International monetary fund: The case for global fiscal stimulus

Tài liệu DEMOCRATIZING THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND AND THE WORLD BANK: GOVERNANCE AND ACCOUNTABILITY pptx

Tài liệu DEMOCRATIZING THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND AND THE WORLD BANK: GOVERNANCE AND ACCOUNTABILITY pptx
... serve the interests of those to whom it was accountable REFORMING THE WORLD BANK During the 1980s, the World Bank and the IMF advocated similar policies, and there were many similarities in the ... the left and right agreed that the improvement in the efficiency of resource allocation and the increase in the supply of capital were at the heart of development They differed only as to whether ... and culture and is not easy to achieve From this perspective, the World Bank reforms, as incomplete as they may be, are impressive The contrast between the limited successes of the Bank and the...
  • 29
  • 194
  • 0

at the boundaries of international trade and finance developing countries and the regulatory convergence between the international monetary fund and the world trade organization

at the boundaries of international trade and finance developing countries and the regulatory convergence between the international monetary fund and the world trade organization
... Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner Further reproduction prohibited without permission Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner Further reproduction prohibited without ... permission Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner Further reproduction prohibited without permission Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner Further reproduction prohibited without ... permission Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner Further reproduction prohibited without permission Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner Further reproduction prohibited without...
  • 277
  • 110
  • 0

Tài liệu The Case for Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs) ppt

Tài liệu The Case for Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs) ppt
... The Case for Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs) Ted Rohling, Global Knowledge Instructor, CISSP Introduction In the history of Ethernet, the virtual LAN is a recent addition The VLAN ... results The reason for the failure is that the Ethernet packets going over the trunk ports have a different format 802.1Q Trunking Protocol The IEEE 802.1Q trunking protocol allows for the modification ... half of the switch is one VLAN, and the second half of the switch is another The VLANs can be named by the administrator and are also numbered The default VLAN number is VLAN In this case, the administrator...
  • 11
  • 139
  • 0

Tài liệu The international community and the “NTP for coping with CC” pdf

Tài liệu The international community and the “NTP for coping with CC” pdf
... focus Basis for general budget support and also sector-wide ODA • Informal: project exchanges 10 International support, cooperation and coordination (b) Key actions that the international community ... strategies and national action plans; (b) to mobilize national and international financial resources to address the causes and effects of CC; and (c) to play a central role in post-Kyoto international ... • Deepen the understanding of vulnerabilities and CCA potentials • Provincial CC vulnerability assessments • In-depth consultation with key stakeholders and the wider public • Refine the CCA strategy...
  • 11
  • 131
  • 0

Tài liệu INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND doc

Tài liệu INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND doc
... (Washington: International Monetary Fund) , 2002, Statistical Implications of Inflation Targeting: Getting the Right Numbers and Getting the Numbers Right (Washington: International Monetary Fund) ———, ... Issues in the Design and Conduct of Monetary Policy,” IMF Working Paper 03/56 (Washington: International Monetary Fund) - 37 - Laurens, Bernard, and others, 2005, Monetary Policy Implementation ... Paper No 244 (Washington: International Monetary Fund) Laxton, Douglas., and Paolo Pesenti, 2003, "Monetary Policy Rules for Small, Open, Emerging Economies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol...
  • 64
  • 117
  • 0

Tài liệu Antitrust - The Case For Repeal pptx

Tài liệu Antitrust - The Case For Repeal pptx
... sufficient and that the case against antitrust regulation is strong enough to justify the complete repeal of all the laws 'The Case for Repeal The case for the repeal of the antitrust laws can ... responsible for the modest antitrust reforms that we have seen to date The majority of important antitrust vii Antitrust: The Case for Repeal critics not support the repeal of antitrust laws; in their ... either The antitrust statutes-even the blatantly anticonsumer Robinson-Patman Act-remain firmly in place, and much of the current enforcement effort is still traditional in nature and, therefore,...
  • 130
  • 209
  • 0

Tài liệu Marketing Experience Goods on the Internet: The Case for ‘Strong’ Word of Mouth ppt

Tài liệu Marketing Experience Goods on the Internet: The Case for ‘Strong’ Word of Mouth ppt
... conclude not only with the confirmation of the relationship between experience goods and strong word of mouth but also the existence of significant market space to utilise social networking for ... recommendations This anomaly is investigated by exploring the underlying theory of trust as well as the nature of experience goods and the mechanisms of word of mouth marketing This allows for the generation ... components of trust The number of degrees away from you and the number of connections someone has go together to form a ‘Network of Trust’, reminiscent of the ‘Web of Trust’ used in ePinions...
  • 54
  • 187
  • 0

Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học: "Unsupervized Word Segmentation: the case for Mandarin Chinese" doc

Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học:
... distributions for words vs non-words, we observed that the VBE at both boundaries were the most discriminative value Therefore, we decided to take in account the VBE only at the word- candidate ... measure without the need for fine-tuning the balance between the two The evolution of the results w.r.t word length is consistent with the supervized cross-evaluation results of the various segmentation ... mean of the VBEs of the strings of the same length Writing ˜ ˜ δh→ (x) and δh← (x) The normalized VBEs for the string x, or nVBEs, are then defined as follow (we ˜ only defined δh← (x) for clarity...
  • 5
  • 151
  • 0

