... troublesome than that ** for ** the ** turbine ** Anheden [10] presented thermodynamic ** and ** economic ** analyses ** ** of ** closed ** and ** open ** cycle ** ** externally ** ﬁred ** gas ** ** turbine ** plants ** with ** direct combustion ** of ** ** biomass ** in ... at ** an ** optimum pressure ratio ** of ** the ** cycle ** Ferreira ** and ** Pilidis [9] compared the thermodynamic performance ** of ** ** an ** ** externally ** ﬁred ** gas ** ** turbine ** ** cycle ** ** with ** direct combustion ** of ** ** biomass ** against ** an ** ... economic ** and ** technical aspects Cocoa et al [12] evaluated the performance ** of ** a 100 kW ** externally ** ﬁred ** gas ** ** turbine ** plant fuelled ** with ** ** biomass ** ** and ** having ** an ** integral dryer ** for ** ** biomass ** The inﬂuence of...

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... ** Exergoeconomic ** ** performance ** ** optimization ** ** of ** ** an ** ** endoreversible ** ** intercooled ** ** regenerated ** ** Brayton ** ** cogeneration ** ** plant ** ** Part ** 2: heat conductance allocation ** and ** pressure ratio ** optimization ** Int J Energy ** and ** Environment, ... performed the ** performance ** analysis ** and ** ** optimization ** for various ** cogeneration ** plants by using finite-time thermodynamics Bojic [19] investigated the annual worth ** of ** ** an ** ** endoreversible ** Carnot cycle ** cogeneration ** ... consideration ** of ** the system sizes, ** and ** investigated the general ** and ** optimal performances ** of ** ** an ** irreversible Carnot cycle ** cogeneration ** ** plant ** In industry, ** Brayton ** cycle is widely used ** and ** some authors...

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... Yang B, Sun F ** Exergoeconomic ** ** performance ** ** optimization ** ** of ** ** an ** ** endoreversible ** ** intercooled ** ** regenerated ** ** Brayton ** ** cogeneration ** ** plant ** ** Part ** 1: thermodynamic model ** and ** parameter analyses Int J Energy ** and ** ... ) ** ratio ** ** of ** the specific heats temperature ( K ) ** heat ** ** conductance ** ( kW / K ) hot-side ** heat ** ** conductance ** ** allocation ** ** heat ** ** conductance ** ** allocation ** ** of ** the intercooler consumer-side ** heat ** ** conductance ** ** allocation ** ... five ** heat ** ** conductance ** allocations ** of ** the hot-, cold- ** and ** consumer-side ** heat ** exchangers, the intercooler ** and ** the regenerator for a fixed total ** heat ** exchanger ** conductance,** the optimal ** heat ** conductance...

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... ** endoreversible ** ** intercooled ** ** regenerative ** ** Brayton ** CHP ** plant ** ** coupled ** ** to ** constant-temperature ** heat ** ** reservoirs ** A thermodynamic model ** of ** ** an ** ** endoreversible ** ** intercooled ** ** regenerative ** ** Brayton ** CHP ** plant ** ** coupled ** ** to ** ** variable-temperature ** ... consumer-side ** heat ** exchangers, the regenerator ** and ** the pressure ratio ** of ** the compressor Chen et al [44] ** and ** Yang et al [45] analyzed ** and ** optimized the finite time ** exergoeconomic ** ** performance ** ** of ** ** an ** ** endoreversible ** ... regenerator ** and ** the intercooler are counter-flow ** and ** the ** heat ** conductances **(heat ** transfer surface area ** and ** ** heat ** transfer coefficient product) ** of ** the hot-, cold- ** and ** consumer-side ** heat ** exchangers,...

