Lexical approach article

Lexical approach article

Lexical approach article
... structures taught lexically Conclusion So is there room for grammar instruction in the classroom? Certainly yes But the grammar practice should always start with the exploitation of lexical items ... requires frequent focus and refocus on the items already studied References • Lewis, M (1993) The Lexical Approach The State of ELT and a Way Forward LTP • • Willis, D (2003) Rules, Patterns and Words ... of lexical items Exposing students to a lot of natural and contextualised examples will offer a lexical way into the grammar of the language To sum up, grammar should play some role in language...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "A PARAMETERIZED APPROACH TO INTEGRATING ASPECT WITH LEXICAL-SEMANTICS FOR MACHINE TRANSLATION" doc

Báo cáo khoa học:
... developed for the automatic acquisition of novel lexical entries for machine translation 16 We are in the process of building an English dictionary, and intend to use the same approach for building ... [-a] predicate into a [+a] predicate, i.e., a non-atomic event becomes atomic if it is associated with a singular NP object The parameterized mappings that we have constructed for Spanish are ... Once the aspectual features have guided the lexical selection of the verbs, we are able to use these selections to guide the aspectual realizations that will be used in the surface form For example,...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "a Context-Aware Approach to Lexical Simplification" docx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... would want to apply it to a sentence such as “In 1368 Han rebels drove out the Mongols”, but to avoid applying it to a sentence like “The history of the Han ethnic group is closely tied to that ... information within a 10-token window Each dimension i in the vector corresponds to a single word wi in the vocabulary, and a single dimension was added to represent any number token The value in each ... similarity is too high, it might be better not to simplify the original word Context Similarity The second factor has to with ambiguity We wish to detect and avoid cases where a word appears...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "Co-dispersion: A Windowless Approach to Lexical Association" ppt

Báo cáo khoa học:
... which fractal analysis is a variant Although a certain amount has been written about the fractal or hierarchical nature of language, approaches to co-occurrence in lexical semantics remain almost ... Clarke (2004) use a very similar approach in order to generate a probabilistic language model, where previously n-gram models have been used, The allusion to proximity as a fundamental indicator ... table that, despite the lack of sophistication in our approach, all window sizes and the windowless approach generated statistically significant (if somewhat less than state-of-the-art) correlations...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "A Corpus-Based Approach to Deriving Lexical Mappings" potx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... 40,397 tokens Both word and tag mappings were created in each direction ( P T B to C5 and C5 to PTB) To apply the tag mapping we simply used it to convert the assigned annotation from one tag-set to ... next step in this research shall be to extend our approach to map together dictionary senses The reported experiment using part of speech tags assumed a one -to- one mapping between tag sets and, ... does not consider tokens so, for example, the P T B to C5 tag mapping looks at each P T B tag in turn to find the C5 tag with which it occurs most frequently in the corpus The C5 to P T B mappings...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "A Non-negative Matrix Tri-factorization Approach to Sentiment Classification with Lexical Prior Knowledge" potx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... fully automated approach (Turney, 2002) Most semi-automated approaches have met with limited success (Ng et al., 2006) and supervised learning models have tended to outperform dictionary-based classification ... respectively Basic Matrix Factorization Model Our proposed models are based on non-negative matrix Tri-factorization (Ding et al., 2006) In these models, an m × n term-document matrix X is approximated ... convergence We call this approach Matrix Factorization with Lexical Knowledge (MFLK) and outline the precise steps in the table below Let F0 represent prior knowledge about sentimentladen words in...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "A CLASS-BASED APPROACH TO LEXICAL DISCOVERY" pdf

