NEW tuyển chọn bài tập chuyên đề ngữ pháp ôn thi thpt quốc gia môn tiếng anh có đáp án và giải thích chi tiết từng câu 133 trang

133 1,031 4
  • Loading ...
1/133 trang
Tải xuống

Thông tin tài liệu

Ngày đăng: 25/05/2016, 01:02

Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Question 1: We stopped at a motel _ we wouldn‟t arrive in Chicago in the middle of the night A so that B because C for fear that D in case Answer: A so that *So that, in order that: Eg: Advice is given in order that / so that students can choose the best courses Thể phủ định so that biễu diễn thông qua: for fear (that), tiếng Anh người Anh dùng in case thể phủ định; lest liên từ trang trọng đề cập đến mục đích Eg: They left early for fear that they would meet him =They…so/in order that they wouldn‟t meet him Question 2: The more exercise you do, _ A so fitter you become B you become fitter C the fitter you become D fitter you become Answer: C the fitter you become *So sánh kép: càng…càng 𝒔𝒉𝒐𝒓𝒕 𝒂𝒅𝒋/ 𝒂𝒅𝒗 + 𝒆𝒓 𝒂𝒏𝒅 𝒔𝒉𝒐𝒓𝒕 𝒂𝒅𝒋/𝒂𝒅𝒗 + 𝒆𝒓 𝒎𝒐𝒓𝒆 𝒂𝒏𝒅 𝒎𝒐𝒓𝒆 + 𝒍𝒐𝒏𝒈 𝒂𝒅𝒋/𝒂𝒅𝒗 S+V+ 𝒊𝒓𝒓𝒆𝒈𝒖𝒍𝒂𝒓 𝒂𝒅𝒋/𝒂𝒅𝒗 + 𝒂𝒏𝒅 + 𝒊𝒓𝒓𝒆𝒈𝒖𝒍𝒂𝒓 𝒂𝒅𝒋/𝒂𝒅𝒗 The+ 𝒔𝒉𝒐𝒓𝒕 𝒂𝒅𝒋/ 𝒂𝒅𝒗 + 𝒆𝒓 + 𝑺 + 𝑽, 𝒕𝒉𝒆 + 𝒔𝒉𝒐𝒓𝒕 𝒂𝒅𝒋/ 𝒂𝒅𝒗 + 𝒆𝒓 + 𝑺 + 𝑽 𝒎𝒐𝒓𝒆 + 𝒍𝒐𝒏𝒈 𝒂𝒅𝒋/𝒂𝒅𝒗 + 𝑺 + 𝑽, 𝒕𝒉𝒆 + 𝒎𝒐𝒓𝒆 + 𝒍𝒐𝒏𝒈 𝒂𝒅𝒋/𝒂𝒅𝒗 + 𝑺 + 𝑽 𝒊𝒓𝒓𝒆𝒈𝒖𝒍𝒂𝒓 𝒂𝒅𝒋/𝒂𝒅𝒗, 𝒕𝒉𝒆 + 𝒊𝒓𝒓𝒆𝒈𝒖𝒍𝒂𝒓 𝒂𝒅𝒋/𝒂𝒅𝒗 Eg: The plant grew taller and taller The roads are getting more and more crowded Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page Nguyễn Văn Sĩ The further you travel, the more you pay The older you get, the more difficult it becomes to find a job Question 3: factories continue to comply with the law, improved air quality will not diminish A As soon as B As far as C As long as D As little as Answer: C As long as *As/so long as= Provided/ providing (that): miễn Eg: You can renew a book in writing as long as/so long as you give its number I don't mind you using my bike provided (that) you take care of it We are willing to accept your offer providing (that) payment is made within Question 4: So _ become, that all mountain roads were closed A dangerous did weather conditions B dangerous conditions did weather C dangerous weather conditions did D dangerous weather did conditions Answer: A dangerous did weather conditions *Đảo ngữ với so…that: quá… mà So+ adjective/ adverbs+ aux+ S+ V (bare-inf) + that+ clause So+ adjective+ be+ (noun) + that+ clause Eg: So dangerous did weather conditions become, that all mountain roads were closed So intelligent is that she can answer all the questions in the interview Question 5: The lawyer insisted that his client never have been arrested in the first place A should B must C ought to D would Answer: A should *Bàng thái cách: (should+ V-bare/ V- bare) Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Formal subjunctives: ((should)+V-bare infinitive) dùng sau động từ: accept, admit, advise, agree, announce, assure, beg, claim, command, comment, complain, conclude, confess, confirm, demand, deny, explain, inform, insist, mention, object, order, persuade, promise, recommend, remark, reply, request, respond, rumor, state, suggest, threaten, urge, warm, propose, ask, move (trong họp mang ý nghĩa đề nghị), require,… Eg: He suggested that you (should) go to the shrine to pray for something Question 6: Let's hope the volcanic eruption _ before we arrive on the island A will have been finished B will finish C is going to finish D will have finished Answer: D will have finished * Thì tương lai hoàn thành (Future Perfect Tense) a) Form: S+ will/ shall+ have+ P.P+ O/A b) Cách dùng: *Diễn tả hoạt động xảy trước thời điểm hành động tương lai Eg: I will have finished my homework by the time I go out on a date tonight + Sau by the time / before ta dùng đơn hoàn thành mệnh đề thời gian + Với tương lai hoàn thành already có hai vị trí đứng sau đúng: Eg: I will have already finished/will already finished my homework Question7: We _ the film, but then we forgot about it A are going to watch B went to watch