Must and ought to english grammar

Oxford guide to english grammar part 23

Oxford guide to english grammar part 23
... nowadays Patterns with too and enough In adjective + to- infinitive patterns we often use too or enough It's too difficult to work the figures out in your head The coffee was too hot to drink This rucksack ... didn't mean to step on your foot I have to be at the airport by nine It means getting up early g Go on + to- infinitive means to something different, to the next thing Go on + ing-form means to continue ... informal English we can use try and instead of try to Let's try and move the cupboard away from the wall e After stop we often use the to- infinitive of purpose But stop + gerund means to end an...
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Oxford guide to english grammar part 26

Oxford guide to english grammar part 26
... wanted the carpet (to be) cleaned I'd like this drawing (to be) photocopied, please We prefer the lights (to be) turned down We can use an object + passive participle (or passive to- infinitive) after ... were hoping to see her arrive.) Not feeling very well, James decided to lie down Having lost my passport, I have to apply for a new one The restaurant having closed, there was nowhere to eat Being ... shirt with short sleeves) 138 Verb + participle The pattern We stood watching We can use a participle after stand, sit, lie, go and run The whole family stood waving in the road Karen sat at...
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Oxford guide to english grammar part 27

Oxford guide to english grammar part 27
... gerund or participle Gerund: some cooking oil a flying lesson • 283(2) Participle: a ticking clock some stolen bottles of whisky • g After a noun we can use a clause as a modifier a plan to catch ... container/measurement + of+ plural noun a box of matches a pound of tomatoes This can be more convenient than saying six tomatoes Some expressions go only with plural nouns, not uncountable nouns ... refer to something separate and individual, but uncountable when they refer to a type of material or substance Countable They had a nice carpet in the living-room The protestors threw stones...
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Oxford guide to english grammar part 28

Oxford guide to english grammar part 28
... normally use the of-pattern the bottom of the valley the end of the motorway NOT the motorway end But we can say roadside, hillside, hilltop and cliff top They stood by the roadside/ the side of ... door (= the door of the oven) factory chimneys the river bank the town centre NOTE a The main stress is usually on the second noun: the town 'centre b With top, bottom, side, back and end we normally ... passenger(s) came to the driver's help when he was attacked 146 The possessive form Form To form the possessive we add an apostrophe + s to a singular noun; we add an apostrophe to a plural noun...
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FOCUS ON - phrasal verbs and should and ought to

FOCUS ON - phrasal verbs and should and ought to
... Should Tom zip up his jacket? Ought Tom to zip up his jacket? and only should not or shouldn't is used in negative sentences: Tom should not zip up his jacket Tom ought not to zip up ... down My son is forty-one I wish he'd settle down and raise a family step on step on & steps on stepping on stepped on stepped on step on p.v When you step on something, you place your foot on it ... and so on, on your face She made herself up and went to the party make-up n Make-up is cosmetics: lipstick, mascara, and soon Heather's father thinks she wears too much make-up 175 made-up part.adj...
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Oxford guide to english grammar part 29

Oxford guide to english grammar part 29
... 242(3) If the story were true, what would it matter? 152 Singular and plural subjects It is usually easy to decide if a subject is singular or plural, but there are some points to note TWO or ... arm(s) and leg(s) an old custom manner (= way) the content of the message a saving of £5 some damage to the car feel pain(s) in my back arms (= weapons) go through customs manners (= polite behaviour) ... neighbours are looking after the dog A phrase of measurement takes a singular verb Ten miles is too far to walk Thirty pounds seems a reasonable price Here we are talking about the amount as a whole...
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Oxford guide to english grammar part 30

Oxford guide to english grammar part 30
... hiding behind a liferaft to avoid paying the £5 fare from Ryde, Isle of Wight to Southsea The captain was tipped off by radio He stopped the craft and a crewman brought the stowaway inside A Hovertravel ... crossing the English Channel was halted in rough seas The Prime Minister is to make a statement The sun was shining We were at home in the garden I'm just going to the post office Could I speak to the ... some jobs This decade has seen a revival in the cinema I go to work on the train Your cheque is in the post Kate has to go to the dentist tomorrow Here the cinema does not mean a specific cinema...
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English book oxford guide to english grammar 2

English book   oxford guide to english grammar 2
... out 23 2 (2) verb of reporting 26 5 (2) curious curious about 23 6 (2) , 26 2(5) Note + noun clause 26 2(5) Note curricula 29 8 (2) customs 154(1b) cut cut down 23 2 (2) cut down on 23 5 (2) cut off 23 2 (2) cut ... the end 22 9(2b) incase 25 9 (2) in case of 25 9(4) Note c US 307 (2) in charge of 22 8(1) in conclusion 21 6 (2) in consequence 24 7 (2) in favour of 22 8(1) + gerund 1 32( 8a) in front of 22 5(1), 22 6(7) in/on ... clause 26 2(1c) insist on 23 3 (2) insist on + gerund 1 32( 2), 27 0(2e) performative 16(3) verb of reporting 26 5 (2) , 27 0(2a, 2g), 27 0(2e) + subjunctive 24 2(1) insistence on + gerund 1 32( 7) instead of 22 8(1)...
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Tài liệu Must and have to & Must, musn’t, needn’t pptx

