Basic programming (Part 1)

Basic Concepts part 1

... which are discussed in Chapter 12 , User-Defined Primitives.) 12 'b 111 1_0000 _10 10 // Use of underline characters for readability 4'b10?? // Equivalent of a 4'b10zz 3 .1. 5 Strings A string is a sequence ... digits from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, a, b, c, d, e, f Only a subset of these digits is legal for a particular base Uppercase letters are legal for number specification 4'b 111 1 // This is a ... number specification 4'b 111 1 // This is a 4-bit binary number 12 'habc // This is a 12 -bit hexadecimal number 16 'd255 // This is a 16 -bit decimal number Unsized numbers Numbers that are specified...
• 4
• 134
• 0

Basic Concepts part 2

... data[31 :24 ] byte = data1 [24 +:8]; //starting bit = 24 , width =8 => data[31 :24 ] byte = data2[31-:8]; //starting bit = 31, width =8 => data [24 :31] byte = data2 [24 +:8]; //starting bit = 24 , width ... vector part select: reg [25 5:0] data1; //Little endian notation reg [0 :25 5] data2; //Big endian notation reg [7:0] byte; //Using a variable part select, one can choose parts byte = data1[31-:8]; ... variable part selects of a vector This allows part selects to be put in for loops to select various parts of the vector There are two special part- select operators: [+:width] - part- select...
• 8
• 162
• 1

Basic Concepts part 3

... scientific format (e.g., 3e10) %f or %F Display real number in decimal format (e.g., 2. 13) %g or %G Display real number in scientific or decimal, whichever is shorter Example 3- 3 shows some examples ... "z" Example 3- 3 \$display Task //Display the string in quotes \$display("Hello Verilog World"); Hello Verilog World //Display value of current simulation time 230 \$display(\$time); 230 //Display ... Special characters are discussed in Section 3. 2.9, Strings Examples of displaying special characters in strings as discussed are shown in Example 3- 4 Example 3- 4 Special Characters //Display special...
• 6
• 141
• 0

Heat Conduction Basic Research Part 1 pptx

... r 1  T1, k  r 1  Z1,krr1 1 * qk  qk  r 1 R  r 1 k Z1, rr1 k   (28) The case of many interior locations for temperature measurements is described e.g in (Kurpisz &Nowak, 19 95) ... Forms of the Nonlinear Heat Conduction Equation 11 1 Mohammad Mehdi Kabir Najafi Chapter Heat Conduction Problems of Thermosensitive Solids under Complex Heat Exchange 13 1 Roman M Kushnir and Vasyl ... Belarus Part Inverse Heat Conduction Problems Inverse Heat Conduction Problems Krzysztof Grysa Kielce University of Technology Poland Introduction In the heat conduction problems if the heat flux...
• 25
• 121
• 0

Heat Conduction Basic Research Part 2 doc

... 1977; Grysa, 20 10; Kurpisz & Nowak, 1995; Özisik & Orlande, 20 00; Samarski & Vabishchevich, 20 07; Duda & Taler, 20 06; Hohage, 20 02; Bal, 20 04; Tan & Fox, 20 09) 32 Heat Conduction Basic Research ... Maciejewska, B (20 05), Application of the modified finite elements method to identify a moving heat source, In: Numerical Heat Transfer 20 05, Vol .2, pp 493-5 02, ISBN 83- 922 381 -2- 5, EUTOTERM 82, Gliwice-Cracow, ... element method (Białecki et al., 20 06; Onyango 28 Heat Conduction Basic Research et al., 20 08), the finite difference method (Luo & Shih, 20 05; Soti et al., 20 07), the theory of potentials method...
• 25
• 129
• 0