C were going to watch D would watch Answer: C were going to watch *Was/were going to: Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Chúng ta dùng was/were going to diễn tả kế hoạch hay dự định trù tính trước khứ sau không thực lí Eg: Mr Dudley was going to retire, but then he found another job The bus pulled away just as I was going to get on it I was going to means that I intended to  Dùng would hình thức khứ will Eg: They set off at daybreak They would reach the camp before night fall Question 8: There were _ accidents during the holiday weekend that the government is bringing in tough new driving laws A so much B many C such D so many Answer: D so many *So …that: mà So+many/a lots of…+noun (đếm được)+that + clause So+ much/a little…+noun (không đếm được)+that+ clause Eg: There was so much steam (that) we couldn't see a thing Question 9: Since I here, I my neighbors A lived- have seen B lived- didn‟t see C have lived-don‟t see D lived-haven‟t seen Answer: D lived-haven‟t seen *Since hoàn thành: 𝐕 𝐩𝐚𝐬𝐭 𝐬𝐢𝐦𝐩𝐥𝐞 𝐭𝐡ô𝐧𝐠 𝐝ụ𝐧𝐠 𝐕 𝐩𝐫𝐞𝐬𝐞𝐧𝐭 𝐩𝐞𝐫𝐟𝐞𝐜𝐭 í𝐭 𝐬ử 𝐝ụ𝐧𝐠 Eg: I haven‟t seen Mary since we graduated/ have graduated S+ V(present perfect)+ since+ S+ Question 10: The man if the ambulance _ so quickly A would have died/ hadn't arrived C would have died/didn‟t arrive B could have died/ had arrived D would die/ hadn‟t arrived Answer: A would have died/ hadn't arrived Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page Nguyễn Văn Sĩ * Type conditionals: xảy khứ IF + S+HAD+ P.P+…, S+ WOULD/COULD+V(BARE) Eg: If you had taken a taxi, you would have got here in time If I'd phoned to renew the books, I wouldn't have had to pay a fine The man would have died if the ambulance hadn't arrived so quickly Question 11: They‟re early risers, so they‟re unlikely _ at this hour A that they are sleeping B having slept C to sleep D to be sleeping Answer: D to be sleeping *CẤU TRÚC: unlikely… S+ BE+ UNLIKELY+ TO-V (PERSONAL) IT+ BE+ UNLIKELY+ THAT+ S+ V(IMPERSONAL) Question 12: a fire, hotel guests are asked to remain calm A As a result of B In the event of C By reason of D In the time of Answer: B In the event of *In case/ In the event that: trường hợp, (việc gì) xảy ra: dùng để diễn tả việc không xảy ra, có khả xảy Eg: I‟ll be at my uncle‟s house in case/ in the event that you need to reach me  In the even that trang trọng in case, ta dùng should mệnh đề trạng ngữ nhằm nhấn mạnh không chắn người nói điều xảy Eg: I‟ll give you my phone number in case/ in the event that you (should) need to get in touch with me  In case of/ In the event of+ noun/ noun phrase/ V-ing: thường dùng trường hợp khẩn cấp cấp cứu, hỏa hoạn,… Eg: In case of/ In the event of emergency, dial this number immediately Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Question 13: We could go and visit Sue, _that we have to drive past her house anyway A seeing B viewing C because D judging Answer: A seeing * Because, seeing that +clause: Eg: We must be near the beach, because I can hear the waves We could go and visit Sue, seeing that we have to drive past her house anyway  Thường đặt “because” đứng đầu câu để mở đầu cho mệnh đề lí Eg: Because everything looked different, I had no idea where to go  Seeing that dùng tiếng Anh không trang trọng, văn nói nhiều người sử dụng seeing as Eg: He just had to apologize, seeing that/as he knew he'd made a mistake Question 14: “What would you in my place?”- “Were _ treated like that, I‟d complain to the manager.” A Were B I to have been C I have been D I to be Answer: D I to be * Đảo ngữ câu điều kiện loại 2: + + + + }+ S+ could/ would +V (bare) Eg: It would be embarrassing, were she to find out the truth Were I in your position, I wouldn‟t that Question 15:“ you were ill, we would haven‟t come.”