# Session 01 Introduction to Programming

## Session 01 Introduction to Programming

... functions to be added in the standard library • Some compilers require a separate library to be created LBC /Session 13 Compiling & Running A Program LBC /Session 14 The Programming Approach to Solving ... LBC /Session 17 Flowcharts It is a graphical representation of an algorithm START DISPLAY ‘Hello World !’ STOP LBC /Session 18 The Flowchart Symbol LBC /Session 19 Flowchart to add two numbers LBC /Session ... performed to solve a problem The example below describes an algorithm: Classroom Leaving the classroom Head towards the staircase Go to the basement These are the steps followed when a student wants to...
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## Session 02 Introduction to Programming

... char -128 to 127 unsigned to 255 signed char -128 to 127 int 16 -32,768 to 32,767 unsigned int 16 to 65,535 signed int 16 Same as int short int -128 to 127 unsigned short int to 255 LBC /Session ... programmer to access memory locations using their address • The operating system takes care of allocating space for the variables • To refer to the value in the memory space, we need to only use ... variableName int varName LBC /Session 10 Basic Data Types The basic data types are int float double LBC /Session char void 11 Type int • Stores numeric data int num; • Cannot then store any other type of...
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## Session 03 Introduction to Programming

...  -11 LBC /Session Precedence Of Arithmetic Operators Operator Class Operators Associativity Unary - ++ Right to Left Binary ^ Left to Right Binary */% Left to Right Binary +- Left to Right Binary ... Binary = Right to Left LBC /Session 10 Precedence between comparison Operators Always evaluated from left to right LBC /Session 11 Precedence for Logical Operators Precedence Operator NOT AND OR ... :getchar()/putchar(char c) LBC /Session Expressions Combination of Operators and Operands Operators Example 2*y+5 Operands LBC /Session 3 Operators Types Arithmetic Logical Relational Bitwise LBC /Session Arithmetic...
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## Session 04 Introduction to Programming

... statement LBC /Session Conditional Statement • Conditional statements enable us to change the flow of the program • A conditional statement evaluates to either a true or a false value Example : To find ... statements; If the if expression evaluates to true, the block following the if statement or statements are executed LBC /Session The if statement-2 Program to display the values based on a condition ... \t%d”, x, y); } } LBC /Session The if – else statement-1 Syntax: if(expression) statements; else statements; LBC /Session The if – else statement-2 • If the if expression evaluates to true, the block...
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## Session 05 Introduction to Programming

... call to the function was made •The return statement can have a value with it, which it returns to the program LBC /Session 16 Jump Statements-2 goto label; •The goto statement transfers control to ... ("\nThe total numbers entered were %d", num2); } LBC /Session 15 Jump Statements-1 return expression; •The return statement is used to return from a function •It causes execution to return to the ... LBC /Session Nested for Loops-1 The for loop will be termed as a nested for loop when it is written as follows for(i = 1; i...
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## Session 06 Introduction to Programming

... It is not possible to assign one array directly to another • Values cannot be assigned to an array on the whole, instead values are assigned to the elements of the array LBC /Session Array Handling ... players[1], …, players[10] LBC /Session Defining an Array-1 • An array has some particular characteristics and has to be defined with them • These characteristics include: – Storage Class – Data Types ... ary[i]; } printf(“\nHighest value entered was %d”, high); } LBC /Session Array Initialization • Each element of an automatic array needs to be initialized separately • In the following example the...
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## Session 07 Introduction to Programming

... put to the ‘right’ location, the array is sorted LBC /Session 7 Insertion Sort 23 17 45 18 LBC /Session 12 22 Insertion Sort 23 17 45 18 12 22 LBC /Session Insertion Sort 23 17 45 18 12 22 6 LBC /Session ... the subsequent elements in the array to obtain the least/greatest value • There are approaches in bubble sort implementation:  Bottom-up  Top-down LBC /Session Bubble Sort • • 12 12 22 14 22 ... 17 45 18 12 22 6 23 LBC /Session 11 Insertion Sort 17 23 45 18 12 22 6 LBC /Session 12 Insertion Sort 17 23 45 18 12 22 6 LBC /Session 13 Insertion Sort 17 18 23 45 LBC /Session 12 22 6 14 Insertion...
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## Session 08 Introduction to Programming