Tài liệu Must and have to & Must, musn’t, needn’t pptx
... phải đi?         Must, musn’t, needn’t Unit 32 Must, musn’t, needn’t A Must, mustn’t, needn’t You must something = Bạn cần thiết phải làm điều đó: Don’t tell anybody what I said You must keep it ... sớm D Bạn dùng have got to thay cho have to Vì bạn nói: I’ve got to work tomorrow hay I have to work tomorrow Sáng mai phải làm việc When has Ann got to go? hay When does Ann have to go? Khi Ann ... dùng have to B Bạn dùng must để nói hay tương lai, must không dùng cho khứ: We must go now Chúng ta phải We must go tomorrow (but not “We must go yesterday”) Ngày mai phải Bạn dùng have to cho...
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Tài liệu Oxford guide to english grammar part 31 docx

Tài liệu Oxford guide to english grammar part 31 docx
... school, go to school (as a pupil) sea at sea (= sailing), go to sea (as a sailor); But on the sea, near/by the sea, at the seaside town in town, go to town, leave town (one's home town or a town visited ... go to bed (to sleep); get out of bed, sit on the bed, make the bed church in/at church, go to church (to a service) class work in class or for homework court appear in court; But explain to the ... But in the town centre university (studying) at university, go to university (to study); But at /to the university is also possible and is normal in the USA Also at college etc work go to work,...
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Tài liệu Oxford guide to english grammar part 32 pdf

Tài liệu Oxford guide to english grammar part 32 pdf
... event, we use this, not that, to refer to it This town has absolutely no night life How long is this weather going to last? This is a great party This town is the town where we are NOTE When we ... a/an is also possible The car does sixty miles to the gallon /to a gallon The scale of the map is three miles to the inch /to an inch We can use by the to say how something is measured Boats can be ... so much Basic use We use demonstratives to 'point' to something in the situation This and these refer to something near the speaker That and those refer to something further away This and that...
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Tài liệu Oxford guide to english grammar part 33 pptx

Tài liệu Oxford guide to english grammar part 33 pptx
... of tourists here Negative: There aren't many tourists here Question: Are there many tourists here? How many tourists come here? We also use many or much (but not a lot of) after very, so, too, ... holiday place? ~ Yes, there are a few tourists here (a few tourists = some tourists, a small number) Is this a holiday place? ~ No, there are few tourists/not many tourists here It was three in the ... The burglars took a few things Whole and part quantities: all, most, both etc • 178 Some quantifiers express the whole or a part of a quantity Whole: All crime should be reported Part: Most crime...
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Tài liệu Oxford guide to english grammar part 34 doc

Tài liệu Oxford guide to english grammar part 34 doc
... of them were open Part Part can be an ordinary noun with a determiner This next part of the film is exciting But we can also use part of as a quantifier without an article (A) part of the film ... the town hall Any passer-by will be able to direct you Any refers to one part of the whole All passers-by know where the town hall is, so you only need to ask one of them But it doesn't matter ... people to lend a hand Yes, we've got plenty of time NOTE We use plenty of to talk about something which is a good thing For 'more than enough' in a bad sense we use too many/too much The store...
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Tài liệu Oxford guide to english grammar part 35 doc

Tài liệu Oxford guide to english grammar part 35 doc
... by a press photographer When the millionth visitor arrives, he or she will be given a free ticket His or her photo will be taken by a press photographer When the millionth visitor arrives, they ... problem in English when we want to talk about a single person whose sex is not known Here are three possible ways When the millionth visitor arrives, he will be given a free ticket His photo will ... We use language to communicate They We can use they to mean 'other people in general' and especially the relevant authorities They're going to knock this building down They ought to ban those car...
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Tài liệu Oxford guide to english grammar part 36 docx

Tài liệu Oxford guide to english grammar part 36 docx
... takes a reflexive Tom dried himself on a large yellow bath towel c We often use get washed, get shaved, get (un)dressed and get changed Tom got dressed quickly and went down to breakfast d For ... aeroplane 'Is this one going to come down?' (this one = this aeroplane) And what other stamps you like besides Polish ones? ~ English ones We've got a lot of those (English ones = English stamps) One ... weddings I haven't been to one lately (= a wedding) Compare one/some and it/they I haven't got a rucksack I'll have to buy one (= a rucksack) I haven't got any boots I'll have to buy some (= some...
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