A continuum phase field model for fracture

Computational methods for a phase field model of grain growth kinetics

Computational methods for a phase field model of grain growth kinetics
... that sharp interface formulation 2.5 Application of Phase Field Methods: A variety of material processing applications have been comfortably handled by Phase- field models The application of phase- field ... The average grain area and total time taken as function of time for operator splitting case 60 5.16 The average grain area and total time taken as function of time for AIA-PT ... number of phase field variables would be seen as a great asset by modelers Precisely we propose such an approach which can handle theoretically ∞ phase- field variables Chapter Computational Algorithms...
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Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học: "A Syntax-Driven Bracketing Model for Phrase-Based Translation" pptx

Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học:
... minimal then 8: Update bracketing instances for index j 9: end if 10: end if 11: end for 12: for each j ∈ c := ∪ {bracketing instances from j} 13: 14: end for 15: Output: bracketing instances We ... the parse tree 3.3 The Integration of the SDB Model into Phrase-Based SMT We integrate the SDB model into phrase-based SMT to help decoder perform syntax-driven phrase translation In particular, ... training corpus In section we elaborate the syntax-driven bracketing model, including feature generation and the integration of the SDB model into phrase-based SMT In section and 5, we present...
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Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học: "A Unified Syntactic Model for Parsing Fluent and Disfluent Speech∗" ppt

Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học:
... Crucially, any information about repair is stripped from the input, including partial words, repair symbols , and interruption point information While an integrated system for processing and parsing speech ... start and end of the reparandum 108 Conclusion This paper has described a novel method for parsing speech that contains speech repairs This system achieves high accuracy in both parsing and detecting ... for processing and parsing speech may use both acoustic and syntactic information to find repairs, and thus may have access to some of this information about where interruptions occur, this experiment...
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Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học: "A Phrase-based Statistical Model for SMS Text Normalization" ppt

Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học:
... Therefore, the models used in spelling correction are inadequate for providing a complete solution for SMS normalization 2.3 SMS Normalization versus General Text Normalization General text normalization ... pre-processing work for an English-toChinese SMS translation system using a wordgroup model In addition, in most of the commercial SMS translation applications , SMS lingo (i.e., SMS short form) dictionary ... a posteriori distribution for a channel target text given the source text P ( s | e) , and a prior distribution for the channel source text P (e) N ˆ e Phrase-based Model one phrase sk in s ,...
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Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học: "GPSM: A GENERALIZED PROBABILISTIC SEMANTIC MODEL FOR AMBIGUITY RESOLUTION" pptx

Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học:
... called an annotated phrase level (APL) The i-th APL is denoted as Fi For example, L5 in Figure has an annotated phrase level F5 = {B [fB], F [fF], c4 [fc,]} as its Semantic Tagging Canonical Form ... can be characterized differently Semantic Tagging A popular linguistic approach to annotate a tree is to use a unification-based mechanism However, many information irrelevant to disambiguation ... score In particular, the semantic score accounts for the semantic preference on a given set o f lexical categories and a particular syntactic structure for the sentence Various formulation for the...
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Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học: Trophoblast-like human choriocarcinoma cells serve as a suitable in vitro model for selective cholesteryl ester uptake from high density lipoproteins pdf

Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học: Trophoblast-like human choriocarcinoma cells serve as a suitable in vitro model for selective cholesteryl ester uptake from high density lipoproteins pdf
... the early trophoblast of the attachment phase or as later invasive stage [46–48] Thus, in most cases, choriocarcinoma has the appearance of trophoblast, being predominantly syncytiotrophoblastic ... cytotrophoblastic Some cytotrophoblastic choriocarcinomas secrete little human chorionic gonadotropin and some choriocarcinomas also secrete human placental lactogen [22–27] A number of choriocarcinoma ... was aspirated and the cells were rinsed as described above [34] Degradation of 125I-labeled HDL3 by choriocarcinoma cells was estimated by measuring the nontrichloroacetic acid-precipitable radioactivity...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "A DOM Tree Alignment Model for Mining Parallel Data from the Web" doc

