40613 adding ed juast add d

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 1 pptx

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 1 pptx
... 50 17 0 6–20 18 09 17 65 15 70 17 50 16 80 14 03 456 482 460 460 500 78 60 40 40 12 –30 12 12 12 12 10 18 0.5–0.9 0.5 0.5 >10 0 30 10 0 30 10 0 13 56 11 90 11 20 385 397 12 1 85 17 20 19 >10 0 >10 0 >10 0 17 28 16 00 ... 8.9 7.9 214 18 5 214 60 340 800 300 680 13 00 Aluminium 10 00 Series 2000 Series 5000 Series 7000 Series Casting alloys 910 910 11 00 10 00 11 00 11 00 (11 80) (11 80) (14 30) (13 00) (14 30) (14 30) 2.7 ... >10 0 17 28 16 00 15 50 450 420 450 89 22 11 13 14 12 0 .1 0.5 0 .1 0.45 0 .1 0.25 0 .1 0.35 0 .1 0 .17 0. 01 0 .15 45 45 10 –50 30–40 20–70 5–30 933 915 860 890 890 860 917 240 18 0 13 0 15 0 14 0 24 24 24 22...
  • 23
  • 111
  • 0

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 2 pot

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 2 pot
... Pb 42 Ag + 19 Cu + 16 Zn + 25 Cd 38 Ag + 20 Cu + 22 Zn + 20 Cd 183 24 4 29 6–301 Joints in copper water systems; sheet metal work Wiped joints; car body filling Higher temperatures 610– 620 High-strength; ... eutectic at 650°C: L(31% Sb) = α( 12% Sb) + β( 32% Sb) eutectic at 520 °C: L(77% Sb) = Cu2Sb + δ(98% Sb) eutectoid at 420 °C: β( 42% Sb) = ε(38% Sb) + Cu2Sb 3.4 A copper-antimony alloy containing 95 weight% ... heat-treated into finished products; and by understanding these, shape and size can, to a large extent, be predicted Background reading M F Ashby and D R H Jones, Engineering Materials I, 2nd...
  • 27
  • 127
  • 0

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 3 ppsx

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 3 ppsx
... interface per unit area Conservation of volume gives 4 πr = πr + πr 3 (5 .30 ) Combining eqns (5.29) and (5 .30 ) gives ∆A = 4π γ [(r + r ) 2 /3 − (r + r )] 2 (5 .31 ) For r1/r2 in the range to this result ... Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys, 2nd edition, Chapman and Hall, 1992 M F Ashby and D R H Jones, Engineering Materials I, 2nd edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1996 G A Chadwick, Metallography ... 67 Time at annealing temperature (minutes) 600 180 160 135 115 115 10 20 30 60 620 180 160 135 115 115 13 26 645 180 160 135 115 115 1.5 3. 5 10 Estimate the time that it takes for recrystallisation...
  • 27
  • 149
  • 0

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 4 docx

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 4 docx
... weight = 47 .90; Te – T = 30 K; Te = 882°C; γ = 0.1 Jm–2; density of the c.p.h phase = 4. 5 Mg m–3; θ = 5° Answer: 67 atoms 76 Engineering Materials Chapter Kinetics of structural change: III – displacive ... liquid in a particular sequence This slows down the crystallisation process, and it is possible to make amorphous Fe40Ni40P14B6 using cooling rates of only 105°Cs−1 98 Engineering Materials Fig ... the Properties of Engineering Materials, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1978 R E Reed-Hill, Physical Metallurgy Principles, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 19 64 88 Engineering Materials Problems 8.1 Compare...
  • 27
  • 123
  • 0

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 7 doc

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 7 doc
... (K) 10 10 0 .7 0.8 (1000) (1100) 990 800 1 8.5 4.0 84 280 – 1.0 (1400) 800 220 – 10 40 40 10 10 – 3–5 – 4–12 – 2323 (1 470 ) 3110 – 2 173 – 2843 – – – 510 79 5 1422 6 27 670 71 0 70 25.6 84 17 1.5 20–25 ... Ashby and D R H Jones, Engineering Materials I, 2nd edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1996 Further reading S Kalpakjian, Manufacturing Processes for Engineering Materials, Addison-Wesley, 1984 J ... (Mg m−3 ) Steels Al alloys 210 70 7. 8 2 .7 27 26 Alumina, Al2O3 Silica, SiO2 390 69 3.9 2.6 100 27 45 2.4 19 Cement Specific modulus E/r (GPa/Mg m−3) 178 Engineering Materials alumina, for instance,...
  • 27
  • 109
  • 0

