with men in antislavery activities Probably more than any other movement, abolitionism offered women a previously denied entry into politics They became involved primarily in order to better their living conditions and improve the conditions of others However, they gained the respect of those they convinced and also earned the right to be considered equal citizens When the civil war between the North and the South ended in 1865, the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution adopted in 1868 and 1870 granted citizenship and suffrage to blacks but not to women Discouraged but resolved, feminists worked tirelessly to influence more and more women to demand the right to vote In 1869, the Wyoming Territory had yielded to demands by feminists, but the states on the East Coast resisted more stubbornly than before A women’s suffrage bill had been presented to every Congress since 1878, but it continually failed to pass until 1920, when the Nineteenth Amendment granted women the right to vote Question 41: With what topic is the passage primarily concerned? A The Wyoming Territory B The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments C Abolitionists D Women’s suffrage Question 42: The word “ban” in line most nearly means to A encourage B publish C prohibit D limit VietnamAnswer.com Question 43: The word “supported” in line could best be replaced by A disregarded B acknowledged C contested D promote Question 44: According to the passage, why did women become active in politics? A To improve the conditions of life that existed at the time B To support Elizabeth Cady Stanton for president C To be elected to public office D To amend the Declaration of Independence Question 45: The word “primarily” in line is closest in meaning to A above all B somewhat C finally D always Question 46: What had occurred shortly after the Civil War? A The Wyoming Territory was admitted to the Union B A women’s suffrage bill was introduced in Congress C The eastern states resisted the end of the war D Black people were granted the right to vote Question 47: The word “suffrage” in line 12 could best be replaced by which of the following? A pain B citizenship C freedom from bondage VietnamAnswer.com D the right to vote Question 48: What does the Nineteenth Amendment guarantee? A Voting rights for blacks C Voting rights for women B Citizenship for blacks D Citizenship for women Question 49: The word “it” in line 16 refers to A bill B Congress C Nineteenth Amendment D vote Question 50: When were women allowed to vote throughout the United States? A after 1866 B after 1870 C after 1878 D after 1920 C12 The first settlers who came to America were not rich The ships, food, tools and weapons necessary for voyage to America and new life there were financed by companies in England One person’s voyage to the New World cost about ten pounds Settlers also needed help until they harvested crops The total cost was probably more than ten thousand dollars, in today’s dollars, for each settler Settlers had to find out how to repay this debt Almost all the settlers became farmers and raised food and made material for their clothes They also produced raw materials which they could send back to England In the South, in such colonies as Virginia, Maryland and North Carolina, tobacco was VietnamAnswer.com found most profitable In South Carolina and Georgia, rice was the most popular crop Slaves worked in the tobacco and rice fields on large plantations There were also some independent farms which raised them On farms from New York to Pennsylvania, settlers produced large quantities of grain, beer, beef and pork, and they exported them to England and the West Indies They also exported large quantities of furs, which they received in trade from Indians Settlers in New England had a hard time at the beginning Raising crops in the stony soil was difficult, so they had to find other means to make a profit They depended on lumber and other natural resources They had to use the sea to make a living They did ship-building, fishing and trading C13 Thomas Alva Edison lit up the world with his invention of the electric light Without him, the world might still be a dark place However, the electric light was not his only invention He also invented the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and over 1,200 other things About every two weeks he created something new Thomas A Edison was bom in Milan, Ohio, on February 11, 1847 His family moved to Port Huron, Michigan, when he was seven years old Surprisingly, he attended school for only two months His mother, a former teacher, taught him a few things, but Thomas was mostly selfeducated His natural curiosity led him to start experimenting at a young age with electrical and mechanical things at home When he was 12 years old, he got his first job He became a newsboy on a train that ran between Port Huron and Detroit He set up a laboratory in a baggage car of the train so that he could continue his experiments in his spare time Unfortunately, his first work experience did not end well Thomas was fired when he accidentally set fire to the floor of the baggage car Thomas then worked for five years as a telegraph operator, but he continued to spend much of his time on the job conducting experiments He got his first patent in 1868 for a vote recorder run by electricity However, the vote recorder was not a success In 1870, he sold another VietnamAnswer.com invention, a stock-ticker, for $40,000 Thomas Edison was totally deaf in one ear and hard of hearing in the ether, but thought of his deafness as a blessing in many ways It kept conversations short, so that he could have more time for work He left numerous inventions that improved the quality of life all over the world Thomas Edison did things in this order A he became a telegraph operator,a newsboy,and then got his first patent B he became a newsboy, got his first patent, and then became a telegraph operator C he got a patent,became a telegraph operator,and then became a newsboy D he became a newsboy,a telegraph operator,and then got a patent