-“Don‟t be silly! I always enjoy your company” A Were we to know B Should we have known C Had we known D Had we to know Answer: C Had we known * Đảo ngữ câu điều kiện loại 3: Had+ S+ (not)+ P.P, S+ could/ would+ have+ P.P Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Eg: Had they not rushed Dan to hospital, he would have died Question 16: we not succeed, the consequences would be disastrous A If B Even if C As if D Should Answer: D Should Đảo ngữ câu điều kiện loại 1: + + / , Should+ S+ (not) + V (bare-inf), + Eg: Should he appear, please tell him to wait for me Should anyone ring, could you take a message? Question 17:“It‟s time you in bed It‟s almost midnight, isn‟t it?”-“You‟re right.” A Are B have been C were D had been Answer: C were * It‟s (high/ about) time: đến lúc It‟s (high/ about) time+ 𝒇𝒐𝒓 𝒔𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒃𝒐𝒅𝒚 𝒕𝒐 𝒅𝒐 𝒔𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒕𝒉𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝒔𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒃𝒐𝒅𝒚 𝒅𝒊𝒅 𝒔𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒕𝒉𝒊𝒏𝒈 Eg: It‟s time we left It‟s high time something was done about this! It‟s about time for us to go to bed Question 18: If only I the bill, we wouldn‟t have been cut off A had paid B have paid C had been paid D paid Answer: A had paid * If only: giá như= wish: ước cách dùng wish a Present/ Future: chia động từ khứ sau If only Eg: If only I had a motorbike If only you weren‟t leaving Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page Nguyễn Văn Sĩ If only I was going to on holiday with you next week If only he would change his mind and marry Jane b Past time: chia động từ khứ hoàn thành sau If only Eg: If only he hadn‟t bought this second-hand car Question 19: “Susan looks ready to cry”-“It looks as if Peter her birthday again.” A has forgotten B has been forgetting C had forgotten D had been forgetting Answer: A has forgotten * As if/ as though: thể, dường như: động từ theo sau tùy thuộc vào tình có thật hay thật mà chia cho phù hợp:  Có thật: You look as if you‟re having second thoughts.(true: you are having second thoughts)  Không có thật: Eg: He acts as if he were in charge.(unreal: He isn‟t in charge) I feel as though an express train had hit me (It didn‟t hit me) 19.1 “Why you are glaring at me?”-“You treat me as though I _ your slave.” A have been B was being C were D had been Answer: C were Question 20: “You are looking tired.”-“I‟m exhausted I wish my neighbors _ loud music when I‟m trying to sleep.” A haven‟t played B won‟t play C wouldn‟t play D hadn‟t played Answer: C wouldn‟t play * Wish: ước a Present/ Future: chia động từ khứ sau wish (không xảy or tương lai) Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Eg: I wish I had a motorbike I wish you weren‟t leaving I wish I was going to on holiday with you next week I wish he would change his mind and marry Jane b Past time: chia động từ khứ hoàn thành sau wish Eg: He wishes he hadn‟t bought this second-hand car c Hope: ước muốn việc có khả xảy tương lai, chia tương lai sau hope Eg: I hope it doesn‟t rain tomorrow I hope you („ll) have a lovely time in Portugal on your holiday next week Question 21: “Do you mind if I _ Mary about your trip?” –“Well, I‟d rather you _ anyone else about it.” A tell/ didn‟t tell B told/wouldn‟t tell C not tell/ not to tell D didn‟t tell/ haven‟t told Answer: A tell/ didn‟t tell *Do you mind if I …?/ would(„d) rather I…: có làm phiền …không?/thích Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 10 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ +hang out: dành thời gian địa điểm Question 3: Please don‟t _ yourself out A sandwich will A let B put C leave D take Answer: B put +put onself out: dùng hết (sức,…) Question 4: Fire crews have been operating at full _ A effort B power C strength D energy Answer: C strength +at full strength: hết công suất, đủ số người đến Question 5: I am writing with _ to our telephone conversation yesterday A accordance B reference C similarity D speaking Answer: B reference +in/ with reference to: viết hay đề cập +in accordance