economics climate change east asia

Tài liệu The Global Report of the Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change Study: Consultation Draft doc

Tài liệu The Global Report of the Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change Study: Consultation Draft doc
... well off as it was before climate change They can choose to nothing to suffer (or enjoy the benefits from) the full impact of climate change Or they can decide to adapt to the level where the ... and storm surges Table Comparison of adaptation cost estimates by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change Economics of Adaptation ... the global costs of adaptation Initially, the intention was to use country case studies to develop unit least costs of adaptation and then to apply them to similar adaptation conditions in other...
  • 109
  • 252
  • 0

STERN REVIEW: The Economics of Climate Change potx

STERN REVIEW: The Economics of Climate Change potx
... difficulty of continuing to adapt in future *** STERN REVIEW: The Economics of Climate Change The first half of the Review considers how the evidence on the economic impacts of climate change, and on the ... climate change STERN REVIEW: The Economics of Climate Change Using this model, and including those elements of the analysis that can be incorporated at the moment, we estimate the total cost over the ... 22 STERN REVIEW: The Economics of Climate Change Agreement on a broad set of mutual responsibilities across each of the relevant dimensions of action would contribute to the overall goal of reducing...
  • 27
  • 151
  • 0

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 1 ppt

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 1 ppt
... CLIMATE RISKS AND RESPONSE MEASURES IN SOUTH ASIA: THE CASE OF FLOODS AND DROUGHTS IN BANGLADESH AND INDIA M Monirul Qader Mirza Ian Burton 11 .1 11. 2 11 .3 11 .4 11 .5 11 .6 11 .7 11 .8 11 .9 11 .10 Introduction ... CLIMATE CHANGE AND WATER RESOURCES IN SOUTH ASIA: AN INTRODUCTION M Monirul Qader Mirza Q K Ahmad 1. 1 1. 2 1. 3 1. 4 Introduction Water Availability and Demand in South Asia Climate Change and Water ... Pindari Milam Poting Triloknath Bara Shigri Chota Shigri Shankulpa 364 2,840 1, 350 262 400 650 60 518 13 (19 77 and 19 90) 12 0 (18 4 5 -1 966) 10 7 (18 4 9 -1 957) 50 (19 0 6 -1 957) 26 (19 6 9 -1 995) 18 (19 7 7 -1 995)...
  • 40
  • 305
  • 0

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 2 doc

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 2 doc
... transport and morphological changes; estimating ground water and changes in ground water volume; forecasting flood volume, depth and duration; assessing changes in land-use; and assessing impacts of changes ... determined Step 4: Using the 196 7-1 9 92 mean rainfall and standard deviation, the 20 -year rainfall for each station was calculated by: 20 -year rainfall = (1.645 * sd (196 7-1 9 92) + mean (196 7-1 9 92) ) ... Hydrologic Effects of Climate Change in the Delware River Basin Water Resources Bulletin 25 (1989), pp. 123 1-1 24 2 McCabe Jr., G J and Wolock, D M.: Effects of Climate Change and Climate Variability on...
  • 32
  • 112
  • 0

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 3 ppt

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 3 ppt
... Change Change (-) No Change Change (+) No Change No Change No Change Change (+) No Change Kruskal-Wallis Mann-Whitney Change (-) Change (+) Change (+) No Change Change (-) No Change Change (+) No Change ... Change Change (+) No Change No Change No Change Change (-) No Change No Change No Change Change (-) No Change Change (+) No Change Change (+) No Change No Change Change (-) ARE FLOODS GETTING WORSE? ... 19 93 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 1 ,37 3 11 ,31 6 3, 396 3, 637 1,9 13 1 ,37 6 1,5 73 238 1,661 1,804 1,200 1, 835 2,050 1,097 2 03 1,024 572 1,862 2,845 1,479 1,506 2,526 2, 131 500 2,159 1 03 13 17...
  • 21
  • 111
  • 0

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 4 docx

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 4 docx
... scenarios Fig 4. 10 Panel A - Efficacy factor of protecting against modest flooding with or without protection against moderate or severe flooding inland from the river 4. 6 .4 TRUTH IN ADVERTISING - THE ... for Inter-Temporal Climate Climatic Change 41 (1999), pp.5 5-6 7 Smit, B., Burton, I., Klein, R J T and Wandel, J.: “An Anatomy of Adaptation to Climate Change and Variability” Climatic Change 45 ... “Adapting to Climate Change: A Case Study on Riverine Flood Risks in the Netherlands” In R S J Tol and A A Olsthoorn (eds.), Floods, Flood Management and Climate Change in the Netherlands, Institute...
  • 25
  • 136
  • 0