Of all the inventions, A the vote recorder B the stock ticker was probably the most important for civilization C the light bulb D the motion picture camera The main idea of this passage is that _ A Edison was always interested in science and inventions ,and he inventea many important things B Thomas Edison could not keep a job C Thomas Edison worked day and night on his experiments D deaf people make good inventors without the distraction of spoken conversation C14 Have you ever heard someone use the phrase “once in a blue moon?” People use this VietnamAnswer.com expression to describe something that they not very often For example, someone might say that he tries to avoid eating sweets because they are unhealthy, but will eat chocolate “once in a blue moon.” Or someone who does not usually like to go to the beach might say “I visit the shore once in a blue moon.” While many people use this phrase, not everyone knows the meaning behind it The first thing to know is that the moon itself is never actually blue This is just an expression The phrase “blue moon” actually has to with the shape of the moon, not the color As the moon travels around the earth, it appears to change shape We associate certain names with certain shapes of the moon For example, when we can see a small part of the moon, it is called a crescent moon A crescent is a shape that looks like the tip of a fingernail When we cannot see the moon at all, it is called a new moon When we can see the entire moon, it is called a full moon Usually, there is only one full moon every month Sometimes, however, there will be two full moons in one month When this happens, the second full moon is called a “blue moon.” Over the next 20 years, there will only be 15 blue moons As you can see, a blue moon is a very rare event This fact has led people to use the expression “once in a blue moon” to describe other very rare events in their lives Questions 1) Which of the following would be a good example of someone doing something “once in a blue moon”? A Mary likes to go to the mountains every weekend Mary goes to the mountains once in a blue moon B Tom rarely remembers to take out the trash Tom takes out the trash once in a blue moon C Cindy hates to wash the dishes Nevertheless, she does it every day Cindy washes the dishes once in a blue moon VietnamAnswer.com D Ming sometimes forgets to his homework Ming forgets to his homework once in a blue moon 2) When does a blue moon happen in nature? A when there are two full moons in one month B when the moon has a blue color C when we cannot see the moon at all D when we can only see a small part of the moon 3) Using the passage as a guide, it can be understood that which of the following sentences does not contain an expression? A Thomas has lost his mind B An apple a day keeps the doctor away C I'll mow the grass after I finish my homework D It's never a bad time to start something new 4) As described in paragraph 3, what is another example of something that has a crescent shape? A your thumb B a distant star C the letter “C” D the letter "H" 5) In the final paragraph, the author states: “Over the next 20 years, there will only be 15 blue moons.” This means that over the next 20 years, a blue moon will happen A once a year B less than once a year C more than once a year D not enough information is provided VietnamAnswer.com 6) As used in the final paragraph, which is the best antonym for rare? A common B strange C colorful D infrequent 7) In the final paragraph the author writes, "As you can see, a blue moon is a very rare event." The purpose of this statement is to A answer an earlier question B provide an example C support an upcoming conclusion D challenge a previous statement C15 Many people like to eat pizza, but not everyone knows how to make it Making the perfect pizza can be complicated, but there are lots of ways for you to make a more basic version at home When you make pizza, you must begin with the crust The crust can be hard to make If you want to make the crust yourself, you will have to make dough using flour, water, and yeast You will have to knead the dough with your hands If you not have enough time to this, you can use a prepared crust that you buy from the store After you have chosen your crust, you must then add the sauce Making your own sauce from scratch can take a long time You have to buy tomatoes, peel them, and then cook them with spices If this sounds like too much work, you can also purchase jarred sauce from the store Many jarred sauces taste almost as good as the kind you make at home Now that you have your crust and your sauce, you need to add the cheese Cheese comes from milk, which comes from cows Do you have a cow in your backyard? Do you know how to milk the cow? Do you know how to turn that milk into VietnamAnswer.com cheese? If not, you might want to buy cheese from the grocery store instead of making it yourself When you have the crust, sauce, and cheese ready, you can add other toppings Some people like to put meat on their pizza, while other people like to add vegetables Some people even like to add pineapple! The best part of making a pizza at home is that you can customize it by adding your own favorite ingredients Questions 1) The author's main purpose in writing this passage is to A describe the history of pizza B teach a healthier way to make pizza C outline steps to make a basic pizza at home D provide tips about how to make your pizza especially delicious 2) As used in paragraph 1, which word means the opposite of complicated? A difficult B simple C easy D manageable 3) As used in paragraph 3, which is the best synonym for purchase? A forget B buy C ask D cook 4) In paragraph 3, the author writes, "Many jarred sauces taste almost as good as the kind you make at home." The purpose of this statement is to A clarify a later statement B provide an example VietnamAnswer.com C clarify an earlier statement D support the previous paragraph 5) In paragraph 4, the author asks a series of questions in order to A support the idea that most people cannot make homemade cheese