Petroleum geology

Petroleum Geology - Địa chất dầu khí pot

Petroleum Geology - Địa chất dầu khí pot
... Do 0 5-1 Lan T ay 21 129 PET RONAS BP CONOCO 135 Bồn Nam Côn sơn 07 13 29 22 - Cấu tạo triển vọng - Mỏ dầu 136 Kí hiệu - Mỏ khí - Mỏ dầu - khí Simpo PDF Merge and Split Unregistered Version - http://www.simpopdf.com ... and invertebrates (no bone) -1 2 to -3 0 Land plants, coal and soil humus -2 3 to -2 8 Crude oils -2 2 to -3 6 Associated petroleum gas -3 5 to -5 5 Nonassociated petroleum gas -4 5 to 65 Simpo PDF Merge ... science of petroleum geology Chemistry Geochemistry is a major component of petroleum geology Detailed knowledge of the mineralogical composition of rocks reservoir quality Pore-fluid chemistry...
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ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 8 pptx

ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 8 pptx
... the petroleum through uplift and erosion (Halbouty et al, 197 0) • Worldwide reserves can be related to their location within a petroleum basin, regardless of its basin type (Figure ) 8. 1-The ... Depositional History pre-rift rocks sedimentary, metamorphic or granitic; post-rift fill is restricted facies, initially non-marine that may become marine (either clastic or carbonate-prone) • Reservoir ... Reserves ...
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ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 7 docx

ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 7 docx
... figure (y) is sometimes chosen to be smaller than the scale across the front and back edges (x), thus creating an illusion of perspective • Perspective can be used in constructing block diagrams (Figure ... diagram, another type of diagram illustrating three- dimensional geological relationships is a block diagram ( Figure 5) • This type of figure is a two-dimensional representation of a rectangular block ... construct an isometric projection of the fence diagram ( Figure , only lines parallel to the North-South and East-West axes are undistorted) The map base in an isometric projection is shown as...
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ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 6 potx

ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 6 potx
... chung đặc biệt với nước đất vùng mỏ dầu khí; phân loại sử dụng rộng rãi địa chất thuỷ văn mỏ dầu khí • Trên sở xem xét mối quan hệ (Trong rNa+, rCl- … tính %đl/l): • rNa  rNa   rCl  rCl   ... gradient is 433 psi/ft (0 .0979 kg/cm2 * m) or ( 9.79 kPa/m) The gradient increases with increasing salinity of the water to about 465 psi/ft (0 .1052 kg/cm2 * m) or (1 0.52 kPa/m) for typical connate ... Exploitation & Exploration (By Tran van Xuan) • Các mẫu nước mỏ dầu đạt yêu cầu phân tích để xác định: – Tổng độ khoáng hóa, số nguyên tố, ion (Cl-, SO4 2-, HCO 3-, Na+ & K+, Mg2+, Ca2+ ) – Quan hệ ion –...
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ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 5 pptx

ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 5 pptx
... ability to generate hydrocarbons Oil-prone kerogens generally are made of more than 65% exinite and amorphous particles (Figure 0 5) • Kerogens with 65% to 35% of oil-prone components will expel mostly ... less than 35% oil-prone constituents, the kerogen will yield dry gas if dominated by vitrinite and will be non-reactive and barren if dominated by inertinite Figure 0 5- Types of petroleum generated ... Fig.13-DEPTH AND TEMPERATURE @ THE BIGINNING OF THE PRINCIPAL ZONE OF OIL FORMATION 1.4-Paleothermometry 1.4.1-Kerogen Analysis 1.4.2-Rock Properties Analysis 1.4. 3- Comparison of Methods 1.4.1-Paleothermometry:...
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ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 4 potx

ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 4 potx
... anticlines ( Figure 1, (a )) , only a vertical seal, or caprock, is required; but faults (Figure 1, (b )) and stratigraphic traps ( Figure 1, (c,d )) must be sealed both vertically and laterally Figure 4. 1 ... reserves, cemented rocks, argillaceous rocks, chalk… (Figure 2) Figure 4. 2 General properties ° ° ° Permeability in seal are mostly < 1 0 -4 darcies Seal are important and commonly overlooked component ... (most ductile lithologies at top of column) THICKNESS ° A few inches of ordinary clay shale are theoretically adequate to trap very large column heights of hydrocarbons (particle size of 1 0 -4 mm...
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ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 3 docx

ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 3 docx
... contact, GWC ( Figure 3b , Fluid contacts within a reservoir in a gas-water system), • or the gas-oil contact, GOC ( Figure 3c , Fluid contacts within a reservoir in a gas-oil-water system) is the ... anticline ( Figure 11, Southwestnortheast cross-section A-Z, Wilmington field) The main reservoir occurs beneath the Pliocene unconformity in Miocene- and Pliocene-age deep-sea sands Figure 11 02-Reservoir ... ( Figure 3a , Fluid contacts within a reservoir in an oil-water system) • It marks the interface between predominately oil-saturated rocks and water-saturated rocks Similarly, either the gas-water...
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ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 2 docx

ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 2 docx
... passages (pore throats or capillaries) between pores It is measured in darcies or millidarcies Figure k * ( P1  P ) * A Q   * L Where: • Q: rate of flow K: Permeability ° (P1-P 2) : Pressure ... POROSITY VALUES QUALITATIVE EVALUATION OF RESERVOIRS  (percent) Qualitative evaluation 0–5 Negligible – 10 poor 10 – 15 fair 15 – 20 good > 20 very good PERMEABILITY ° ° ° ° Permeability is the ... POROSITY ° ° Basement construction simulation Determining values:  Vuggy (range, dimension)  Fracture (range, dimension)  Determine collection capacity PRIMARY FACTORS CONTROLLING POROSITY...
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ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 1 potx

ĐỊA CHẤT DẦU KHÍ ( PETROLEUM GEOLOGY ) - CHƯƠNG 1 potx
... 03 Rong 13 1 Na m Rong VIETSOVPETRO 04.2 18 04 .1 10 13 2 B Cau o 26 CON SON IS VIETSOVPETRO 1 1- 1 19 Dai B ang - Ung T rang 04.3 05.1AMang 13 3 05.1C 27 05.1B Moc Tinh Rong Doi KNOC 12 W 12 E 28 T ... meteorites) Carbon in organism or organic matter -1 5 to -3 0 Marine plants and invertebrates (no bone) -1 2 to -3 0 Land plants, coal and soil humus -2 3 to -2 8 Crude oils -2 2 to -3 6 Associated petroleum ... gravity of crude oil generally ranges from 0.780 (5 00 API) to 1. 000 (1 00 API); 14 1.5 - 13 1.5 API = SG 60/60F Thus light oils have API < 10 (! ! !) The physical and chemical properties of oil and...
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PETROLEUM DEVELOPMENT GEOLOGY DRILLING

PETROLEUM DEVELOPMENT GEOLOGY DRILLING
... cable tool drilling DRILLING TYPE OF DRILLING : • Cable Tool Drilling • Rotary Rig Drilling TYPE OF RIG : • Onshore drilling rigs • Semi-submersible rigs • Jack-up units TYPE OF WELL DRILLING : ... Conventional Drilling • Directional Drilling • Slant Drilling CABLE TOOL DERRICK JACK UP UNIT A jack-up unit is a barge with legs that can be lowered or raised The barge is towed to the drilling ... • Derrick - support structure: holds the drilling apparatus – tall enough to allow new sections of drill pipe to be added to the drilling apparatus as drilling progresses Blowout preventers and...
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PETROLEUM DEVELOPMENT GEOLOGY LOG INTERPRET

PETROLEUM DEVELOPMENT GEOLOGY LOG INTERPRET
... recording system Open Hole Logging : The traditional wireline logging Logging While Drilling Logging on drill pipe Logging Job Sequences : î Rig-up logging unit î î î LOGGING UNIT î Tool run in ... LITHOLOGY DESCRIPTION, HYDROCARBON SHOWS, POROSITY, PERMEABILITY, FORMATION FACTOR, SATURATION ETC – PRODUCTIVITY TEST : • RFT, MDT, DST, PRODUCTION TESTS – GEOLOGY & GEOPHYSICAL : • SURFACE GEOLOGY, ... geologic environtment, facies characteristic, top/bottom reservoir, heterogeneities, distribution • PRODUCTIVITY : permeability, water cut, GOR and rate (estimated) LOG INTERPRETATION Log interpretation...
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PETROLEUM DEVELOPMENT GEOLOGY PETRO GEOL

PETROLEUM DEVELOPMENT GEOLOGY PETRO GEOL
... Structural traps are formed where the space for petroleum is limited by a structural feature • Tilted fault-block traps are formed where the upward flow of the petroleum is prevented by impermeability ... biodegradation or “water-washing” • Timing - Trap forms before and during hydrocarbon migrating Petroleum System Processes Gas Cap Oil Entrapment Accumulation Water Seal Rock Reservoir Rock Migration ... original formation water The principal zone of oil formation during the thermal generation of petroleum hydrocarbons • If the temperature is too low, the organic material cannot transform into...
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