A concise review of clinical laboratory science 2010

Báo cáo khoa học: "Gamma knife radiosurgery for movement disorders: a concise review of the literature" ppsx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... Kondziolka D, Lunsford LD: A comparison of surgical approaches for the management of tremor: radiofrequency thalamotomy, gamma knife thalamotomy and thalamic stimulation Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 1999, ... Shibazaki T, Ishihara J, Zhang J: Evaluation of gamma thalamotomy for parkinsonian and other tremors: survival of neurons adjacent to the thalamic lesion after gamma thalamotomy J Neurosurg 2000, ... after GK thalamotomy by Ohye et al [16] They performed a total of 36 thalamotomies in 31 patients and analyzed the treatment outcomes It was noted in this analysis that in the majority of patients,...
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Báo cáo y học: "Moxibustion and other acupuncture point stimulation methods to treat breech presentation: a systematic review of clinical trials" pptx

Báo cáo y học:
... present systematic review aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of moxibustion and other acupoint stimulation methods to treat breech presentation in pregnant women Methods Databases and search ... study selection, data extraction and analysis, and quality assessment XYW and HRZ performed the manual searches, data extraction and quality assessment All authors read and approved the final ... quality grade of a study Data analysis Review Manager Software 4.2.7 provided by the Cochrane Collaboration was used for data analysis Dichotomous data were expressed as a risk ratio (RR) with a...
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A comprehensive review of catheter associated urinary tract infections pathogenesis, risk factors, clinical and laboratory features and contribution to hospital costs, morbidity an

A comprehensive review of catheter associated urinary tract infections  pathogenesis, risk factors, clinical and laboratory features and contribution to hospital costs, morbidity an
... an almost universal risk of bacteriuria (Kass 1956; Guzman et al1991) and, perhaps, a substantial risk of associated bacteremia.(Guzman et al1991) Closed catheter drainage is universally regarded ... frequency (Garibaldi et al 32 Catheter- associated urinary tract infection 1980) and probably the density of meatal colonization is lower and the distance urethral contaminants must traverse to get to ... Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Candida spp, (Bronsema et al1993; Horan et al 1993; Bryan and Reynolds 1984) and we doubt that lack of virulence of nosocomial catheterassociated uropathogens is the reason...
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Báo cáo y học: "Statistical considerations in a systematic review of proxy measures of clinical behaviour" pptx

Báo cáo y học:
... direct and proxy measures Page of Table Statistics summarising validity of binary (yes/no) measures of behaviour Direct measure Proxy measure: YES NO TOTAL YES a b a+ b NO TOTAL c a+ c d b+d c+d T =a+ b+c+d ... taking a history, performing a physical examination, ordering laboratory examinations, giving guidance and advice, delivering medication and therapy, specifying follow-up [17] Reports combining ... proxy measures item by item Individual items may be assessed for face and content validity by a group of subject matter experts Their reliability may be assessed using a random or systematic sample...
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báo cáo khoa học: " Barriers and facilitators to implementing shared decision-making in clinical practice: a systematic review of health professionals'''' perceptions" ppt

báo cáo khoa học:
... theoretical understanding and expanding on these codes by readings of the text"[26] The beginning set of a priori codes was based on a taxonomy of barriers and facilitators to implementing clinical ... included health professionals, and 3) results included perceived barriers and/ or facilitators to shared decision-making Shared decision-making was defined in an inclusive manner as a joint process ... study, operationalization of shared decision-making, use of a conceptual framework to assess barriers and/ or facilitators to the implementation of shared decision-making in practice, design of study...
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Báo cáo y học: "(Sub)clinical cardiovascular disease is associated with increased bone loss and fracture risk; a systematic review of the association between cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis" ppsx

Báo cáo y học:
... doi:10.1186/ar3224 Cite this article as: den Uyl et al.: (Sub)clinical cardiovascular disease is associated with increased bone loss and fracture risk; a systematic review of the association between cardiovascular ... given The scores of each study are given in Tables and Statistical analysis A formal meta-analysis of the prospective studies investigating the association between bone mass and risk for cardiovascular ... recent years, many studies have examined the association between atherosclerosis and osteoporosis An increased IMT has been associated with severity of atherosclerosis and increased cardiovascular...
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Báo cáo khoa học: ":Bench-to-bedside review: A brief history of clinical acid–base" pps