with sth: theo Question 6: He kept his marriage for many years, but eventually the truth _ A came out B went out C came through D fell out Answer: A came out +come out: lộ +go out: ngoài, chơi +come through: qua khỏi +fall out: bị té/văng/ngã/rớt, sụp đổ Question 7: Getting a good school _ is what you need to A report B mark C raise D comment Answer: A report Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 119 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ +school report: phiếu điểm học tập, bảng điểm Question 8: It was so foggy that the driver couldn‟t the traffic signs A make out B break out C keep out D take out Answer: A make out +make out: hiểu, phân biệt, nhìn thấy rõ +break out: bùng nổ +keep out: không cho vào +take out: lấy ra, rút Question 9: It was with a heart that she said goodbye to all her classmates A solemn B heavy C dismal D grim Answer: B heavy +a heavy heart: trái tim trĩu nặng đau buồn +solemn (adj): trọng thể, thức, uy nghiêm, quy cách, gây ấn tượng +dismal (adj): buồn thảm, tối tăm, ảm đạm, u sầu +grim (adj): chán nản, thất vọng, buồn rầu, gớm giếc, tàn nhẫn, ác độc Question 10: Some political parties have such similar manifestos that they are difficult to A tell apart B take apart C say apart D differ Answer: A tell apart + tell apart: phân biệt hai hay nhiều người/ vật Question 11: The poor girl was of social etiquette A insecure B senseless C ignorant D indifferent Question 12: At the age of eighteen, my brother was in the armed torces A accepted B consigned C enlisted D recruited Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 120 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Answer: C enlisted + consigned (v): gửi (tiền, hàng hoá); gửi (hàng hoá) để bán; uỷ thác, giao phó + enlisted (v): gia nhập quân đội, nhập ngũ + recruited (v): tuyển, chiêu mộ (lính mới); tìm thêm, bổ sung chỗ trống, phục hồi Question 13: The vain boy tried to catch a _ of himself in the mirror of the overhead projector A refraction B reflection C figure D portrait Answer: B reflection +refraction (n): (vật lý) khúc xạ, độ khúc xạ; bị khúc xạ +reflection (n): phản chiếu, phản xạ, dội lại +portrait (n): chân dung, ảnh (người, vật); hình tượng, điển hình Question 14: The man refused to give his son a single cent to start his own business A miserly B meager C sparse D shortage Answer: A miserly +miserly (adj) = mean: hà tiện, keo kiệt, bủn xỉn +meager: gầy còm, khẳng khiu, nghèo nàn,sơ sài, thiếu xót +sparse: Thưa thớt, rải rác, lơ thơ; rải mỏng Question 15: The doctors had _ their best, but hadn‟t been able to save the patient A done B made C operated D attempted Answer: A done +do one‟s best (col): làm hết khả Question 16: The open-air party had to be because of a heavy rainfall A postponed B detained C refused D extinguished Answer: A postponed Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 121 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ + postponed: hoàn lại = put off + detained: ngăn cản, cầm giữ (tiền lương, tiền nợ, đồ vật ), giam giữ, cầm tù Question 17: You may feel sure the casting will be done perfectly, just your trust in me and you will see I‟m right A put B forward C grant D allow Answer: A put +put your trust in me (col): bạn tin tưởng Question 18: If we leave now, we‟ll get to the airport with plenty of A spared time B spare time C time to spare D time that spares Answer: B spare time +time to spare= extra time vs spare time= free time Question 19: The worst thing about traveling for so many weeks is not having A home – cooking meals B cooking meals at home C meals cooking at home D home – cooked meals Answer: D home – cooked meals +compound adjective + noun Question 20: The police promised him from prosecution if he cooperated with them fully A safety B protection C immunity D absolution Answer: C immunity + immunity from sth (n): miễn - immunity from prosecution: miễn truy tố Question 21: The woods are _ of a huge forest