tóm tắt luận án tiếng anh xây dựng và sử dụng giáo trình điện tử “bản đồ học” trong các trường đại học sư phạm miền núi phía bắc

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1 INTRODUCTION 1. Reasons for selecting the topic "Construction and use of Cartography electronic textbook in education colleges in the North-Mountainous Region" is the research topic with the aim to constantly improve the quality of training in Cartography; to make contribution to the development of online training mode in education colleges in the North-Mountainous Region; to create equal learning opportunities for students in mountainous areas. 2. Objectives and research tasks 2.1. Objectives - To build Cartography electronic textbooks to serve university teacher training in the North-Mountainous Region, according to the standpoint of innovation in college teaching. - To organize the use of electronic textbooks for geography students in education colleges in the North-Mountainous Region in their study of Cartography unit. - To make contribution to innovation, quality improvement and effectiveness of the training process for geography teachers in education colleges in the North-Mountainous Region. 2.2. Tasks - Determining standpoint, theoretical point with the aim to explain the building process and organizing the use of Cartography electronic textbook; defining capability of building and organizing the use of Cartography electronic textbook in education colleges. - Building Cartography electronic textbook as well as the website for online training (URL: http://www.daotaotructuyen.org); organizing some teaching forms to actively use the electronic textbook of Cartography - Pedagogical experiment and investigation of electronic textbook quality. 3. Subject and scope of the research - The subject of the research: Electronic texbook for online training for Geography college students in education colleges in the North- Mountainous Region. 2 - The scope of the research: Building Cartography electronic textbook for training secondary school teachers of Geography in several education colleges and some training units in the North- Mountainous Region. 4. Overview of historical research 4.1. A brief history of research and development of Cartography - A brief history of research and development of Cartography in the world; - A brief history of research and development of Cartography in Vietnam. 4.2. Summary of research and development of online training - Summary of research and development of online training in the world; - Summary of research and development of online training in Vietnam. 4.3. The formulation and use of Cartography electronic texbook in the online training at the Pedagogical Colleges in Vietnam - Can Tho University: Supporting system for teaching and learning " Cartography", Website: http://lms.ctu.edu.vn; - Hanoi University of Education: Overview of Cartography textbook, Website: http://www.hnue.edu.vn; Those websites published the contents of Map Science only, not yet the online training activities. - Education colleges in the northern mountainous provinces: not yet the online training deployment of Cartography study unit. 5. Research viewpoints and research methods 5.1. Research viewpoint - Viewpoint of teaching technology - Viewpoint of history - Viewpoint of system - Viewpoint territory - Viewpoint of territory - Viewpoint of active teaching 5.2. Research methods - Meta-analysis - Analysis of system - Method of mapping - Collecting, systematizing, and analyzing document 3 - Method of investigation, observation and pedagogical experiment. - Method of using modern teaching technology. - Method of summarizing experiences - Method of statistical maths 6. New contributions of the thesis - Defining the connection between Map Science – Online Training – Learner as beneficiary, compare the two training modalities: traditional and online with the aim to build the optimal mode for teaching Cartography. - Building the electronic textbook of Cartography with new structured program that meet training requirements of the credit-based system, additional content of modern knowledge, rich document systems, visual electronic lecture system, teaching-learning activities and learning management system online. - Organizing the use of Cartography electronic textbook for geography students in education colleges in the Nothern Mountainous Region; applying some active teaching methods from exploiting Cartography electronic textbook. - Deploying of teaching experiment, quality investigation of electronic textbook. 7. The structure of the thesis Apart from the Introduction, Conclusions, List of published works, References, Appendixes; the content includes 3 chapters: Chapter 1: Basis of theory and practice of the research topic Chapter 2: Building and use of Cartography electronic textbook Chapter 3: Pedagogical experiment 4 Chapter 1 BASIS OF THEORY AND PRACTICE OF THE RESEARCH TOPIC 1.1. Cartography in bachelor program of geography for educators according to credit-based system 1.1.1. Overview of Cartography - Definition of Cartography: "Art, Science and Technology for setting up a map, along with the results of research in this field as the science documents and art works. In that context, all types of maps, diagrams, charts and other indication forms, three- dimensional model and the sphere that represents the Earth or any celestial bodies, in any proportion, can be included". - Study subjects of Cartography: Geographic maps and other cartographic products. - The mission of Cartography: studying the spatial structure, reflecting the rules of geographical space system of phenomena, natural objects, Social Economic in terms of distribution, correlation and development process. - Structure of Map Science: Basic theory of the map; Mathematics for mapping; Map design and mapping; Map presentation; Print map; Use Map; Economics organization of map production; Textbook of maps. 1.1.2. Some regulations of training in higher education under the credit-based system 1.1.2.1. Essentials in higher education program - Higher education program represent higher education target, regulating standards of knowledge, skills, scope and structure of higher education content, methods and forms of training, methods of evaluation the training results for each module, discipline, training level of higher education. - The program is built on the basis of the frame curriculum issued by the Minister of Education and Training. 