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... 74:8243-8251 32 Gagnon CA, Spearman G, Hamel ** A,** Godson DL, Fortin ** A,** Fontaine G, Tremblay D: Characterization ** of ** ** a ** Canadian mink ** H3N2 ** ** influenza ** ** A ** ** virus ** isolate genetically related ** to ** ** triple ** ** reassortant ** swine ... relatedness ** of ** H3 subtype ** influenza ** ** A ** viruses isolated ** from ** avian and mammalian species Vaccine 2008, 26:966-977 13 Nobusawa E, Ishihara H, Morishita T, Sato K, Nakajima K: Change in ** receptor-** ** binding ** ... Expectedly, ** the ** MN05 strain displayed 100% antigenic similarity ** to ** 190Ala ** virus,** as ** a ** result ** of ** expression ** of ** ** the ** same amino acid (Ala) ** at ** position 190 ** of ** ** the ** HA-RBD Although antibodies ** to ** ** the ** HA-antigenic...

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... refrigeration cycle The model ** of ** ** an ** ** irreversible ** ** regenerated ** ** air ** (Brayton) ** refrigerator ** ** with ** ** constant-** ** temperature ** (hot reservoir ** temperature ** TH and cold reservoir ** temperature ** TL ) ** heat ** ** reservoirs ** to be considered ... (linear ** heat ** transfer law is applied between the ** heat ** reservoir and the working fluid) and the theory ** of ** ** heat ** exchangers, the rate ** of ** ** heat ** transfer ( QH ) released to the ** heat ** sink, the rate ** of ** ** heat ** ... ambient ** temperature(** τ ) As the ** air ** refrigeration cycle model is a steady flow model, the total ** heat ** transfer surface area ** of ** the ** heat ** exchangers is a ** constant,** and the distribution ** of ** ** heat ** exchange...

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... (58), (67) ** and ** (68), for given S1 ** and ** S , one can drive the maximum ** cooling ** ** load ** ** and ** corresponding ** COP ** ** of ** the ** irreversible ** quantum ** Carnot ** ** refrigerator ** ** with ** heat resistance ** and ** heat leakage analytically ... performance ** of ** harmonic ** and ** ** spin-1/2 ** quantum refrigeration cycles, many authors studied the performance ** of ** quantum ** refrigerator ** using ideal quantum Bose ** and ** Fermi gases [36-38] Bartana ** and ** Kosloff ... on equations (63) ** and ** (64), it is hard to optimize ** cooling ** ** load ** ** and ** ** COP ** ** of ** the ** refrigerator ** ** and ** to obtain the fundamental relations between the optimal ** cooling ** ** load ** ** and ** ** COP ** analytically Fig gives...

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... generalized ** heat ** ** transfer ** law including generalized convective ** heat ** ** transfer ** law and generalized radiative ** heat ** ** transfer ** law has been derived [11] The heating ** load ** and coefficient ** of ** performance ** of ** a ... The objective ** of ** this work is to obtain the ** cooling ** ** load ** and the maximum ** cooling ** ** load ** ** of ** a ** refrigerator ** ** with ** internal and external irreversibilities working ** with ** ** combined ** ** heat ** ** transfer ** including ... Figures and show the effects ** of ** ** heat ** conductance ratio H and ** heat ** ** transfer ** area ratio A on the ** cooling ** ** load,** respectively Both parameters, H and A, have the same effect on the ** cooling ** ** load ** as can...

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... Conclusion ** Finite ** ** time ** ** exergoeconomic ** ** performance ** of ** an ** ** irreversible ** ** universal ** ** steady ** ** flow ** ** heat ** ** pump ** ** cycle ** ** model ** with ** variable-temperature ** ** heat ** reservoirs, and the losses of ** heat ** transfer and internal ... U L = and x = y = , equations (30) and (33) become the COP and ** finite ** ** time ** ** exergoeconomic ** ** performance ** of ** an ** ** irreversible ** ** variable-temperature ** ** heat ** ** reservoir ** ** steady ** ** flow ** Otto ** heat ** ** pump ** ** cycle ** with ... and y = , equations (30) and (33) become the COP and ** finite ** ** time ** ** exergoeconomic ** ** performance ** characteristics of ** an ** ** irreversible ** ** variable-temperature ** ** heat ** ** reservoir ** ** steady ** ** flow ** Dual ** heat ** ** pump ** cycle...