Heat Conduction Basic Research Part 3 docx

... Optimization Technique in Inverse Heat Conduction Analysis Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B: Fundamentals, Vol 56, No , pp.119-141 62 Heat Conduction Basic Research Woodbury, K A., and Thakur, ... inverse heat conduction problem Linear Nonlinear Function Specification Method 1.81e2 2.14e2 GA PSO RPSO CRPSO FMLP RBFN 7.62e2 3. 85e2 3. 42e2 7.71e2 4.46e2 5.12e2 3. 17e2 4.26e2 9.90e2 5 .35 e2 3. 57e4 ... Conduction Problems Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B, Vol 34 , , pp .33 9 -36 0 Alrasheed, M.R., de Silva, C.W., and Gadala, M.S (2008).Evolutionary Optimization in the Design of a Heat Sink, in: Mechatronic...
• 25
• 150
• 0

Heat Conduction Basic Research Part 4 potx

... x1 can be determined from just one measurement of the heat conduction process 76 Heat Conduction Basic Research Will-be-set-by-IN-TECH 14 Theorem 6.1 Let p ∈ (0, 1) be an observation point, ... guess μ ( m) , 4 ( m) , cm (μ ( m) ), for the variables μ, ν, c, b correspondingly Let ( m) Φ (λ1 , νm , cm , bm ; m) = Φ (μ, ν, c, b; m) μ,ν,c,b (43 ) 84 Heat Conduction Basic Research Will-be-set-by-IN-TECH ... represented by a Dirichlet 74 Heat Conduction Basic Research Will-be-set-by-IN-TECH 12 series, Lemma 5.1 assures that all nonzero coefﬁcients (and the ﬁrst term, in particular) are deﬁned uniquely...
• 25
• 104
• 0

Heat Conduction Basic Research Part 5 ppt

... 90 Heat Conduction Basic Research Vj/Vj,inlet Re =58 59 Re=4366 Re=2732 Re=2037 Re= 152 1 di=4mm, S=13mm 0 0 .5 1 .5 2 .5 3 .5 z/di Fig Dimensionless axial velocity ... Evaporation Local Heat Transfer in Free Jet 103 Qw [kW/m²] 140 120 100 80 60 40 t = 24 s t = 39 s 20 t = 54 s t = 75 s t = 64 s t = 84 s t = 94 s -0.0 25 -0.0 15 -0.0 05 0.0 05 0.0 15 0.0 25 r [m] (a) hr ... (r=20.5mm) 12 g/s (r=20.5mm) 75 Surface temperature [°C] 15 g/s (r=20.5mm) 10 g/s (r=0mm) 70 12 g/s (r=0mm) 15 g/s (r=0mm) 65 60 55 50 45 10 20 30 40 50 60 Time [s] Fig 16 Local surface temperatures inversely...
• 25
• 103
• 0

Heat Conduction Basic Research Part 6 potx

... convective-radiation) heat exchange on the surface (Kushnir & Popovych, 20 06, 2007, 2009; Kushnir & Protsiuk, 2009; Kushnir et al., 2001, 2008; Popovych, 132 Heat Conduction Basic Research 1993a, ...  (33) 138 Heat Conduction Basic Research is obtained The solution of equation ( 26) with boundary conditions (28), (33) is an approximate solution to the boundary value problem ( 26) , (28), (32) ... Regularized Long Wave (RLW) equation Computers and Mathematics with Applications, 61 , 8, 2044–2047 130 Heat Conduction Basic Research Wang, M., Li, X., Zhang, J (2008) The (G'/G)-expansion method and...
• 25
• 83
• 0

Heat Conduction Basic Research Part 7 docx

... 6,49 e2 0 ,79 45 0,6500 0,5395 0,4506 0, 376 4 0, 376 5 0,2 570 0, 170 1 0,1023 0,0468 0 t C 70 0 556,1 455,0 377 ,7 315,4 263,5 263,6 179 ,9 119,1 71 ,6 32,8 T 0 ,79 24 0,6466 0,5352 0,4455 0, 370 7 0,3810 ... 0,2600 0, 172 0 0,10 37 0,0 473 t C 70 0 554 ,7 452,6 374 ,6 311,9 259,5 266 ,7 182,0 120,4 72 ,4 33,1 (1) (2) tc tc T 0,8369 0 ,70 77 0,6055 0,5193 0,4429 0,4429 0,3124 0,2109 0,1292 0,0602 t C 70 0 585,9 ... V.Adamyan, 154 Heat Conduction Basic Research Yu.Berezansky, I.Gohberg & G.Popov, (Eds.), 143-154, Birkhauser Verlag, ISBN 978 3 -76 43-9920 -7, Basel, Switzerland Lykov, A.V (19 67) Heat Conduction...
• 25
• 113
• 0

