changes in high risk behavior

báo cáo khoa học: " High risk behaviors of injection drug users registered with harm reduction programme in Karachi, Pakistan" docx

báo cáo khoa học:
... Meclizine or Promethazine Pheniramine Addict in near relatives (parents, siblings) Yes No Average age of initiation of drugs Age of initiation of drugs Average time initiation of injection Injection ... Injection drug use (last month) Average number of drug injections per day Previous day's injection with a new syringe Shooting drugs in group sharing syringes Using anyone else's used syringe one ... inquired about drug use history, daily spending on drugs and their sources of earning, reuse of injection equipment, sharing of injections, number of times treated for addiction, incarceration,...
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Báo cáo hóa học: "Early detection of urothelial premalignant lesions using hexaminolevulinate fluorescence cystoscopy in high risk patients" potx

Báo cáo hóa học:
... Blanco et al.: Early detection of urothelial premalignant lesions using hexaminolevulinate fluorescence cystoscopy in high risk patients Journal of Translational Medicine 2010 8:122 Submit your next ... Improved detection of urothelial carcinoma in situ with hexaminolevulinate fluorescence cystoscopy J Urol 2004, 171(1):135-8 Algaba F, Amin M, et al: Tumours of the urinary system: non invasive urothelial ... Grossman HB, Gomella L, et al: A comparison of hexaminolevulinate fluorescence cystoscopy and white light cystoscopy for the detection of carcinoma in situ in patients with bladder cancer: a phase...
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báo cáo hóa học: " Indoors illumination and seasonal changes in mood and behavior are associated with the health-related quality of life" pdf

báo cáo hóa học:
... the illumination experienced indoors and the seasonal changes in mood and behavior Concerning the HRQoL the negative effect of poor illumination indoors equals to the positive effect gained with ... that both the seasonal changes in mood and behavior and the experienced illumination indoors contributed independently to the HRQoL, since both the GSS (t = -13.34, P < 0.001) and the illumination ... community-dwelling older adults and those living in long-term care settings Conclusion The self-report of seasonal changes in mood and behavior and of poor illumination indoors seem to be relevant indicators...
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Báo cáo y học: " HIV-2 diagnosis and quantification in high-risk patients" ppt

Báo cáo y học:
... ritonavirboosted lopinavir, and over the next couple weeks made significant clinical improvements, regaining continence, becoming increasingly lucid, and improving in gait and balance By the fourth ... PC and SW participated in the research, writing, and editing of the manuscript TF, SC, EK, and RK participated in the writing and editing of the manuscript All authors read and approved the final ... factors for HIV-2 infection As sometimes clinical history is not available in patients with a high-suspicion for HIV infection and negative or indeterminate serology for HIV-1, additional testing should...
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Báo cáo y học: "Preoperative statin is associated with decreased operative mortality in high risk coronary artery bypass patients" pot

Báo cáo y học:
... contribution of statins to operative risk However the absence of statin treatment was associated with an increase in mortality in the subset of high risk patients with an estimated risk of mortality of ... with decreased operative mortality in high risk coronary artery bypass patients Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:8 Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests ... inflammatory response induced by open heart surgery This may explain the more pronounced protective effect of statins in our high risk cohort Statins have also been shown in clinical trials to be associated...
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Using formative evaluation in an implementation project to increase vaccination rates in high-risk veterans: QUERI Series docx

Using formative evaluation in an implementation project to increase vaccination rates in high-risk veterans: QUERI Series docx
... long-standing technique in program evaluation – can play an important part in implementation projects Using FE can provide critical information about the processes of implementation that can enhance ... intervention in an SCI Center and its associated medical center and their willingness to answer questions [9] More than one informant was interviewed for the CCR for influenza and standing orders interventions ... Discussion Formative evaluations were used in this project to address the processes of implementing and enhancing adoption of multi-targeted interventions selected to increase vaccination rates for...
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báo cáo khoa học: " Using formative evaluation in an implementation project to increase vaccination rates in high-risk veterans: QUERI Series" pps

báo cáo khoa học:
... long-standing technique in program evaluation – can play an important part in implementation projects Using FE can provide critical information about the processes of implementation that can enhance ... intervention in an SCI Center and its associated medical center and their willingness to answer questions [9] More than one informant was interviewed for the CCR for influenza and standing orders interventions ... Discussion Formative evaluations were used in this project to address the processes of implementing and enhancing adoption of multi-targeted interventions selected to increase vaccination rates for...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "Clinical review: How is risk defined in high-risk surgical patient management" ppt

Báo cáo khoa học:
... assessing risk, there is a paucity of clinical studies showing how this has changed the management of either individual patients or groups of patients We hope that soon data will appear showing how ... the risk, rather than on the risk itself It remains extremely disappointing that there is little evidence that any change in patient outcome has been driven by the pre-existing knowledge of risk ... estimating surgical risk; surgeons perceived that was increased risk in only 66% of the patients that actually died, which equally means that an increased risk was not identified in 44% of these patients...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "Highs and lows in high-risk surgery: the controversy of goal-directed haemodynamic management" pps

