Co-gasification of sewage sludge and woody biomass in a fixed-bed downdraft gasifier: Toxicity assessment of solid residues

Airblown gasification of woody biomass in a bubbling fluidized bed gasifier

Airblown gasification of woody biomass in a bubbling fluidized bed gasifier
... municipal solid waste gasification with steam in a plasma gasification melting reactor Appl Energy 2012;98:219–29 [5] Munajat Nur Farizan, Catharina Erlich, Reza Fakhrai, Fransson Torsten H In uence of ... generation with a syngas engine 5.3 Syngas engine test Fig shows the preliminary test result of integration of biomass gasification-gas cleaning-syngas engine A gas cleaning system composed of a gas cooler, ... temperature region) increases as FN increases This is because of increase of bed expansion, increase of solid entrainment, and total mass flow of the product gas Note that the temperature maximum...
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Gasification performances of raw and torrefied biomass in a downdraft fixed bed gasifier using thermodynamic analysis

Gasification performances of raw and torrefied biomass in a downdraft fixed bed gasifier using thermodynamic analysis
... downdraft gasifier Int J Hydrogen Energ 2012;37:4935–44 [12] Gordillo G, Annamalai K, Carlin N Adiabatic fixed -bed gasification of coal, dairy biomass, and feedlot biomass using an air–steam mixture as ... contains solid carbon (C) and ash alone, and tar formation is disregarded where aik and Ak are the numbers of atoms of k element in each molecule of species i and the total number of atoms of ... biomass gasification using the mixture of air and steam as the oxidizing agent [12,13] In reviewing past literature, in addition to experimental studies, attempts in simulating biomass gasification...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "Linear and non-linear functions of volume index to estimate woody biomass in high density young poplar stands" docx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... relationships the age of the stems differs olating Volume index versus as soon as dry mass The estimation of stem dry mass by means of volume index data integrates incertainties due to both real volume estimation ... annual volume increment or standing volume at some fixed age, but all of them may be obtained from different sources A rather cumbersome technique of assessing alternative estimates of volume increment ... stems than the linear model The linear model overestimated biomass on both ends of the regression line (ie, small and large stems) and underestimated the biomass of all stems of average size...
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Accumulation and transpotation of selected heavy metals in thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion of municipal sewage sludge and organic waste.PDF

Accumulation and transpotation of selected heavy metals in thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion of municipal sewage sludge and organic waste.PDF
... animal origin and 70o/o vegetable origin grinding machine and mixed with municipal sewage sludge follow ratio three part of organic waste by volume and one part of municipal sewage sludge by volume ... research, focus on accumulation and transportation of selected heavy metals in thermophilic anearobic co-digestion of municipal sewage sludge and organic waste Results ofresearch are provided data ... accumulation and transportation of selected heavy metals in thermophilic anearobic co-digestion of municipal sewage sludge and organic waste depends on a lot of factors such as initial substrate characteristics,...
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FischerTropsch liquid fuel production by cogasification of coal and biomass in a solar hybrid dual fluidized bed gasifier

FischerTropsch liquid fuel production by cogasification of coal and biomass in a solar hybrid dual fluidized bed gasifier
... coal- to -liquid solar hybrid coal and biomass to liquid solar hybrid dual fluidized bed solar receiver solar share electricity output (J) water gas shift reactor well to tank conversion of reactant ... Fischer-Tropsch liquid greenhouse gas gasification reactor higher heating value heat recovery and steam generate heating value of fuel, heat flow (J) mine to tank storage capacity (hours) solar hybrid coal- to -liquid ... material are maintained constant to achieve steady operation of the gasification reactor and downstream process The warm and hot bed material storage units are used to accommodate the transience of solar...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "Aboveground biomass in a beech forest and a Scots pine plantation in the Sierra de la Demanda area of northern Spain" pdf

Báo cáo khoa học:
... METHODS The experimental site is located in the Sierra de la Demanda mountains in the province of Burgos and Logroño in northern Spain The topography is mountainous and its paleozoic massif ... immobilized in the biomass This can be defined as rotation coefficient and has the values for the two forests con- relationship pine forests indicates a larger biomass and litterfall in the latter Although ... years The soil varies considerably in depth, clay contents increasing with depth and is classified as Humic Acrisol (FAO, 1973) The Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L) at La Rasada were planted in...
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Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 1 docx

Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 1 docx
... 8,037, 311 21, 726 ,10 1 18 ,15 2,556 24, 510 ,11 1 35,587,804 21, 150 ,17 2 9,036,498 6,262,873 30,432,899 5,634,539 18 0,530,874 367,430 605,046 1, 040,2065,6 1, 050,3255 1, 705, 316 425,2035 511 , 712 5 11 1,8805 819 ,050 ... Sewage Sludge and Biosolids History of Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids Wastewater Treatment and Biosolids Production Conclusion References Chapter Characteristics of Sewage Sludge and ... Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Epstein, Eliot, 19 29– Land application of sewage sludge and biosolids / Eliot Epstein p cm ISBN 1- 5 667 0-6 2 4-6 (alk paper) Land treatment of wastewater...
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Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 2 ppsx

Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 2 ppsx
... (Gamma-BHC) PCB-1016 PCB- 122 1 PCB- 123 2 PCB- 124 2 PCB- 124 8 PCB- 125 4 PCB-1060 Toxaphene Trichloroethylene Number of Times Detected 189 1 0 0 0 23 13 20 Mean (mg/kg) 0. 029 0.098 10.785 107 .23 3 0.489 ... 157–1 125 7 517 20 00 42 54993 54 26 857 1–17 725 400 10–675 34–1565 27 0 145– 329 2 25 23 –3100 45 21 00 10–1045 27 –4310 5–1055 10–734 15–750 10–600 2 401 1–1601 2 1 927 109 19 21 15 15 4.7 4.3 7.4 4 .2 5.7 ... 4 .2 2.5 2. 5 2. 0 1.8 0. 32 0.38 0.98 4.1 27 3 14.5 24 0. 72 865 1.4–705 0. 52 21 0 4.7 0. 52 8 0.89–44 4 .2 3–110 13 0.9–70 1.0–51 0. 32 17 0.9–113 0.06–30 0.33–18 0 .25 –13 0.3 5- 7.1 0.053–11.3 0. 024 –42...
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Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 3 docx

Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 3 docx
... 0 .30 0.40 Anaerobic Aerobic 87 37 1.9–20.0 0.6– 13. 5 4.9 3. 0 5.8 3. 3 69 0.1–25.0 3. 4 4.6 All Anaerobic Aerobic 1 93 87 37 0.1–25.0 0. 03 1.92 0. 03 1.10 3. 9 0.48 0.41 4.9 0.58 0.52 Other 65 0. 03 1.97 ... ...
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Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 4 pot

Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 4 pot
... 22 17 33 17 35 4. 8 28.7 0.32 39 .4 64 69.6 0.19 0.22 26.89 0.33 153.0 5.05 17.93 0.20 45 .41 65 .47 54. 49 0.11 0.32 28.27 0.10 74. 13 Min mg/kg 0.2 0. 04 3.7 11 .4 0. 04 0.05 3.27 0.1 41 .6 Max mg/kg ... Case, A.A., 19 74, Toxicity of various chemical agents to sheep, J Am Vet Med Assoc 1 64: 277–283 CAST, 1976, Application of sewage sludge to cropland: Appraisal of potential hazards of the heavy ... Sci Soc Am J 45 : 1 241 –1 242 Braude, G.L., C Jelinek, and P Corneliussen, 1975, FDA’s overview of the potential health hazards associated with land application of municipal wastewater sludge, Proc...
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Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 5 docx

Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 5 docx
... 66 .5 88.0 112 66.6 101 119 87.3 1 05 114 75. 8 140 153 121 107 154 1 05 25. 6 32.8 27.6 35. 9 36.7 29.6 Corn Grain 37.0 41.0 39.3 45. 2 55 37.3 37.4 42.1 46.8 39 .5 55. 4 38.8 44.7 50 .7 72.2 43.3 55 .3 ... pH 6 .5 and pH 5. 5 Injured at 10% of a high metal biosolid at pH 5. 5 but not at pH 6 .5 Injured at 25% high metal biosolid at pH 5. 5, but not at pH 6 .5; and not at 10% biosolid at pH 5. 5 or 6 .5 Not ... Street and J.M Walker, 1987, Effects of sludge properties on accumulation of trace elements by crops, pp 25 51 , A.L Page et al (Eds.), Land Application of Sludge, Lewis, Chelsea, MI Dowdy, R.H and...
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Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 6 pdf

Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 6 pdf
... from land application of biosolids ©2003 CRC Press LLC The rate of loss depended on biosolids application rate, method of application, soil properties and compound characteristics When biosolids ... Jones, K.C and A.P Sewart, 1997, Dioxins and furans in sewage sludges: A review of their occurrence and sources in sludge and of their environmental fate, behavior and significance in sludge- amended ... Agency, Of ce of Research and Development, Of ce of Environmental Assessment, EPA -6 0 0/ 8-8 4-0 15F, Washington, D.C USEPA, 1985, Summary of Environmental Profiles and Hazard Indices for Constituents of...
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Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 7 pdf

Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 7 pdf
... a 7. 2 1.0 1.1 2.4 6.0 × × × × × 102 101 102 102 100 3.9 × 102 Gaby, 1 975 ; Noland et al., 1 978 Gaby, 1 975 ; Noland et al., 1 978 ; Counts & Shuckrow, 1 974 ; SAC, 1 979 Gaby, 1 975 ; Noland et al., 1 978 ; ... Iskander and L.E Sommers (Eds.), Utilization of Municipal Wastewater and Sludge on Land, University of California, Riverside Kowal, N.E., 1985, Health effects of land application of municipal sludge, ... Johnston, 1 979 ; Moore et al., 1 978 ; Hurst et al., 1 978 ; Nielsen & Lydholm, 1980 Secondary 7. 1 × 108 Noland et al., 1 978 ; Bovay Engineers,1 975 Noland et al., 1 978 ; Bovay Engineers, 1 975 ; Counts...
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Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 8 doc

Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Biosolids - Chapter 8 doc
... (1 984 ) evaluated virus transport and survival after land application of biosolids Strains of poliovirus type and echovirus type were mixed with anaerobically and aerobically digested biosolids and ... of sludge handling and management, Part II BioCycle 24(3): 52– 58 Jones, F., A.F Godfree, P Rhodes and D.C Watson, 1 983 , Salmonellae and sewage sludge — microbiological monitoring, standards and ... Sedita and K.C Rao, 1979, Viral and bacterial levels resulting from land application of digested sludge, pp 445–462, W.E Sopper and S.N Kerr (Eds.), Utilization of Municipal Sewage Effluent and Sludge...
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