B reinforce the idea that most people probably live on farms C prove that store-bought cheese tastes better than homemade cheese D emphasize the superiority of homemade cheese over store bought cheese 6) As used in paragraph 5, which is the best definition for customize? A to make personal B to prepare for more than one C to eat while hot D to desire 7) According to the author, which of the following ingredients you need to have ready before you can add the toppings? I crust II sauce III cheese A I only B I and II only C II and III only D I, II, and III 8) Which of the following words best describes how the author feels about making a pizza from scratch? A helpful B understanding C enthusiastic D negative 9) Which of the following conclusions would work best at the end of this passage A Although the crust, sauce, and toppings are all important ingredients in pizza, it is clear that the cheese is most important Therefore, be sure your cheese is homemade B It can be understood that making your pizza from scratch should be avoided at all costs Use store bought ingredients and save yourself a heap of trouble C As you can see, cooking a pizza can be fun, but it can also be very expensive But, as you can see, the best things are worth paying for D Once you have prepared the crust, sauce, cheese, and toppings, you are ready to bake your pizza I think you will see that making pizza at home can be a good alternative to purchasing it from the store Answers and Explanations 1) C In the first paragraph, the author introduces the main idea The author says, "Making the perfect pizza can be complicated, but there VietnamAnswer.com are lots of ways for you to make a more basic version at home." Here, the author tells us that he or she wants to give us some ways to make a more basic pizza at home The author spends the rest of the passage outlining the steps we need to take to make the pizza This means (C) is correct The passage does not provide information to support choices (A), (B), and (D) Therefore they are incorrect 2) B complicated (adjective): difficult to explain, understand, or analyze In paragraph 1, the author says, “Making the perfect pizza can be complicated, but there are lots of ways for you to make a more basic version at home.” Given that making pizza at home can be complicated or difficult, the author wants to explain a way that is more basic So, the author wants to explain a way to make pizza that is basic, or not complicated Simple is the only choice that means something similar to basic, or not complicated Therefore (B) is correct The passage does not provide information to support choices (A), (C), and (D) Therefore they are incorrect 3) B purchase (verb): to acquire through the payment of money or its equivalent; to buy The question asks us to find the best synonym Synonyms are words that have nearly the same meanings The author tells us that if making homemade tomato sauce sounds like too much work, we can “purchase jarred sauce from the store.” Using context, we can understand that another word for purchase is buy If you are unfamiliar with the word “purchase,” you might still be able to guess that people usually go to a store in order to buy things Choice (B) is correct The passage does not provide information to support choices (A), (C), and (D) Therefore they are incorrect 4) C To answer this question correctly, it helps to use context At the end of paragraph the author writes, "If this sounds like too much work, you can also purchase jarred sauce from the store Many jarred sauces taste almost as good as the kind you make at home." The author tells us that as a substitute for something that takes too much work, we can purchase jarred sauce This may seem like a poor substitute, but the author explains that this is not necessarily the case; many jarred sauces taste almost as good as the kind you make at home Using this information, we can understand that the purpose of the statement in question is to clarify an earlier statement Choice (C) is correct The passage does not provide information to support choices (A), (B), and (D) Therefore they are incorrect 5) A In paragraph 4, the author asks the reader, "Do you have a cow in your backyard? Do you know how to milk the cow? Do you know how to turn that milk into cheese?" The author thinks that he or she knows the answer to these questions The author thinks that you probably not have a cow in your backyard, not know how to milk a cow, and not know how to turn milk in cheese After all, not many people would answer these questions positively Given that the author expects that most people would not answer positively to these questions, then it is fair to assume that most people are unable to make home-made cheese The author’s question is intended to be rhetorical, or perhaps even sarcastic This means choice (A) is correct The passage does not provide information to support choices (B), (C), and (D) Therefore they are incorrect 6) A customize (verb): to build according to personal preferences or tastes In order to answer this question correctly, it helps to use context In paragraph 5, the author says, “The best part of making a pizza at home is that you can customize it by adding your favorite ingredients.” After the author says this, he or she continues to give examples: some people like to add vegetables, meat, or even pineapple Since the author tells us that different people like different things on their pizza, we can understand that the choice of toppings is personal, or special for each person Therefore, you can customize things to make them personal This lets us know that (A) is correct The passage does not provide information to support choices (B), (C), and (D) Therefore they are incorrect 7) D In paragraph 2, the author says, "When you make pizza, you must begin with the crust." This comes before the author instructs you to add the toppings This supports option (I) In paragraph 3, the author says, "After you have chosen your crust, you must then add the sauce." This comes before the author instructs you to add the toppings This supports