two step transformations 001

Báo cáo khoa học: "A Two-step Approach to Sentence Compression of Spoken Utterances" pdf

Báo cáo khoa học:
... step, annotators were asked to select words to be removed to compress the sentences In the second step, annotators (different from the first step) were asked to pick the best one from the compressions ... deleted) • The log likelihood of the candidate sentence based on the language model • The absolute difference of the compression ratio of the candidate sentence with that of the first ranked candidate ... summarization-step one: Sentence compression In Proceedings of AAAI Fei Liu and Yang Liu 2009 From extractive to abstractive meeting summaries: can it be done by sentence compression? In Proceedings of the ACL-IJCNLP...
  • 5
  • 154
  • 1

Báo cáo khoa học: "Jointly optimizing a two-step conditional random field model for machine transliteration and its fast decoding algorithm" pdf

Báo cáo khoa học:
... Dong Yang, Paul Dixon, Yi-Cheng Pan, Tasuku Oonishi, Masanobu Nakamura and Sadaoki Furui 2009 Combining a Two-step Conditional Random Field Model and a Joint Source Channel Model for Machine Transliteration, ... Lafferty, Andrew McCallum, and Fernando Pereira 2001 Conditional Random Fields: Probabilistic Models for Segmenting and Labeling Sequence Data., Proceedings of International Conference on Machine ... Kumar Naskar and Sivaji Bandyopadhyay 2006 A modified joint source-channel model for transliteration, Proceedings of the COLING/ACL, pages 191-198 Bo-June Hsu and James Glass 2008 Iterative Language...
  • 6
  • 143
  • 0

multilayer tio2 – nanotube formation by two-step anodization

multilayer tio2 – nanotube formation by two-step anodization
... Conclusions The results of the present work show that multilayer stacks of highly ordered and self-organized TiO2 nanotubular layers can be grown by two-step anodization under different electrochemical ... To obtain more insight into the formation of the second layer, we performed some additional characterization by TEM Figure shows TEM images of the second-layer nanotubes ͑A͒ and a single tube ... interface after two-step anodization The first tubes are 500 nm long with a diameter of 100 ± 10 nm, and the second tubes have a diameter of 40 ± 10 nm and length dependent on the anodization time;...
  • 4
  • 73
  • 0

báo cáo hóa học:" Unusual inferior dislocation of shoulder: reduction by two-step maneuver: a case report" pot

báo cáo hóa học:
... Atypical subglenoid inferior glenohumeral dislocation clinically mimicking anterior dislocation European Journal of Trauma 2004, 4:259-261 Matsumoto K, Ohara A, Yamanaka K, Takigami I, Naganawa ... in abduction Sonanis et al[9] first reported traumatic inferior dislocation of shoulder without the pathognomonic upright arm posture A year later Sharma et al[10] reported a similar case of inferior ... head and posterior labral tear Davids and Talbott[5] described a similar lesion by CT scan and stated that the bony defect in inferior dislocation is primarily in the sagittal plane while that...
  • 5
  • 71
  • 0

Báo cáo hóa học: "Simple two-step fabrication method of Bi2Te3 nanowires" pdf

Báo cáo hóa học:
... shows the cross section of Bi2Te3 nanowire (c) A low-magnification TEM image of the cross section of Bi2Te3 nanowire There is no interface between the original Bi core and the Bi2Te3 shell after annealing ... substrate by the OFF-ON method Step 2: Bi2Te3 is deposited onto the substrate containing the Bi nanowires by in situ RF sputtering, which forms Bi -Bi2Te3 core/shell nanowires Homogeneous Bi2Te3 nanowires ... high-angle angular dark field (HAADF) STEM image of a Bi2Te3 nanowire with a diameter of 78 nm The EDS line scan profiles show the uniform atomic distribution of Bi and Te elements through the whole nanowire,...
  • 4
  • 63
  • 0

Báo cáo hóa học: " Micro-nano hybrid structures with manipulated wettability using a two-step silicon etching on a large area" ppt

Báo cáo hóa học:
... and surface characterizations using FE-SEM and participated in draft writing SJS conducted practical MNHS fabrication, surface wettability characterizations, and graphical information creation ... Contact angle measurement All measurements of surface contact angle were conducted using KSV CAM-200 (KSV Ins.) The value of contact angle on each fabricated substrate was automatically calculated ... Figurea PR removal Pillar Asher Pillar Acetone Cavity Asher Cavity a Micro-pattern Contact angle Acetone SEM images displayed not match practical sizes, but present geometrical structures performance...
  • 10
  • 78
  • 0

Báo cáo hóa học: "Fabrication of Uniform Au–Carbon Nanofiber by Two-Step Low Temperature Decomposition" docx

Báo cáo hóa học:
... information of the Fig Schematic diagram of the two-step preparation method The preloaded Au nanoparticles act like knife blade during decomposition of sucrose and result carbon nanofibers TEM image is low ... the decomposition temperature of sucrose (*185 °C) [17] and the same as the decomposition temperature of HAuCl4 in AAO to form Au nanotubes, [15] would not change the properties of the Au nanoparticles ... region of the channel At the same time, due to the strong adhesion between the aluminol groups of AAO and the hydroxyl groups of sucrose, [21] a thin layer of sucrose might remain on the wall of...
  • 5
  • 90
  • 1

Báo cáo hóa học: "A Two-Step Hydrothermal Synthesis Approach to Monodispersed Colloidal Carbon Spheres" pdf

