# introduction to research methods

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## introduction to kernel methods.

... Outline Part I: Introduction to kernel methods Part II: Learning kernel algorithms Part III: Theoretical guarantees Part IV: Software tools page Binary Classiﬁcation Problem ... Other Standard PDS Kernels Gaussian kernels: ￿ ￿ ||x − y|| , σ ￿= K(x, y) = exp − 2σ Sigmoid Kernels: K(x, y) = tanh(a(x · y) + b), a, b ≥ page 14 Consequence: SVMs with PDS Kernels (Boser, Guyon, ... Support vectors: points along the margin or outliers Soft margin: ρ = 1/￿w￿ page Optimization Problem (Cortes and Vapnik, 1995) Constrained optimization: ￿w￿2 + C w,b,ξ m ￿ ξi i=1 subject to yi (w...
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## INTRODUCTION TO QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS CHAPTER 1 ppsx

... Excel to Describe Data Working with SPSS Working with Excel Summary Main Points Review Exercises References 10 9 10 9 11 0 11 0 11 0 11 1 11 3 11 5 11 8 13 4 13 4 13 5 13 7 13 8 13 8 14 0 14 2 14 3 14 4 14 5 Finding ... Causation 14 7 14 9 14 9 15 1 15 4 15 6 15 6 15 7 15 9 16 0 16 1 12 0 12 2 12 3 12 4 13 1 13 2 13 2 13 3 13 3 vii CONTENTS Using SPSS: Correlation and Regression 16 3 Using Excel 16 8 Looking at Categorical Data 17 1 Exploring ... by section 17 2 TA B L E S Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6 .10 6 .11 Table 6 .12 Table 6 .13 Table 6 .14 Table 6 .15 Table 6 .16 Table 6 .17 Table 6 .18 Table 6 .19 Table 6.20...
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## INTRODUCTION TO QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS CHAPTER 3 ppt

... Singapore Thailand Taiwan Peru Pakistan Columbia Venezuela 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 TABLE 3. 4 Countries ranked by masculinity scores Japan Austria Venezuela ... Denmark Netherlands Norway Sweden 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Power Distance One of the most important questions used to measure power distance was: `How frequently, ... Norway Sweden Ireland New Zealand Denmark Israel Austria 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 very seldom According to Hofstede, people in high power distance countries, such...
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## INTRODUCTION TO QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS CHAPTER 4 ppt

... Russian To my club as personal chum To my street as neighbour To employment in my occupation To citizenship in my country As visitors only to my country Would exclude from my country 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 ... 24% (269) C+ Protestant Catholic 71% 34% 75% 46 % (42 ) (41 3) (1 34) (386) Democrats Republicans CProtestant Catholic D Protestant Catholic 77% 57% 86% (113) (217) (76) ( ) Total cases FIGURE 4. 12 ... interest: democratization of methods of research ± making research methods transparent; and hybridity ± making sure that qualitative research informed quantitative research Lazarsfeld, Berelson...
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## INTRODUCTION TO QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS CHAPTER 5 ppt

... 55 555 555 555 555 999999999999999999999999999 6666666666666666666666666666666 55 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 55 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 55 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 5 55 555 555 555 555 555 55 ... ! TABLE 5. 1 Example of back -to- back plot Males Females 32 45 48 50 55 53 52 45 32 60 40 41 60 65 66 55 57 58 67 62 Males 22 855 53 20 Females 01 57 8 0 256 7 that led critic Hansel (1980) to think ... 55 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 55 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 55 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 555 5 55 555 555 555 555 555 55 555 555 555 55 555 555 (> 110000) Stem width: 10000.00 Each leaf: case(s) 128 DATA ! DATA ! DATA ! The boxplot...
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## INTRODUCTION TO QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS CHAPTER 6 pot

... In order to apply the t-test we need to compute D Treatment condition 23 20 24 26 18 19 17 15 25 21 194 Placebo D D2 24 26 27 22 20 19 20 25 21 27 71 76 73 72 73 710 76 36 16 100 16 36 FINDING ... Example 6. 5: Rank test for two independent groups Consider the following observations for two samples Sample1: 44 32 38 51 54 56 67 69 62 73 Sample 2: 10 13 14 29 42 26 46 50 55 70 77 We wish to test ... TABLE 6. 4 Distribution of votes by section Distribution of votes Section Yes Abstain No Total North Border South Total 61 17 39 117 12 22 40 60 68 133 24 68 225 Source: Bishop et al.,1975 TABLE 6. 5...
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## INTRODUCTION TO QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS CHAPTER 7 potx

... 168 71 t-test 211 two-sample tests 204±8 experiment, Piagetian 90 experimental design 67 75 between-subject (independent) 74 ±5 ex post facto 70 laboratory and field 75 types 74 ±5 validity 87 90 ... errors 27, 81, 103, 160, 177 , 231 estimation 1 57, 160, 176 , 223 ethics 59, 70 , 74 , 232, 239±45 ethnography 52 ethnomethodology 8, 52 ethnoscience 52 evaluation of programmes 76 Everington, C 24±5 ... 87 interviews 72 , 85 7 introspective reports 230 intuition 37 inventory (test) 159 IQ tests 78 , 191±3 item scales, bias/error 81 J Walter Thomson (advertising company) 71 ±2 Johnstone, J.W.C 17 18...
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## introduction to spss RESEARCH METHODS & STATISTICS HANDBOOK PHẦN 1 pot

... the two lines of data, with 0‟s added and spaces removed should be: 12 04 213 1 213 13 1220 711 11 Where columns 1- 2 are variable 1, columns 3-5 are variable and so on After correcting the data, you ... variable occupies Both of these will become apparent when we get to running the SSA A simple example: 12 42 13 1 213 13 122 711 11 In this case, the second variable actually takes up three columns, ... current directory cd {directory} - change directory (note that cd moves you up one directory) mkdir {directoryname} - creates a directory rmdir {directoryname} - removes a directory ned {filename}...
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## introduction to spss RESEARCH METHODS & STATISTICS HANDBOOK PHẦN 2 pdf

... GOES TO FILMS GOES TO POP CONCERTS Data IDNUM 101 NAME MARGARET SEX F AGE 87 MARSTAT WATCHSP PLAYSP VISITSEA GOTOFILM GOTOPOP 20 1 20 2 JACK JOSIE M F 62 1 2 1 2 2 301 NANCY F 60 2 503 10 02 VICTORIA ... Thursday October 3th Introduction to SPSS SPSS is the primary package for running any statistical procedures outside of the MDS packages In addition to providing outputs for various analyses, SPSS ... from SPSS and log off 17 WEEK 2: October 10th Descriptive Statistics, Charts & Manipulating Data in the Matrix This practical is divided into two sections The first section is intended to familiarise...
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## introduction to spss RESEARCH METHODS & STATISTICS HANDBOOK PHẦN 3 pot

... filtering still on? Exit from SPSS, saving the contents of the output window into output3.spo Open up family.sav that you saved to your survey folder 25 WEEK 3: October 17th T-Tests Section I: ... taking the drug) Sub No 10 11 12 10 30 31 32 30 29 Independent or Unrelated Samples - two variables, the first tells SPSS what condition EACH subject belongs to, the second is the actual score ... Variable to AGEHOH and click on TYPE & LABEL to assign the label age head of household Click on Continue, and then set the Numeric Expression to AGE We want this (i.e., the current age in years) to...
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