1.1.2.2. The concept of training under the credit-based system: is the training method in which students actively choose to study each module to separately accumulate each subject, progress to complete the entire training program. 5 1.1.2.3. Training programs under credit-based system: represents higher education target, regulating standards of knowledge, skills, scope and structure of higher education content, methods and forms of training, methods of evaluation the training results. 1.1.2.4. Modulse and credits 1.1.2.5. Evaluation of the learning results 1.1.3. Bachelor training program in geography for educators under credit-based system 1.1.3.1. Training Objectives: Include the goal of knowledge and skills objectives 1.1.3.2. Framework program of training for pedagogical bachelors in geography under credit-based system: Knowledge content for the whole course: 132 credits (The contents of Physical Education (75 periods), and the National Defense Education (165 periods) are not included). 1.1.4. The position of Cartography in the bachelor training program for geography teacher under the credit-based system - Cartography is a compulsory subject of Knowledge Base - Compulsory class-time periods: 60 (In which: Theory: 45, Practice: 30), Self-study: 120 - Provide necessary knowledge for teaching geography in schools and help students learn other subjects better. 1.2. Some basic teaching issues in higher education 1.2.1. The concept of teaching process in higher education is a dynamic balancing system consists of three basic elements: scientific knowledge, teaching and learning activities 1.2.2. The purpose of teaching at universities is to develop the competence of creative activities for students at high levels; to formate capacity of accessing issues; to equip with knowledge, culture, basic skills, managing & organizing abilities. 1.2.3. Teaching duties in higher education is to equip with the scientific knowledge system, development, to exercise creative capacity, to form modern scientific methodology. 1.2.4. The nature of the teaching process in higher education is a unique process of awareness of the research student. 1.2.5. Teaching method in higher education is activity manner, sequence of coordination and interaction between teacher and learner in order to implement successfully teaching and learning tasks 6 1.2.6. Teaching facilities in university are the tools that teachers and students use in teaching process in order to form concepts, to train tehniques & skills for students 1.3. Electronic Textbook 1.3.1. The concept of electronic textbooks Electronic Textbook (GTDT) is a form of learning material, it is compiled on the basis of application of ICT progress in the audio, video and computer networks. The content of GTDT is subdivided into units of knowledge and are scientifically arranged by hyperlinks. Teaching methods are clearly presented in each unit of knowledge, with special emphasis on self-study method of learning. 1.3.2. Necessary requirements of the electronic textbooks - Content: Must be complete, at least as detailed as printed textbooks. - The form: Need to coordinate documents, presentations (video, PowerPoint , ) of the necessary parts. The exercises, tests should be arranged by chapter, by each topic or general article, according to different levels of difficulty. 1.3.3. The significance of of electronic textbooks Ability to combine teaching facilities; Increased interaction between students and tools; improve motivation for learning, personal response, enhanced self-reliance, create personal learning environment of learners; diverse & rich document links, The role of the teacher in teaching using electronic textbooks towards a positive change, repetitive nature of the Multimedia can replace the teacher in a certain amount of time. 1.4. Some basic issues of online training 1.4.1. The concept of online training: Online training is a type of training with the aim to implement the teaching & learning objectives, in which there is a direct interaction between teachers and learners as well as learning community conveniently through ICT. 1.4.2. The components of online training 1.4.2.1. System for building the lecture content is the product used to support teachers to build online lecture content (CAS). 1.4.2.2. System for online learning management is the system used to create, store, synthesize, and distribute online training content as learning objects (LMS). 7 1.4.3. The standards of online training 1.4.3.1. The standard definition "Standards are written agreements containing technical specifications or other precise criteria to be used consistently as rules, guidelines, or definitions of characteristics, to ensure that materials, products, processes and services fit their purposes" 1.4.3.2. Online training standards: packing standard; information exchange standard; quality standard. 1.4.3.3. The need for standards in the online training: Accessibility, convertibility, adaptability, ability to reuse, sustainability, rationality. 1.5. The current status of teaching Cartography in education colleges in the North-Mountainous Area 1.5.1. An overview of geography student at the education colleges in the North-Mountainous Area - Synthesis of student data: Total number of students surveyed: 1338, in which: Ethnic minority students: 662 (make up 49%); Students in particularly difficult areas: 439 (up 32,8 %); Students through nomination and selection system, joint training, and “learning by doing ": 677 (up 50,6 %). - The relationship between psychological characteristics of the students, quality of admission and teaching Cartography: + Advantages: Students eager to learn, have practical experience, should be easy to connect from theory to reality, less dominated by the effects of external social; + Disadvantages: Admission to geography is block C, so the "input" knowledge might not meet the subject’s requirement. Level of IT of the students is weak, the economic ground is low. 1.5.2. Assessment of the students’ actual learning and the need of innovation of teaching methods - Current status: it is common that the students take notes in the class, not proactive, not regular contact with teachers, not participate in the activities such as seminars, workshops, scientific research, has not yet involved in writing of articles, nor online learning. The needs for innovation of learning methods: Need to communicate, to participate in activities such as seminars, workshops, study groups, research, , and participation in online learning on the Internet. 