Marcro micro econmiy david begg chapter 031

Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 1) ppt

Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 1) ppt
... examination are frequently nonspecific and unimpressive Between 0.5 and 2% of colds are complicated by secondary bacterial infections (e.g., rhinosinusitis, otitis media, and pneumonia), particularly in ... an acute, mild, and self-limited catarrhal syndrome, with a median duration of ~1 week Signs and symptoms are diverse and frequently variable across patients The principal signs and symptoms of ... nasal congestion, cough, and sore throat Other manifestations, such as fever, malaise, sneezing, and hoarseness, are more variable, with fever more common among infants and young children Occasionally,...
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Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 2) docx

Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 2) docx
... pneumoniae, and Enterobacter species Often, these infections are polymicrobial and involve organisms that are highly resistant to numerous antibiotics Fungi are also established causes of sinusitis, ... alone and with bacteria—have been rhinovirus, parainfluenza virus, and influenza virus Bacterial causes of sinusitis have been better described Among community-acquired cases, S pneumoniae and ... Absidia, and Cunninghamella These infections usually occur in diabetic patients with ketoacidosis but also develop in transplant recipients, patients with hematologic malignancies, and patients...
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Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 3) ppt

Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 3) ppt
... Management of Sinusitis and Committee on Quality Improvement, 2001; Hickner et al, 2001; Piccirillo, 2004; and Sinus and Allergy Health Partnership, 2004 The clinical history and/ or setting can often ... retroorbital or periorbital pain Nasopharyngeal ulcerations, epistaxis, and headaches are also frequent, and involvement of cranial nerves V and VII has been described in more advanced cases Bony erosion ... particularly when the infection has spread to the orbits and cavernous sinus Signs such as orbital swelling and cellulitis, proptosis, ptosis, and decreased extraocular movement are common, as is...
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Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 4) docx

Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 4) docx
... conduct endoscopic examinations and obtain tissue samples for histologic examination and culture Chronic fungal sinusitis is a disease of immunocompetent hosts and is usually noninvasive, although ... in these patients, with no need for antifungal therapy Another form of disease presents with long-standing, often unilateral symptoms and opacification of a single sinus on imaging studies as ... with either bacteria or fungi, and clinical cure in most cases is very difficult Many patients have undergone treatment with repeated courses of antibacterial agents and multiple sinus surgeries,...
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Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 5) pdf

Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 5) pdf
... swelling, and extreme tenderness of the pinna, although the lobule is less often involved in perichondritis The most common pathogens are P aeruginosa and S aureus, although other gram-negative and ... Treatment consists of warm compresses and oral antibiotics such as dicloxacillin that are active against typical skin and soft tissue pathogens (specifically, S aureus and streptococci) IV antibiotics, ... trauma It presents with the typical signs and symptoms of a skin/soft tissue infection, with tenderness, erythema, swelling, and warmth of the external ear (particularly the lobule) but without apparent...
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Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 6) pot

Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 6) pot
... weeks to months, and often is difficult to distinguish from a severe case of chronic otitis externa because of the presence of purulent otorrhea and an erythematous swollen ear and external canal ... near the junction of bone and cartilage If left unchecked, the infection can migrate to the base of the skull (resulting in skull-base osteomyelitis) and on to the meninges and brain, with a high ... usually affected first and most often Thrombosis of the sigmoid sinus can occur if the infection extends to that area CT, which can reveal osseous erosion of the temporal bone and skull base, can...
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Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 7) pdf

Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 7) pdf
... inflammation of the upper respiratory mucosa (e.g., during examination of young children) Other signs and symptoms that are occasionally reported include vertigo, nystagmus, and tinnitus Acute ... of positive and negative pressure, but this movement is dampened when fluid is present With bacterial infection, the tympanic membrane can also be erythematous, bulging, or retracted and occasionally ... one-third of H influenzae isolates, and nearly all M catarrhalis isolates, outcome studies continue to find that amoxicillin is as successful as any other agent, and it remains the drug of first...
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Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 8) ppsx

Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 8) ppsx
... keratinaceous debris (cholesteatoma) at the site of invasion This mass can enlarge and has the potential to erode bone and promote further infection, which can lead to meningitis, brain abscess, or ... connect with the middle ear, the process of fluid collection and infection is usually the same in the mastoid as in the middle ear Early and frequent treatment of acute otitis media is most likely ... in erosion of the surrounding bone and the formation of abscess-like cavities that are usually evident on CT Patients typically present with pain, erythema, and swelling of the mastoid process...
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Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 9) docx

Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 9) docx
... cause Together, respiratory viruses are the most common identifiable cause of acute pharyngitis, with rhinoviruses and coronaviruses accounting for large proportions of cases (~20% and at least ... erythematous rash and strawberry tongue The other types of acute bacterial pharyngitis (e.g., gonococcal, diphtherial, and yersinial) often present as exudative pharyngitis with or without other clinical ... enterocolitica, and Treponema pallidum (in secondary syphilis) Anaerobic bacteria can also cause acute pharyngitis (Vincent's angina) and can contribute to more serious polymicrobial infections, ...
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Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 10) potx

Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 10) potx
... 1998 Cultures and rapid diagnostic tests for other causes of acute pharyngitis, such as influenza virus, adenovirus, HSV, EBV, CMV, and M pneumoniae, are available in some locations and can be used ... A streptococci The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Infectious Diseases Society of America, the American College of Physicians, and the American Academy of Family Physicians not ... antigen-detection test, however, given the lower prevalence and smaller benefit in this age group Table 31-3 Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Pharyngitis Age Diagnostic Criteria...
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Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 11) doc

Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 11) doc
... often needed for primary infections, extensive oral infections, and infections in immunocompromised patients Oropharyngeal candidiasis (thrush) is caused by a variety of Candida species, most often ... that involves the sublingual and submandibular spaces and that typically originates from an infected or recently extracted tooth, most commonly the lower second and third molars Improved dental ... needle aspiration or incision and drainage Oral Infections Aside from periodontal disease such as gingivitis, infections of the oral cavity most commonly involve HSV or Candida species In addition...
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Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 12) pdf

Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 12) pdf
... caused predominantly by respiratory viruses, these symptoms usually occur in association with other symptoms and signs of URI, including rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, cough, and sore throat Direct ... esophagitis and particularly in immunosuppressed patients Rare cases of chronic laryngitis are due to Coccidioides and Cryptococcus Clinical Manifestations Laryngitis is characterized by hoarseness and ... of signs, symptoms, and radiographic findings typical of pulmonary disease Histoplasma and Blastomyces may cause laryngitis, often as a complication of systemic infection Candida species can cause...
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Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 13) potx

Chapter 031. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (Part 13) potx
... neck are the submandibular (and sublingual) space, the lateral pharyngeal (or parapharyngeal) space, and the retropharyngeal space These spaces communicate with one another and with other important ... influenzae Infections of the Deep Neck Structures Deep neck infections are usually extensions of infection from other primary sites, most often within the pharynx or oral cavity Many of these infections ... approach may be risky and probably should be reserved only for adult patients who have yet to develop dyspnea or stridor Once the airway has been secured and specimens of blood and epiglottis tissue...
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Thực hành thiết kế hệ thống sự dụng điều kiển Micro

Thực hành thiết kế hệ thống sự dụng điều kiển Micro
... covers applications based on two widely used bit microcontrollers viz PIC series from Microchip and MCS51 series from Atmel Authors have chosen the right microcontroller for the right application The ... well as stand-alone chips such as microprocessors and microcontrollers, which has cannibalized their sells as compared to the consumption volume of stand-alone Micro- Processing Units (MPUs), Application ... Ted Hoff, and Stan Mazor invented the first single chip microprocessor, the 4004, a 4-bit microprocessor In 1974, the 8008 and 8080, 8-bit microprocessors, were designed at Intel using NMOS technology...
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