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 8 ppsx

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 8 ppsx
... logs in eqn ( 18. 2) gives m   σ  ln  =   Ps (V0 )   σ  ( 18. 3) 188 Engineering Materials Fig 18. 4 Survival probability plotted on “Weibull probability” axes for samples of volume V0 ... Ps (V0 )  V0  ( 18. 7) The Weibull distribution (eqn 18. 2) can be rewritten as m σ  ln Ps (V0 ) = −   σ0  ( 18. 8) The statistics of brittle fracture and case study 189 If we insert this ... σ  t(test)  =  t  σ TS  ( 18. 10) 190 Engineering Materials Fig 18. 5 Slow crack growth caused by surface hydration of oxide ceramics where n is the slow crack-growth exponent Its value for...
  • 27
  • 129
  • 0

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 9 ppsx

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 9 ppsx
... Interscience, 198 4 J A Brydson, Plastics Materials, 6th edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, 199 6 C Hall, Polymer Materials, Macmillan, 198 1 International Saechtling, Plastics Handbook, Hanser, 198 3 R M ... Polyethylene, PE (high density) 560 (780) 510 (700) 0 .91 –0 .94 0 .95 –0 .98 0.15–0.24 0.55–1.0 7–17 20–37 Polypropylene, PP Polytetrafluoroethylene, PTFE 675 (95 0) – 0 .91 2.2 1.2–1.7 0.35 50–70 17–28 Polystyrene, ... concrete 216 Engineering Materials Polymers C Polymers and composites 217 218 Engineering Materials Polymers 2 19 Chapter 21 Polymers Introduction Where people have, since the industrial revolution,...
  • 27
  • 134
  • 0

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 10 potx

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 10 potx
... crystalline linear-polymers (like high-density PE) can be formed by heating and moulding them, just like linear-amorphous polymers; cross-linked polymers cannot 248 Engineering Materials Strength: ... may be design-limiting And both, in polymers, have complicated origins, which we will now explain Stiffness: the time- and temperature-dependent modulus Much engineering design – particularly ... molecules increases the volume of the polymer The extra volume (over and above that needed by tightly packed, motionless molecules) is called the freevolume It is the free-volume, aided by the thermal...
  • 27
  • 118
  • 0

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 11 pot

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 11 pot
... composites effectively Particulate composites Particulate composites are made by blending silica flour, glass beads, even sand into a polymer during processing 272 Engineering Materials Particulate composites ... be designed-in Because of this direct control 276 Engineering Materials over properties, both sorts of composites offer special opportunities for designing weight-optimal structures, particularly ... Fibreglass is not Composites: fibrous, particulate and foamed 271 Fig 25.7 The combination of properties which maximise the stiffness-to-weight ratio and the strength-toweight ratio, for various loading...
  • 27
  • 72
  • 0

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 12 ppsx

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 12 ppsx
... Engineering Materials (e) Materials selection J A Charles and F A A Crane, Selection and Use of Engineering Materials, 2nd edition, ButterworthHeinemann, 1989 M F Ashby, Materials Selection in Mechanical ... couple that is needed to cause the out-of-plane deflection of the end discs Using the standard beam-bending formula of d2 y M = dx EI (28.5) 302 Engineering Materials we can write dy  dy   = ... Butterworth-Heinemann, 1992 (c) Ceramics W E C Creyke, I E J Sainsbury, and R Morrell, Design with Non-Ductile Materials, Applied Science Publishers, 1982 D W Richardson, Modern Ceramic Engineering, ...
  • 27
  • 74
  • 0

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 13 pdf

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 13 pdf
... Cd wt% Zn Cadmium-zinc alloy Zinc-rich phase Cadmium-rich phase Phases DEF All parts of an alloy with the same physical and chemical properties and the same composition are parts of a single ... the single-phase and two-phase fields Teaching yourself phase diagrams 329 Fig A1.3 1 .13 A micrograph reveals 10 black-etching needles and globular regions that etch grey, set in a white-etching ... ice, or iron, have several Single-phase regions are areas Two phases co-exist along lines Three phases co-exist at a point: the triple point 332 Engineering Materials Fig A1.6 The behaviour...
  • 27
  • 60
  • 0

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 14 ppsx

Engineering Materials Vol II (microstructures_ processing_ design) 2nd ed. - M. Ashby_ D. Jones (1999) WW Part 14 ppsx
... plus lead-rich solid Liquid plus tin-rich solid Lead-rich solid only Liquid only 2.6 (a) Liquid plus lead-rich solid between and (b) Lead-rich solid between and (c) Lead-rich solid plus tin-rich ... pearlite 358 Engineering Materials Fig A1.40 Fig A1.41 Pearlite in a eutectoid-composition plain-carbon steel, ×500 (After K J Pascoe, An Introduction to the Properties of Engineering Materials, ... Liquid plus lead-rich solid at 200°C XPb = 33% in the liquid XPb = 73% in the solid (c) Tin-rich solid plus lead-rich solid at 150°C XPb = 1% in the tin-rich solid XPb = 83% in the lead-rich solid...
  • 27
  • 64
  • 0

Xem thêm

Nạp tiền Tải lên
Đăng ký
Đăng nhập