Báo cáo khoa học:
... was to determine the extent of a clinical acid–base disorder rather than the mechanism [17] Potential clinical implications The Stewart approach appears to provide more straightforward explanations ... chemical) mechanisms to increase the plasma bicarbonate concentration [8] More than 20 years later, at the beginning of the polio epidemic, Danish physicians used the plasma bicarbonate Available ... at the heart of the debate over the Stewart approach to acid–base physiology almost half a century later [18,19] All have agreed for decades that changes in the partial pressure of carbon dioxide...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "Clinical review: A systematic review of corticosteroid use in infections" ppt

Báo cáo khoa học:
... trial of paediatric meningitis in a developing country with late presentation of disease, high levels of resistance to available antimicrobials, and a higher prevalence of chronic disease and malnutrition ... deterioration in pulmonary function after initiation of antimicrobials The efficacy of adjunctive corticosteroid therapy in avoiding this complication was investigated, leading to a consensus statement ... significantly increased chance of reaction to the lysed microfilariae This Mazzotti reaction comprises itching, rash, fever, tachycardia and hypotension, and is sometimes fatal A small trial of 40 patients...
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Báo cáo khoa học: " Hemodynamic goals in randomized clinical trials in patients with sepsis: a systematic review of the literature" pptx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... known about the variation in hemodynamic goals in clinical trials and whether this variation is associated with patient outcomes To better understand the hemodynamic goals in clinical trials in the ... variation in hemodynamic goals may introduce bias into clinical trials in sepsis patients Further research is needed to determine whether standardization of measures and target goals for hemodynamic ... on patients with sepsis since adequate supportive care with fluid and vasopressors remains one of the main tenets of therapy for patients with sepsis The wide range of hemodynamic goals in the...
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Báo cáo y học: " Using Guasha to treat musculoskeletal pain: A systematic review of controlled clinical trials" pdf

Báo cáo y học:
... X: Clinical observation of 38 cases of cervical spondylosis treated by Guasha Zhongyi Waizhi Zazhi 1995, 2:40 Wang ZG, Tao Y, Wu NT: The effect of coin scraping therapy for the treatment of lumbar ... Using Guasha to treat musculoskeletal pain: A systematic review of controlled clinical trials Chinese Medicine 2010 5:5 Publish with Bio Med Central and every scientist can read your work free of ... dissertations and abstracts were eligible We excluded the trials that compared one type of Guasha with another Trials with Guasha as a part of a complex intervention were also excluded No language...
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Báo cáo y học: "The clinical effectiveness of different parenting programmes for children with conduct problems: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials" ppt

Báo cáo y học:
... study was therefore to systematically review randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of parenting programmes for the treatment of children (≤ 18 yrs) with conduct problems to investigate i) the overall ... were assessed using Cochrane Collaboration [19] criteria Appropriateness of statistical analyses was critically appraised by statisticians Inclusion and exclusion of studies, data extraction and ... externalizing behavior problems – a meta-analytic review Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 2006, 47(1):99-111 The Cochrane Collaboration: Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions...
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Lay health workers in primary and community health care: A systematic review of trials pdf

Lay health workers in primary and community health care: A systematic review of trials pdf
... Pond P, Zwarenstein M, Aja G, van Wyk B, Bosch-Capblanch X, Patrick M Lay health workers in primary and community health care The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue Art No.: CD004015 ... 2005, Bhandari 2003, Agrasada 2005) and address barriers to breastfeeding; observation of baby positioning and mother-child interaction; and health education Support was mainly by telephone in Dennis ... INCLUDED IN META-ANALYSIS SUBGROUPS Lay Health Workers 63 Abstract Background Increasing interest has been shown in the use of lay health workers (LHWs) for the delivery of a wide range of maternal...
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Nitrosamine and related food intake and gastric and oesophageal cancer risk: A systematic review of the epidemiological evidence ppt

Nitrosamine and related food intake and gastric and oesophageal cancer risk: A systematic review of the epidemiological evidence ppt
... may be related to salt and NOC, in enhancing carcinogenesis after the epithelium is damaged[8] The aim of this article is to review and evaluate the available epidemiological evidence about the ... association between dietary exposure to preformed nitrosamine and related food intake and gastric and oesophageal cancer risk in humans MATERIALS AND METHODS Inclusion criteria Epidemiological ... M, Natsukawa S, Shaura K, Koizumi Y, Kasuga Y, Hanaoka T, Tsugane S Association of Helicobacter pylori infection and environmental factors in non-cardia gastric cancer in Japan Gastric Cancer...
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