23666 description of famous paintings

23666 description of famous paintings

23666 description of famous paintings
... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………… … … The Third of May 1808 by Francisco Goya ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………...
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Statistical Description of Data part 1

Statistical Description of Data part 1
... sums of integer powers of the values Best known is the mean of the values x1 , , xN , x= N N xj (14 .1. 1) j =1 which estimates the value around which central clustering occurs Note the use of ... 610 Chapter 14 Statistical Description of Data CITED REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING: Bevington, P.R 19 69, Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical ... estimator of this Sample page from NUMERICAL RECIPES IN C: THE ART OF SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING (ISBN 0-5 21- 4 310 8-5) Copyright (C) 19 88 -19 92 by Cambridge University Press.Programs Copyright (C) 19 88 -19 92...
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Statistical Description of Data part 2

Statistical Description of Data part 2
... definitions into sums of various powers of the data, e.g., the familiar    N  x2  − N x2  ≈ x2 − x2 (14.1.7) Var(x1 xN ) = j N −1 614 Chapter 14 Statistical Description of Data Semi-Invariants ... significance of a difference of means is not the number of standard deviations that they are apart, but the number of so-called standard errors that they are apart The standard error of a set of values ... powers of the semi-invariants, 3 /2 Skew(x) = I3 /I2 Kurt(x) = I4 /I2 (14.1. 12) A Gaussian distribution has all its semi-invariants higher than I2 equal to zero A Poisson distribution has all of its...
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Statistical Description of Data part 3

Statistical Description of Data part 3
... considerations and equation (6.4 .3) give the routine 620 Chapter 14 Statistical Description of Data 14 .3 Are Two Distributions Different? Chi-Square Test Suppose that Ni is the number of events observed in ... *var=(*var-ep*ep/n)/(n-1); Corrected two-pass formula (14.1.8) 618 Chapter 14 Statistical Description of Data avevar (data1 ,n1,&ave1,&var1); avevar (data2 ,n2,&ave2,&var2); *t=(ave1-ave2)/sqrt(var1/n1+var2/n2); ... void ftest(float data1 [], unsigned long n1, float data2 [], unsigned long n2, float *f, float *prob) Given the arrays data1 [1 n1] and data2 [1 n2], this routine returns the value of f, and its significance...
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Statistical Description of Data part 4

Statistical Description of Data part 4
... for the cases of one and two distributions: 626 Chapter 14 Statistical Description of Data If we are not done Next step is in data1 Next step is in data2 Compute significance } Both of the above ... total number of data points is the same in the two binned sets For unequal numbers of data points, the formula analogous to ( 14. 3.2) is ( χ2 = ( 14. 3.3) where R≡ S≡ Ri i Si ( 14. 3 .4) i are the ... the data sets are drawn from the same distribution Small values of prob show that the cumulative distribution function of data1 is significantly different from that of data2 The arrays data1 and data2 ...
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Statistical Description of Data part 5

Statistical Description of Data part 5
... Table Analysis of Two Distributions female # of red males N11 # of green males N12 # of males N1⋅ # of red females N21 # of green females N22 # of females N2⋅ # of red N ⋅1 ... association In this case, the probability of a particular value of x given a particular value of y should be the same as the probability of that value of x regardless of y Therefore, in the null hypothesis, ... number of degrees of freedom is equal to the number of entries in the table (product of its row size and column size) minus the number of constraints that have arisen from our use of the data themselves...
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Statistical Description of Data part 6

Statistical Description of Data part 6
... values, with joint probability density 63 8 Chapter 14 Statistical Description of Data Equations (14.5.7) and (14.5.8), when they are valid, give several useful statistical tests For example, the ... z2 are obtained from r1 and r2 using (14.5 .6) , and where N1 and N2 are, respectively, the number of data points in the measurement of r1 and r2 All of the significances above are two-sided If ... detecting correlation between uniform sets of integers between and N , keeping in mind the possibility of ties in the ranks There is, of course, some loss of information in replacing the original...
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Statistical Description of Data part 7

Statistical Description of Data part 7
... 1-800- 872 -74 23 (North America only),or send email to trade@cup.cam.ac.uk (outside North America) D= 642 Chapter 14 Statistical Description of Data Expectation value of D, and variance of D give ... defects in the data, in the same sort of sense that the median is more robust than the mean For more on the concept of robustness, see §15 .7 As always in statistics, some particular choices of a statistic ... 640 Chapter 14 Statistical Description of Data Spearman Rank-Order Correlation Coefficient Let Ri be the rank of xi among the other x’s, Si be the rank of yi among the other y’s, ties...
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Statistical Description of Data part 8

Statistical Description of Data part 8
... d1,d2,dum,dumm,fa,fb,fc,fd,ga,gb,gc,gd,r1,r2,rr,sqen; 650 Chapter 14 Statistical Description of Data 14 .8 Savitzky-Golay Smoothing Filters nR gi = cnfi+n (14 .8. 1) n=−nL Here nL is the number of points used “to the left” of a data point i, i.e., ... RECIPES IN C: THE ART OF SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING (ISBN 0-521-431 08- 5) Copyright (C) 1 988 -1992 by Cambridge University Press.Programs Copyright (C) 1 988 -1992 by Numerical Recipes Software Permission ... RECIPES IN C: THE ART OF SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING (ISBN 0-521-431 08- 5) Copyright (C) 1 988 -1992 by Cambridge University Press.Programs Copyright (C) 1 988 -1992 by Numerical Recipes Software Permission...
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Tài liệu Statistical Description of Data part 9 pptx

Tài liệu Statistical Description of Data part 9 pptx
... RECIPES IN C: THE ART OF SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING (ISBN 0-521-43108-5) Copyright (C) 198 8- 199 2 by Cambridge University Press.Programs Copyright (C) 198 8- 199 2 by Numerical Recipes Software Permission ... SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING (ISBN 0-521-43108-5) Copyright (C) 198 8- 199 2 by Cambridge University Press.Programs Copyright (C) 198 8- 199 2 by Numerical Recipes Software Permission is granted for internet users ... convlv, a set of Savitzky-Golay filter coefficients nl is the number of leftward (past) data points used, while nr is the number of rightward (future) data points, making the total number of data points...
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Tài liệu APPENDIX Description of the Extraordinary Measures pdf

Tài liệu APPENDIX Description of the Extraordinary Measures pdf
... from the G Fund continue to be made as long as the United States has not yet exhausted the extraordinary measures Once the United States has exhausted the extraordinary measures, however, the ... described above, these four extraordinary measures can free up approximately $200 billion in headroom Other Measures Used in the Past Are No Longer Available or of Limited Use The other measures that ... debt limit impasse Suspending the daily reinvestment of the dollar-balance of the ESF immediately frees up headroom under the debt limit Because the dollar-balance of the ESF is approximately $23...
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Tài liệu Lombard Street: A Description of the Money Market docx

Tài liệu Lombard Street: A Description of the Money Market docx
... because they saw that the Banking reserve was already low, and that it was daily getting lower The two maladiesan external drain and an internal-often attack the money market at once What then ought ... reserve at the Bank of England, they are liable to fail if it fails They are dependent on the management of the Bank of England in a day of difficulty and at a crisis for the spare money they keep ... must keep a great store of ready money always available, and advance out of it very freely in periods of panic, and in times of incipient alarm The management of the Money Market is the more difficult,...
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