option (II) In paragraph 4, the author says, " Now that you have your crust and your sauce, you need to add the cheese." This comes before the author instructs you to add the toppings This supports option (III) Therefore (D) is correct 8) D In paragraph the author writes, "If you want to make the crust yourself, you will have to make dough using flour, water, and yeast You will have to knead the dough with your hands " In paragraph the author writes, "Making your own sauce from scratch can take a long time You have to buy tomatoes, peel them, and then cook them with spices." In paragraph the author writes, "Do you have a cow in your backyard? Do you know how to milk the cow? Do you know how to turn that milk into cheese?" In all of these quotations, the author talks about how hard it is to make a pizza from scratch The author uses negative language to highlight this difficulty This lets us know that the author is feels negative about making pizza from scratch Choice (D) is correct Choices (A), (B), and (C) all contain positive words However, the author is negative about making a pizza from scratch Therefore these choices are incorrect 9) D A good conclusion restates the main idea and the basic points (or thesis) of the passage In paragraph the author introduces the idea of making a pizza at home In paragraph the author talks about the crust In paragraph the author talks about the sauce In VietnamAnswer.com paragraph the author talks about the cheese In paragraph the author talks about the toppings Using this information, we can understand that (D) is correct (A) is incorrect because the passage does not provide information to support the idea that cheese is the most important ingredient in pizza Although the author does advise against making your own ingredients, this is not the main idea of the passage Therefore (B) is incorrect The author does not talk about the cost of making pizza in this passage Therefore (C) is incorrect [...]... devices C much larger than they are today VietnamAnswer.com D more convenient than they are today Question 67: The word “charging” in this passage refers to A credit cards (n) : thẻ tín dụng B lightning (n) : chớp, tia chớp C aggression (n) : cuộc xâm lược, cuộc công kích D electricity (n) : điện, điện lực, điện lực học Question 68: The word “foresee” in this passage could best be replaced with ... crust." This comes before the author instructs you to add the toppings This supports option (I) In paragraph 3, the author says, "After you have chosen your crust, you must then add the sauce." This comes before the author instructs you to add the toppings This supports option (II) In paragraph 4, the author says, " Now that you have your crust and your sauce, you need to add the cheese." This comes... good as the kind you make at home." The author tells us that as a substitute for something that takes too much work, we can purchase jarred sauce This may seem like a poor substitute, but the author explains that this is not necessarily the case; many jarred sauces taste almost as good as the kind you make at home Using this information, we can understand that the purpose of the statement in question... ingredients.” After the author says this, he or she continues to give examples: some people like to add vegetables, meat, or even pineapple Since the author tells us that different people like different things on their pizza, we can understand that the choice of toppings is personal, or special for each person Therefore, you can customize things to make them personal This lets us know that (A) is correct... idea of this passage is that _ A Edison was always interested in science and inventions ,and he inventea many important things B Thomas Edison could not keep a job C Thomas Edison worked day and night on his experiments D deaf people make good inventors without the distraction of spoken conversation C14 Have you ever heard someone use the phrase “once in a blue moon?” People use this VietnamAnswer.com... neighborhood of the future Question 64: The word “compact” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to _ A squared (adj) : được tạo thành hình vuông B long-range (adj) : có tầm xa C concentrated (adj) : tập trung, cô đặc, rắn chắc D inexpensive (adj) : rẻ, không đắt Question 65: In the second paragraph, the author implies that _ A a single electric vehicle will eventually replace several modes of... to describe something that they do not do very often For example, someone might say that he tries to avoid eating sweets because they are unhealthy, but will eat chocolate “once in a blue moon.” Or someone who does not usually like to go to the beach might say “I visit the shore once in a blue moon.” While many people use this phrase, not everyone knows the meaning behind it The first thing to know is... in one month When this happens, the second full moon is called a “blue moon.” Over the next 20 years, there will only be 15 blue moons As you can see, a blue moon is a very rare event This fact has led people to use the expression “once in a blue moon” to describe other very rare events in their lives Questions 1) Which of the following would be a good example of someone doing something “once in a blue... after I finish my homework D It's never a bad time to start something new 4) As described in paragraph 3, what is another example of something that has a crescent shape? A your thumb B a distant star C the letter “C” D the letter "H" 5) In the final paragraph, the author states: “Over the next 20 years, there will only be 15 blue moons.” This means that over the next 20 years, a blue moon will happen... best things are worth paying for D Once you have prepared the crust, sauce, cheese, and toppings, you are ready to bake your pizza I think you will see that making pizza at home can be a good alternative to purchasing it from the store Answers and Explanations 1) C In the first paragraph, the author introduces the main idea The author says, "Making the perfect pizza can be complicated, but there VietnamAnswer.com
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