Báo cáo hóa học:
... proposed two-step synthesis method, which is apt to the formation of monodispersed particles 123 976 Conclusion We have demonstrated a facile two-step hydrothermal approach to the synthesis of monodispersed ... lead to the formation of multiple shapes and/or sizes in the product due to the durative polycondensation [33] Two-Step Approach for Monodispersed CCS To achieve monodispersed CCS, the carbon ... processes: a two-step approach and b one-step approach Fig FT-IR spectrum of the CCS prepared by different processes: a one-step approach and b two-step approach monomers onto the colloidal seed...
  • 6
  • 99
  • 0

Báo cáo hóa học: "Research Article Two-Step Time of Arrival Estimation for Pulse-Based Ultra-Wideband Systems" potx

Báo cáo hóa học:
... output of the correlators However, when low-rate samples are employed, the TOA estimation can take a very long time Therefore, we propose a two-step TOA estimation algorithm that can perform TOA estimation ... [38–40] The focus of this paper is on the twostep TOA estimation algorithm shown in Figure In order to perform fast TOA estimation, the first step of the proposed two-step TOA estimation algorithm ... Switzerland, September 2005 [22] K Yu and I Oppermann, “Performance of UWB position estimation based on time- of- arrival measurements,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Ultra Wideband Systems and...
  • 11
  • 88
  • 0

Báo cáo hóa học: " Synthesis of Novel Double-Layer Nanostructures of SiC–WOx by a Two Step Thermal Evaporation Process" potx

Báo cáo hóa học:
... WO3 nanoplatelets Hierarchical heteronanostructure of W nanothorns on WO3 nanowhiskers (WWOs) was fabricated by Baek et al [20] by a simple two- step evaporation process and the hierarchical WWOs ... Synthesis of SiC–WOx Double-Layer Nanostructures The growth of 1D SiC–W18O49 double-layer nanostructure was achieved by a simple two step evaporation process The first step was the growth of SiC nanowires ... nanorods with various 1D nanostructures (CNTs, GaN, GaP, and SiC nanowires) by thermal chemical vapor deposition of Zn at a low temperature Shen et al [35] have synthesized hierarchical SiC nanoarchitectures...
  • 7
  • 98
  • 0

Báo cáo hóa học: " Rate Control for H.264 with Two-Step Quantization Parameter Determination but Single-Pass Encoding" ppt

Báo cáo hóa học:
... multiplier for mode decision by using a quantization parameter which may be different from that used for encoding In this paper, we propose an RDO-based rate control scheme for H.264 with two-step QP determination ... control without QP refinement (PRC w/o QP refinement), and the proposed rate control with QP refinement (PRC with QP refinement) We analyzed the performances of these three rate control schemes with ... Initialize the rate control model Determine the bit budget for current frame Buffer state Macroblock-layer rate control Determining coarse QP for a given MB RDO for ith MB ME for mode Ik with λMotion...
  • 13
  • 57
  • 0

a two-step resource allocation algorithm in multicarrier based cognitive radio systems

a two-step resource allocation algorithm in multicarrier based cognitive radio systems
... proposed PI -Algorithm which is an iterative power allocation algorithm aims to maximize the downlink total capacity of multicarrier based CR systems under both total power and maximum allowable interference ... of the FBMC as a candidate for a physical layer in the future CR system VI C ONCLUSION A two-step subcarrier and power allocation algorithm in multiuser multicarrier based cognitive radio system ... it can be easily shown that the maximum data rate in downlink can be obtained if the subcarriers are assigned to the user who has the best channel gain for that subcarrier as described in Algorithm...
  • 6
  • 45
  • 0

Báo cáo toán học: " Efficiency of Embedded Explicit Pseudo Two-Step RKN Methods on a Shared Memory Parallel Computer" ppsx

Báo cáo toán học:
... -evaluations of s components of the big vector F(tn e + hn c, Yn ) over a number of available processors An additional computational effort consists of a recomputation of the variable parameter matrix ... order and 10 for numerical comparisons with the code ODEX2 We have to note that the choice of an implementation on a shared memory Efficiency of Embedded Explicit Pseudo Two-Step RKN Methods 97 parallel ... than the codes DOPRI5 and DOP853 for solving expensive nonstiff first-order problems on a shared memory parallel computer We have also obtained a similar performance of a parallel implementation...
  • 14
  • 62
  • 0

Báo cáo khoa học: "Effects of Protein Source and Energy Substrates on the In Vitro Development of Bovine Embryos in a Two-step Culture System" ppsx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... formation According to Liu and Foote [14] nonessential amino acids (NEAA) have a stimulatory effect upon all developmental stages, and essential amino acids (EAA) enhance blastocyst formation and the ... Non-essential amino acids d Bovine serum albumin (fatty acid free, fraction V) e Fetal bovine serum Ta ble Effect of protein source on the in vitro development of 2-cell bovine embryos Protein ... Lee, E S and Fukui Y Synergistic effect of alanine and glycine on bovine embryos cultured in a chemically defined medium and amino acid uptake by in vitro produced bovine morulae and blastocysts...
  • 6
  • 166
  • 0

Báo cáo lâm nghiệp: "A two-step mortality model for even-aged stands of Pinus radiata D. Don in Galicia (Northwestern Spain)" doc

Báo cáo lâm nghiệp:
... two-step mortality model for even-aged stands of Pinus radiata including competition-induced mortality (regular mortality) and noncompetition-induced mortality (irregular mortality) by relating mortality ... et al [38] in an individual tree mortality model using the stochastic and the decision theory based deterministic approaches CONCLUSIONS A two-step mortality model for radiata pine in Galicia was ... Øyen B.H., Models for prediction of mortality in even-aged forest, Scand J For Res 18 (2003) 64–77 [12] Fridman J, Ståhl G., A three-step approach for modelling tree mortality in Swedish forests,...
  • 10
  • 124
  • 0

Xem thêm

Nạp tiền Tải lên
Đăng ký
Đăng nhập