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... Ceperly P H Gain and efficiency ** of ** ** a ** traveling wave ** heat ** ** engine ** J Acoust.Soc Am., 1982, 7(3): 1239-1243 [3] Yazaki T, Iwata ** A,** mackawa T and Tominaga ** A ** Traveling wave ** thermoacoustic ** ** engine ** in ** a ** looped ... / F1 and FT = F1 + F2 Here, the total ** heat ** transfer surface area FT ** of ** the two ** heat ** exchangers is assumed to be ** a ** constant (3) There is ** a ** constant rate ** of ** ** heat ** leakage ( q ) from the ** heat ** source ... i is ** a ** complex ** heat ** transfer exponent, k1 is the overall ** heat ** transfer coefficient and F1 is the total ** heat ** transfer surface area ** of ** the hot-side ** heat ** exchanger, k2 is the overall ** heat ** transfer...

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... perform this ** optimization ** ** for ** each instance ** of ** (15) These optimizations could easily be performed in parallel ** for ** greater scalability (13) subject to the constraints w P(w | t) = and ... non-convex ** optimization ** problem ** for ** which we invoke a publicly available constrained ** optimization ** tool, ALGENCAN (Andreani et al., 2007) To carry out its ** optimization,** ALGENCAN requires computation ** of ** ... In Proceedings ** of ** the ACL S Goldwater and T L Griﬃths 2007 A fully Bayesian approach to ** unsupervised ** part **-of-** speech tagging In Proceedings ** of ** the ACL M Hyder and K Mahata 2009 ** An ** approximate...

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... ** synthesis ** enhanced ** by ** T7 RNA polymerase Prior to the preparation ** of ** ** 15N-labelled ** samples ** of ** hCypA and ** analysis ** ** by ** ** NMR ** ** spectroscopy,** the performance ** of ** the ** cell-free ** expression ** system ** was explored ... 2004 ** Cell-free ** ** synthesis ** ** of ** 15 N-labelled ** proteins ** (Eur J Biochem 271) 4087 ** Optimization ** ** of ** other conditions ** for ** in vitro protein ** synthesis ** Fig ** Cell-free ** ** synthesis ** ** of ** PpiB under control ** of ** phage ... chloride [31] Most importantly, the transfer ** of ** the 15N-label to other amino acids is insigniﬁcant ** for ** 18 ** of ** the amino acids and can be suppressed ** for ** [15N]Asp ** by ** use ** of ** a modiﬁed medium in which...

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... thickness ** of ** ** the ** ** electron ** ** transport ** ** layer ** in order ** to ** prevent contact between ** the ** active ** layer ** and ** the ** ITO electrode with ** the ** lowest series resistance We optimized ** the ** seed ** layer ** thickness ** to ** 130 ... performance compared with that ** of ** a device consisting ** of ** a ZnO seed ** layer ** without ZnO NRs ** The ** ** optimization ** ** of ** ** the ** ** electron ** ** transport ** ** layer ** in ** the ** present work is one ** of ** ** the ** most important aspects ... thicknesses ** of ** ZnO seed layers and by introducing ZnO NRs A ZnO seed ** layer ** or ZnO NRs grown on ** the ** seed ** layer ** were used as ** an ** ** electron ** ** transport ** ** layer ** and pathway ** to ** optimize PV performance ** The ** optimized...

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... animation and ** image-based ** rendering ** of ** models [5] ** Image-based ** facial animation can achieve more realistic animations, while 3Dbased approaches are more ﬂexible to render the ** talking ** ** head ** in any view and ... drives the ** talking ** ** head ** The speech-driven ** talking ** ** head ** uses phoneme information from original sounds Text-driven ** talking ** ** head ** is ﬂexible and can be used in many applications, but the quality ** of ** speech ... terms ** of ** naturalness The Mean Opinion Score (MOS) ** of ** our system was about 3.7 in the subjective test Conclusions We have presented the ** optimization ** ** of ** ** an ** ** image-based ** ** talking ** ** head ** system The image-based...

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