# Algorithm design and applications

## GPS PSEUDOLITES : THEORY, DESIGN, AND APPLICATIONS

... the ore and avoid the gangue All these applications and more demand better navigation technology as time goes by 1. 1: Motivation Figure 1. 1: The First Simple Pseudolite Inexpensive pseudolites ... goals with CDGPS and pseudolites like those described here The speciﬁc contributions of this research are the following: Simple Pseudolites The ﬁrst pseudolites optimized for CDGPS initialization ... synchrolites could enable CDGPS navigation even if only one GPS satellite signal is available A prototype CDGPS system initialized by pseudolites and synchrolites was designed and tested The goal of...
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... s11 s 12 V1 V1 (51) − = s + s 22 V2 V2 21 − − According to the above matrix, the V1 and V2 can be written into Equation 52 − + + V1 = s11 V1 + s 12 V2 (52a) − V2 (52b) = + s21 V1 + + s 22 V2 − + ... hence, V0 = V2 and V0 = V2 Then Equation 43 becomes 20 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications + − Equation 45 In addition, replacing V0 in Equation 44 by V2 , Equation ... 44 − |V+ + V0 |2 Rchip |V+ |2 |1 + s L |2 Rchip V |I0 |2 Rchip = | |2 Rchip = = 2 Zchip 2| Zchip |2 2| Zchip |2 (44) As mentioned before, the transmission line between the chip and the tag antenna...
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... 40 94.1X32.5 -15.77 36 .17+j2 .33 1 .32 6.09 45 93. 6 X 36 -15.12 35 .35 +j3 1 .39 6.12 50 91.8X40.7 -15 .34 36 .61+j6.4 1.14 5.95 55 90.4X45 .3 -14.84 35 .21+j4.5 1.149 5.95 60 88 X 48.6 -12.6 32 .55+j8.5 ... antenna (S3-45°) Fig 15 The simulated return loss of (S3-45°) 40 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications The simulated radiation pattern with 2D and 3D views at φ=0 and 90° ... 2008a) 36 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications Table summarizes the simulated results of P3 as well as those of the standard Koch fractal dipole antenna (K3-60°) Antenna...
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... 50 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications Salama A M A., (2010) Antennas of RFID Tags, Radio Frequency Identification Fundamentals and Applications Design Methods and ... radiation patterns and polarization are studied and presented 64 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications Antenna configuration and basis 2.1 UFH RFID meander-line antenna ... 1602-1608, Oct 62 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications K Finkenzeller, RFID Handbook: Fundamentals and Applications in Contactless Smart Cards and Identification, 2nd edition,...
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... (0.92 H + D)2 (3. 15) To clarify the frequency dependence, we divide the numerator and denominator of Eq (3. 15) by λ2 and obtain 88 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications 600π ... Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications PART NUMBER RI-UHF-STRAP-08 Absolute Maximum Ratings NOTES Max Unit mA 1 .5 V 1 .5 85 45 65 65 mW minute maximum 150 °C 800 ~ 1000 MHz Charged-Device ... 287+j 55 Ω and Za = 287-j 55 Ω , τ =0 .54 is calculated by (2) As EIRPR =1W, Pchip= -13dBm and G = 1.62dBi, d max =33 m is obtained by (1) Fig 13 Impedance locus 72 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification...
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... Antenna input impedance 94 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications 3.0 VSWR 2.5 0.30 MHz 2.0 0.30 MHz 1.5 Simu Meas 1.0 314 .6 314.8 315.0 315.2 Frequency [MHz] 315.4 Fig ... the capacitive and inductive elements are commercialized as small circuit units These units have appreciable ohmic resistances 96 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications ... The two solutions are 98 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications α (±) = ωr M A2 ± ωr M A − R LT 2 LT (4 .6) We label these two solutions α(+) and α(-) For these α values,...
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... Stutzman and G A Thiele, “Antenna Theory and Design, second edition”, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., p .75 , 1998 114 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications [19] http://www.mightycard.co.jp/ ... resonant antenna can be designed 120 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications 5.2 Equivalent circuit and the dimensional relation of the OCSRR particle To illustrate the ... dimensions of the particle are unchanged Then by scaling the particle by 0.8, every dimension of the particle is reduced by 122 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications 20%...
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... interference and thus increase the reading range (Hartmann et al, 2004) 152 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications Conclusion In this chapter we have presented the development and ... RFID and other applications , Int J Radio Freq Identification Technol Appl., vol 1, no 4, pp:401-416, 2007 154 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications M Glickstein (2006), ... 150 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications Normalized Magintude (dB) We encoded the tag with ID ‘0x000000 and placed it from cm to 70 cm (in...
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... real-life applications such as asset management, supply chain, and product maintenance, etc Especially, RFID tag search system 174 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications ... the IDs of readers And Protocol and Protocol not provide forward secrecy for such a reason as mentioned in section 4.1 184 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications Tag T ... Computing and Communications(PerCom) Workshops, pp 640-643, Mar 2006 188 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications Tan, C.; Sheng, B & Li, Q (2007) Serverless Search and Authentication...
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... a partition that divided by the recognition boundaries If the number of partitions increases, the error variance is decreased In Fig 198 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications ... corresponding partitions It leads to increase of the error variance If the mapping points are on the center of mass of the each partitions, 204 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications ... tag positions from 192 Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications pseudo table of the tag positions Choi et al (2008) augmented the ultra sonic sensors and the RFID tag ﬂoor...
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