Báo cáo khoa học:
... guidelines for peri- and postoperative haemodynamic management versus conventional management processes and infrastructures of their institutions, and of the risk profiles and logistics of the ... organisational aspects of postoperative intermediate and intensive care influence the outcomes? An understanding of these interactions is vital for planning multicentre trials of goal-directed management ... on the use of central venous saturation, it is advisable to ensure that the predictive value of central venous saturation in the participating centres and in their case mix remains, and that the...
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Bóa cáo y học: "Prospective, randomized trial comparing fluids and dobutamine optimization of oxygen delivery in high-risk surgical patients [ISRCTN42445141]" pot

Bóa cáo y học:
... Significantly, more patients were achievers in the dobutamine group than in the volume group, especially in the intraoperative period If therapy-induced differences in oxygen delivery determine better ... (Figure 1) The patients randomized to the dobutamine group received the first fluid cycle during 60–90 minutes followed by increasing doses of dobutamine, beginning with µg/kg/minute, until the goal ... 28-day or 60-day mortality The 28-day mortality rates were 20% in the volume group and 8% in the dobutamine group The 60-day mortality rates were 28% in volume group and 8% in dobutamine group (RR...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "Multicentre study on peri- and postoperative central venous oxygen saturation in high-risk surgical patients" pptx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... and the first readings in the ICU This finding is consistent with previous findings on ScvO2 [11] and SvO2 [19,21] in surgical patients Both decreased systemic oxygen delivery and increased oxygen ... hospital LOS in survivors and non-survivors is displayed in Figure Discussion The main finding of this study was that in the multicentre setting, low ScvO2 during the peri- and postoperative ... Reinhart K, Kuhn HJ, Hartog C, Bredle DL: Continuous central venous and pulmonary artery oxygen saturation monitoring in the critically ill Intensive Care Med 2004, 30:1572-1578 13 Bloos F, Reinhart...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "Should we use central venous saturation to guide management in high-risk surgical patient" doc

Báo cáo khoa học:
... marked in those patients who develop complications, relate predominantly to an increase in oxygen consumption, a decrease in oxygen delivery or, more probably, a failure to increase delivery to match ... Changes in central venous saturation after major surgery, and association with outcome Crit Care 2005, 9: R694-R699 Pearse RM, Rhodes A: Mixed and central venous oxygen saturation In Yearbook of Intensive ... between ScvO2 and post-operative complication rates Their findings suggest that a higher target value of 75% would be more appropriate in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery This finding...
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Báo cáo y học: "Clinical review: Goal-directed therapy in high risk surgical patients" docx

Báo cáo y học:
... debt’, indicating tissue hypoxia, were related to worse outcomes [8,9] Physiologically fitter patients are able to meet this increased oxygen demand by increasing their oxygen delivery, mainly through ... of augmenting oxygen delivery in high- risk surgical patients during the peri-operative period [23] In 1988 Shoemaker and colleagues [8] showed that morbidity and mortality of high- risk patients, ... Effects of maximising oxygen delivery on morbidity and mortality in high- risk surgical patients Crit Care Med 2000, 10:3396-3404 Sinclair S, James S, Singer M: Intraoperative intravascular volume...
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Báo cáo y học: "Goal-directed intraoperative therapy based on autocalibrated arterial pressure waveform analysis reduces hospital stay in high-risk surgical patients: a randomized, controlled trial" pot

Báo cáo y học:
... target variable of the GDT protocol in this study, because this variable can be easily obtained and continuously measured with the arterial waveform analysis method in a busy intraoperative setting ... more invasive and complicated than autocalibrated arterial waveform analysis because frequent manual recalibrations are required [28] and an artificial indicator limits the number of calibrations ... patients in each group were actually discharged two days later than possible because of social reasons Discussion Intraoperative GDT based on minimally invasive, flowrelated parameters obtained...
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Báo cáo y học: "Preoperative diastolic function predicts the onset of left ventricular dysfunction following aortic valve replacement in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis" docx

Báo cáo y học:
... as: Licker et al., Preoperative diastolic function predicts the onset of left ventricular dysfunction following aortic valve replacement in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis Critical Care ... severity of diastolic dysfunction, particularly in patients with a restrictive filling pattern and those with Vp less than 40 cm/s (Figure 3) Noteworthy, LV dysfunction was observed in 28 out of ... valve replacement required inotropic sup- Table 2: Hemodynamic in patients with and without post-CPB left ventricular dysfunction No LV dysfunction (n = 56) With LV dysfunction (n = 38) P value...
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