... one function to another – To manipulate arrays easily by moving pointers to them instead of moving the arrays itself – To allocate memory and access it (Direct Memory Allocation) LBC /Session Pointer ... *name; • For Example: int *var2; LBC /Session Pointer Operators • There are special operators which are used with pointers :& and * • & operator is a unary operator and it returns the memory address ... Values can be assigned to pointers through the & operator p_var = &var; Here the address of var is stored in the variable p_var • It is also possible to assign values to pointers through another...
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## Session 09 Introduction to Programming

... defines the parts of a program that will be able to recognize the variable LBC /Session 12 Storage Classes-2 • automatic • external • static • register LBC /Session 13 Function Scope rules • Scope Rules ... throughout the execution of the program LBC /Session 11 Storage Classes-1 • Every C variable has a characteristic called as a storage class • The storage class defines two characteristics of the ... will return • A valid function name is to be assigned to identify the function • Arguments appearing in parentheses are also termed as formal parameters LBC /Session Arguments of a function • • •...
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## Session 10 Introduction to Programming

... LBC /Session 10 14 Passing Arrays to Functions-3 int sum_arr(int num_arr[]) /* Function definition */ { int i, total; for(i=0,total=0;i...
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## Session 11 Introduction to Programming

... into the structure */ for (i=0; iname); LBC /Session 11 20 Example of Pointers to Structures (cont.) printf("\nEnter Customer ... struct strucintcal *ptr_customers; int i, n; LBC /Session 11 19 Example of Pointers to Structures (cont.) printf("\nEnter the number of customers: "); scanf(“%d”,&n); ptr_customers=(struct structintcal ... LBC /Session 11 15 Example of structure arrays (cont.) /* Accepts data into the structure */ for (i=0; i...
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## Session 12 Introduction to Programming

... read/write LBC /Session 12 15 Closing a File Binary • The fclose() function closes a stream that was opened by a call to fopen() • The prototype for fclose() is: int fclose(FILE *fp); LBC /Session 12 16 ... • Its prototype is: int ferror(FILE *fp); LBC /Session 12 20 Erasing Files • The remove() function erases a specified file • Its prototype is: int remove(char *filename); LBC /Session 12 21 Flushing ... any flags to indicate the end of file or end of record • The end of file is determined by the size of the file LBC /Session 12 Files • A file can refer to anything from a disk file to a terminal...
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## Introduction to programming concepts with case studies in python

... of: – – – – Introduction to Programming Introduction to Programming Constructs Introduction to Computer Science Introduction to Computer Engineering Acknowledgments ˙ We would like to thank Faruk ... Üçoluk r Sinan Kalkan Introduction to Programming Concepts with Case Studies in Python Göktürk Üçoluk Department of Computer Engineering Middle East Technical University Ankara, Turkey Sinan Kalkan ... follows: ‘Oracle machine’ has nothing to with the world-wide known database company ‘ORACLE’ G Üçoluk, S Kalkan, Introduction to Programming Concepts with Case Studies in Python, DOI 10.1007/978-3-7091-1343-1_1,...
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## Tài liệu Module 9: Introduction to Programming Objects doc

... Stewart Module 9: Introduction to Programming Objects Instructor Notes Presentation: 60 Minutes Lab: 30 Minutes This module describes how to create programming objects that enable the user to view ... Introduction to Stored Procedures ! Introduction to Triggers ! Introduction to User-defined Functions In this module, you will learn about programming objects This module describes how to create programming ... Use EXEC sp_helptext to verify the definition of newly created programming objects 4 Module 9: Introduction to Programming Objects Introduction to Views Slide Objective To introduce the concept...
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## Tài liệu Session 1 - Introduction to project management ppt

... IVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT Project Management Session 1: Introduction to Project Management Characteristics of project 1. 1 What is a project? What is a project? A project is a sequence ... Management Session 1: Introduction to Project Management Project management What is Project Management ? • Project Management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project ... leftover resources ̇ re-assignment of project team members Contract Close-out ̇ contract settlement ̇ resolve open items Version 2.0 11 Project Management Session 1: Introduction to Project Management...
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