which once covered the whole area A survivors B remnants C leftovers D relies Answer: B remnants Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 122 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ +remnants: di tích, tàn dư, , đồ thừa lại, dấu vết lại Question 22: This court deals only with _ crime A petty B trivial C small D insignificant Answer: A petty +petty= minor Question 23: In this quiz you have the chance to your wits against the most intelligent people in England A set B pit C try D sharpen Answer: B pit +pit your wits against sb= compete with sb: đấu trí với Question 24: “Do you think she‟ll get the good job?” – “I have my doubts She‟s inexperienced, very shy.” A in addition B as well C let it alone D not to mention Answer: D not to mention +not to mention (idm): chưa tính, chưa kể tới Question 25: More than thirty people _ evidence to the court during the four weeks trial A gave B explained C produced D spoke Answer: A give +give evidence (col): đưa chứng Question 26: The lawyer claimed that the tests had been carried out by experienced scientists but this is not necessarily _ A so B the way C thus D the method Answer: A so Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 123 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ +so: vậy, Question 27: He pictured the scene in his mind‟s _ A thinking B sight C memory D eye Answer: D eye +in your mind‟s eye (idm): trí tưởng tượng Question 28: A sharp frost _ the beginning of winter A advertised B predicted C showed D heralded Answer: D herald +herald: báo hiệu Question 29: They are fighting to eradicate the of starvation caused by the civil war A tradition B legacy C leaving D remains Answer: B legacy +legacy: dư chứng, hệ Question 30: The teenager took his father‟s credit card and _ 7000 dollars worth of purchases A made up B ran up C took up D put up Answer: B ran up +run up (phrv): (hóa đơn, nợ nần…) tích lũy Question 31: “I hear she‟s dropped out of med school.” – “I guess she wasn‟t cut out _ a doctor.” A As B for C being D to be Answer: D to be +be cut out for sth/ be cut out to be sth (phrv): có phẩm chất, có khả cần cho việc gì, hợp với Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 124 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Question 32: We couldn‟t have afforded to buy the house if our parents hadn‟t helped us to _ the cost A devise B meet C manage D achieve Answer: B meet +meet the cost (col): toán chi phí Question 33: John‟s observation was a bit wide of the A target B mark C point D goal Answer: B mark +wide of the mark (idm): không xác Question 34: The helicopter _ over the ship and lowered a doctor onto the desk A sank B stationed C hovered D stayed Answer: C hovered + hovered: bay lượn Question 35: The older inhabitants looked on the festival as an opportunity to bridge the between the newcomers and themselves A hole B gap C blank D crevice Answer: B gap +bridge the gap (between A and B) (idm): giảm khoảng cách Question 36: Emily managed to talk to the politican by herself off as a journalist A taking B putting C calling D passing Answer: D passing + pass sb/ yourself/ sth off as sb/ sth (phrv): mạo nhận ai/ Question 37: “Who took part in the celebration?” – “Mr Simmons an Frank Cox, to _ but a few Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 125 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ A name B say C call D state Answer: A name +to name but a few (col): kể số Question 38: I hope you won‟t take if I say that your project needs more improvement to be accepted A hatred B nerve C offence D anger Answer: C offence +take offence (idm): cảm thấy khó chịu, bực bội, mếch lòng) Question 39: He claims to be a professional stuntman, but his skills will have to be to the test anyway A brought B taken C laid D put Answer: D put +put sb/ sth to the test (idm): kiểm tra, thử thách ai/ Question 40: Your son has the of a fine musician A beginnings B makings C looks