Báo cáo khoa học:
... interpretation T h e WordNet lexical database [Miller, 1990] provides one way to structure the space of noun classes, in order to make the search computationally feasible WordNet is a lexical/ conceptual ... at Princeton University Although I cannot judge how well WordNet fares with regard to its psycholinguistic aims, its noun taxonomy appears to have many of the qualities needed if it is to provide ... definition, noun classes that are "too small" or "too large" to be coherent are excluded, and the problem of search through an exponentially large space of classes is reduced to search within the WordNet...
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Báo cáo hóa học: " Comment on “on the stability of quadratic double centralizers and quadratic multipliers: a fixed point approach” [Bodaghi et al., j. inequal. appl. 2011, article id 957541 (2011)]" pot

Báo cáo hóa học:
... Comment on on the stability of quadratic double centralizers and quadratic multipliers: a fixed point approach” [Bodaghi et al., j inequal appl 2011, article id 957541 (2011)] Journal of Inequalities ... ∈ A , and a mapping R : A A is a quadratic right centralizer if R is a quadratic homogeneous mapping and R(ab) = a2 R(b) for all a, b ∈ A Also a quadratic double centralizer of an algebra A ... called a quadratic functional equation In particular, every solution of the functional equation (1.1) is said to be a quadratic mapping A Hyers-Ulam stability problem for the quadratic functional...
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Báo cáo hóa học: "Research Article ISAR Imaging of Ship Target with Complex Motion Based on New Approach of Parameters Estimation for Polynomial Phase Signal" docx

Báo cáo hóa học:
... 1: Parameters of the simulated signal Components (k) Ak ak,1 ak,2 ak,3 π/8 × 10−3 × 10−5 1.5 π/4 −1 × 10−3 −6 × 10−5 ISAR Imaging of Ship Target Based on IHMPT The ISAR imaging algorithm of ship ... multicomponent CPS for ISAR imaging of ship target with high maneuverability In this paper, a new algorithm called IHMPT is proposed to estimate the parameters of the multicomponent CPS Combined with ... Section 2, the cubic phase signal model for the received signal of ship target in ISAR imaging is established; in Section 3, the principle of IHMPT is presented, and the ISAR imaging algorithm of...
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Báo cáo hóa học: " Research Article A Novel Approach to Detect Network Attacks Using G-HMM-Based Temporal Relations between Internet Protocol Packets" pot

Báo cáo hóa học:
... the total number of normal data The false negative rate is defined as the total number of attack data that were incorrectly classified as normal traffic divided by the total number of attack data 7.1 ... Udpstorm, ICMP flood, Teardrop attacks, Peer-topeer attacks, Permanent denial-of-service attacks, Application level floods, Nuke, Distributed attack, Reflected attack, Degradation-of-service attacks, ... because each data value is too small or too few points are assigned to a cluster center due to a bad initialization of the means In case of internet traffic, this problem can also occur because each...
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Báo cáo hóa học: " Research Article A Novel Approach to Detect Network Attacks Using G-HMM-Based Temporal Relations between Internet Protocol Packets" potx

Báo cáo hóa học:
... the total number of normal data The false negative rate is defined as the total number of attack data that were incorrectly classified as normal traffic divided by the total number of attack data 7.1 ... Udpstorm, ICMP flood, Teardrop attacks, Peer-topeer attacks, Permanent denial-of-service attacks, Application level floods, Nuke, Distributed attack, Reflected attack, Degradation-of-service attacks, ... because each data value is too small or too few points are assigned to a cluster center due to a bad initialization of the means In case of internet traffic, this problem can also occur because each...
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Báo cáo hóa học: " Research Article Canceling Interferences for High Data Rate Time Reversal MIMO UWB System: A Precoding Approach" potx

Báo cáo hóa học:
... data rate TRMIMO -UWB system with space -time precoding Multiple antennas can increase data rate, whereas the occurrence of MSI degrades the system performance The ultra -high data rate UWB transmission ... multiple antennas at the transmitter and receiver, is capable of increasing data transmission rate by spatial multiplexing without expanding the bandwidth In order to transmit parallel data streams ... TR -MIMO- UWB system with ZF space -time precoding are essential (i) From (13), all Nr parallel data streams are simultaneously transmitted from one antenna That means the number of transmitted parallel...
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