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 5 pdf

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 5 pdf
... months (F3) Current 25. 0 33.0 42.0 CSIRO9 20.0 35. 0 45. 0 UKTR 14.0 31.0 55 .0 GFDL 15. 0 32.0 53 .0 LLNL 19 .5 35. 0 45. 5 Changes in land categories may affect cropping intensity in Bangladesh Farmers ... 6oC increases in temperature (Figs 5. 14, 5. 15, 5. 16, 5. 17 and Table 5. 10) At a 2oC temperature change, the CSIRO9 and LLNL models imply equal changes (-1 7%) for the Fo and no change for the F1 inundation ... Fo ( 0-3 0 cm) F1 (3 1-9 0 cm) F2 (9 1-1 80 cm) F3>180 cm CSIRO9 UKTR GFDL LLNL 4.42 (-1 7%) 4.03 (-2 5% ) 4.09 (-2 3%) 4.37 (-1 7%) 0. 95 (-2 %) 0.81 (-2 0%) 0. 85 (-1 2%) 0.94 (-2 %) 1.63 (+31%) 1.67 (+ 35% )...
  • 33
  • 130
  • 0

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 6 ppt

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 6 ppt
... events in 1 964 , 197 0-1 972, 198 1-1 982 and 1988 (Fig 6. 7) in Tibetan Himalayas coincide roughly to 9-year or 10-year periodicity of climatic variation in temperature and precipitation (Xu and Quingua, ... 45 - 27° 50’ N 86 28’ E 4,580 55.1 131 3.2 0.5 1.39 76. 6 77 .6 45 - 28° 30’ N 84° 30’ E 4,1 46 41.8 81 2.0 0.45 0. 76 31.8 55.4 45+ - 27° 52’ N 86 35’ E 4, 365 20 1.21 0.44 0.5 10 50 27° 44’ N 86 ... (quoted in Mool et al., 2001; Karma et al., 2003) For instance, the area of Rapstreng Tsho Glacier Lake was 0.15 km2 in 1 960 s, in 19 86 the lake was 1 .65 km long and 0. 96 km wide and 80 m deep and in...
  • 18
  • 137
  • 0

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 7 docx

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 7 docx
... 44 40 17 12 37 32 2425 20 15 14 21 1511 15 -2 0 -1 3 -1 9-1 6 -1 2 -6 -9 Punjab Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi -3 -1 0 -1 1 -1 2 -2 5 -2 5 -4 0 -9 -1 5 Kerala East Madhya Pradesh -6 -1 8 -1 2 -1 5 -2 1 -2 8 North ... exchange of information on the state-of-the-art thinking about climate change and impacts on water resources The timely flows of information among the climate change scientists and the water- management ... level leads to intrusion of saline water far into the land mass through the rivers draining into the sea and it also increases ground water contamination by making water saline Saline water Copyright...
  • 42
  • 119
  • 0

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 9 docx

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 9 docx
... good water policy in Bangladesh The National Water Policy was finalized in 199 9 (Ministry of Water Resources, 199 9) In this policy it was noted, among others, that the lack of inter-agency coordination ... This can bring hardship to people living in areas with poor access to surface water and ground water resources There were severe droughts in Bangladesh in 197 9, 198 1, 198 2 and 198 9 and between ... legal and financial measures and incentives, including delineation of water rights and water pricing; To bring institutional changes that will help decentralize the management of water resources and...
  • 24
  • 140
  • 0

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 11 (end) pdf

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia - Chapter 11 (end) pdf
... Gujarat and Neeru Meeru (Water and You) in AP 11. 8 FUTURE CLIMATE CHANGE, RISKS AND ADAPTATION 11. 8.1 CLIMATE CHANGE AND RISKS Discussions in the preceding section demonstrate that the South Asia ... non-structural measures include flood forecasting and warning, retention ponds, natural water bodies and drainage network, land-use planning and relief and rehabilitation Other practiced non-structural ... rainfall, discharge and water level data collected from selected stations for simulating floods with the aid of MIKE 1 1- GIS model, and disseminating the warnings in electronic and print media and...
  • 35
  • 123
  • 0

báo cáo khoa học: " The economics of health and climate change: key evidence for decision making" pdf

báo cáo khoa học:
... Volume 89 Bulletin of the World Health Organization; 2011:54-61 doi:10.1186/1744-8603-7-18 Cite this article as: Hutton: The economics of health and climate change: key evidence for decision making ... estimates of the implications of climate change: Human health Volume 66 Ecological Economics; 2008:(1):8-13 14 Cline W: The economics of global warming Washington D.C.: Institute of International Economics; ... to climate change multiplied by the unit cost of health interventions, consisting of a mixture of preventive and treatment interventions The results of these studies are compared in Table For the...
  • 7
  • 105
  • 0

Xem thêm

Đăng ký
Đăng nhập