D talents Answer: B makings +have the makings of sth (idm): có phẩm chất cần thiết đẻ trở thành Question 41: He found that the test was child‟s _ A play B games C matches D delight Answer: A play +be child‟s play (idm): trò trẻ con, việc dễ làm Question 42: Her ability, _ with a determination to succeed, should make her very successful A added B coupled C joined D related Answer: B coupled Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 126 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ +couple sb/ sth with sb/ sth (phrv): kết hợp, cộng với Question 43: The troops were positioned in for action A anticipations B alert C standby D readiness Answer: D readiness +readiness for sth (n): sẵn sang cho Question 44: Several people opted for a taxi on the _ that no more buses would arrive that evening A belief B assumption C supposition D comprising Answer: B assumption +on the assumption that (col): theo giả định Question 45: It‟s unlikely he will ever find out how to operate the conveyor belt, but let him at least have a(n) at it A move B trial C go D effort Answer: C go +have a go (at sth/ at doing sth)(idm): nỗ lực làm Question 46: Holiday-makers often suffer from minor _ such as sunburn and stomach upsets A aches B disturbances C ailments D diseases Answer: C.ailments +minor ailments (col): ốm nhẹ Question 47: Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 127 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 128 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks Knowing what to expect from your destination will make all aspects of planning an adventure trip easier, as well as helping you to (1) _ the most out of the experience Research will not only help you pick the best places to go but you'll also learn what you need to pack, what health and safety (2) _ to take, and what cultural (and sometimes political) issues you should be (3) _ of Climate, and seasonal pricing are important (4) _ in your decision about when to go (5) _for adventure travel, bad weather or whether you're not (6) for can ruin the trip While you can't predict the (7) _weather in advance, you can learn about climate (8) _ ahead of time when doing your destination research Seasonal popularity and pricing should also be considered if you intend to (9) _ peakseason crowds and prices While some research is absolutely (10) _, don't plan out every moment of your trip in advance Over-planning tends to make us less (11) to take part in the unpredictable and spontaneous (12) that are part of any sort of adventure travel It‟s really important to keep a big reserve of excitement and energy ready for the unexpected A take B get C find D set +get something out of sth/sb (phr): có được, nhận được, giành từ gì/ai A insurance B precautions C information D warnings Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 129 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ +precautions (against sth) (n): đề phòng, biện pháp đề phòng +warnings: cảnh báo A aware B familiar C knowledgeable D informed +to be aware of (adj): biết, có ý thức, nhận thấy A points B reasons C factors D details B Exceptionally C Necessarily D Definitely C expected D planned C true D exact C assessment D trends +factor (n): nhân tố A Especially +especially= particularly (đặc biệt là, là) A anticipated B prepared +prepared (for sth) (adj): chuẩn bị cho việc A malicious B sincere +exact (adj): correct in every detail(chính xác) A probabilities B estimations +trend (n): xu hướng, chiều hướng, khuynh hướng + estimation (n): ước tính A keep out B keep away from C keep off D keep up +keep away from (phr): to avoid going near sb/sth: tránh xa +keep off (phr): giẫm lên, không bước, từ bỏ/ xa lánh (thói quen xấu, ) +keep out (phr): không cho vào, không can dự vào 10 A needed B essential C ideal D useful C appreciate D willing +essential (adj) =vital (quan trọng, thiết yếu) 11 A curious B interested +willing (adj): sẵn sằng, vui