8 1.6. Oriented reform of teaching method for Cartography at the pedagogical colleges in the North-Mountainous Region 1.6.1. Scientific basis of innovative teaching methods at the colleges of pedagogy: The innovation of teaching methods in education colleges aims to promote active, positive, and creative roles of the students in their learning process at pedagogical colleges and in teaching at schools. 1.6.2. Orientations and measures to improve organizational forms and methods of teaching at the colleges of Pedagogy Teaching methods should highly promote positive, independent, and creative students, make contribution to practising skills for students. Learning methods of students consistent with the scientific research method. Improvement of the testing & evaluation system of knowledge and skills. Construction and optimal use of the conditions and teaching facilities, especially ICT. 1.6.3. Orientation of teaching Cartography at the pedagogical colleges in the North-Mountainous Region The form of combining traditional classroom teaching with online teaching has different levels: + Level 1: Traditional classroom teaching in parallel with the study on the Internet. + Level 2: Teaching several modules on the Internet. + Level 3: Teaching some study units on the Internet. - Teaching Cartography at level 1: teaching the class plays a key role. 1.7. Determining the relationship between components in teaching Cartography at the pedagogical colleges in the North- Mountainous Region (Figure 1.3) Figure 1.3. Diagram of relationship between the components in building Cartography teaching mode. Chapter 2 9 BUILDING AND USE OF ELECTRONIC TEXTBOOK OF CARTOGRAPHY 2.1. Common issues in building Cartography electronic textbook 2.1.1. Objectives of building the electronic textbook of Cartography - Training Geography teachers for secondary school. - Teaching to meet the modern trend, towards the target of lifelong learning, building a learning society; - Improving the effectiveness of learning Cartography, creating a modern learning environment, equality for students in mountainous areas, opening a direction of teaching via the Internet; - Helping students to effectively use information technology tools, selecting & seeking information, actively planning and finding appropriate learning methods. 2.1.2. Properties of the electronic textbook of Cartography 2.1.2.1. Scientific property: Ensuring the Cartology Science content according to the framework program issued by the Ministry of Education and Training, and supplemented with modern knowledge. 2.1.2.2. Inheritability: Inheritance of the Cartography textbooks that have been used before. 2.1.2.3. Pedagogical property: Integrated in electronic textbook the positive teaching methods. Suitable to students, consistent with the purposes and requirements of the training process. 2.1.2.4. Aesthetic property: Electronic textbook meets the art requirements of the courses content, and expressed in the appeal form. 2.1.3. Principles for building Cartography electronic textbook: Combination of factors: Map science - Pedagogical property - Modern technique, that are consistent with the real situation of the students and the education colleges in the region. 2.1.4. Tasks of building electronic textbook of Cartography: Positively innovate of teaching method, exploit the most activeness, creativeness & initiative of students, applying of ICT progress in teaching Cartography. 2.1.5. Criteria of building Cartography electronic textbook: Clear learning objectives, accuracy of content, detailed; clear & logical structure; the process of learning is expressed through specific activities, ensuring multi-dimensional interactions between the 10 teacher - student, diverse resource of learning materials, reasonable and updated, user-friendly interface, easy to use, 2.1.6. Some computer software used to build electronic textbook of Cartography 2.1.6.1. Software E-Learning XHTML Editor is an open source software, and is used to build lectures (CAS), it is intuitive and easy to use. It provides the posibility for web publishing, easily reference or integrate into the standard LMS compatible system. 2.1.6.2. Software Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment (Moodle): is an information system, open source, managing the teaching activities (Learning Management System - LMS), creating courses on the Internet. Moodle's main functions: Management (Web, users, courses); resources (lectures, document, videos, ); online activities ("Chat", forum, testing, assessment, survey, ) 2.1.6.3. Software PowerPoint: is a means of visual presentation, and is very effective in the process of teaching - learning. 2.1.6.4. Software Macromedia Captivate is specialized software for creating interactive way and simulation as Flash animation (SWF) and EXE. 2.2. Building Cartography electronic textbook 2.2.1. Design the outlines of Cartography electronic textbook Credits: 4; Total class-time periods: 60, in which: Theory: 45; Practice: 30; Self-study: 120 (as shown in the Table 2.2). Table 2.2. Program structure of Cartography Chapter No. Week Content Class time periods Theory Practice Self-study 1 1 Cartography and geographical maps 4 0 8 2 2-4 Mathematical basis of the map 8 6 22 3 4-7 Cartographic language 8 6 22 4 7-8 Map generalization 3 0 6 5 8 Classification of geographical maps 2 0 4 6 9-10 Geographic maps with: Geographic Information Systems, Remote Sensing, Global Positioning System 4 4 12 7 11-12 Geo mapping 6 4 16 8 12-13 Use of geographic map 4 6 14 9 14-15 Textbook of map 6 4 16 Sum 45 30 120 2.2.2. Building the content of Cartography electronic textbook
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