Heat Conduction Basic Research Part 8 ppt

... (6) as the conduction heat transfer coefficient Using H=hconv+hrad=1/R (7) 180 Heat Conduction Basic Research heat transfer scientists define the dimensionless Biot number as: = = (8) as the ... (2006) Novel heat conduction model for bridging different space and time scales Physical Review Letters, Vol 96, No 18, (May 2006) p 184 301, ISSN 0031-9007 174 20 Heat Conduction Basic Research ... time 182 Heat Conduction Basic Research constants, c, characterizing heat transfer rates depend strongly on particle size and on its thermal diffusivity One can assume that for spherical particles...
• 25
• 94
• 0

Heat Conduction Basic Research Part 9 docx

... moving heat source in a solid with finite speed of heat propagation International Journal of Mass and Heat Transfer Vol 32, No 10, (October 198 9), pp 197 9- 198 7, ISSN 0017 -93 10 Tzou, D Y ( 199 1) The ... Vol 69 , No 6, (June 199 8) pp 2452-2458, ISSN 0034-6748 Carlslaw H S and Jaeger J C ( 195 9) Conduction of Heat in Solids ISBN 97 8-0 198 533030, Oxford University Press, London, U.K Cattaneo, C ( 194 8) ... 57, No 9, (May 198 5), pp 4421-4431, ISSN 0021 897 9 Mansanares A.M., Bento A.C., Vargas H., Leite N.F., Miranda L.C.M ( 199 0) Phys Rev B Vol 42, No 7, (September 199 0), pp 4477-4486, ISSN 1 098 -0121...
• 25
• 134
• 0

Heat Conduction Basic Research Part 10 pot

... ﬁeld is of the order of × 10 9 (VL /103 km/s) G At this point, the step for the random walk is ∼ × 10 6 pc and the Reynolds number is × 101 0 222 18 Heat Conduction Basic Research Will-be-set-by-IN-TECH ... to describe heat conduction for magnetized turbulent plasmas with M A < In addition, Lazarian (2006) considered heat 216 Heat Conduction Basic Research Will-be-set-by-IN-TECH 12 conduction by ... in press, arXiv: 1105 .1735 Goldreich, P & Sridhar, S 1995, ApJ, 438, 763 Higdon J C., 1984, ApJ, 285, 109 Kota, J & Jokipii, J 2000, ApJ, 531, 106 7 228 24 Heat Conduction Basic Research Will-be-set-by-IN-TECH...
• 25
• 124
• 0

Heat Conduction Basic Research Part 11 ppt

... calculation (24) 256 Heat Conduction Basic Research 2.3 Numerical analysis To verify the obtained solution to the heat conduction problem, let us examine the case, when the semi-plane is heated by a ... x ), y  0; b (3) the heat flux over the limiting line y  is prescribed on the boundary T ( x , y )   ( x ), y  0; y (4) 252 c Heat Conduction Basic Research the heat exchange condition ... decay with γ For given γ, the phase velocity is also bigger than energy velocity 244 Heat Conduction Basic Research Will-be-set-by-IN-TECH 16 (a) (b) Fig Variations of velocity with propagation...
• 25
• 128
• 0

Heat Conduction Basic Research Part 12 pptx

... (47) 266 Heat Conduction Basic Research Conclusions Using the method of direct integration, the explicit-form analytical solutions have been found for the equations of in-plane heat conduction ... (1), one obtains, + ( + ) = 0, (12) 272 Heat Conduction Basic Research where the prime denotes the derivative with respect to ; also the transform relation from partial to ordinary derivatives ... solids Multiscaling of Synthetic and Natural Systems 268 Heat Conduction Basic Research with Self-Adaptive Capability, Proceedings of the 12th International Congress in Mesomechanics “Mesomechanics...
• 25
• 137
• 0

Xem thêm