lòng, muốn + curious (adj): tò mò Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 130 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ 12 A events B performances C circumstances D chances +event (n): kiện + circumstances (n): trường hợp, hoàn cảnh At 19, Ben Way is already a millionaire, and one of a growing member of teenagers who (1) _ their fortune through the Internet (2) makes Ben`s story all the most remarkable is that he is dyslexic, and was (3) _ by teachers at his junior school that he would never be able to read or write properly “I wanted to prove them (4) ”, says Ben, creator and director of Waysearch, a net search engine which can be used to goods in online shopping malls When he was eight, his local authorities (5) him with a PC to help his schoolwork Although he was (6) to read the manuals, he had a natural ability with the computer, and encouraged by his father, he soon began (7) _ people $10 an hour for his knowledge and skills At the age of 15 he (8) _ up his computer consultancy, Quard Computer, which he from his bedroom, two years later he left school to (9) all his time to business “By the time the company had grown and I needed to take on a couple of (10) to help me”, say Ben “That enabled to start (11) _ business with bigger companies” It was his ability to consistently (12) _ difficult challenges that led him to win the Young Entrepreneur of the Year award in the same year that he formed Waysearch, and he has recently signed a deal worth $25 million with a private investment company, which will finance his search engine A taken B made C put D done B That C Something D What B told C suggested D reported +Make one‟s fortune: phát đạt, phát tài A This +What as subject A said Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 131 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ +Tell sb (that)…; passive voice A wrong B false C untrue D unfair +prove sb+ adj: prove them wrong= prove that they were wrong A provided B gave C offered D got C disabled D unable +Provide sb with sth(v): cấp cho, cung cấp A impossible B incapable +Unable to sth (adj): làm việc A owning B charging C lending D borrowing +Charge sb sth (for sth: tính giá, yêu cầu trả tiền A put B run C made D set C devote D invest +Set up(phr v): thành lập A pay B spend +Devote sth to sth (phr v): cống hiến, dành hết cho 10 A couple B few C little D deal B doing C making D bringing +A couple of= a few 11 A having +Do business with (common phrase): làm ăn với 12 A overcome B overlook C overtake D overdo +Overcome (v): vượt qua, khắc phục Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 132 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 133 [...]... savings, I wouldn‟t be going on holiday Dùng câu điều kiện hỗn hợp khi có sự khác biệt giữa thời gian ở mệnh đề if và mệnh đề kết quả  “past time” và “present time” *The present result of a hypothetical past situation or action (hay thi) Eg:⏟ ,⏟ (= I didn‟t take his advice so now I don‟t own a small fortune) Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc và nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 17 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ *Past... giữa câu chúng được ngăn cách bởi các đấu câu: dấu chấm phẩy (;) và dấu phẩy (,) Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc và nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 18 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Eg: The Great Fire destroyed much of London However/Nevertheless, only six people lost their lives Các từ này mang sắc thái trang trọng hơn so với though/although, chúng có thể đứng đầu câu hoặc cuối câu, đôi khi lại đứng giữa câu. .. The campaign should go on until every bike marked with the new reflective paint Just think how many lives it may save A will have been B was C has been D will be Answer: C has been Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc và nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 12 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ * Không chia thì tương lai đơn trong mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ thời gian S+ V(present tense/ future tense)+ Conjunction+ S+ V(present... (not unless Christie wins.) Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc và nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 20 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ  Trong hầu hết các câu hỏi Eg: If you don't pass the test, what will you do?(not Unless you pass ) Ta có thể not unless với nghĩa là only if: Eg: A: Are you going to join us? Not unless you apologize first (Phần kiến thức nâng cao không thi, khi thi gần như đề cho unless=if…not) Question... will fit her Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc và nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 26 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ * Giới từ trong mệnh đề quan hệ: - Trong trường hợp động từ của mệnh đề quan hệ có giới từ, ta đem giới từ đặt ra trước mệnh đề quan hệ (trước whom, which) Eg: The man to whom Mary is talking is Mr Pike The shop from which I got my stereo has lots of bargains - Ta cũng có thể bỏ whom, which và đặt giới... when you heard the news  Should/ Ought to+ have+ P.P: diễn tả một sự việc đáng lẽ xảy ra ở quá khứ nhưng vì một lí do gì đó mà không xảy ra Eg: If the flight was on time, he should / ought to have arrived in Jakarta early this morning  Would + have+ P.P: hình thức tương lại trong quá khứ thường được sử dụng trong các câu giả định Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc và nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page... didn‟t have go: không cần thi t *Didn‟t have to: diễn tả về điều gì đó không nhất thi t phải thực hiện trong quá khứ Eg: Chris and June phoned to say that they couldn't come to eat, so I didn't need/have to cook dinner (= I didn't cook the dinner) Question 59: Sometimes when I look into the sky, I feel like _ a trip somewhere Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc và nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page... in my diary so as not to forget  Không dùng phủ định khi chỉ có một mình to- infinitive Eg: I carried the knife carefully in order/so as not to cut myself, (not carefully not to cut )  Dùng to-infinitive để đề cập đến một nhu cầu hay hành động cụ thể Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc và nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 21 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Eg: I need a saw to cut this wood I got the scale out to weigh... didn‟t they? - Đại từ this / that được thay bằng “it”; these / those được thay bằng “they” Eg: That is his car, isn‟t it? These are your new shoes, aren‟t they? Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc và nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 32 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ - “There” trong cấu trúc “there + be” được dùng lại ở phần đuôi Eg: There aren‟t any students in the classroom, are there? - Câu nói có trợ động từ (will... when I felt a pain in my back Question 49: is this tradition observed as keenly as it is in this town A Only if B Only when C Whenever D Nowhere Answer: D Nowhere * Đảo ngữ với Nowhere Nowhere+ aux +S+ V (bare infinitive) Eg: Nowhere in Vietnam is the scenery as beautiful as that in my country Bài tập Tiếng Anh chọn lọc và nâng cao – giải thích chi tiết cụ thể Page 24 Nguyễn Văn Sĩ Question 50: If
- Xem thêm -

Xem thêm: NEW tuyển chọn bài tập chuyên đề ngữ pháp ôn thi thpt quốc gia môn tiếng anh có đáp án và giải thích chi tiết từng câu 133 trang, NEW tuyển chọn bài tập chuyên đề ngữ pháp ôn thi thpt quốc gia môn tiếng anh có đáp án và giải thích chi tiết từng câu 133 trang, NEW tuyển chọn bài tập chuyên đề ngữ pháp ôn thi thpt quốc gia môn tiếng anh có đáp án và giải thích chi tiết từng câu 133 trang

Từ khóa liên quan

Gợi ý tài liệu liên quan cho bạn