US poverty rate highest since 1993

Globalization, Poverty, and Inequality since 1980

Globalization, Poverty, and Inequality since 1980
... countries and that therefore trade and other flows should be more restricted The main goal of this essay is to document what we know about trends in global inequality and poverty, over the long term and ... 67 in 1980 to 64 in 2000, after rising from 64 in 1960 Xavier Sala-I-Martin (2002) likewise finds that any of the standard measures of inequality shows a decline in global inequality since 1980 ... Collier, P., and R Reinikka (2001) “Reconstruction and Liberalization: An Overview,” in P Collier and R Reinikka, eds., Uganda’s Recovery: The Role of Farms Firms, and Government, Regional and Sectoral...
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Tài liệu Bank heterogeneity and interest rate setting: What lessons have we learned since Lehman Brothers? pdf

Tài liệu Bank heterogeneity and interest rate setting: What lessons have we learned since Lehman Brothers? pdf
... 1020-0959 (print) ISBN 1682-7678 (online) BANK HETEROGENEITY AND INTEREST RATE SETTING: WHAT LESSONS HAVE WE LEARNED SINCE LEHMAN BROTHERS? by Leonardo Gambacorta* and Paolo Emilio Mistrulli ♣ Abstract ... between market and banking rates is the ratio between deposits and total funding (RETAIL), including deposits, bonds and interbank borrowing Banks which use relatively more bonds and interbank ... (2011) we compute the spread between the interest rate on time deposits and the repo rates on corresponding maturities Then we compute an average interbank deposit rate by weighting each rate with...
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Elderly Poverty: The Challenge Before Us doc

Elderly Poverty: The Challenge Before Us doc
... Hispanic-American elderly remain poor 2  Center for American Progress  |  Elderly Poverty: The Challenge Before Us • Asian Americans are less dependent on Social Security than other aging people ... property, and estates and trusts • Blacks make up only about percent of the elderly population in the United States, yet represent 21 percent of the elderly population living below the poverty line Nearly ... areas Rural elderly have higher rates of poverty than the urban elderly, and rural areas tend to have a higher percentage of elderly in their total population than their urban counterparts These higher...
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Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 1 pdf

Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 1 pdf
... Technical Information Service, U.S Department of Commerce, 528 5 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 2 21 6 1 Order No DE93 0 12 22 4 DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 MATERIAL SCIENCE ABSTRACT The Material Science Handbook was ... Heat-Up, Cool-Down, Characteristics of Metals Rev MS DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 MATERIAL SCIENCE F OREWOR D The Department of Energy (DOE) Fundamentals Handbooks consist of ten academic subjects, which include ... from the best available copy Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 378 31 Available to the public from the National...
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Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 2 ppt

Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 2 ppt
... MATERIAL SCIENCE Module Structure of Metals Structure of Metals DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF C ONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES ... 11 POLYMORPHISM 12 Polymorphism Phases Summary 12 14 ... 18 21 22 Rev Page i MS- 01 ...
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Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 3 docx

Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 3 docx
... slip occurs in crystals 1. 15 IDENTIFY the four types of bulk defects MS- 01 Page vi Rev Structure of Metals DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 BONDING B ONDING The arrangement of atoms in a material determines the ... neighbor The electrons are then part of both atoms and both shells are filled Page MS- 01 BONDING DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 Structure of Metals c Metallic bond - In this type of bond, the atoms not share ... OBJECTIVES DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 Structure of Metals ENABLING OBJECTIVES (Cont.) 1. 10 DEFINE the term alloy 1. 11 DESCRIBE an alloy as to the three possible microstructures...
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Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 4 pot

Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 4 pot
... from 663°C to 7 64 C MS- 01 The alpha phase, from room temperature to 663°C The gamma phase, from 7 64 C to its melting point of 11 33°C Page 12 Rev Structure of Metals DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 POLMORPHISM ... Page 11 MS- 01 POLYMORPHISM DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 Structure of Metals P OL YM ORPHISM Metals are capable of existing in more than one form at a time This chapter will discuss this property of metals ... are covered in Module 2, Properties of Metals, and creep is covered in Module 5, Plant Materials Rev Page MS- 01 GRAIN STRUCTURE AND BOUNDARY DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 Structure of Metals Figure Grains...
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Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 5 docx

Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 5 docx
... Steel 316 Stainless Steel 316 L Stainless Steel 4 05 Stainless Steel Inconel Zircaloy-4 MS- 01 Bal Bal Bal Bal Bal 0. 21 %C Max 0.08 0.03 0.08 0.03 0.08 0 . 15 %Cr %Ni 19 18 17 17 13 15 0 .1 10 12 12 Bal ... Page 16 %Mo 2. 5 2. 5 %Mn Max 2 2 1 %Si Max 1 %Zr 0 .5 Bal Rev Structure of Metals DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 ALLOYS The important information in this chapter is summarized below An alloy is a mixture of ... Structure of Metals DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 IMPERFECTIONS IN METALS Type 304 stainless steel (containing 18 % -2 0 % chromium and 8% -1 0 .5% nickel) is used in the tritium production...
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Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 7 pdf

Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 7 pdf
... process 1. 22 Rev IDENTIFY why zircaloy-4 is less susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement than zircaloy -2 Page ix MS- 02 OBJECTIVES DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 Properties of Metals Intentionally Left Blank MS- 02 ... OBJECTIVES DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 Properties of Metals ENABLING OBJECTIVES (Cont.) 1. 9 Given the values of the associated material properties, CALCULATE the elongation of a material using Hooke's Law 1. 10 ... slip effects the strength of a metal Page viii Rev Properties of Metals DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 OBJECTIVES ENABLING OBJECTIVES (Cont.) 1. 16 DESCRIBE the effects on ductility caused by: a b c Temperature...
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Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 8 pdf

Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 8 pdf
... structures MS- 02 Page 10 Rev Properties of Metals DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 YOUNG'S MODULUS YOUNG'S M ODULUS This chapter discusses the mathematical method used to calculate the elongation of a material ... Equation 2- 2 illustrates this proportion or distortion Strain ε δ L ( 2- 2) where: ε = strain (in./in.) δ = total elongation (in.) L = original length (in.) Rev Page MS- 02 STRAIN DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 ... the ability of a material to react to compressive stress or pressure MS- 02 Page Rev Properties of Metals DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 STRAIN STRAIN When stress is present strain will be involved also The...
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Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 10 docx

Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 10 docx
... the center of the material also induces tension Rev Page 25 MS- 02 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 Properties of Metal Therefore, the criterion of fracture (that is, the limit of plastic ... original area Page 24 square inches square inches (2 -1 5 ) x 10 0 (2 -1 6 ) Rev Properties of Metals DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES The reduction of area is reported as additional information (to the ... Aluminum 3.5 x 10 4 to 4.5 x 10 4 psi Stainless steel 4.0 x 10 4 to 5.0 x 10 4 psi Carbon steel 3.0 x 10 4 to 4.0 x 10 4 psi Alternate values are sometimes used instead of yield strength Several of these...
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Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 11 ppsx

Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 11 ppsx
... is a characteristic of viscous substances, but because the rate of recrystallization may not be fast enough MS- 02 Page 30 Rev Properties of Metals DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 WORKING OF METALS The important ... stresses caused by previous processes Refines grain structure Rev Page 31 MS- 02 CORROSION DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 Properties of Metals C ORROSION Corrosion is a major factor in the selection of material ... Rev Page 33 MS- 02 CORROSION DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 Properties of Metals One of the most serious metallurgical problems and one that is a major concern in the nuclear industry is stress-corrosion cracking...
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Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 12 potx

Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 12 potx
... DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT Intentionally Left Blank MS- 02 Page 40 Rev Appendix A Tritium/M aterial Compatibility Properties of Metals DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 APPENDIX A APPENDIX A TRITIUM /MATERIAL ... properties unless the tritium pressure is hundreds of atmospheres for several years Rev 0-A Page A -1 MS- 02 APPENDIX A DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 Properties of Metals Hydrogen dissolves as atoms in metals ... zircaloy -2 because: Zircaloy-4 contains less nickel The introduction of niobium into zircaloy-4 reduces the amount of hydrogen absorption in the metal Rev Page 39 MS- 02 Properties of Metals DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93...
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Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 13 potx

Material Science_ Vol 1 of 2 - US DOE (1993) WW Part 13 potx
... beta irradiation of the graphite surface MS- 02 Page A-4 Rev 0-A Properties of Metals DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 APPENDIX A The surface of the graphite will be contaminated with chemically-bound tritium, ... evolution and corrosion may result Rev 0-A Page A-7 MS- 02 APPENDIX A DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 Properties of Metals Intentionally Left Blank MS- 02 Page A-8 Rev 0-A ... be decontaminated by warm water or steam flushes or by etching in an acidic solution Rev 0-A Page A-5 MS- 02 APPENDIX A DOE- HDBK -1 0 17 / 1- 93 Properties of Metals Organics are easily permeated by...
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