Báo cáo khoa học:
... techniques, the DOM tree alignment model, sentence alignment model, and candidate web page pair verification model are introduced DOM Tree Alignment Model The Document Object Model (DOM) is an application ... 1: Precision of Mined Parallel Documents Experimental Results The DOM tree alignment based mining system is used to acquire English-Chinese parallel data from the web The mining procedure is initiated ... between STSG and our DOM tree alignment model: (i) Our DOM tree alignment model requires the alignment a sequential order invariant process, i.e if node A is aligned with node B, then the sibling nodes...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "A Generalized Vector Space Model for Text Retrieval Based on Semantic Relatedness" pot

Báo cáo khoa học:
... adopted semantic network construction model, each semantic edge type is given a different weight The intuition behind edge types’ weighting is that certain types provide stronger semantic connections ... other semantic network based models will also shed light towards the conditions, under which, embedding semantic information improves text retrieval Moreover, there are additional aspects that deserve ... 1606–1611 Hyderabad, India G Salton and M.J McGill 1983 Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval McGraw-Hill M Sanderson 1994 Word sense disambiguation and information retrieval In Proc of the 17th...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "A Class-Based Agreement Model for Generating Accurately Inflected Translations" pptx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... improvements through better selection of forms that already exist in the translation model A Class-based Model of Agreement 2.1 Morpho-syntactic Agreement Morpho-syntactic agreement refers to a relationship ... affect the agreement model: 149 We assume familiarity with these operations, which are described in detail in (Och and Ney, 2004) 3.2 Agreement Model Inference The class-based agreement model is ... annotating the ATB for animacy, and our model could benefit as more data is released Conclusion and Outlook Our class-based agreement model improves translation quality by promoting local agreement, but...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "A Stacked Sub-Word Model for Joint Chinese Word Segmentation and Part-of-Speech Tagging" potx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... F-score performance on the test data Conclusion and Future Work This paper has described a stacked sub -word model for joint Chinese word segmentation and POS tagging We defined a sub -word structure ... 2005) In this work, stacked learning is used to acquire extended training data for sub -word tagging 3.1 Method Architecture In our stacked sub -word model, joint word segmentation and POS tagging ... novel stacked sub -word model Given multiple word segmentations of one sentence, we formally define a sub -word structure that maximizes the agreement of non -word- break positions Based on the sub-word...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "A Language-Independent Unsupervised Model for Morphological Segmentation" pot

Báo cáo khoa học:
... application Performance improvements due to morphological information have been reported for example in MT, information retrieval, and speech recognition For the latter task, morphological segmentations ... systems for morphological segmentation with respect to CELEX manual morphological annotation Rule-based systems are currently the most common approach to morphological decomposition and perform ... the best results reported so far for an unsupervised system for morphological segmentation on German We showed that the new version of the algorithm is the only unsupervised system among the systems...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "A Hierarchical Phrase-Based Model for Statistical Machine Translation" pptx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... 2004a Pharaoh: a beam search decoder for phrase-based statistical machine translation models In Proceedings of the Sixth Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas, ... Ney 2004 Improvements in phrase-based statistical machine translation In Proceedings of HLT-NAACL 2004, pages 257–264 Philipp Koehn 2004b Statistical significance tests for machine translation evaluation ... standing j for X spanning fi We choose b and β to balance speed and performance on our development set For our experiments, we set b = 40, β = 10−1 for X cells, and b = 15, β = 10−1 for S cells...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "A Generative Constituent-Context Model for Improved Grammar Induction" docx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... productions, both will have equal likelihood A Generative Constituent-Context Model To exploit the benefits of parameter search, we used a novel model which is designed specifically to enable a ... complex generative model in which the bracketing generates a labeling which then generates the constituents and contexts The set of labels for constituent spans and distituent spans are forced ... Dan Klein and Christopher D Manning 2001b Natural language grammar induction using a constituent-context model In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, volume 14 MIT Press K Lari and...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "The Best of Both Worlds – A Graph-based Completion Model for Transition-based Parsers" pot

Báo cáo khoa học:
... advantages of the transition-based strategy, the integrated algorithm we are looking for has to be transition-based at the top level The advantages of the graph-based approach a more globally informed ... issue of transition-based parsing: in many situations, a transition-based parser is forced to make an attachment decision for a given input word at a point where no or only partial information about ... (2008) takes the complete transition sequence into account as it is calculating the update Zhang and Clark compare aspects of transition-based and graph-based parsing, and end up using a transition-based...
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