The Case for Mindless Economics† docx

The Case for Mindless Economics† docx
... behavior The role of the axioms is to summarize the empirical content of the theory independently of the specific application The generality of the representation theorem, the usefulness of the key ... ν(p) The formula above applies the standard expected utility formula twice The term in brackets is the expected utility formula for lotteries that resolve at date whereas the outer term is the ... shift in the demand for a good For psychologists, the craving for drugs by seeing drug-dealers in the neighborhood is similar to the craving for cigarettes caused by drinking coffee On the other hand,...
  • 49
  • 122
  • 0

RFF report American Patent Policy,Biotechnology, and African Agriculture: The Case for Policy Change

RFF report American Patent Policy,Biotechnology, and African Agriculture: The Case for Policy Change
... of U.S Patents and Patent Policy and the Case for Change 47 Impacts of U.S Patents and Patent Policy 47 The Case for Policy Change 51 chapter six: Analyzing and Changing American Patent Policy ... understanding of the objectives and theoretical underpinnings of the U.S patent system because they both underlie the case for policy change and can help shape the analysis and choice of policy ... isolation from these broader policy contexts We begin, however, with the foundation for our analysis of the case for patent- policy change: the theory and objectives of the U.S patent system The Utilitarian...
  • 127
  • 87
  • 0

Globalizing Solidarity: The Case for Financial Levies potx

Globalizing Solidarity: The Case for Financial Levies potx
... will feel the impact of the CTT to some extent However, the stated aim of the GSL is for the cost of the levy to be disbursed through Globalizing Solidarity : The Case for Financial Levies The levy ... Globalizing solidarity: The Case for Financial Levies Report of the Committee of Experts to the Taskforce on International Financial Transactions and Development As convened on the 22nd ... the narrowing of spreads in the intervening period In scenario 2, we assume that Globalizing Solidarity : The Case for Financial Levies First, there are the direct fixed costs of abandoning the...
  • 46
  • 123
  • 0

Anything That’s Peaceful - The Case for the Free Market docx

Anything That’s Peaceful - The Case for the Free Market docx
... ANYTHING THAT'S PEACEFUL ANYTHING THAT'S PEACEFUL The Case for the Free Market LEONARD E READ The Foundation for Economic Education, Inc Irvington-on-Hudson, New York 1964 THE AUTHOR ... observe the tricks of inflation-political sleight-of-hand, coin clipping, for instance The sovereign of old-by police force, that is, unpeacefully-"called in" the coin of the realm, clipped the edges, ... annually use force to take your income to defray the deficits of their operation-deficits incurred by reason of the sub -market rates they charge themselves for the power and light they use The questions...
  • 256
  • 167
  • 0

Less Than Zero -The Case for a Falling Price Level in a Growing Economy (Hobart Papers) docx

Less Than Zero -The Case for a Falling Price Level in a Growing Economy (Hobart Papers) docx
... changing, so that the only information conveyed by any price level movement is information concerning the central bank's failure to maintain a stable value of nominal spending An analogy may ... norm, and so does nothing (assuming a fixed 'natural' rate of factor input) other than maintain a stable level of aggregate spending In this case, unit production costs fall, meaning that more ... in certain classical and New Classical writings, that changes in the stock of or demand for money can lead to instantaneous, uniform and transparent adjustments in all money prices, without altering...
  • 83
  • 95
  • 0

The Case for Determinism in Database Systems doc

The Case for Determinism in Database Systems doc
... scheme The prospect of a seamless, on -the- fly protocol for shifting between execution models presents an intriguing future avenue of research THE CASE FOR NONDETERMINISM Before making the case for ... minimizing superfluous context switches (i.e avoiding prematurely scheduling threads blocked on multiple contentions) is key to maintaining acceptable performance in deterministic systems in the ... replaying the transactions from the durable list of transactions at the preprocessor), as long as the recovery scheme adheres to the system’s determinism invariant U2 is not included in the ordered...
  • 11
  • 213
  • 0

The Case for Controlled-Atmosphere Killing of Poultry in Transport Containers Prior to Shackling as a Humane Alternative to Electrical Stunning doc

The Case for Controlled-Atmosphere Killing of Poultry in Transport Containers Prior to Shackling as a Humane Alternative to Electrical Stunning doc
... on Animal Health and Animal Welfare (1998) agrees, writing that “ [a] nother advantage of gas stunning or gas killing methods, in comparison with electrical stunning, is that they may improve carcass ... period for plants that are using electrical stunning equipment that must be replaced anyway Based on the estimates above, a plant that installs a controlled-atmosphere killing line at a cost of either ... Anglia Autoflow’s sister company, American Autoflow, Inc., which serves North and South America, the “average price for an in- plant Easyload system fitted with gas stunning; washer; automatic drawer...
  • 16
  • 131
  • 0

Xem thêm

Nạp tiền Tải lên
Đăng ký
Đăng nhập